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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Moriggl Richard) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Moriggl Richard)

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1.
  • Engblom, David, et al. (författare)
  • Direct glucocorticoid receptor-Stat5 interaction in hepatocytes controls body size and maturation-related gene expression
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Genes & Development. - Csh Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. - 0890-9369 .- 1549-5477. ; 21:10, s. 1157-1162
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The glucocorticoid receptor regulates transcription through DNA binding as well as through cross-talk with other transcription factors. In hepatocytes, the glucocorticoid receptor is critical for normal postnatal growth. Using hepatocyte- specific and domain-selective mutations in the mouse we show that Stat5 in hepatocytes is essential for normal postnatal growth and that it mediates the growth- promoting effect of the glucocorticoid receptor through a direct interaction involving the N-terminal tetramerization domain of Stat5b. This interaction mediates a selective and unexpectedly extensive part of the transcriptional actions of these molecules since it controls the expression of gene sets involved in growth and sexual maturation.</p>
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2.
  • Golob-Schwarzi, Nicole, et al. (författare)
  • High Keratin 8/18 Ratio Predicts Aggressive Hepatocellular Cancer Phenotype
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Translational Oncology. - ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC. - 1944-7124 .- 1936-5233. ; 12:2, s. 256-268
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>BACKGROUND amp; AIMS: Steatohepatitis (SH) and SH-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are of considerable clinical significance. SH is morphologically characterized by steatosis, liver cell ballooning, cytoplasmic aggregates termedMallory-Denk bodies (MDBs), inflammation, and fibrosis at late stage. Disturbance of the keratin cytoskeleton and aggregation of keratins (KRTs) are essential for MDB formation. METHODS: Weanalyzed livers of aged Krt18(-/-) mice that spontaneously developed in the majority of cases SH-associated HCC independent of sex. Interestingly, the hepatic lipid profile in Krt18(-/-) mice, which accumulate KRT8, closely resembles human SH lipid profiles and shows that the excess of KRT8 over KRT18 determines the likelihood to develop SH-associated HCC linked with enhanced lipogenesis. RESULTS: Our analysis of the genetic profile of Krt18(-/-) mice with 26 human hepatoma cell lines and with data sets of amp;gt;300 patients with HCC, where Krt18(-/-) gene signatures matched human HCC. Interestingly, a high KRT8/18 ratio is associated with an aggressive HCC phenotype. CONCLUSIONS: We can prove that intermediate filaments and their binding partners are tightly linked to hepatic lipid metabolism and to hepatocarcinogenesis. We suggest KRT8/18 ratio as a novel HCC biomarker for HCC.</p>
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3.
  • Kornfeld, Jan-Wilhelm, et al. (författare)
  • Variants in STAT5B Associate with Serum TC and LDL-C Levels
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. - 0021-972X .- 1945-7197. ; 96:9, s. E1496-E1501
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Context: Known genetic variants influencing serum lipid levels do not adequately account for the observed population variability of these phenotypes. The GH/signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) signaling pathway is an evolutionary conserved system that exerts strong effects on metabolism, including that of lipids. Research Design and Methods: We analyzed the association of 11 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) spanning the STAT5B/STAT5A/STAT3 locus with serum lipid levels in six European populations (n = 5162 nondiabetic individuals). Results: After adjustment for age, sex, alcohol use, smoking, and body mass index, we identified STAT5B variants(rs8082391 and rs8064638) in novel association with total cholesterol (TC; P = 0.001 and P = 0.002) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P = 0.002 and P = 0.004) levels. The minor alleles of these single-nucleotide polymorphisms were significantly enriched in hyperlipidemic individuals across the six discovery populations (P = 0.004 and P = 0.006). In transgenic mice deficient for hepatic STAT5A and STAT5B, reduced serum TC levels coincided with reduced hepatic cholesterol biosynthesis as demonstrated using gene expression profiling and pathway enrichment analysis. Conclusions: Genetic variants in STAT5B are associated with TC and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels among six populations. Mechanistically, STAT5B transcriptionally regulates hepatic cholesterol homeostasis.</p>
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4.
  • Kovar, Heinrich, et al. (författare)
  • The first European interdisciplinary ewing sarcoma research summit.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Frontiers in oncology. - 2234-943X. ; 2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The European Network for Cancer Research in Children and Adolescents (ENCCA) provides an interaction platform for stakeholders in research and care of children with cancer. Among ENCCA objectives is the establishment of biology-based prioritization mechanisms for the selection of innovative targets, drugs, and prognostic markers for validation in clinical trials. Specifically for sarcomas, there is a burning need for novel treatment options, since current chemotherapeutic treatment protocols have met their limits. This is most obvious for metastatic Ewing sarcoma (ES), where long term survival rates are still below 20%. Despite significant progress in our understanding of ES biology, clinical translation of promising laboratory results has not yet taken place due to fragmentation of research and lack of an institutionalized discussion forum. To fill this gap, ENCCA assembled 30 European expert scientists and five North American opinion leaders in December 2011 to exchange thoughts and discuss the state of the art in ES research and latest results from the bench, and to propose biological studies and novel promising therapeutics for the upcoming European EWING2008 and EWING2012 clinical trials.
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5.
  • Mueller, Kristina M, et al. (författare)
  • Impairment of Hepatic Growth Hormone and Glucocorticoid Receptor Signaling Causes Steatosis and Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Mice
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Hepatology. - Wiley-Blackwell. - 0270-9139 .- 1527-3350. ; 54:4, s. 1398-1409
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Growth hormone (GH)-activated signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5) and the glucocorticoid (GC)-responsive glucocorticoid receptor (GR) are important signal integrators in the liver during metabolic and physiologic stress. Their deregulation has been implicated in the development of metabolic liver diseases, such as steatosis and progression to fibrosis. Using liver-specific STAT5 and GR knockout mice, we addressed their role in metabolism and liver cancer onset. STAT5 single and STAT5/GR double mutants developed steatosis, but only double-mutant mice progressed to liver cancer. Mechanistically, STAT5 deficiency led to the up-regulation of prolipogenic sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 (SREBP-1) and peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPAR-gamma) signaling. Combined loss of STAT5/GR resulted in GH resistance and hypercortisolism. The combination of both induced expression of adipose tissue lipases, adipose tissue lipid mobilization, and lipid flux to the liver, thereby aggravating STAT5-dependent steatosis. The metabolic dysfunctions in STAT5/GR compound knockout animals led to the development of hepatic dysplasia at 9 months of age. At 12 months, 35% of STAT5/GR-deficient livers harbored dysplastic nodules and similar to 60% hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs). HCC development was associated with GH and insulin resistance, enhanced tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) expression, high reactive oxygen species levels, and augmented liver and DNA damage parameters. Moreover, activation of the c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1 (JNK1) and STAT3 was prominent. Conclusion: Hepatic STAT5/GR signaling is crucial for the maintenance of systemic lipid homeostasis. Impairment of both signaling cascades causes severe metabolic liver disease and promotes spontaneous hepatic tumorigenesis.</p>
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