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Sökning: WFRF:(Nyman Jan 1956)

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  • [1]234567Nästa
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1.
  • Baumann, Pia, et al. (författare)
  • Stereotactic body radiotherapy for medically inoperable patients with stage I non-small cell lung cancer - a first report of toxicity related to COPD/CVD in a non-randomized prospective phase II study.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Radiotherapy and oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology. - : Elsevier. - 0167-8140 .- 1879-0887. ; 88:3, s. 359-67
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In a retrospective study using stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in medically inoperable patients with stage I NSCLC we previously reported a local control rate of 88% utilizing a median dose of 15Gyx3. This report records the toxicity encountered in a prospective phase II trial, and its relation to coexisting chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and cardio vascular disease (CVD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty patients were entered in the study between August 2003 and September 2005. Fifty-seven patients (T1 65%, T2 35%) with a median age of 75 years (59-87 years) were evaluable. The baseline mean FEV1% was 64% and median Karnofsky index was 80. A total dose of 45Gy was delivered in three fractions at the 67% isodose of the PTV. Clinical, pulmonary and radiological evaluations were made at 6 weeks, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 36 months post-SBRT. Toxicity was graded according to CTC v2.0 and performance status was graded according to the Karnofsky scale. RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 23 months, 2 patients had relapsed locally. No grade 4 or 5 toxicity was reported. Grade 3 toxicity was seen in 12 patients (21%). There was no significant decline of FEV1% during follow-up. Low grade pneumonitis developed to the same extent in the CVD 3/17 (18%) and COPD 7/40 (18%) groups. The incidence of fibrosis was 9/17 (53%) and pleural effusions was 8/17 (47%) in the CVD group compared with 13/40 (33%) and 5/40 (13%) in the COPD group. CONCLUSION: SBRT for stage I NSCLC patients who are medically inoperable because of COPD and CVD results in a favourable local control rate with a low incidence of grade 3 and no grade 4 or 5 toxicity.
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2.
  • Hallqvist, A., et al. (författare)
  • Concurrent cetuximab and radiotherapy after docetaxel-cisplatin induction chemotherapy in stage III NSCLC: Satellite-A phase II study from the Swedish Lung Cancer Study Group
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Lung Cancer. - : Elsevier. - 1872-8332 .- 0169-5002. ; 71:2, s. 166-172
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Several attempts to increase the locoregional control in locally advanced lung cancer including concurrent chemotherapy, accelerated fractionation and dose escalation have been made during the last years. As the EGFR directed antibody cetuximab has shown activity concurrent with radiotherapy in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck, as well as in stage IV NSCLC combined with chemotherapy, we wanted to investigate radiotherapy with concurrent cetuximab in locally advanced NSCLC, a tumour type often over expressing the EGF-receptor. Methods: Between February 2006 and August 2007 75 patients in stage Ill NSCLC with good performance status (PS 0 or 1) and adequate lung function (FEV1 > 1.0) were enrolled in this phase II study at eight institutions. Treatment consisted of 2 cycles of induction chemotherapy, docetaxel 75 mg/m(2) and cisplatin 75 mg/m(2) with 3 weeks interval. An initial dose of cetuximab 400 mg/m(2) was given before start of 3D-CRT to 68 Gy with 2 Gy per fraction in 7 weeks concurrent with weekly cetuximab 250 mg/m(2). Toxicity was scored weekly during radiotherapy (CTC 3.0), and after treatment the patients were followed every third month with CT-scans, toxicity scoring and QLQ. Results: Seventy-one patients were eligible for analysis as four were incorrectly enrolled. Histology: adenocarcinoma 49%, squamous cell carcinoma 39% and other NSCLC 12%. The majority had PS 0 (62.5%), median age 62.2 (42-81), 50% were women and 37% had a pre-treatment weight loss > 5%. Toxicity: esophagitis grade 1-2: 72%; grade 3:1.4%. Hypersensitivity reactions grade 3-4: 5.6%. Febrile neutropenia grade 3-4: 15.4%. Skin reactions grade 1-2: 74%; grade 3: 4.2%. Diarrhoea grade 1-2: 38%; grade 3: 11.3%. Pneumonitis grade 1-2: 26.8%; grade 3: 4.2%; grade 5:1.4%. The median follow-up was 39 months for patients alive and the median survival was 17 months with a 1-, 2- and 3-year OS of 66%, 37% and 29% respectively. Until now local or regional failure has occurred in 20 patients and 22 patients have developed distant metastases. Weight loss, PS and stage were predictive for survival in univariate as well as in multivariate analysis. Conclusion: Induction chemotherapy followed by concurrent cetuximab and RT to 68 Gy is clearly feasible with promising survival. Toxicity, e.g. pneumonitis and esophagitis is low compared to most schedules with concurrent chemotherapy. This treatment strategy should be evaluated in a randomised manner vs. concurrent chemoradiotherapy to find out if it is a valid treatment option. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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3.
  • Baumann, Pia, et al. (författare)
  • Factors important for efficacy of stereotactic body radiotherapy of medically inoperable stage I lung cancer. A retrospective analysis of patients treated in the Nordic countries.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Acta oncologica (Stockholm, Sweden). - : Taylor & Francis. - 0284-186X. ; 45:7, s. 787-795
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We reviewed results of SBRT treatment of 138 patients with medically inoperable stage I NSCLC treated during 1996-2003 at five different centres in Sweden and Denmark. Mean age was 74 years (range 56-90) with 69 men and 72 women. SBRT was delivered using a 3D conformal multifield technique and a stereotactic body frame. Doses delivered were 30-48 Gy (65% isodose at the periphery of planning target volume, PTV) in 2-4 fractions. Equivalent dose in 2 Gy fractions (EQD2) was in the range of 50-100 Gy. Mean gross tumour volume (GTV) was 39 cm3 (2-436), and planning target volume was 101 cm3 (11-719). Overall response rate (CR, PR) was 61% (84/138). SD was noted in 36% (50/138). During a median follow-up period of 33 months (1-107), 16 (12%) local failures occurred, ten of which also included distant metastases. Local failure was associated with tumour size, target definition and central or pleura proximity. Distant metastases occurred in 25% (35/138) of the patients. Ninety-one (65%) patients died during follow-up of which 55 patients (60%) died of other causes than lung cancer. Three- and 5-year overall survival was 52 and 26% respectively. Lung cancer specific 3- and 5-year overall survival was 66 and 40% respectively. Fifty nine percent (83/138) of the patients had no side effects. Fourteen patients experienced grade 3-4 toxicity according to radiation therapy oncology group (RTOG). EQD2 (> v.s.<55.6 Gy) showed a statistically significant benefit survival for the higher doses. SBRT for stage I NSCLC results in favourable local control not inferior to fractionated RT and with acceptable toxicity.
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4.
  • Baumann, Pia, et al. (författare)
  • Outcome in a prospective phase II trial of medically inoperable stage I non-small-cell lung cancer patients treated with stereotactic body radiotherapy.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology. - 1527-7755 .- 0732-183X. ; 27:20, s. 3290-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: The impact of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) on 3-year progression-free survival of medically inoperable patients with stage I non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was analyzed in a prospective phase II study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-seven patients with T1NOMO (70%) and T2N0M0 (30%) were included between August 2003 and September 2005 at seven different centers in Sweden, Norway, and Denmark and observed up to 36 months. SBRT was delivered with 15 Gy times three at the 67% isodose of the planning target volume. RESULTS: Progression-free survival at 3 years was 52%. Overall- and cancer-specific survival at 1, 2, and 3 years was 86%, 65%, 60%, and 93%, 88%, 88%, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in survival between patients with T1 or T2 tumors. At a median follow-up of 35 months (range, 4 to 47 months), 27 patients (47%) were deceased, seven as a result of lung cancer and 20 as a result of concurrent disease. Kaplan-Meier estimated local control at 3 years was 92%. Local relapse was observed in four patients (7%). Regional relapse was observed in three patients (5%). Nine patients (16%) developed distant metastases. The estimated risk of all failure (local, regional, or distant metastases) was increased in patients with T2 (41%) compared with those with T1 (18%) tumors (P = .027). CONCLUSION: With a 3-year local tumor control rate higher than 90% with limited toxicity, SBRT emerges as state-of-the-art treatment for medically inoperable stage I NSCLC and may even challenge surgery in operable instances.
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5.
  • Bergquist, Henrik, 1969, et al. (författare)
  • Combined stent insertion and single high-dose brachytherapy in patients with advanced esophageal cancer - results of a prospective safety study.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Diseases of the esophagus. - 1442-2050. ; Early View
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Previous randomized studies comparing the two commonly used palliative treatments for incurable esophageal cancer, i.e. stent insertion and intraluminal brachytherapy, have revealed the pros and cons of each therapy. While stent treatment offers a more prompt effect, brachytherapy results in more long-lasting relief of dysphagia and a better health-related quality of life (HRQL) in those living longer. This prospective pilot study aimed to explore the feasibility and safety of combining these two regimes and incorporating a single high dose of internal radiation. Patients with newly diagnosed, incurable cancer of the esophagus and dysphagia were eligible for inclusion, and stent insertion followed by a single dose (12 Gy) of brachytherapy was performed as a two-stage procedure. Clinical parameters including HRQL and adverse events were registered at inclusion, and 1, 2, 3, 6, and 12 months later. Twelve patients (nine males) with a median age of 73 years (range 54-85) were included. Stent insertion followed by a single dose of brachytherapy was successfully performed in all but one patient who was treated with stent only. Relief of dysphagia was achieved in the majority of cases (10/11, P < 0.05), but HRQL did not improve except for dysphagia-related items. Only minor adverse events, including chest pain, reflux, and restenosis, were reported. The median survival time after inclusion was 6.6 months. Our conclusion is that the combination of stent insertion and single high-dose brachytherapy seems to be a feasible and safe palliative regime in patients with advanced esophageal cancer. Randomized trials comparing the efficacy of this strategy to stent insertion or brachytherapy alone are warranted.
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6.
  • Djärv, Emma, et al. (författare)
  • Dummy run for a phase II study of stereotactic body radiotherapy of T1-T2 N0M0 medical inoperable non-small cell lung cancer.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Acta oncologica (Stockholm, Sweden). - 0284-186X. ; 45:7, s. 973-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In forthcoming multicentre studies on stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) compliance with volume and dose prescriptions will be mandatory to avoid unnecessary heterogeneity bias. To evaluate compliance in a multicentre setting we used two cases from an ongoing phase II study of SBRT of T1-T2N0M0 inoperable NSCLC in a dummy run oriented on volumes and doses. Six Scandinavian centres participated. Each centre received CT-scans covering the whole lung volumes of two patients with instructions to follow the study protocol when outlining tumour and target volumes, prescribing doses and creating dose plans. Volumes and doses of the 12 dose plans were evaluated according to the study protocol. For the two patients the GTV volume range was 24 to 39 cm3 and 26 to 41 cm3, respectively. The PTV volume range was 90 to 116 cm3, and 112 to 155 cm3, respectively. For all plans the margin between CTV and PTV in all directions followed in detail the protocol. The prescribed dose was for all centres 45 Gy/3 fractions (isocentre dose about 66 Gy). The mean GTV doses ranged from 63 to 67 Gy and from 63 to 68 Gy, respectively. The minimum doses for GTV were between 50-64 Gy and between 55-65 Gy, respectively. The dose distribution was conformed to PTV for 10 of 12 plans and 2 of 12 plans from one centre had sub-optimal dose distribution. Most of the volume and dose parameters for the participating centres showed fully acceptable compliance with the study protocol.
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7.
  • Hallqvist, Andreas, 1973, et al. (författare)
  • Dose escalation to 84 Gy with concurrent chemotherapy in stage III NSCLC appears excessively toxic: Results from a prematurely terminated randomized phase II trial
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Lung Cancer. - : Elsevier. - 0169-5002 .- 1872-8332. ; 122, s. 180-186
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy is the mainstay treatment for NSCLC stage III disease. To investigate whether radiation dose escalation based on individual normal tissue constraints can improve outcome, the Swedish lung cancer study group launched this randomized phase II trial. Materials and Methods: NSCLC patients with stage III disease, good performance status (0-1) and adequate lung function (FEV1 > 1.0 L and CO diffusion capacity > 40%) received three cycles of cisplatin (75 mg/m(2) day 1) and vinorelbine (25 mg/m(2) day 1 and 8) every third week. Radiotherapy started concurrently with the second cycle, with either 2 Gy daily, 5 days a week, to 68 Gy (A) or escalated therapy (B) based on constraints to the spinal cord, esophagus and lungs up to 84 Gy by adding an extra fraction of 2 Gy per week. Results: A pre-planned safety analysis revealed excessive toxicity and decreased survival in the escalated arm, and the study was stopped. Thirty-six patients were included during 2011-2013 (56% male, 78% with adenocarcinoma, 64% with PS 0 and 53% with stage IIIB). The median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 11 and 17 months in arm B compared to the encouraging results of 28 and 45 months in the standard arm. The 1- and 3-year survival rates were 56% and 33% (B) and 72% and 56% (A), respectively. There were seven toxicity-related deaths due to esophageal perforations and pneumonitis: five in the escalated group and two with standard treatment. Conclusion: Dose-escalated concurrent chemoradiotherapy to 84 Gy to primary tumor and nodal disease is hazardous, with a high risk of excessive toxicity, whereas modern standard dose chemoradiotherapy with proper staging given in the control arm shows a promising outcome with a median survival of 45 months and a 3-year survival of 56% (NCT01664663).
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8.
  • Holgersson, Georg, et al. (författare)
  • The value of induction chemotherapy for survival in patients with non-small cell lung cancer treated with radiotherapy.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Anticancer research. - : International Institute of Anticancer Research (IIAR). - 1791-7530 .- 0250-7005. ; 32:4, s. 1339-46
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIM: The aim of the present study was to retrospectively investigate the impact of induction chemotherapy on treatment outcome in patients treated with curatively intended radiotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with a diagnosed NSCLC that have been subjected to curatively intended irradiation (≥50 Gy) and treated in an oncology department in Sweden during the years 1990-2000 were included in the study. Operated patients and patients having received concomitant chemotherapy were excluded. The included patients were localised by a manual search of all the oncology departments' medical records and radiation charts. RESULTS: Patients treated with induction chemotherapy (n=79) had a significantly better overall survival compared with patients treated with radiotherapy alone (p=0.0097) in a univariate Cox regression analysis. A platinum/taxane combination produced the greatest survival benefit; hazard ratio=0.49 (95% confidence interval=0.31 to 0.75). CONCLUSION: We found that patients treated with induction chemotherapy in addition to radiotherapy for NSCLC have a better overall survival than patients treated with radiotherapy alone and that the best results are achieved using a platinum/taxane combination.
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9.
  • Hopewell, J W, et al. (författare)
  • Time factor for acute tissue reactions following fractionated irradiation: a balance between repopulation and enhanced radiosensitivity.
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: International journal of radiation biology. - 0955-3002. ; 79:7, s. 513-24
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Experimental data for acute radiation-induced skin reactions are reviewed. These show that for dose fractionation schedules with gaps, repopulation is initiated after a lag period. After this lag period, the isoeffective dose for a given level of skin reaction first increases rapidly, but then slows. The timing of the lag period is related to the total turnover time of the tissue under investigation and, for example, is shorter in rodent skin than in pig or human skin. At the point when accelerated repopulation is initiated, there is a major shortening of the turnover time of the target cell population. At this time, there is evidence, for a short period, for an increase in radiosensitivity of the surviving stem cells in a number of acutely responding normal tissues. This effect is clearly illustrated by the results of experiments using sequential dose fractionation schedules. Prolongation of the schedule from 'short' to schedules that include irradiation over the period when the cell turnover is accelerated is associated with a marked increase in tissue radiosensitivity. Clinically, this is best illustrated by a comparison of the effects of accelerated fractionation schedules, involving multiple fractions/day, with daily fractionation schedules. The increase in radiosensitivity produced by the prolongation of the treatment from 2 to 4-5 weeks was equivalent to > or =1 Gy day(-1). Comparable findings were obtained from animal studies. In the oral mucosa of mice, the initiation of accelerated cell proliferation in surviving cells is associated with the loss of dose sparing by subsequent dose fractionation due to the loss of the capacity to repair sublethal damage. Studies in pig and human skin have indicated that increased radiosensitivity is associated with a loss of cells in the G1 phase of the cell cycle. A collation of these two sets of findings suggests that the repair of sublethal damage takes place over this phase of the cell cycle. One clinical implication of these findings is that the alpha/beta ratio for acute skin reaction changes with the length of the overall treatment time; it is approximately 4.0 Gy for 'short' fractionation schedules that avoid any shortening of the cell cycle time. This increases to 11.2-13.3 Gy for schedules given in 3-4 weeks and to approximately 35 Gy for schedules given in 5-6 weeks. Results for pig skin were in total agreement with those for human skin.
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10.
  • Johansson, Karl-Axel, et al. (författare)
  • The quality assurance process for the ARTSCAN head and neck study - a practical interactive approach for QA in 3DCRT and IMRT.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Radiotherapy and oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology. - : Elsevier. - 0167-8140 .- 1879-0887. ; 87:2, s. 290-299
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIM: This paper describes the quality assurance (QA) work performed in the Swedish multicenter ARTSCAN (Accelerated RadioTherapy of Squamous cell CArcinomas in the head and Neck) trial to guarantee high quality in a multicenter study which involved modern radiotherapy such as 3DCRT or IMRT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was closed in June 2006 with 750 randomised patients. Radiation therapy-related data for every patient were sent by each participating centre to the QA office where all trial data were reviewed, analysed and stored. In case of any deviation from the protocol, an interactive process was started between the QA office and the local responsible clinician and/or physicist to increase the compliance to the protocol for future randomised patients. Meetings and workshops were held on a regular basis for discussions on various trial-related issues and for the QA office to report on updated results. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: This review covers the 734 patients out of a total of 750 who had entered the study. Deviations early in the study were corrected so that the overall compliance to the protocol was very high. There were only negligible variations in doses and dose distributions to target volumes for each specific site and stage. The quality of the treatments was high. Furthermore, an extensive database of treatment parameters was accumulated for future dose-volume vs. endpoint evaluations. CONCLUSIONS: This comprehensive QA programme increased the probability to draw firm conclusions from our study and may serve as a concept for QA work in future radiotherapy trials where comparatively small effects are searched for in a heterogeneous tumour population.
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