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  • Zhou, Zheng, et al. (författare)
  • Reduced intensity conditioning for acute myeloid leukemia using melphalan- vs busulfan-based regimens : a CIBMTR report
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Blood Advances. - 2473-9529 .- 2473-9537. ; 4:13, s. 3180-3190
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • There is a lack of large comparative study on the outcomes of reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) transplantation using fludarabine/busulfan (FB) and fludarabine/melphalan (FM) regimens. Adult AML patients from Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research who received first RIC allo-transplant between 2001 and 2015 were studied. Patients were excluded if they received cord blood or identical twin transplant, total body irradiation in conditioning, or graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis with in vitro T-cell depletion. Primary outcome was overall survival (OS), secondary end points were leukemia-free survival (LFS), nonrelapse mortality (NRM), relapse, and GVHD. Multivariate survival model was used with adjustment for patient, leukemia, and transplant-related factors. A total of 622 patients received FM and 791 received FB RIC. Compared with FB, the FM group had fewer transplant in complete remission (CR), fewer matched sibling donors, and less usage of anti-thymocyte globulin or alemtuzumab. More patients in the FM group received marrow grafts and had transplantation before 2005. OS was significantly lower within the first 3 months posttransplant in the FM group (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.82, P < .001), but was marginally superior beyond 3 months (HR = 0.87, P = .05). LFS was better with FM compared with FB (HR = 0.89, P = .05). NRM was significantly increased in the FM group during the first 3 months of posttransplant (HR = 3.85, P < .001). Long-term relapse was lower with FM (HR = 0.65, P < .001). Analysis restricted to patients with CR showed comparable results. In conclusion, compared with FB, the FM RIC showed a marginally superior long-term OS and LFS and a lower relapse rate. A lower OS early posttransplant within 3 months was largely the result of a higher early NRM.
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  • Crawley, C, et al. (författare)
  • Outcomes of reduced-intensity transplantation for chronic myeloid leukemia: an analysis of prognostic factors from the Chronic Leukemia Working Party of the EBMT
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Blood. - : American Society of Hematology. - 1528-0020 .- 0006-4971. ; 106:9, s. 2969-2976
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study reports outcomes of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation with reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) in 186 patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) from the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT). The median age was 50 years, and 64% were in first chronic phase (CP1), CP2 13%, accelerated phase 17%, and blast crises 6%. The median EBMT transplant score was 3. The day 100 transplantation-related mortality (TRM) was 6.1% (confidence interval [CI], 3.4%-11%) but rose to 23.3% (CI, 14%-27%) at 2 years. Fludarabine, busulfan, and antithymocyte globulin (Fd/Bu/ATG) was associated with the lowest TRM of 11.6% (CI, 4.7%-11%) at 1 year. Acute graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) grade II to IV occurred in 32% and chronic GvHD in 43% (extensive in 24%). ATG was associated with a lower incidence of chronic GvHD (cGvHD). The overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) at 3 years were 58% (CI, 50%-66%) and 37% (CI, 30%-45%), respectively. Adverse OS was associated with advanced disease (relative risk [RR], 3.4). PFS was inferior in advanced disease (RR, 2.7) and a trend to improved outcomes with Fd/Bu/ATG (RR, 0.58). RIC allografts are feasible in CML in first or second CP. Since no other RIC regimen demonstrated superiority, Fd/Bu/ATG should be considered as baseline in future prospective trials.
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  • Crawley, C, et al. (författare)
  • Outcomes for reduced-intensity allogeneic transplantation for multiple myeloma: an analysis of prognostic factors from the Chronic Leukaemia Working Party of the EBMT
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Blood. - : American Society of Hematology. - 1528-0020 .- 0006-4971. ; 105:11, s. 4532-4539
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report the outcome of 229 patients who received an allograft for myeloma with reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimens from 33 centers within the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT). The median age was 52 years and 64% were male. Conditioning regimens were heterogeneous, but most were fludarabine based and T cell depleted with antithymocyte globulin or alemtuzumab. Transplantation-related mortality (TRIM) at 1 year was 22%. The 3-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 41% and 21 %, respectively. Adverse OS was associated with chemoresistant disease (relative risk [RR], 2.9), more than 1 prior transplantation (RR, 2.0), and male patients with female donors (FIR, 1.45). Adverse PFS was associated with chemoresistance (RR, 2.4) and alemtuzumab (RR, 1.8). TRM was increased with female-to-male donation (RR, 2.5) and transplantation more than 1 year from diagnosis (RR, 2.3). Grades II to IV acute graft-versus-host disease (aGvHD) occurred in 31%. Chronic GvHD was associated with better OS and PFS and were 84% and 46% for limited, 58% and 30% for extensive, and 29% and 12% in its absence suggesting that a graft-versus-myeloma effect is important. While RIC is feasible, heavily pretreated patients and patients with progressive disease do not benefit.
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