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Sökning: WFRF:(Morice Marie Claude)

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1.
  • Bourantas, Christos V., et al. (författare)
  • Prognostic Implications of Severe Coronary Calcification in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery : An Analysis of the SYNTAX Study
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Catheterization and cardiovascular interventions. - 1522-1946 .- 1522-726X. ; 85:2, s. 199-206
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • ObjectivesTo investigate the prognostic implications of the presence of severe lesion calcification in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) operation. BackgroundThere is robust evidence that lesion calcification is a predictor of worse prognosis in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention; however, there is limited data about the prognostic implication of lesion calcium in patients treated with CABG. MethodsWe retrospectively analyzed data from 1,545 patients who underwent CABG and were recruited in the SYNTAX study and CABG registry. Two experts reviewed the angiographic data and classified patients in two groups: those with severely calcified coronary arteries and those without severe lesion calcification. Clinical outcomes at 5-year follow-up were collected and compared in the two groups. ResultsOne out of three patients exhibited severe lesion calcification (n=588). Patients with calcified coronaries had an increased mortality at 5-year follow-up (17.1% vs. 9.9%, P<0.001) and a higher event rate of death-myocardial infarction (MI) compared with those without (19.4% vs. 13.2%, P=0.003), but there was no statistical significant difference between the two groups for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE, 26.8% vs. 21.8%, P=0.057). In multivariate Cox regression analysis severe lesion calcification was an independent predictor of an increased all-cause mortality (hazard ratio: 1.39, 95% confidence interval: 1.02-1.89; P=0.037) but it was not an independent predictor of the combined end-points death-MI or MACE. ConclusionsSevere lesion calcification is associated with an increased mortality in patients undergoing CABG, but it is not an independent predictor of death-MI or MACE. This paradox can be attributed to the fact that CABG allows perfusion of the healthy coronaries bypassing the diseased arteries and thus it minimizes the risk of coronary events due to progressive atherosclerosis. (c) 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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  • Farooq, Vasim, et al. (författare)
  • Anatomical and clinical characteristics to guide decision making between coronary artery bypass surgery and percutaneous coronary intervention for individual patients : development and validation of SYNTAX score II
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: The Lancet. - 0140-6736 .- 1474-547X. ; 381:9867, s. 639-650
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background The anatomical SYNTAX score is advocated in European and US guidelines as an instrument to help clinicians decide the optimum revascularisation method in patients with complex coronary artery disease. The absence of an individualised approach and of clinical variables to guide decision making between coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are limitations of the SYNTAX score. SYNTAX score II aimed to overcome these limitations. Methods SYNTAX score II was developed by applying a Cox proportional hazards model to results of the randomised all comers SYNTAX trial (n=1800). Baseline features with strong associations to 4-year mortality in either the CABG or the PCI settings (interactions), or in both (predictive accuracy), were added to the anatomical SYNTAX score. Comparisons of 4-year mortality predictions between CABG and PCI were made for each patient. Discriminatory performance was quantified by concordance statistics and internally validated with bootstrap resampling. External validation was done in the multinational all comers DELTA registry (n=2891), a heterogeneous population that included patients with three-vessel disease (26%) or complex coronary artery disease (anatomical SYNTAX score >= 33, 30%) who underwent CABG or PCI. The SYNTAX trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00114972. Findings SYNTAX score II contained eight predictors: anatomical SYNTAX score, age, creatinine clearance, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), presence of unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease, peripheral vascular disease, female sex, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). SYNTAX score II significantly predicted a difference in 4-year mortality between patients undergoing CABG and those undergoing PCI (p(interaction) 0.0037). To achieve similar 4-year mortality after CABG or PCI, younger patients, women, and patients with reduced LVEF required lower anatomical SYNTAX scores, whereas older patients, patients with ULMCA disease, and those with COPD, required higher anatomical SYNTAX scores. Presence of diabetes was not important for decision making between CABG and PCI (p(interaction) 0.67). SYNTAX score II discriminated well in all patients who underwent CABG or PCI, with concordance indices for internal (SYNTAX trial) validation of 0.725 and for external (DELTA registry) validation of 0.716, which were substantially higher than for the anatomical SYNTAX score alone (concordance indices of 0.567 and 0.612, respectively). A nomogram was constructed that allowed for an accurate individualised prediction of 4-year mortality in patients proposing to undergo CABG or PCI. Interpretation Long-term (4-year) mortality in patients with complex coronary artery disease can be well predicted by a combination of anatomical and clinical factors in SYNTAX score II. SYNTAX score II can better guide decision making between CABG and PCI than the original anatomical SYNTAX score.
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3.
  • Farooq, Vasim, et al. (författare)
  • Incidence and multivariable correlates of long-term mortality in patients treated with surgical or percutaneous revascularization in the Synergy between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) trial.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: European Heart Journal. - 0195-668X .- 1522-9645. ; 33:24, s. 3105-3113
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims The aim of this investigation was to determine the incidence and multivariable correlates of long-term (4-year) mortality in patients treated with surgical or percutaneous revascularization in the synergy between percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with TAXUS Express and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) trial. Methods and results A total of 1800 patients were randomized to undergo coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery (n = 897) or PCI (n = 903). Prospectively collected baseline and peri- and post-procedural data were used to determine independent correlates of 4-year all-cause death in the CABG and the PCI arms (Cox proportional hazards model). Four-year mortality rates in the CABG and the PCI arms were 9.0% [74 deaths (12 in-hospital)] and 11.8% [104 deaths (16 in-hospital)], respectively (log-rank P-value = 0.063). Censored data comprised 78 patients (8.7%) in the CABG arm, and 24 patients (2.7%) in the PCI arm (log-rank P-value < 0.001). Within the CABG arm, the strongest independent correlates of 4-year mortality were lack of discharge aspirin [hazard ratio (HR) 3.56; 95% CI: 2.04, 6.21; P < 0.001], peripheral vascular disease (PVD) (HR: 2.65; 95% CI: 1.49, 4.72; P = 0.001), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, age, and serum creatinine. Within the PCI arm, the strongest independent correlate of 4-year mortality was lack of post-procedural anti-platelet therapy (HR: 152.16; 95% CI: 53.57, 432.22; P < 0.001), with 10 reported early (within 45 days) in-hospital deaths secondary to multifactorial causes precluding administration of anti-platelet therapy. Other independent correlates of mortality in the PCI arm included amiodarone therapy on discharge, pre-procedural poor left ventricular ejection fraction, a 'history of gastrointestinal bleeding or peptic ulcer disease', PVD (HR: 2.13; 95% CI: 1.26, 3.60; P = 0.005), age, female gender (HR: 1.60; 95% CI: 1.01, 2.56; P = 0.048), and the SYNTAX score (Per increase in 10 points: HR: 1.25; 95% CI: 1.06, 1.47; P = 0.007). Conclusion Independent correlates of 4-year mortality in the SYNTAX trial were multifactorial. Lack of discharge aspirin and lack of post-procedural anti-platelet therapy were the strongest independent correlates of mortality in the CABG and the PCI arms, respectively. Peripheral vascular disease is a common independent correlate of 4-year mortality and may be a marker of the severity of baseline coronary disease and risk of future native coronary disease (and extra-cardiac disease) progression.
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4.
  • Farooq, Vasim, et al. (författare)
  • Incidence, correlates, and significance of abnormal cardiac enzyme rises in patients treated with surgical or percutaneous based revascularisation : A substudy from the Synergy between Percutaneous Coronary Interventions with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) Trial
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cardiology. - 0167-5273 .- 1874-1754. ; 168:6, s. 5287-5292
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims: The aimof the present investigationwas to determine the long-termprognostic association of post-procedural cardiac enzyme elevation within the randomised Synergy between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) with TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) Trial. Methods: 1800 patients with unprotected left main or de novo three-vessel coronary artery disease were randomised to undergo coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery or PCI. Per protocol patients underwent post-procedural blood sampling with creatine kinase (CK), and the cardiac specific MB iso-enzyme (CK-MB) only if the preceding CK ratiowas = 2x the upper limit of normal (ULN). An independent chemistry laboratory evaluated all collected blood samples. Results: Post-procedural CK sampling was available in 1629 of 1800 patients (90.5%). As per protocol, CK-MB analyses were undertaken in 474 of 491 patients (96.5%) in the CABG arm, and 53 of 61 patients (86.9%) in the PCI arm. Within the CABG arm, despite the limitations of incomplete data, a post-procedural CK-MB ratio <3/>= 3 ULNseparated 4-year mortality into low-and high-risk groups (2.3% vs. 9.5%, p = 0.03). Additionally, in the CABG arm, a post-procedural CK-MB ratio = 3 ULN was associated with an increased frequency of a high SYNTAX Score (= 33) tertile (high [>= 33] SYNTAX Score: 39.5%, intermediate [23-32] SYNTAX Score 31.0%, low [>= 22] SYNTAX Score 29.5%, p = 0.02). Within the PCI arm, a post-procedural CK ratio of >2 or >= 2 ULN separated 4-year mortality into low-and high-risk groups (10.8% vs. 23.3%, p = 0.001). Notably, there was an early (within 6 months) and late (after 2 years) peak in mortality in patients with a post-PCI CK ratio of = 2 ULN. Lack of pre-procedural thienopyridine, carotid artery disease, type 1 diabetes, andpresenceof coronary bifurcationswere independent correlates of a CK ratio = 2 ULNpost-PCI. Conclusion: Cardiac enzyme elevations post-CABG or post-PCI are associatedwith an adverse long-termmortality; the causes of which are multifactorial.
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6.
  • Farooq, Vasim, et al. (författare)
  • Quantification of Incomplete Revascularization and its Association With Five-Year Mortality in the Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) Trial Validation of the Residual SYNTAX Score
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Circulation. - 0009-7322 .- 1524-4539. ; 128:2, s. 141-151
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background The residual Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) Score is an objective measure of the degree and complexity of residual stenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods and Results In the randomized PCI cohort of the SYNTAX Trial (n=903), the baseline and residual SYNTAX Scores were calculated. Subjects with a residual SYNTAX Score of 0 were defined as having undergone complete revascularization (CR), and a residual SYNTAX Score >0 as incomplete revascularization (ICR). Five-year clinical outcomes were stratified by CR and ICR (tertiles of the residual SYNTAX Score: >0-4, >4-8, and >8). In the PCI cohort, the mean baseline and residual SYNTAX Scores were 28.4 +/- 11.5 and 4.5 +/- 6.9, respectively. The mean SYNTAX Score (representative of the burden of disease removed by PCI) was 23.8 +/- 10.9. The residual SYNTAX Score was distributed as follows: CR, 0 (n=386, 42.7%); ICR, >0 to 4 (n=184, 20.4%), >4 to 8 (n=167, 18.5%), >8 (n=153, 16.9%). A progressively higher residual SYNTAX Score was shown to be a surrogate marker of increasing clinical comorbidity and anatomic complexity. Subjects with CR or residual SYNTAX Scores 8 had comparable 5-year mortality (CR, 8.5%; residual SYNTAX Score >0-4, 8.7%; >4-8, 11.4%; P=0.60). A residual SYNTAX Score >8 was associated with 35.3% all-cause mortality at 5-years (P<0.001). Stratified analyses in the predefined medical treated diabetic and left main subgroups yielded similar results. Conclusions The residual SYNTAX Score was shown to be a powerful indicator of 5-year mortality in the SYNTAX Trial. The residual SYNTAX Score may aid in determining a reasonable level of revascularization.
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8.
  • Farooq, Vasim, et al. (författare)
  • Short-Term and Long-Term Clinical Impact of Stent Thrombosis and Graft Occlusion in the SYNTAX Trial at 5 Years Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery Trial
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Journal of the American College of Cardiology. - 0735-1097 .- 1558-3597. ; 62:25, s. 2360-2369
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives The aim of this study was to report the short-term and long-term clinical impact of stent thrombosis (ST) and graft occlusion (GO) in the final 5-year outcomes of the SYNTAX (SYNergy Between PCI With TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery) trial.Background The clinical effect of newer-generation drug-eluting stents and operative factors in complex coronary artery disease is uncertain.Methods The incidence of 5-year ST and GO, and their association with clinical outcomes, were analyzed in the randomized percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass graft cohorts. ST and GO were defined by the SYNTAX protocol definitions (clinical presentation with acute coronary syndrome and angiographic/pathological evidence), the Academic Research Consortium (ARC) definition for ST, and the newly devised "ARC-like" definition of GO (i.e., definite, probable, or possible GO).Results At 5 years, 871 of 903 patients (96.5%) in the percutaneous coronary intervention cohort and 805 of 897 patients (89.7%) in the coronary artery bypass graft cohort completed follow-up. As compared with other vessel locations, protocol ST (72 lesions) occurred more frequently in the left main (14 of 72; 19%) and proximal coronary vasculature (37 of 72; 51%) and protocol GO (41 lesions) with grafts anastomosed to the distal right coronary artery (17 of 41; 42%). The incidence of 5-year ARC definite ST and ARC-like definite GO did not significantly differ (7%[n = 48] vs. 6% [n = 32], log rank p = 0.34); landmark analyses indicated significantly increased ARC definite ST within 30 days (3% [n = 19] vs. 1% [n = 6], log rank p = 0.033) but not >30 days to 5 years (4.2% [n = 29] vs. 4.5% [n = 26], log rank p = 0.78). At presentation, ARC definite ST (n = 48) and ARC-like definite GO (n = 32) were adjudicated to be linked to 4 (8%) and 0 deaths, respectively. At 5 years, ARC definite ST (n = 48) and ARC definite/probable ST (n = 75) were associated with 17 (17 of 48, 35.4%; median days to death: 0 days; interquartile range: 0 to 16 days; maximum: 321 days) and 31 (31 of 75, 41.3%; median: 0 days; interquartile range: 0 to 9 days; maximum: 721 days) cardiac deaths, respectively. At 5 years, ARC-like definite GO (n = 32) and ARC-like definite/probable GO (n = 53) were associated with 0 and 12 (12 of 52, 23.1%; median: 0 days; interquartile range: 0 to 14 days; maximum: 257 days) cardiac deaths, respectively.Conclusions Although the incidence of ST and GO was similar at 5 years, the clinical impact of ST appeared greater, with a negative impact on short-term to long-term mortality.
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9.
  • Farooq, Vasim, et al. (författare)
  • The CABG SYNTAX Score - an angiographic tool to grade the complexity of coronary disease following coronary artery bypass graft surgery : from the SYNTAX Left Main Angiographic (SYNTAX-LE MANS) substudy
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: EuroIntervention. - 1774-024X .- 1969-6213. ; 8:11, s. 1277-1285
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIMS: The SYNTAX Score (SXscore) has established itself as an important prognostic tool in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A limitation of the SXscore is the inability to differentiate outcomes in patients who have undergone prior coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. The CABG SXscore was devised to address this limitation.METHODS AND RESULTS: In the SYNTAX-LE MANS substudy 115 patients with unprotected left main coronary artery disease (isolated or associated with one, two or three-vessel disease) treated with CABG were prospectively assigned to undergo a 15-month coronary angiogram. An independent core laboratory analysed the baseline SXscore prior to CABG. The 15-month CABG SXscore was calculated by a panel of three interventional cardiologists. The CABG SXscore was calculated by determining the standard SXscore in the "native" coronary vessels ("native SXscore") and deducting points based on the importance of the diseased coronary artery segment (Leaman score) that have a functioning bypass graft anastomosed distally. Points relating to intrinsic coronary disease, such as bifurcation disease or calcification, remain unaltered. The mean 15-month CABG SXscore was significantly lower compared to the mean baseline SXscore (baseline SXscore 31.6, SD 13.1; 15-month CABG SXscore 21.2, SD 11.1; p<0.001). Reproducibility analyses (kappa [k] statistics) indicated a substantial agreement between CABG SXscore measurements (k=0.70; 95% CI [0.50-0.90], p<0.001), with the points deducted to calculate the CABG SXscore the most reproducible measurement (k=0.74; 95% CI [0.53-0.95], p<0.001). Despite the limited power of the study, four-year outcome data (Kaplan-Meier curves) demonstrated a trend towards reduced all-cause death (9.1% vs. 1.8%, p=0.084) and death/CVA/MI (16.4% vs. 7.0%, p=0.126) in the low compared to the high CABG SXscore group.CONCLUSIONS: In this pilot study the calculation of the CABG SXscore appeared feasible, reproducible and may have a long-term prognostic role in patients with complex coronary disease undergoing surgical revascularisation. Validation of this new scoring methodology is required.
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