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Sökning: WFRF:(Micci Francesca)

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1.
  • Brandal, Petter, et al. (författare)
  • Detection of a t(1;22)(q23;q 12) translocation leading to an EWSR1-PBX1 fusion gene in a myoepithelioma
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Genes, Chromosomes and Cancer. - : John Wiley and Sons. - 1045-2257. ; 47:7, s. 558-564
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Chromosome banding as well as molecular cytogenetic methods are of great help in the diagnosis of mesenchymal tumors. Myoepithelial neoplasms of soft tissue including myoepitheliomas, mixed tumors, and parachordomas are diagnoses that have been increasingly recognized the last few years. It is still debated which neoplasms should be included in these morphologically heterogeneous entities, and the boundaries between them are not clear-cut. The pathogenetic mechanisms behind myoepithelial tumors are unknown. Only five parachordomas and one mixed tumor have previously been karyotyped, and nothing is known about their molecular genetic characteristics. We present a mesenchymal tumor classified as a myoepithelioma that had a balanced translocation t(1;22)(q23;q12) as the sole karyotypic change. A novel EWSR1-PBX1 fusion gene consisting of exons 1-8 of the 5'-end of EWSR1 and exons 5-9 of the 3-end of PBX1 was shown to result from the translocation. Both genes are known to be targeted also by other neoplasia-specific translocations, PBX1 in acute lymphoblastic leukemia and EWSR1 in several solid tumors, most of which are malignant. Based on the structure of the novel fusion gene detected, its transforming mechanism is thought to be the same as for other fusion genes involving EWSR1 or PBX1.
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2.
  • Hansén Nord, Karolin, et al. (författare)
  • Fusion genes in angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Cancer Letters. - : Elsevier. - 1872-7980. ; 251:1, s. 158-163
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma (AFH) is a rare soft tissue tumor of low malignant potential and uncertain differentiation. Only three genetically investigated cases of AFH have been reported. Two of them displayed a FUS-ATF1 fusion gene and one showed an EWSR1-ATF1 chimera. Using RT-PCR analysis, we have identified the EWSR1-ATF1 fusion transcript, and delineated the genomic breakpoints, in two new cases of AFH. Previously, the EWSR1-ATF1 fusion protein has been suggested to activate expression of the MITF-M transcript, and therefore the expression pattern of the MITF gene was studied. The MITF-M transcript was not detected in either AFH, in line with the finding that the co-activator SOX10 was not expressed. Thus, of the five AFH that have been molecularly analyzed to date, two have displayed a FUS-ATF1 fusion gene and three have shown an EWSR1-ATF1 chimera. There is no apparent correlation between the type of fusion gene and clinicopathologic features. Nonetheless, RT-PCR for these fusion transcripts remains a valuable diagnostic adjunct in the distinction between AFH and other soft tissue tumors or metastases that may simulate it.
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3.
  • Micci, Francesca, et al. (författare)
  • Deregulation of HMGA2 in an aggressive angiomyxoma with t(11;12)(q23;q15)
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Virchows Archiv: an international journal of pathology. - : Springer. - 1432-2307. ; 448:6, s. 838-842
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aggressive angiomyxoma is a soft-tissue neoplasm with a predilection for the pelvic and perineal regions and a tendency to recur locally. Cytogenetic data on this tumor type are limited to five cases, three of which showed rearrangement of chromosomal bands 12q13-15. Molecular investigation of two of the tumors identified the HMGA2 gene as the target of the 12q rearrangements. However, the two previously analyzed tumors were different at the molecular level: in one, the rearrangement of 12q13-15 resulted in a fusion product, whereas, in the second case, the breakpoint was telomeric (3') to the HMGA2, leaving the gene intact although expressed in its entire length. To shed more light on the pathobiology of aggressive angiomyxoma and to investigate the molecular mechanisms behind the involvement of the HMGA2 gene in this tumor type (fusion transcript vs deregulated expression), we investigated, cytogenetically and with molecular techniques, one such tumor which presented a t(11;12)(q23;q15) as the sole karyotypic aberration. FISH analyses demonstrated no structural alteration of HMGA2 at the cytogenetic level; however, expression of the full-length gene was detected molecularly.
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4.
  • Micci, Francesca, et al. (författare)
  • Molecular cytogenetic characterization of t(14;19)(q32;p13), a new recurrent translocation in B cell malignancies
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Virchows Archiv: an international journal of pathology. - : Springer. - 1432-2307. ; 450:5, s. 559-565
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Translocations involving an immunoglobulin (IG) locus are a recurring theme in B cell neoplasia. The rearrangements lead to the joining of an IG gene with a (proto)oncogene, whereby the latter comes under the influence of transcription-stimulating sequences in the constitutively active IG locus resulting in deregulation of the oncogene and neoplastic growth. We present here three cases of B cell neoplasia that showed a t(14;19)(q32;p13) by karyotypic analysis. Detailed molecular cytogenetic characterization of the breakpoints on chromosomes 14 and 19 in the two cases from which extra material was available, demonstrated the involvement of the immunoglobulin heavy-chain (IGH@)-variable region on chromosome 14 in both and, in one case, that the breakpoint was within the BRD4 gene on chromosome 19. Against the background of what one knows about IGH@ involvement in lymphatic malignancies, it is difficult to envisage a fusion gene with qualitatively altered protein product as the crucial pathogenetic outcome of the translocation. In spite of the fact that we found BRD4 split by the t(14;19)(q32;p13) in one of the two informative cases, we cannot be sure that this was the pathogenetically relevant target gene. Other pathogenetic possibilities could be deregulation of the neighboring NOTCH3 and/or ABHD9 genes, located distal to BRD4 in 19p13.
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5.
  • Micci, Francesca, et al. (författare)
  • t(3;21)(q22;q22) leading to truncation of the RYK gene in atypical chronic myeloid leukemia
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Cancer Letters. - : Elsevier. - 1872-7980. ; 277:2, s. 205-211
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The analysis of a small number of patients with atypical chronic myeloid leukemia showing balanced chromosomal translocations has revealed diverse tyrosine kinase fusion genes, most commonly involving FGFR1, PDGFRA, PDGFRB, JAK2, and ABL. We present a case of aCML with a 3q22;21q22-translocation that led to truncation of the receptor-like tyrosine kinase (RYK) gene and its juxtaposition with sequences from chromosome 21 including the ATP50 gene coding for a mitochondrial ATP synthase. The resulting fusion was not in frame, however, which is why we speculate that an abrogated RYK gene product rather than a chimeric protein might be the leukemogenic result. (c) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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