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Sökning: WFRF:(Nagy András)

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1.
  • Adewumi, Oluseun, et al. (författare)
  • Characterization of human embryonic stem cell lines by the International Stem Cell Initiative
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Nature Biotechnology. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1546-1696 .- 1087-0156. ; 25:7, s. 803-816
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The International Stem Cell Initiative characterized 59 human embryonic stem cell lines from 17 laboratories worldwide. Despite diverse genotypes and different techniques used for derivation and maintenance, all lines exhibited similar expression patterns for several markers of human embryonic stem cells. They expressed the glycolipid antigens SSEA3 and SSEA4, the keratan sulfate antigens TRA-1-60, TRA-1-81, GCTM2 and GCT343, and the protein antigens CD9, Thy1 (also known as CD90), tissue- nonspecific alkaline phosphatase and class 1 HLA, as well as the strongly developmentally regulated genes NANOG, POU5F1 (formerly known as OCT4), TDGF1, DNMT3B, GABRB3 and GDF3. Nevertheless, the lines were not identical: differences in expression of several lineage markers were evident, and several imprinted genes showed generally similar allele-specific expression patterns, but some gene-dependent variation was observed. Also, some female lines expressed readily detectable levels of XIST whereas others did not. No significant contamination of the lines with mycoplasma, bacteria or cytopathic viruses was detected.
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3.
  • Dévai, Gergely, et al. (författare)
  • Efficient Code Generation from the High-level Domain-specific Language Feldspar for DSPs
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: ODES-8: 8th Workshop on Optimizations for DSP and Embedded Systems, workshop associated with IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Code Generation and Optimization (CGO).
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Software for digital signal processors (DSPs) is traditionally highly hardware-dependent and hence porting it to new processors usually requires significant design effort. In this paper we present Feldspar (Functional Embedded Language for DSP and Parallelism), an embedded, high-level, domain-specific language for DSP algorithm design and the compilation techniques we developed for generating C code from specifications written in Feldspar. While Feldspar allows description of algorithms on specification level, we show that with the right set of abstractions and transformations this high level, functional specification can be transformed into C code that is comparable or better than reference, hand-crafted C language implementations. The Feldspar compiler is highly modular and plugin-based, hence future hardware-specific plugins will enable automatic generation of efficient, hardware-specific code. This approach enables the encapsulation of knowledge of hardware completely in the compiler and thus allows description of algorithms in completely hardware-independent, portable manner.
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4.
  • Fitzgerald, Seán, et al. (författare)
  • Large Artery Atherosclerotic Clots are Larger than Clots of other Stroke Etiologies and have Poorer Recanalization rates.
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association. - 1532-8511. ; 30:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • There is a paucity of knowledge in the literature relating to the extent of clot burden and stroke etiology. In this study, we measured the Extracted Clot Area (ECA) retrieved during endovascular treatment (EVT) and investigated relationships with suspected etiology, administration of intravenous thrombolysis and recanalization.As part of the multi-institutional RESTORE registry, the ECA retrieved during mechanical thrombectomy was quantified using ImageJ. The effect of stroke etiology (Large-artery atherosclerosis (LAA), Cardioembolism, Cryptogenic and other) and recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) on ECA and recanalization outcome (mTICI) was assessed. Successful recanalization was described as mTICI 2c-3.A total of 550 patients who underwent EVT with any clot retrieved were included in the study. The ECA was significantly larger in the LAA group compared to all other etiologies. The average ECA size of each etiology was; LAA=109 mm2, Cardioembolic=52 mm2, Cryptogenic=47 mm2 and Other=52 mm2 (p=0.014*). LAA patients also had a significantly poorer rate of successful recanalization (mTICI 2c-3) compared to all other etiologies (p=0.003*). The administration of tPA was associated with a smaller ECA in both LAA (p=0.007*) and cardioembolic (p=0.035*) groups.The ECA of LAA clots was double the size of all other etiologies and this is associated with a lower rate of successful recanalization in LAA stroke subtype. rtPA administration prior to thrombectomy was associated with reduced ECA in LAA and CE clots.
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5.
  • Fitzgerald, Seán, et al. (författare)
  • Per-pass analysis of acute ischemic stroke clots: impact of stroke etiology on extracted clot area and histological composition.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of neurointerventional surgery. - 1759-8486.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Initial studies investigating correlations between stroke etiology and clot composition are conflicting and do not account for clot size as determined by area. Radiological studies have shown that cardioembolic strokes are associated with shorter clot lengths and lower clot burden than non-cardioembolic clots.To report the relationship between stroke etiology, extracted clot area, and histological composition at each procedural pass.As part of the multi-institutional RESTORE Registry, the Martius Scarlett Blue stained histological composition and extracted clot area of 612 per-pass clots retrieved from 441 patients during mechanical thrombectomy procedures were quantified. Correlations with clinical and procedural details were investigated.Clot composition varied significantly with procedural passes; clots retrieved in earlier passes had higher red blood cell content (H4=11.644, p=0.020) and larger extracted clot area (H4=10.730, p=0.030). Later passes were associated with significantly higher fibrin (H4=12.935, p=0.012) and platelets/other (H4=15.977, p=0.003) content and smaller extracted clot area. Large artery atherosclerotic (LAA) clots were significantly larger in the extracted clot area and more red blood cell-rich than other etiologies in passes 1-3. Cardioembolic and cryptogenic clots had similar histological composition and extracted clot area across all procedural passes.LAA clots are larger and associated with a large red blood cell-rich extracted clot area, suggesting soft thrombus material. Cardioembolic clots are smaller in the extracted clot area, consistent in composition and area across passes, and have higher fibrin and platelets/other content than LAA clots, making them stiffer clots. The per-pass histological composition and extracted clot area of cryptogenic clots are similar to those of cardioembolic clots, suggesting similar formation mechanisms.
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6.
  • Gergely, Andras, et al. (författare)
  • Hydrogen Sulfide Corrosion of Carbon and Stainless Steel Alloys in Mixtures of Renewable Fuel Sources under Co-Processing Conditions
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Modern Applied Science. - : Canadian Center of Science and Education. - 1913-1844 .- 1913-1852. ; 12:4, s. 227-255
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Corrosion rates of steel alloys were investigated in gas oil and its mixture with waste cooking oil and animal waste lard over 1, 3, 7 and 21 days under desulfurizing condition. Co-processing conditions were attempted to simulate by batch-reactor experiment at temperatures between 200 and 300oC and pressures between 20 and 90 bar in the presence of 2 volume% hydrogen sulfide. Integral and differential corrosion rates were defined by weight losses. Intense sulfide corrosion of carbon steels was less impacted by the biomass sources. Thinner scales in gas oil was probably due to frequent cohesive failure, whereas thicker layers in biomass mixtures were allowed to form to afford limited physical protection. The high corrosion rate of low alloy steel with temperature over time is related to inefficient protection by the metal sulfide scales. Greater activation energy and enthalpy balance in the formation of activated complex is expected to reflect in thick cohesive scales. Loose layers and the less unfavorable entropy balance in the transition state did not lead to valuable barrier protection. High sulfide corrosion resistance of stainless steels is in chemical in nature markedly impacted by the biomass fuel sources and contributed especially by the acidic species. Corrosion rates increased with temperature by magnitude similar to those of carbon steels, which probably owes to the less unfavorable entropy and free energy balance between the initial and transition states of the reactants.
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7.
  • Halonen, Niina, et al. (författare)
  • Low-temperature growth of multi-walled carbon nanotubes by thermal CVD
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Physica status solidi. B, Basic research. - Malden : Wiley-Blackwell. - 0370-1972 .- 1521-3951. ; 248:11, s. 2500-2503
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Low-temperature thermal chemical vapor deposition (thermal CVD) synthesis of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) was studied using a large variety of different precursor compounds. Cyclopentene oxide, tetrahydrofuran, methanol, and xylene: methanol mixture as oxygen containing heteroatomic precursors, while xylene and acetylene as conventional hydrocarbon feedstocks were applied in the experiments. The catalytic activity of Co, Fe, Ni, and their bi-as well as tri-metallic combinations were tested for the reactions. Low-temperature CNT growth occurred at 400 degrees C when using bi-metallic Co-Fe and tri-metallic Ni-Co-Fe catalyst (on alumina) and methanol or acetylene as precursors. In the case of monometallic catalyst nanoparticles, only Co (both on alumina and on silica) was found to be active in the low temperature growth (below 500 degrees C) from oxygenates such as cyclopentene oxide and methanol. The structure and composition of the achieved MWCNTs products were studied by scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM and TEM) as well as by Raman and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The successful MWCNT growth below 500 degrees C is promising from the point of view of integrating MWCNT materials into existing IC fabrication technologies. (C) 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
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8.
  • Jin, Jing, et al. (författare)
  • Soluble FLT1 binds lipid microdomains in podocytes to control cell morphology and glomerular barrier function
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Cell. - 0092-8674 .- 1097-4172. ; 151:2, s. 384-399
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Vascular endothelial growth factor and its receptors, FLK1/KDR and FLT1, are key regulators of angiogenesis. Unlike FLK1/KDR, the role of FLT1 has remained elusive. FLT1 is produced as soluble (sFLT1) and full-length isoforms. Here, we show that pericytes from multiple tissues produce sFLT1. To define the biologic role of sFLT1, we chose the glomerular microvasculature as a model system. Deletion of Flt1 from specialized glomerular pericytes, known as podocytes, causes reorganization of their cytoskeleton with massive proteinuria and kidney failure, characteristic features of nephrotic syndrome in humans. The kinase-deficient allele of Flt1 rescues this phenotype, demonstrating dispensability of the full-length isoform. Using cell imaging, proteomics, and lipidomics, we show that sFLT1 binds to the glycosphingolipid GM3 in lipid rafts on the surface of podocytes, promoting adhesion and rapid actin reorganization. sFLT1 also regulates pericyte function in vessels outside of the kidney. Our findings demonstrate an autocrine function for sFLT1 to control pericyte behavior.
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9.
  • Kevei, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • Forward genetic analysis of the circadian clock separates the multiple functions of ZEITLUPE.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Plant Physiology. - 0032-0889. ; 140:3, s. 933-45
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The circadian system of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) includes feedback loops of gene regulation that generate 24-h oscillations. Components of these loops remain to be identified; none of the known components is completely understood, including ZEITLUPE (ZTL), a gene implicated in regulated protein degradation. ztl mutations affect both circadian and developmental responses to red light, possibly through ZTL interaction with PHYTOCHROME B (PHYB). We conducted a large-scale genetic screen that identified additional clock-affecting loci. Other mutants recovered include 11 new ztl alleles encompassing mutations in each of the ZTL protein domains. Each mutation lengthened the circadian period, even in dark-grown seedlings entrained to temperature cycles. A mutation of the LIGHT, OXYGEN, VOLTAGE (LOV)/Period-ARNT-Sim (PAS) domain was unique in retaining wild-type responses to red light both for the circadian period and for control of hypocotyl elongation. This uncoupling of ztl phenotypes indicates that interactions of ZTL protein with multiple factors must be disrupted to generate the full ztl mutant phenotype. Protein interaction assays showed that the ztl mutant phenotypes were not fully explained by impaired interactions with previously described partner proteins Arabidopsis S-phase kinase-related protein 1, TIMING OF CAB EXPRESSION 1, and PHYB. Interaction with PHYB was unaffected by mutation of any ZTL domain. Mutation of the kelch repeat domain affected protein binding at both the LOV/PAS and the F-box domains, indicating that interaction among ZTL domains leads to the strong phenotypes of kelch mutations. Forward genetics continues to provide insight regarding both known and newly discovered components of the circadian system, although current approaches have saturated mutations at some loci.
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10.
  • Kovács, Anikó, 1961, et al. (författare)
  • [Immunohistochemical study of P-cadherin in breast cancer]. : P-cadherin immunhisztokémiai vizsgálata emlórákokban.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Orvosi hetilap. - 0030-6002. ; 143:8, s. 405-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cell adhesion molecules play a significant role in the cellular connection of normal cells. The cadherins are believed to act as tumour suppressors, and their altered expression and function have been associated with tumour development.The authors examined the expression of a Ca++ dependent intercellular adhesion molecule, P-cadherin using an immunohistochemical method in 69 surgically resected breast carcinomas.P-cadherin was detected in 30 cases (43.5%, cytoplasmic and/or membrane staining). The expression of P-cadherin was independent of tumour size and lymph node status, but correlated with a high tumour grade (grade III). In contrast, expression of E-cadherin correlated with lower tumour grade (grade I-II). P-cadherin expression was not detected in invasive lobular carcinomas.In general, P-cadherin was expressed at a lower frequency compared to E-cadherin, alpha-, and beta-catenin. These results suggest that an inverse relationship may exist between E- and P-cadherin in relation to grade, and that the expression of P-cadherin may be a marker of aggressiveness.
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