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Sökning: WFRF:(Munzenberg G.)

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1.
  • Reifarthl, R., et al. (författare)
  • Nuclear astrophysics with radioactive ions at FAIR
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: NUCLEAR PHYSICS IN ASTROPHYSICS VI (NPA6).
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The nucleosynthesis of elements beyond iron is dominated by neutron captures in the s and r processes. However, 32 stable, proton-rich isotopes cannot be formed during those processes, because they are shielded from the s-process flow and r-process beta-decay chains. These nuclei are attributed to the p and rp process. For all those processes, current research in nuclear astrophysics addresses the need for more precise reaction data involving radioactive isotopes. Depending on the particular reaction, direct or inverse kinematics, forward or time-reversed direction are investigated to determine or at least to constrain the desired reaction cross sections. The Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) will offer unique, unprecedented opportunities to investigate many of the important reactions. The high yield of radioactive isotopes, even far away from the valley of stability, allows the investigation of isotopes involved in processes as exotic as the r or rp processes.
2.
  • Reifarth, R., et al. (författare)
  • Nuclear astrophysics with radioactive ions at FAIR
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Physics: Conference Series. ; 665:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The nucleosynthesis of elements beyond iron is dominated by neutron captures in the s and r processes. However, 32 stable, proton-rich isotopes cannot be formed during those processes, because they are shielded from the s-process flow and r-process, β-decay chains. These nuclei are attributed to the p and rp process. For all those processes, current research in nuclear astrophysics addresses the need for more precise reaction data involving radioactive isotopes. Depending on the particular reaction, direct or inverse kinematics, forward or time-reversed direction are investigated to determine or at least to constrain the desired reaction cross sections. The Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) will offer unique, unprecedented opportunities to investigate many of the important reactions. The high yield of radioactive isotopes, even far away from the valley of stability, allows the investigation of isotopes involved in processes as exotic as the r or rp processes.
3.
  • Antonov, A. N., et al. (författare)
  • The electron-ion scattering experiment ELISe at the International Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR)-A conceptual design study
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section a-Accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment. - 0168-9002. ; 637:1, s. 60-76
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The electron-ion scattering experiment ELISe is part of the installations envisaged at the new experimental storage ring at the International Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) in Darmstadt, Germany. It offers an unique opportunity to use electrons as probe in investigations of the structure of exotic nuclei. The conceptual design and the scientific challenges of ELISe are presented. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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4.
  • Johansson, H. T., et al. (författare)
  • Three-body correlations in the decay of He-10 and Li-13
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Nuclear Physics A. - 0375-9474. ; 847:1-2, s. 66-88
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The very exotic nuclear resonance systems, 10He and 13Li, are produced in proton-knockout reactions from relativistic beams of 11Li and 14Be. The experimentally determined energy and angular correlations between their decay products, <img src="http://ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0375947410006044-si1.gif" data-inlimgeid="1-s2.0-S0375947410006044-si1.gif" data-loaded="true" /> and <img src="http://ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0375947410006044-si2.gif" data-inlimgeid="1-s2.0-S0375947410006044-si2.gif" data-loaded="true" />, are analyzed using an expansion of decay amplitudes in a restricted set of hyperspherical harmonics. By considering only a small number of terms it is possible to extract the expansion coefficients directly from the experimental three-body correlations. This provides a model-independent way of getting information about the decay process, on the structure of the decaying nucleus and on the quantum characteristics of the binary subsystems.The results show that the <img src="http://ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0375947410006044-si3.gif" data-inlimgeid="1-s2.0-S0375947410006044-si3.gif" data-loaded="true" /> relative-energy spectrum can be interpreted as consisting of two resonances, an Iπ=0+ ground state and an excited Iπ=2+ state. The <img src="http://ars.els-cdn.com/content/image/1-s2.0-S0375947410006044-si6.gif" data-inlimgeid="1-s2.0-S0375947410006044-si6.gif" data-loaded="true" /> relative-energy spectrum is interpreted as an Iπ=3/2− ground state overlapping with excited states having a structure similar to the 2+ state in 10He but spread over several states due to the coupling to the Iπ=3/2− core. The13Li data also give evidence for a contribution of a configuration where the two neutrons occupy the d-shell.
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5.
  • Aleksandrov, D., et al. (författare)
  • Halo excitations in fragmentation of He-6 at 240 MeV/u on carbon and lead targets
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Nuclear Physics A. - 0375-9474. ; 669:1-2, s. 51-64
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Dissociation of a 240 MeV/u beam of He-6, incident on carbon and lead targets, has been studied in kinematically complete experiments to investigate low-lying excitation modes in the halo nucleus He-6. It is shown that alignment effects characterize the inelastic scattering and allow an unambiguous assignment of the spin of a narrow resonance observed in the excitation energy spectrum. The differential cross sections for the He-6 inelastic scattering on carbon and lead targets were deduced from the measured moments of the two neutrons and the a-particle. An analysis of these distributions shows that quadrupole and, possibly, monopole excitations characterize the hadronic interaction, while the dipole mode is dominating in Coulomb dissociation. Neither theoretically predicted new resonance states in He-6 nor nuclear excitation of a dipole mode were found. Direct evidence has been obtained for strong suppression of Coulornb post-acceleration in direct Coulomb breakup in a lead target.
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6.
  • Nilsson, Thomas, 1965-, et al. (författare)
  • Neutron Momentum Distributions from Core Break-up Reactions of Halo Nuclei
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Europhysics Letters. - 0295-5075. ; 30:1, s. 19-24
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neutron angular distributions from violent break-up reactions of Li-11 and Be-11 have been measured at 28 MeV/u and 280 MeV/u and at 41 MeV/u and 460 MeV/u, respectively. The derived neutron momentum distributions show a narrow component in transverse momentum that is within uncertainties independent of beam energy and target charge. This component is suggested to be simply related to the momentum distribution of the loosely bound halo neutron(s) in the projectiles.
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7.
  • Aksyutina, Y., et al. (författare)
  • Study of the Be14 continuum: Identification and structure of its second 2+ state
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007. ; 111:24
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The coupling between bound quantum states and those in the continuum is of high theoretical interest. Experimental studies of bound drip-line nuclei provide ideal testing grounds for such investigations since they, due to the feeble binding energy of their valence particles, are easy to excite into the continuum. In this Letter, continuum states in the heaviest particle-stable Be isotope, Be14, are studied by employing the method of inelastic proton scattering in inverse kinematics. New continuum states are found at excitation energies E*=3.54(16) MeV and E*=5.25(19) MeV. The structure of the earlier known 21+ state at 1.54(13) MeV was confirmed with a predominantly (0d5/2)2 configuration while there is very clear evidence that the 22+ state has a predominant (1s1/2, 0d 5/2) structure with a preferential three-body decay mechanism. The region at about 7 MeV excitation shows distinct features of sequential neutron decay via intermediate states in Be13. This demonstrates that the increasing availability of energetic beams of exotic nuclei opens up new vistas for experiments leading towards a new understanding of the interplay between bound and continuum states. © 2013 American Physical Society.
8.
  • Baumann, T., et al. (författare)
  • Longitudinal momentum distributions of C-16,C-18 fragments after one-neutron removal from C-17,C-19
  • 1998
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - 0370-2693. ; 439:3-4, s. 256-261
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The fragment separator FRS at GSI was used as an energy-loss spectrometer to measure the longitudinal momentum distributions of 16,18C fragments after one-neutron removal reactions in 17,19C impinging on a carbon target at about 910 MeV/u. The distributions in the projectile frames are characterized by a FWHM of 141 ± 6 MeV/c for 16C and 69 ± 3 MeV/c for 18C. The results are compared with experimental data obtained at lower energies and discussed within existing theoretical models.
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9.
  • Humbert, F., et al. (författare)
  • Longitudinal and Transverse-Momentum Distributions of Li-9 Fragments from Break-up of Li-11
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - 0370-2693. ; 347:3-4, s. 198-204
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Transverse and longitudinal momentum distributions of Li-9 fragments from Li-11 break-up reactions in C, Al and Pb targets have been measured at 280 MeV/u. The two-neutron removal cross-section was measured to be sigma(-2n), = 0.26 +/- 0.02 b for the carbon target, sigma(-2n) = 0.47 +/- 0.08 b for the aluminum target and sigma(-2n), = 1.9 +/- 0.4 b for the lead target. No significant difference is observed between the narrow widths (FWHM approximate to 47 MeV/c) of the transverse and longitudinal momentum distributions of the Li-9 fragments. The physical implications of this are discussed.
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10.
  • Johansson, H. T., et al. (författare)
  • The unbound isotopes 9,10He
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Nuclear Physics A. - Elsevier. - 0375-9474 .- 1873-1554. ; 842:1-4, s. 15-32
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The unbound nuclei 9He and 10He have been produced in proton-knockout reactions from a 280 MeV/u 11Li beam impinging on a liquid hydrogen target at the ALADIN-LAND setup at GSI. Information on their nuclear structure has been obtained from the relative-energy spectra, 8He + n and 8He + 2n, employing reaction models incorporating the structure of 11Li.
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