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Sökning: WFRF:(Niméus Emma)

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1.
  • Niméus-Malmström, Emma, et al. (författare)
  • Gene expression profiling in primary breast cancer distinguishes patients developing local recurrence after breast conservation surgery with or without postoperative radiotherapy
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Breast Cancer Research. - BioMed Central. - 1465-5411. ; 10:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction Some patients with breast cancer develop local recurrence after breast-conservation surgery despite postoperative radiotherapy, whereas others remain free of local recurrence even in the absence of radiotherapy. As clinical parameters are insufficient for identifying these two groups of patients, we investigated whether gene expression profiling would add further information. Methods We performed gene expression analysis (oligonucleotide arrays, 26,824 reporters) on 143 patients with lymph node-negative disease and tumor-free margins. A support vector machine was employed to build classifiers using leave-one-out cross-validation. Results Within the estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) subgroup, the gene expression profile clearly distinguished patients with local recurrence after radiotherapy (n = 20) from those without local recurrence (n = 80 with or without radiotherapy). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) area was 0.91, and 5,237 of 26,824 reporters had a P value of less than 0.001 (false discovery rate = 0.005). This gene expression profile provides substantially added value to conventional clinical markers (for example, age, histological grade, and tumor size) in predicting local recurrence despite radiotherapy. Within the ER- subgroup, a weaker, but still significant, signal was found (ROC area = 0.74). The ROC area for distinguishing patients who develop local recurrence from those who remain local recurrence-free in the absence of radiotherapy was 0.66 (combined ER+/ER-). Conclusion A highly distinct gene expression profile for patients developing local recurrence after breast-conservation surgery despite radiotherapy has been identified. If verified in further studies, this profile might be a most important tool in the decision making for surgery and adjuvant therapy.
2.
  • Niméus-Malmström, Emma, et al. (författare)
  • Cyclin B1 is a prognostic proliferation marker with a high reproducibility in a population-based lymph node negative breast cancer cohort.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 0020-7136. ; 127, s. 961-967
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A large proportion of women with lymph node negative breast cancer treated with chemotherapy do not benefit from such treatment. Proliferation markers have been shown to recognize patients at high risk for recurrence. Ki67 has recently been included in the St Gallen guidelines. We investigated the prognostic importance of cyclin B1 in node negative breast cancer and included a study of reproducibility. In a population-based case-control study 190 women who died from breast cancer were defined as cases and 190 women alive at the time for the corresponding case's death as controls. Inclusion criteria were tumor size < 50 mm, no lymph node metastases, and no adjuvant chemotherapy. Tumor tissue was immunostained for cyclin B1. Two investigators evaluated the staining independently by counting approximately 100, 200, 500, and 1000 cells. Cyclin B1 was statistically significantly associated to breast cancer death, in both uni- and multivariate analyses (adjusted for tumor size, age, and endocrine therapy), with odds ratios 2-3 for both investigators. The agreement between the two investigators was good to very good, regardless of the number of counted cells (kappa values between 0.74 and 0.82).Cyclin B1 is a prognostic factor for breast cancer death in a population-based node negative patient cohort which can identify high-risk patients with a good to very good reproducibility. (c) 2009 UICC.
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3.
  • Sjöström, Martin, et al. (författare)
  • Identification and validation of single-sample breast cancer radiosensitivity gene expression predictors
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Breast Cancer Research. - BioMed Central. - 1465-5411. ; 20:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Adjuvant radiotherapy is the standard of care after breast-conserving surgery for primary breast cancer, despite a majority of patients being over- or under-treated. In contrast to adjuvant endocrine therapy and chemotherapy, no diagnostic tests are in clinical use that can stratify patients for adjuvant radiotherapy. This study presents the development and validation of a targeted gene expression assay to predict the risk of ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence and response to adjuvant radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery in primary breast cancer. Methods: Fresh-frozen primary tumors from 336 patients radically (clear margins) operated on with breast-conserving surgery with or without radiotherapy were collected. Patients were split into a discovery cohort (N = 172) and a validation cohort (N = 164). Genes predicting ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence in an Illumina HT12 v4 whole transcriptome analysis were combined with genes identified in the literature (248 genes in total) to develop a targeted radiosensitivity assay on the Nanostring nCounter platform. Single-sample predictors for ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence based on a k-top scoring pairs algorithm were trained, stratified for estrogen receptor (ER) status and radiotherapy. Two previously published profiles, the radiosensitivity signature of Speers et al., and the 10-gene signature of Eschrich et al., were also included in the targeted panel. Results: Derived single-sample predictors were prognostic for ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence in radiotherapy-treated ER+ patients (AUC 0.67, p = 0.01), ER+ patients without radiotherapy (AUC = 0.89, p = 0.02), and radiotherapy-treated ER- patients (AUC = 0.78, p < 0.001). Among ER+ patients, radiotherapy had an excellent effect on tumors classified as radiosensitive (p < 0.001), while radiotherapy had no effect on tumors classified as radioresistant (p = 0.36) and there was a high risk of ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (55% at 10 years). Our single-sample predictors developed in ER+ tumors and the radiosensitivity signature correlated with proliferation, while single-sample predictors developed in ER- tumors correlated with immune response. The 10-gene signature negatively correlated with both proliferation and immune response. Conclusions: Our targeted single-sample predictors were prognostic for ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence and have the potential to stratify patients for adjuvant radiotherapy. The correlation of models with biology may explain the different performance in subgroups of breast cancer.
4.
  • Kurbasic, Emila, et al. (författare)
  • Changes in glycoprotein expression between primary breast tumour and synchronous lymph node metastases or asynchronous distant metastases.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Clinical Proteomics. - Humana Press. - 1559-0275. ; 12:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Breast cancer is a very heterogeneous disease and some patients are cured by the surgical removal of the primary tumour whilst other patients suffer from metastasis and spreading of the disease, despite adjuvant therapy. A number of prognostic and treatment predictive factors have been identified such as tumour size, oestrogen (ER) and progesterone (PgR) receptor status, human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2 (HER2) status, histological grade, Ki67 and age. Lymph node involvement is also assessed during surgery to determine if the tumour has spread which requires dissection of the axilla and adjuvant treatment. The prognostic and treatment predictive factors assessing the nature of the tumour are all routinely based on the status of the primary tumour.
5.
  • Benedetti, Rosaria, et al. (författare)
  • Inhibition of histone demethylases LSD1 and UTX regulates ERα signaling in breast cancer
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Cancers. - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI). - 2072-6694. ; 11:12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In breast cancer, Lysine-specific demethylase-1 (LSD1) and other lysine demethylases (KDMs), such as Lysine-specific demethylase 6A also known as Ubiquitously transcribed tetratricopeptide repeat, X chromosome (UTX), are co-expressed and co-localize with estrogen receptors (ERs), suggesting the potential use of hybrid (epi)molecules to target histone methylation and therefore regulate/redirect hormone receptor signaling. Here, we report on the biological activity of a dual-KDM inhibitor (MC3324), obtained by coupling the chemical properties of tranylcypromine, a known LSD1 inhibitor, with the 2OG competitive moiety developed for JmjC inhibition. MC3324 displays unique features not exhibited by the single moieties and well-characterized mono-pharmacological inhibitors. Inhibiting LSD1 and UTX, MC3324 induces significant growth arrest and apoptosis in hormone-responsive breast cancer model accompanied by a robust increase in H3K4me2 and H3K27me3. MC3324 down-regulates ERα in breast cancer at both transcriptional and non-transcriptional levels, mimicking the action of a selective endocrine receptor disruptor. MC3324 alters the histone methylation of ERα-regulated promoters, thereby affecting the transcription of genes involved in cell surveillance, hormone response, and death. MC3324 reduces cell proliferation in ex vivo breast cancers, as well as in breast models with acquired resistance to endocrine therapies. Similarly, MC3324 displays tumor-selective potential in vivo, in both xenograft mice and chicken embryo models, with no toxicity and good oral efficacy. This epigenetic multi-target approach is effective and may overcome potential mechanism(s) of resistance in breast cancer.
6.
  • Huttenhain, Ruth, et al. (författare)
  • A targeted mass spectrometry strategy for developing proteomic biomarkers : a case study of epithelial ovarian cancer
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Molecular and Cellular Proteomics. - American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. - 1535-9484. ; 18:9, s. 1836-1850
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Protein biomarkers for epithelial ovarian cancer are critical for the early detection of the cancer to improve patient prognosis and for the clinical management of the disease to monitor treatment response and to detect recurrences. Unfortunately, the discovery of protein biomarkers is hampered by the limited availability of reliable and sensitive assays needed for the reproducible quantification of proteins in complex biological matrices such as blood plasma. In recent years, targeted mass spectrometry, exemplified by Selected Reaction Monitoring (SRM) has emerged as a method, capable of overcoming this limitation. Here, we present a comprehensive SRM-based strategy for developing plasma-based protein biomarkers for epithelial ovarian cancer and illustrate how the SRM platform, when combined with rigorous experimental design and statistical analysis, can result in detection of predictive analytes.Our biomarker development strategy first involved a discovery-driven proteomic effort to derive potential N-glycoprotein biomarker candidates for plasma-based detection of human ovarian cancer from a genetically engineered mouse model of endometrioid ovarian cancer, which accurately recapitulates the human disease. Next, 65 candidate markers selected from proteins of different abundance in the discovery dataset were reproducibly quantified with SRM assays across a large cohort of over 200 plasma samples from ovarian cancer patients and healthy controls. Finally, these measurements were used to derive a 5-protein signature for distinguishing individuals with epithelial ovarian cancer from healthy controls. The sensitivity of the candidate biomarker signature in combination with CA125 ELISA-based measurements currently used in clinic, exceeded that of CA125 ELISA-based measurements alone. The SRM-based strategy in this study is broadly applicable. It can be used in any study that requires accurate and reproducible quantification of selected proteins in a high-throughput and multiplexed fashion.
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7.
  • Huttenhain, Ruth, et al. (författare)
  • Reproducible Quantification of Cancer-Associated Proteins in Body Fluids Using Targeted Proteomics
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Science Translational Medicine. - American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). - 1946-6242. ; 4:142, s. 94-142
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The rigorous testing of hypotheses on suitable sample cohorts is a major limitation in translational research. This is particularly the case for the validation of protein biomarkers; the lack of accurate, reproducible, and sensitive assays for most proteins has precluded the systematic assessment of hundreds of potential marker proteins described in the literature. Here, we describe a high-throughput method for the development and refinement of selected reaction monitoring (SRM) assays for human proteins. The method was applied to generate such assays for more than 1000 cancer-associated proteins, which are functionally related to candidate cancer driver mutations. We used the assays to determine the detectability of the target proteins in two clinically relevant samples: plasma and urine. One hundred eighty-two proteins were detected in depleted plasma, spanning five orders of magnitude in abundance and reaching below a concentration of 10 ng/ml. The narrower concentration range of proteins in urine allowed the detection of 408 proteins. Moreover, we demonstrate that these SRM assays allow reproducible quantification by monitoring 34 biomarker candidates across 83 patient plasma samples. Through public access to the entire assay library, researchers will be able to target their cancer-associated proteins of interest in any sample type using the detectability information in plasma and urine as a guide. The generated expandable reference map of SRM assays for cancer-associated proteins will be a valuable resource for accelerating and planning biomarker verification studies.
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8.
  • Niméus, Emma, et al. (författare)
  • Amplification of the cyclin D1 gene is associated with tumour subsite, DNA non-diploidy and high S-phase fraction in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Oral Oncology. - Elsevier. - 1879-0593. ; 40:6, s. 624-629
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Amplification of CCND1 (cyclin D1 gene) in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) is correlated to poor prognosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether CCND1 amplification is related to different subsites and also to DNA ploidy status and S-phase fraction (SPF). Biopsies from 67 patients with SCCHN were analysed for CCND1 amplification by fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) and for ploidy status and SPF by flow cytometry (FCM). Twenty-one of 67 tumours (31%) showed CCND1 amplification and the frequencies differed significantly between different subsites (p = 0.01). Tumours from hypopharynx, larynx and oropharynx showed higher rates of amplification as compared to tumours from oral cavity and epipharynx. CCND1 amplification was also associated to DNA non-diploidy and high SPF (p = 0.002 and p = 0.002, respectively). In conclusion, the rate of CCND1 amplification differed between different subsites in SCCHN and was also associated to a more aggressive tumour phenotype, as defined by DNA non-diploidy and high SPF.
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9.
  • Niméus, Emma, et al. (författare)
  • Androgen Receptor in Stage I-II Primary Breast Cancer -Prognostic Value and Distribution in Subgroups
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Anticancer research. - International Institute of Cancer Research. - 1791-7530. ; 37:12, s. 6845-6853
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND/AIM: The value of androgen receptor (AR) in breast cancer has gained renewed interest as a prognostic and treatment predictive biomarker. The aims of this work were to study the associations and the prognostic value of AR in patients from two clinical cohorts.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cohort 1 included 208 premenopausal, node-negative patients of whom 87% had received no adjuvant medical treatment; cohort 2 consisted of 263 patients with stage II disease who had all received 2 years of adjuvant tamoxifen. A semi-quantitative assessment of nuclear AR expression divided into five groups (0-1%, 2-10%, 11-50%, 51-75%, and 76-100%) was performed. Survival analyses, stratified by cohort, were performed using both a trend-test and a cut-off of >10% for positivity.RESULTS: A total of 76% of all patients were AR+, and 89%, 48%, and 23% of the estrogen receptor-positive, negative, and triple-negative, respectively. In Cox regression, stratified by cohort, AR divided into five groups was a prognostic factor for 5-year distant disease-free survival with a hazard ratio of 0.86 per step in fraction score (p=0.018). With a predefined cut-off at 10%, moderate evidence of an effect remained (Hazard Ratio=0.67, p=0.077). In multivariable analysis, AR did not retain an independent prognostic value.CONCLUSION: AR is a weak, however, not independent prognostic factor for distant metastasis. Although the prognostic value of AR may be questionable, the study identified a subset of AR-positive triple-negative patients as being potential candidates for AR-directed therapy for which further studies are warranted.
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10.
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