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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Ogmundsdottir Helga M.) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Ogmundsdottir Helga M.)

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1.
  • Holl, Katsiaryna, et al. (författare)
  • Maternal Epstein-Barr virus and cytomegalovirus infections and risk of testicular cancer in the offspring: a nested case-control study
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: APMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica. - Oxford : John Wiley and Sons. - 1600-0463 .- 0903-4641. ; 116:9, s. 816-822
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • During recent decades the incidence of testicular cancer (TC) has increased rapidly around the world. Associated exogenous etiological factors might therefore be identifiable. We performed a case-control study nested within Finnish, Swedish and Icelandic maternity cohorts exploiting early pregnancy serum samples to evaluate the role of congenital or neonatal infections with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) as risk factors of TC in the offspring. For each case-index mother pair, three or four matched control-control mother pairs were identified using national population registries. First trimester sera were retrieved from the index mothers of 66 TC cases and 258 matched control mothers and were tested for antibodies to EBV and CMV. High level of maternal EBV IgG antibodies was associated with significantly increased risk of TC in the offspring (odds ratio (OR) 2.50; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.15, 5.40), especially with risk of non-seminoma TC (OR, 2.73: 95% CI, 1.25, 5.99) and non-seminoma TC diagnosed under 8 years of age(OR, 2.72; 95% CI, 1.05, 7.04). In contrast, offspring of CMV IgG-seropositive mothers had a decreased risk of TC diagnosed under 8 years of age (OR, 0.35; 95% CI, 0.14, 0.89). Our results suggest that EBV and CMV infections may be associated with TC.
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2.
  • Holl, Katsiaryna, et al. (författare)
  • Endogenous steroid hormone levels in early pregnancy and risk of testicular cancer in the offspring: A nested case-referent study
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - : John Wiley and Sons. - 0020-7136 .- 1097-0215. ; 124:12, s. 2923-2928
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • According to the leading hypothesis on testicular cancer (TC) etiology exposure to a specific pattern of steroid hormones in utero, in particular, to high levels of estrogens and low levels of androgens is the major determinant of TC risk in the offspring. We performed a case-referent study nested within Finnish, Swedish and Icelandic maternity cohorts exploiting early pregnancy serum samples to evaluate the role of maternal endogenous steroid hormones with regard to the risk of TC. TC cases and referents were aged between 0 and 25 years. For each case-index mother pair, three or four matched referent-referent mother pairs Were identified using national population registries. First trimester or early second trimester sera were retrieved from the index mothers of 73 TC cases and 286 matched referent mothers, and were tested for dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), androstenedione, testosterone, estradiol, estrone, and sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG,). Offspring of mothers with high DHEAS levels had a significantly decreased risk of TC (OR for highest vs. lowest DHEAS quartile, 0.18 (95% CI 0.06-0.58). In contrast, offspring of mothers With high androstenedione levels had ail increased risk of TC (OR 4.1; 95% CI 1.2-12.0). High maternal total estradiol level also tended to be associated with an increased risk of TC in the offspring (OR 32; 95% CI 0.98-1,090). We report the first direct evidence that interplay or maternal steroid hormones in the early pregnancy is important in the etiology of TC in the offspring. (C) 2009 UICC
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3.
  • Tuomisto, Jouko, et al. (författare)
  • Maternal smoking during pregnancy and testicular cancer in the sons: A nested case-control study and a meta-analysis
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cancer. - : Elsevier. - 1879-0852 .- 0959-8049. ; 45:9, s. 1640-1648
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Some large ecological studies have noted a significant association of testicular cancer (TC) with maternal smoking during pregnancy, while several more controlled studies have been negative. It has been difficult to obtain reliable data on exposure because of the long lag time to cancer diagnosis. We performed a case-control study nested within Finnish, Swedish and Icelandic maternity cohorts exploiting early pregnancy serum samples to evaluate the role of maternal smoking in the risk of TC in the offspring. After reviewing the literature, we also performed a meta-analysis of published studies. For each index mother of the TC patient, three to nine matched control mothers with a cancer-free son born at the same time as the TC case were identified within each cohort. First trimester sera were retrieved from the 70 index mothers and 519 control mothers and were tested for cotinine level by a novel HPLC-MS-MS method developed. No statistically significant association between maternal cotinine level and risk of TC in the offspring was found (OR 0.68; 95% CI 0.35, 1.34). This is the first study based on individual exposure measurements. Its results agree with our meta-analysis of seven previous epidemiological studies (total number of 2149 cases, 2762 controls) using indirect exposure assessment (OR 1.0; 95% CI 0.88, 1.12). (c) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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4.
  • Hálfdánarson, Óskar Ö., et al. (författare)
  • Proton pump inhibitor use and risk of breast cancer, prostate cancer, and malignant melanoma : An Icelandic population-based case-control study
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety. - : John Wiley & Sons. - 1053-8569 .- 1099-1557. ; 28:4, s. 471-478
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: Increased expression of Vacuolar-type H+ ATPases (V-ATPases), in the plasma membrane of cancer cells has been suggested to contribute to the development of aggressive cancer phenotypes by promoting acidic tumor microenvironments. Accumulating data suggest that proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may elicit a chemopreventive effect via V-ATPase inhibition in some cancers, but evidence is still limited. Therefore, we aimed to explore a potential preventive role of PPIs in this study.Methods: In this population-based case-control study, we identified incident cases of breast cancer (n=1739), prostate cancer (n=1897), and malignant melanoma (n=385) in Iceland between 2005 and 2014 from the Icelandic Cancer Registry. We assessed varying levels of PPI use through record linkages to the Icelandic Medicines Registry. For each case, we selected up to 10 age-matched, sex-matched, and calendar-matched population controls using risk-set sampling. Using conditional logistic regression, we calculated odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) controlling for NSAID use.Results: Adjusted ORs associated with ever use of PPIs were 1.03 (95% CI: 0.92-1.16) for breast cancer, 1.12 (95% CI: 1.00-1.25) for prostate cancer, and 0.84 (95% CI: 0.69-1.12) for malignant melanoma. Analyses of high use of PPIs (>= 1000 DDDs) yielded ORs of 0.97 (95% CI: 0.78-1.19), 1.20 (0.99-1.47), and 0.59 (0.40-1.13) for breast cancer, prostate cancer, and malignant melanoma, respectively. Analyses of cumulative exposure to PPIs did not support a dose-response relationship for any of the three cancer types.Conclusions: Our findings do not support a chemopreventive effect of PPI use on breast cancer, prostate cancer, or malignant melanoma.
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6.
  • Tedeschi, Rosamaria, et al. (författare)
  • Activation of maternal Epstein-Barr virus infection and risk of acute leukemia in the offspring
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Epidemiology. - : Oxford University Press. - 0002-9262. ; 165:2, s. 134-137
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • After identifying an association between maternal Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) reactivation and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the authors analyzed a nested case-control study within Finnish and Icelandic maternity cohorts with 7 million years of follow-up to confirm EBV's role in ALL. Offspring of 550,000 mothers were followed up to age 15 years during 1975-1997 by national cancer registries to identify leukemia cases. Mothers of cases and three quarters of matched mothers of controls were identified by national population registers. First-trimester sera from mothers of 304 ALL cases and 39 non-ALL cases and from 943 mothers of controls were analyzed for antibodies to viral capsid antigen, early antigen, and EBV transactivator protein ZEBRA. Relative risk, estimated as odds ratio (95% confidence interval), was adjusted for birth order and sibship size. Combining early antigen and/or ZEBRA immunoglobulin G antibodies with the presence of viral capsid antigen immunoglobulin M antibodies did not increase the estimate for ALL risk for viral capsid antigen immunoglobulin M alone (odds ratio = 1.9, 95% confidence interval: 1.2, 3.0). Both ZEBRA immunoglobulin G antibodies and viral capsid antigen immunoglobulin M antibodies were associated with an increased risk of non-ALL in the offspring (odds ratio = 4.5, 95% confidence interval: 1.3, 16; odds ratio = 5.6, 95% confidence interval: 1.1, 29, respectively), suggesting EBV reactivation in the mothers of non-ALL cases. EBV reactivation may be associated with a proportion of childhood leukemia.
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7.
  • Dahlstrom, Lisen Arnheim, et al. (författare)
  • Prospective Seroepidemiologic Study of Human Papillomavirus and Other Risk Factors in Cervical Cancer
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention. - : American Association for Cancer Research. - 1538-7755 .- 1055-9965. ; 20:12, s. 2541-2550
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Several sexually transmitted infections (STI) have been reported to interact with human papillomavirus (HPV) in the etiology of cervical cancer. A large cohort study is required to obtain a both unbiased and stable estimate of their effects. Methods: Four major biobanks in the Nordic Countries containing samples from about 1,000,000 subjects were linked with nation-wide cancer registries. Serum samples from 604 women with invasive cervical cancer (ICC) diagnosed on average 10 years after sampling and 2,980 matched control women were retrieved and analyzed with serology for key STI. Results: Exposure to HPV16 was the strongest risk factor for cervical cancer [ OR = 2.4; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.0-3.0], particularly for squamous cell carcinoma (OR = 2.9; 95% CI, 2.2-3.7). HPV18 was strongly associated with increased risk for adenocarcinoma (OR = 2.3; 95% CI, 1.3-4.1). Baseline seropositivity for HPV16 did not confer any increased risk for HPV18 DNA-positive cancer and conversely HPV18 seropositivity had no association with HPV16 DNA-positive cancers. HPV6 had no effect on its own (OR = 1.1; 95% CI, 0.9-1.3), but had an antagonistic effect on the risk conferred by HPV16 (P < 0.01). Herpes simplex virus 2 had little or no association (OR = 1.1; 95% CI, 0.8-1.4). Previous exposure to Chlamydia trachomatis, as indicated by serum antibodies, had a strongly increased risk for cervical cancer (OR = 1.9; 95% CI, 1.5-2.3). Conclusions: A large prospective study has assessed the role of different STIs in cervical cancer. Impact: Prospective evidence supports cofactor role of some STI in cervical cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 20(12); 2541-50. (C) 2011 AACR.
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8.
  • Tedeschi, Rosamaria, et al. (författare)
  • No Risk of Maternal EBV Infection for Childhood Leukemia.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology. - : American Association for Cancer Research. - 1538-7755. ; 18, s. 2790-2792
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We performed a large nested case-control study within the Finnish and Icelandic maternity cohorts to verify/falsify the association of maternal EBV infection with an increased risk of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the offspring found in previous studies. All hematologic malignancies diagnosed among children born during 1983 to 2006 in Finland and 1997 to 2005 in Iceland were identified through national cancer registries. For each index mother of a leukemia case, three matched control mothers with cancer-free offspring were identified. First trimester sera from 561 ALL and 144 non-ALL index mothers and from 2,105 control mothers were analyzed for antibodies to EBV viral capsid antigen (IgG and IgM), early antigen (IgG) and ZEBRA protein (IgG). Conditional logistic regression-based estimates of odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals adjusted for birth order and sib-ship size were calculated. Overall, there was no evidence of increased risk of ALL associated to EBV viral capsid antigen IgM (odds ratio, 0.9; 95% confidence interval, 0.5-1.8). The early antigen and ZEBRA antibodies (EBV reactivation markers) were also not associated with risk. The data argue against a role of EBV in ALL. (Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2009;18(10):OF1-3).
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  • Resultat 1-9 av 9

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