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Sökning: WFRF:(Myhre Anders E.)

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  • Middeldorp, Christel M., et al. (författare)
  • The Early Growth Genetics (EGG) and EArly Genetics and Lifecourse Epidemiology (EAGLE) consortia : design, results and future prospects
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Epidemiology. - : Springer. - 0393-2990 .- 1573-7284. ; 34:3, s. 279-300
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The impact of many unfavorable childhood traits or diseases, such as low birth weight and mental disorders, is not limited to childhood and adolescence, as they are also associated with poor outcomes in adulthood, such as cardiovascular disease. Insight into the genetic etiology of childhood and adolescent traits and disorders may therefore provide new perspectives, not only on how to improve wellbeing during childhood, but also how to prevent later adverse outcomes. To achieve the sample sizes required for genetic research, the Early Growth Genetics (EGG) and EArly Genetics and Lifecourse Epidemiology (EAGLE) consortia were established. The majority of the participating cohorts are longitudinal population-based samples, but other cohorts with data on early childhood phenotypes are also involved. Cohorts often have a broad focus and collect(ed) data on various somatic and psychiatric traits as well as environmental factors. Genetic variants have been successfully identified for multiple traits, for example, birth weight, atopic dermatitis, childhood BMI, allergic sensitization, and pubertal growth. Furthermore, the results have shown that genetic factors also partly underlie the association with adult traits. As sample sizes are still increasing, it is expected that future analyses will identify additional variants. This, in combination with the development of innovative statistical methods, will provide detailed insight on the mechanisms underlying the transition from childhood to adult disorders. Both consortia welcome new collaborations. Policies and contact details are available from the corresponding authors of this manuscript and/or the consortium websites.
  • Bruserud, Oyvind, et al. (författare)
  • A Longitudinal Follow-up of Autoimmune Polyendocrine Syndrome Type 1
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. - 0021-972X .- 1945-7197. ; 101:8, s. 2975-2983
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Context: Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 (APS1) is a childhood-onset monogenic disease defined by the presence of two of the three major components: hypoparathyroidism, primary adrenocortical insufficiency, and chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC). Information on longitudinal follow-up of APS1 is sparse. Objective: To describe the phenotypes of APS1 and correlate the clinical features with autoantibody profiles and autoimmune regulator (AIRE) mutations during extended follow-up (1996-2016). Patients: All known Norwegian patients with APS1. Results: Fifty-two patients from 34 families were identified. The majority presented with one of the major disease components during childhood. Enamel hypoplasia, hypoparathyroidism, and CMC were the most frequent components. With age, most patients presented three to five disease manifestations, although some had milder phenotypes diagnosed in adulthood. Fifteen of the patients died during follow-up (median age at death, 34 years) or were deceasedsiblingswithahighprobability of undisclosed APS1. All except three had interferon-omega) autoantibodies, and allhadorgan-specific autoantibodies. The most common AIRE mutation was c.967_979del13, found in homozygosity in 15 patients. A mild phenotype was associated with the splice mutation c.879+1G>A. Primary adrenocortical insufficiency and type 1 diabetes were associated with protective human leucocyte antigen genotypes. Conclusions: Multiple presumable autoimmune manifestations, in particular hypoparathyroidism, CMC, and enamel hypoplasia, should prompt further diagnostic workup using autoantibody analyses (eg, interferon-omega) and AIRE sequencing to reveal APS1, even in adults. Treatment is complicated, and mortality is high. Structured follow-up should be performed in a specialized center.
  • Remberger, Mats, et al. (författare)
  • Superior Graft-versus-Host Disease-Free Relapse-Free Survival in Matched Unrelated Donor Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation with Anti-Thymocyte Globulin (ATG) Compared to Matched Related Donor without ATG
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Transplantation and Cellular Therapy. - : Elsevier BV. - 2666-6375 .- 2666-6367. ; 27:7, s. 621.e1-621.e3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The use of anti-T cell globulin (ATG) in allogeneic stem cell transplantation with matched unrelated donors (MUDs) is considered standard of care in many transplant centers, as these patients are at higher risk of developing acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Several publications have reported reduced incidence of chronic GVHD compared to matched related donors (MRDs). This may support the idea of introducing ATG in prospective clinical trials, also in MRDs, in an effort to reduce the long-term complications with moderate and severe GVHD. We retrospectively analyzed 169 patients, in whom ATG was given to patients who underwent transplantation with MUDs (n = 124) and not MRDs (n = 45). The incidence acute GVHD II to IV and III to IV was significantly lower in the MUD group compared to the MRD group (28.2% versus 51.3% and 8.1% versus 24.7%). Extensive chronic GVHD incidence was 5% versus 40%. Our results further support the rationale for examining the efficacy of ATG in MRDs in prospective randomized trials.
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