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  • Barkholt, L., et al. (författare)
  • Allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation for metastatic renal carcinoma in Europe
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Annals of Oncology. - : Oxford University Press. - 1569-8041. ; 17:7, s. 1134-1140
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: An allogeneic antitumour effect has been reported for various cancers. We evaluated the experience of allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in 124 patients from 21 European centres. Patients and methods: Reduced intensity conditioning and peripheral blood stem cells from an HLA-identical sibling (n = 106), a mismatched related (n = 5), or an unrelated (n = 13) donor were used. Immunosuppression was cyclosporine alone, or combined with methotrexate or mycophenolate mofetil. Donor lymphocyte infusions (DLI) were given to 42 patients. The median follow-up was 15 (range 3-41) months. Results: All but three patients engrafted. The cumulative incidence of moderate to severe, grades II-IV acute GVHD was 40% and for chronic GVHD it was 33%. Transplant-related mortality was 16% at one year. Complete (n = 4) or partial (n = 24) responses, median 150 (range 42-600) days post-transplant, were associated with time from diagnosis to HSCT, mismatched donor and acute GVHD II-IV. Factors associated with survival included chronic GVHD (hazards ratio, HR 4.12, P < 0.001), DLI (HR 3.39, P < 0.001), < 3 metastatic sites (HR 2.61, P = 0.002) and a Karnofsky score > 70 (HR 2.33, P = 0.03). Patients (n = 17) with chronic GVHD and given DLI had a 2-year survival of 70%. Conclusion: Patients with metastatic RCC, less than three metastatic locations and a Karnofsky score > 70% can be considered for HSCT. Posttransplant DLI and limited chronic GVHD improved the patient survival.
  • Gelder, Marion E Meijer-Van, et al. (författare)
  • Long-term survival of patients with CLL after allogeneic transplantation : A report from the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Bone Marrow Transplantation. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 0268-3369. ; 52:3, s. 372-380
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Even with the availability of targeted drugs, allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) is the only therapy with curative potential for patients with CLL. Cure can be assessed by comparing long-term survival of patients to the matched general population. Using data from 2589 patients who received allo-HCT between 2000 and 2010, we used landmark analyses and methods from relative survival analysis to calculate excess mortality compared with an age-, sex- and calendar year-matched general population. Estimated event-free survival, overall survival and non-relapse mortality (NRM) 10 years after allo-HCT were 28% (95% confidence interval (CI), 25-31), 35% (95% CI, 32-38) and 40% (95% CI, 37-42), respectively. Patients who passed the 5-year landmark event-free survival (N=394) had a 79% probability (95% CI, 73-85) of surviving the subsequent 5 years without an event. Relapse and NRM contributed equally to treatment failure. Five-year mortality for 45- and 65-year-old reference patients who were event-free at the 5-year landmark was 8% and 47% compared with 3% and 14% in the matched general population, respectively. The prospect of long-term disease-free survival remains an argument to consider allo-HCT for young patients with high-risk CLL, and programs to understand and prevent late causes of failure for long-term survivors are warranted, especially for older patients.
  • Hehlmann, Ruediger, et al. (författare)
  • The European LeukemiaNet : achievements and perspectives
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Haematologica. - 0390-6078 .- 1592-8721. ; 96:1, s. 156-162
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The only way to cure leukemia is by cooperative research. To optimize research, the European Leukemia Net integrates 105 national leukemia trial groups and networks, 105 interdisciplinary partner groups and about 1,000 leukemia specialists from 175 institutions. They care for tens of thousands of leukemia patients in 33 countries across Europe. Their ultimate goal is to cure leukemia. Since its inception in 2002, the European Leukemia Net has steadily expanded and has unified leukemia research across Europe. The European Leukemia Net grew from two major roots: 1) the German Competence Network on Acute and Chronic Leukemias; and 2) the collaboration of European Investigators on Chronic Myeloid Leukemia. The European Leukemia Net has improved leukemia research and management across Europe. Its concept has led to funding by the European Commission as a network of excellence. Other sources (European Science Foundation; European Leukemia Net-Foundation) will take over when the support of the European Commission ends.
  • Chalandon, Y., et al. (författare)
  • Outcome of patients developing GVHD after DLI given to treat CML relapse: a study by the chronic leukemia working party of the EBMT
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Bone Marrow Transplantation. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1476-5365. ; 45:3, s. 558-564
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We studied GVHD after donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) in 328 patients with relapsed CML between 1991 and 2004. A total of 122 patients (38%) developed some form of GVHD. We analyzed GVHD by clinical presentation (acute or chronic GVHD) and onset time after the first DLI (early (<= 45 days) or late (>45 days)). There was a significant overlap between onset time and clinical presentation. Some form of GVHD occurred at a median of 104 days, acute GVHD at 45 days and chronic GVHD at 181 days after DLI. The clinical presentation was acute GVHD in 71 patients, of whom 31 subsequently developed chronic GVHD subsequently. De novo chronic GVHD was seen in 51 patients. OS for all patients was 69% (95% confidence interval (CI) 63-75) at 5 years, DLI-related mortality was 11% (95% CI 8-15) and disease-related mortality was 20% (95% CI 16-25). Risk factors for developing GVHD after DLI were T-cell dose at first DLI, the time interval from transplant to DLI and donor type. In time-dependent multivariate analysis, GVHD after DLI was associated with a risk of death of 2.3-fold compared with patients without GVHD. Clinical presentation as acute GVHD and early onset GVHD were associated with increased mortality.
  • Hochhaus, A., et al. (författare)
  • European LeukemiaNet 2020 recommendations for treating chronic myeloid leukemia
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Leukemia. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 0887-6924. ; 34:4, s. 966-984
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The therapeutic landscape of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) has profoundly changed over the past 7 years. Most patients with chronic phase (CP) now have a normal life expectancy. Another goal is achieving a stable deep molecular response (DMR) and discontinuing medication for treatment-free remission (TFR). The European LeukemiaNet convened an expert panel to critically evaluate and update the evidence to achieve these goals since its previous recommendations. First-line treatment is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI; imatinib brand or generic, dasatinib, nilotinib, and bosutinib are available first-line). Generic imatinib is the cost-effective initial treatment in CP. Various contraindications and side-effects of all TKIs should be considered. Patient risk status at diagnosis should be assessed with the new EUTOS long-term survival (ELTS)-score. Monitoring of response should be done by quantitative polymerase chain reaction whenever possible. A change of treatment is recommended when intolerance cannot be ameliorated or when molecular milestones are not reached. Greater than 10% BCR-ABL1 at 3 months indicates treatment failure when confirmed. Allogeneic transplantation continues to be a therapeutic option particularly for advanced phase CML. TKI treatment should be withheld during pregnancy. Treatment discontinuation may be considered in patients with durable DMR with the goal of achieving TFR.
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