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  • Ederle, Joerg, et al. (författare)
  • Carotid artery stenting compared with endarterectomy in patients with symptomatic carotid stenosis (International Carotid Stenting Study): an interim analysis of a randomised controlled trial
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: The Lancet. - Elsevier. - 1474-547X. ; 375:9719, s. 985-997
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Stents are an alternative treatment to carotid endarterectomy for symptomatic carotid stenosis, but previous trials have not established equivalent safety and efficacy. We compared the safety of carotid artery stenting with that of carotid endarterectomy. Methods The International Carotid Stenting Study (ICSS) is a multicentre, international, randomised controlled trial with blinded adjudication of outcomes. Patients with recently symptomatic carotid artery stenosis were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive carotid artery stenting or carotid endarterectomy. Randomisation was by telephone call or fax to a central computerised service and was stratified by centre with minimisation for sex, age, contralateral occlusion, and side of the randomised artery. Patients and investigators were not masked to treatment assignment. Patients were followed up by independent clinicians not directly involved in delivering the randomised treatment. The primary outcome measure of the trial is the 3-year rate of fatal or disabling stroke in any territory, which has not been analysed yet. The main outcome measure for the interim safety analysis was the 120-day rate of stroke, death, or procedural myocardial infarction. Analysis was by intention to treat (ITT). This study is registered, number ISRCTN25337470. Findings The trial enrolled 1713 patients (stenting group, n=855; endarterectomy group, n=858). Two patients in the stenting group and one in the endarterectomy group withdrew immediately after randomisation, and were not included in the ITT analysis. Between randomisation and 120 days, there were 34 (Kaplan-Meier estimate 4.0%) events of disabling stroke or death in the stenting group compared with 27 (3.2%) events in the endarterectomy group (hazard ratio [HR] 1.28, 95% CI 0.77-2.11). The incidence of stroke, death, or procedural myocardial infarction was 8.5% in the stenting group compared with 5.2% in the endarterectomy group (72 vs 44 events; HR 1.69, 1.16-2.45, p=0.006), Risks of any stroke (65 vs 35 events; HR 1.92, 1.27-2.89) and all-cause death (19 vs seven events; HR 2.76, 1.16-6.56) were higher in the stenting group than in the endarterectomy group. Three procedural myocardial infarctions were recorded in the stenting group, all of which were fatal, compared with four, all non-fatal, in the endarterectomy group. There was one event of cranial nerve palsy in the stenting group compared with 45 in the endarterectomy group. There were also fewer haematomas of any severity in the stenting group than in the endarterectomy group (31 vs 50 events; p=0.0197). Interpretation Completion of long-term follow-up is needed to establish the efficacy of carotid artery stenting compared with endarterectomy. In the meantime, carotid endarterectomy should remain the treatment of choice for patients suitable for surgery.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Amplitude analysis of D<sup>0</sup> -&gt; K<sup> -</sup>π<sup>+</sup>π<sup>+</sup>π<sup>-</sup>
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D : covering particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology. - 2470-0010 .- 2470-0029. ; 95:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We present an amplitude analysis of the decay D-0 -&gt; K- pi(+)pi(+)pi(-) based on a data sample of 2.93 fb(-1) acquired by the BESIII detector at the psi(3770) resonance. With a nearly background free sample of about 16000 events, we investigate the substructure of the decay and determine the relative fractions and the phases among the different intermediate processes. Our amplitude model includes the two-body decays D-0 -&gt; (K) over bar*(0)rho(0), D-0 -&gt; K- a(1)(+) (1260) and D-0 -&gt; K-1(-)(1270)pi(+), the three-body decays D-0 -&gt; K-1(-)*(0)pi(+)pi(-) and D-0 -&gt; K- pi(+)rho(0), as well as the four-body nonresonant decay D-0 -&gt; K- pi(+)pi(+)pi(-). The dominant intermediate process is D-0 -&gt; K(-)a(1)(+)(1260)accounting for a fit fraction of 54.6%.</p>
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Measurements of the branching fractions for D+ -&gt; (KSKSK+)-K-0-K-0+, (KSKS0)-K-0 pi + and D-0 -&gt; (KSKS0)-K-0, (KSKSKS0)-K-0-K-0
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - 0370-2693 .- 1873-2445. ; 765, s. 231-237
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>By analyzing 2.93 fb(-1) of data taken at the psi(3770) resonance peak with the BESIII detector, we measure the branching fractions for the hadronic decays D+ -&gt; (KSKSK+)-K-0-K-0, D+ -&gt; (KSKS0)-K-0 pi(+), D-0 -&gt; (KSKS0)-K-0 and D-0 -&gt; (KSKSKS0)-K-0-K-0.They are determined to be B(D+ -&gt; (KSKSK+)-K-0-K-0) = (2.54 +/- 0.05(stat.) +/- 0.12(sys.))x 10(-3), B(D+ -&gt; (KSKS0)-K-0 pi(+)) = (2.70 +/- 0.05(stat,) +/- 0.12(sys.)) x 10(-3), B(D+ -&gt; (KSKS0)-K-0) = (1.67 +/- 0.11(stat.) +/- 0.11(sys.)) x 10(-4) and B(D+ -&gt; (KSKSKS0)-K-0-K-0) = (7.21 +/- 0.33(stat.) +/- 0.44(sys,)) x 10(-4), where the second one is measured for the first time and the others are measured with significantly improved precision over the previous measurements.</p>
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Observation of an Anomalous Line Shape of the eta 'pi(+)pi(-) Mass Spectrum near the p(p)over-bar Mass Threshold in J/psi -&gt; gamma eta 'pi(+)pi(-)
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 117:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Using 1.09 x 10(9) J/psi events collected by the BESIII experiment in 2012, we study the J / psi -&gt; gamma eta'pi(+)pi(-) process and observe a significant abrupt change in the slope of the eta'pi(+)pi(-) invariant mass distribution at the proton-antiproton (p (p) over bar) mass threshold. We use two models to characterize the eta'pi(+)pi(-) line shape around 1.85 GeV/c(2): one that explicitly incorporates the opening of a decay threshold in the mass spectrum (Flatte formula), and another that is the coherent sum of two resonant amplitudes. Both fits show almost equally good agreement with data, and suggest the existence of either a broad state around 1.85 GeV/c(2) with strong couplings to the c final states or a narrow state just below the p (p) over bar mass threshold. Although we cannot distinguish between the fits, either one supports the existence of a p (p) over bar moleculelike state or bound state with greater than 7 sigma significance.</p>
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Observation of e(+)e(-) -&gt; eta ' J/psi center-of-mass energies between 4.189 and 4.600 GeV
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: PHYSICAL REVIEW D. - 2470-0010. ; 94:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The process e(+)e(-) -&gt; eta' J/psi is observed for the first time with a statistical significance of 8.6 sigma at center-of-mass energy root s = 4.226 GeV and 7.3 sigma at root s = 4.258 GeV using data samples collected with the BESIII detector. The Born cross sections are measured to be (3.7 +/- 0.7 +/- 0.3) and (3.9 +/- 0.8 +/- 0.3) pb at root s = 4.226 and 4.258 GeV, respectively, where the first errors are statistical and the second systematic. Upper limits at the 90% confidence level of the Born cross sections are also reported at other 12 energy points.</p>
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Observation of ψ(3686)→n¯n and improved measurement of ψ(3686)→p¯p
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D : covering particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology. - AMER PHYSICAL SOC. - 2470-0010 .- 2470-0029. ; 98:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We observe the decay psi (3686) -&gt; n (n) over bar for the first time and measure psi (3686) -&gt; p (p) over bar with improved accuracy by using 1.07 x 10(8) psi (3686) events collected with the BESIII detector. The measured branching fractions are B(psi(3686) -&gt; n (n) over bar) = (3.06 +/- 0.06 +/- 0.14) x 10(-4) and B(psi(3686) -&gt; p (p) over bar) = (3.05 +/- 0.02 +/- 0.12) x 10(-4). Here, the first uncertainties are statistical, and the second ones are systematic. With the hypothesis that the polar angular distributions of the neutron and proton in the center-of-mass system obey 1 + alpha cos(2) theta, we determine the a parameters to be alpha(n (n) over bar) = 0.68 +/- 0.12 +/- 0.11 and alpha(p (p) over bar) = 1.03 +/- 0.06 +/- 0.03 for psi(3686) -&gt; n (n) over bar and psi(3686) -&gt; p (p) over bar, respectively.</p>
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Amplitude analysis of the chi(c1) -&gt; eta pi(+)pi(-) decays
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D : covering particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology. - AMER PHYSICAL SOC. - 2470-0010 .- 2470-0029. ; 95:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Using 448.0 x 10(6) psi(3686) events collected with the BESIII detector, an amplitude analysis is performed for psi(3686) -&gt; gamma chi(c1), chi(c1) -&gt;eta pi(+)pi(-) decays. The most dominant two- body structure observed is a(0)(980)(+/-) pi(-/+); a(0)(980)(+/-) -&gt; eta pi(+/-.) line shape is modeled using a dispersion relation, and a significant nonzero a(0) (980) coupling to the eta'pi channel is measured. We observe chi(c1) -&gt; a(2)(1700)pi production for the first time, with a significance larger than 17 sigma. The production of mesons with exotic quantum numbers, J(PC) = 1(-+), is investigated, and upper limits for the branching fractions chi(c1) -&gt; pi(1)(1400)(+/-)pi(-/+) , chi(c1) -&gt; pi(1)(1600)(+/-)pi(-/+) and chi(c1) -&gt; pi 1(2015)(+/-)pi(-/+) with subsequent pi(1)(X)(+/-) -&gt; eta pi(+/-) decay, are determined.</p>
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Amplitude analysis of the π$^0$π$^0$ system produced in radiative J/ψ decays
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: PHYSICAL REVIEW D. - 2470-0010. ; 93:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>An amplitude analysis of the π0π0 system produced in radiative J/ψ decays is presented. In particular, a piecewise function that describes the dynamics of the π0π0 system is determined as a function of Mπ0π0 from an analysis of the (1.311±0.011)×109 J/ψ decays collected by the BESIII detector. The goal of this analysis is to provide a description of the scalar and tensor components of the π0π0 system while making minimal assumptions about the properties or number of poles in the amplitude. Such a model-independent description allows one to integrate these results with other related results from complementary reactions in the development of phenomenological models, which can then be used to directly fit experimental data to obtain parameters of interest. The branching fraction of J/ψ→γπ0π0 is determined to be (1.15±0.05)×10-3, where the uncertainty is systematic only and the statistical uncertainty is negligible.</p>
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Confirmation of a charged charmoniumlike state Z(c)(3885)(-/+) in e(+)e(-) -&gt; pi(+/-) (D(D)over-bar*)(-/+) with double D tag
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D. - 1550-7998 .- 1550-2368. ; 92:9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We present a study of the process e(+)e(-) -&gt; pi(+/-) (D (D) over bar*)(-/+) using data samples of 1092 pb(-1) at root s = 4.23 GeV and 826 pb(-1) at root s = 4.26 GeV collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII storage ring. With full reconstruction of the D meson pair and the bachelor pi(+) in the final state, we confirm the existence of the charged structure Z(c) (3885)(-/+) in the (D (D) over bar*)(-/+) system in the two isospin processes e(+)e(-) -&gt; pi(+DD)-D-0*(-) and e(+)e(-) -&gt; pi+D-D*(0). By performing a simultaneous fit, the statistical significance of Zc(3885)(-/+) signal is determined to be greater than 10 sigma, and its pole mass and width are measured to be M-pole = (3881.7 +/- 1.6(stat) +/- 1.6(syst)) MeV/c(2) and Gamma(pole) = (26.6 +/- 2.0(stat) +/- 2.1(syst)) MeV, respectively. The Born cross section times the (D (D) over bar*)(-/+) branching fraction (sigma(e(+)e(-) -&gt; pi(+/-)Z(c)(3885)(-/+)) x Br(Z(c)(3885)(-/+) -&gt; (D (D) over bar*)(-/+) )) is measured to be (141.6 +/- 7.9(stat) +/- 12.3(syst)) pb at root s = 4.23 GeV and (108.4 +/- 6.9(stat) +/- 8.8(syst)) pb at root s = 4.26 GeV. The polar angular distribution of the pi(+) - Z(c)(3885)(-/+) system is consistent with the expectation of a quantum number assignment of J(P) = 1(+) for Z(c)(3885)(-/+).</p>
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Determination of the Spin and Parity of the Z(c)(3900)
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - AMER PHYSICAL SOC. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 119:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The spin and parity of the Z(c)(3900)(+/-) state are determined to be J(P) = 1(+) with a statistical significance larger than 7 sigma over other quantum numbers in a partial wave analysis of the process e(+)e(-) -&gt; pi(+)pi(-) J/psi We use a data sample of 1.92 fb(-1) accumulated at root s = 4.23 and 4.26 GeV with the BESIII experiment. When parametrizing the Z(c)(3900)(+/-) with a Flatte-like formula, we determine its pole mass M-pole = (3881.2 +/- 4.2(stat) +/- 52.7(syst)) MeV/c(2) and pole width Gamma(pole) = (51.8 +/- 4.6(stat) +/- 36.0(syst)) MeV. We also measure cross sections for the process e(+)e(-) -&gt; Z(c)(3900)(+)pi(-) + c.c. -&gt; J/psi pi(+)pi(-) and determine an upper limit at the 90% confidence level for the process e(+)e(-) -&gt; Z(c)(4020)(+)pi(-) + c.c. -&gt; J/psi pi(+)pi(-).</p>
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