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Sökning: WFRF:(Ording Anne Gulbech)

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1.
  • Bjørge, Tone, et al. (författare)
  • Reproductive history and risk of colorectal adenocarcinoma in parous women a Nordic population-based case-control study
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - 0007-0920 .- 1532-1827. ; 115:11, s. 1416-1420
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background: Data are conflicting regarding the role of endogenous sex hormones in colorectal carcinogenesis. In this large population-based study, we pooled data from birth and cancer registries in four Nordic countries, to evaluate the risk of colorectal adenocarcinoma in relation to women's reproductive history. Methods: We conducted a population-based case-control study among women registered in Nordic birth registries. The study included colorectal adenocarcinoma cases diagnosed in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden during 1967-2013 and up to 10 matched controls per case, in total 22 185 cases and 220 246 controls. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were derived from conditional logistic regression models. We had limited information available on possible confounders. Results: We found no evidence for associations between colorectal adenocarcinoma and parity, age at first and last birth, and time since first and last birth. The risk estimates were also close to unity for specific cancer subsites (proximal and distal colon and rectum). As well, when the analyses were stratified on menopausal status, parity, and mother's year of birth, no indication of associations was found. Conclusions: In this large, Nordic population-based study, no evidence for associations was found between women's reproductive history and colorectal adenocarcinoma in parous women.</p>
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2.
  • Ording, Anne Gulbech, et al. (författare)
  • Comorbid Diseases Interact with Breast Cancer to Affect Mortality in the First Year after Diagnosis-A Danish Nationwide Matched Cohort Study
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - 1932-6203 .- 1932-6203. ; 8:10, s. e76013
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background: Survival of breast cancer patients with comorbidity, compared to those without comorbidity, has been well characterized. The interaction between comorbid diseases and breast cancer, however, has not been well-studied. Methods: From Danish nationwide medical registries, we identified all breast cancer patients between 45 and 85 years of age diagnosed from 1994 to 2008. Women without breast cancer were matched to the breast cancer patients on specific comorbid diseases included in the Charlson comorbidity Index (CCI). Interaction contrasts were calculated as a measure of synergistic effect on mortality between comorbidity and breast cancer. Results: The study included 47,904 breast cancer patients and 237,938 matched comparison women. In the first year, the strongest interaction between comorbidity and breast cancer was observed in breast cancer patients with a CCI score of &gt;= 4, which accounted for 29 deaths per 1000 person-years. Among individual comorbidities, dementia interacted strongly with breast cancer and accounted for 148 deaths per 1000 person-years within one year of follow-up. There was little interaction between comorbidity and breast cancer during one to five years of follow-up. Conclusions: There was substantial interaction between comorbid diseases and breast cancer, affecting mortality. Successful treatment of the comorbid diseases or the breast cancer can delay mortality caused by this interaction in breast cancer patients.</p>
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3.
  • Ording, Anne Gulbech, et al. (författare)
  • Hospital Recorded Morbidity and Breast Cancer Incidence A Nationwide Population-Based Case-Control Study
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - 1932-6203 .- 1932-6203. ; 7:10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Introduction: Chronic diseases and their complications may increase breast cancer risk through known or still unknown mechanisms, or by shared causes. The association between morbidities and breast cancer risk has not been studied in depth. Methods: Data on all Danish women aged 45 to 85 years, diagnosed with breast cancer between 1994 and 2008 and data on preceding morbidities were retrieved from nationwide medical registries. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using conditional logistic regression associating the Charlson comorbidity score (measured using both the original and an updated Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI)) with incident breast cancer. Furthermore, we estimated associations between 202 morbidity categories and incident breast cancer, adjusting for multiple comparisons using empirical Bayes (EB) methods. Results: The study included 46,324 cases and 463,240 population controls. Increasing CCI score, up to a score of six, was associated with slightly increased breast cancer risk. Among the Charlson diseases, preceding moderate to severe renal disease (OR = 1.25, 95% CI: 1.06, 1.48), any tumor (OR = 1.17, 95% CI: 1.10, 1.25), moderate to severe liver disease (OR = 1.86, 95% CI: 1.32, 2.62), and metastatic solid tumors (OR = 1.49, 95% CI: 1.17, 1.89), were most strongly associated with subsequent breast cancer. Preceding myocardial infarction (OR = 0.89, 95% CI: 0.81, 0.99), connective tissue disease (OR = 0.87, 95% CI: 0.80, 0.94), and ulcer disease (OR = 0.91, 95% CI: 0.83, 0.99) were most strongly inversely associated with subsequent breast cancer. A history of breast disorders was associated with breast cancer after EB adjustment. Anemias were inversely associated with breast cancer, but the association was near null after EB adjustment. Conclusions: There was no substantial association between morbidity measured with the CCI and breast cancer risk.</p>
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4.
  • Ording, Anne Gulbech, et al. (författare)
  • Impact of comorbidity on risk of venous thromboembolism in patients with breast cancer a Danish population-based cohort study
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: BMJ Open. - 2044-6055 .- 2044-6055. ; 4:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Objectives: To assess the interaction between comorbidity and breast cancer (BC) on the rate of venous thromboembolism (VTE) beyond what can be explained by the independent effects of BC and comorbidity. Design: Population-based matched cohort study. Setting: Denmark. Participants: Danish patients with BC (n=62 376) diagnosed in 1995-2010 and a comparison cohort of women without BC (n=304 803) from the general population were matched to the patients with BC on year of birth in 5-year intervals and on the specific diseases included in the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) and atrial fibrillation and obesity. Measures: The rate ratios of VTE per 1000 person-years (PY) were computed by comorbidity levels using the CCI, and interaction contrasts (IC) were calculated as a measure of the excess or deficit VTE rate not explained by the independent effects of BC and comorbidity. Results: Among patients with BC with a CCI score of 1, the 0-1 year VTE rate was 12/1000 PY, and interaction accounted for 10% of the rate (IC=3.2, 95% CI 0.5 to 5.9). Among patients with BC with CCI &gt;= 4, the VTE rate was 17, and interaction accounted for 8% of the rate (IC=1.2, 95% CI -1.8 to 4.2). There was no interaction during 2-5 years of follow-up. Conclusions: There was only little interaction between BC and the CCI score on the rate of VTE.</p>
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5.
  • Ording, Anne Gulbech, et al. (författare)
  • Relative mortality rates from incident chronic diseases among breast cancer survivors - A 14 year follow-up of five-year survivors diagnosed in Denmark between 1994 and 2007
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cancer. - 0959-8049 .- 1879-0852. ; 51:6, s. 767-775
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background: It remains unknown whether incident chronic diseases are more often fatal among breast cancer survivors than among women free of breast cancer. Methods: We conducted a nationwide matched cohort study of all Danish breast cancer patients diagnosed between 1994 and 2007, who survived for five years. We compared their long-term mortality with five times as many women from the general population without breast cancer, matched on age. We used time-varying methods to compute mortality rate ratios (MRRs) for incident diseases included in the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI). Results: One third of five-year breast cancer survivors developed incident diseases during 14 years of follow-up, with about the same incidence as women without breast cancer. Mortality associated with any incident disease was similar among breast cancer survivors (MRR = 7.1, 95% confidence interval (CI): 6.7, 7.4) and comparison women (MRR = 7.5, 95% CI: 7.3, 7.7). Among breast cancer patients, relative mortality associated with incident diseases was higher among patients treated with chemotherapy (MRR = 10, 95% CI: 8.7, 12) and radiotherapy (MRR = 9.8, 95% CI: 8.8, 11) than among patients who received surgery (MRR = 7.0, 95% CI: 6.7, 7.4) or hormonal therapy (MRR = 6.3, 95% CI: 5.8, 6.9). Conclusion: There were no marked differences in mortality of diseases among breast cancer survivors and women from the general population. Among breast cancer patients, new diseases were more often fatal in patients treated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Five-year breast cancer survivors have similar risk of dying from new chronic medical conditions as women from the general population without breast cancer.</p>
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6.
  • Sköld, Camilla, et al. (författare)
  • Preterm delivery is associated with an increased risk of epithelial ovarian cancer among parous women
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - 0020-7136 .- 1097-0215. ; 143:8, s. 1858-1867
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Epithelial ovarian cancer is a fatal disease of largely unknown etiology. Higher parity is associated with reduced risk of ovarian cancer. However, among parous women, the impact of pregnancy-related factors on risk is not well understood. This population-based case-control study included all parous women with epithelial ovarian cancer in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden during 1967-2013 (n = 10,957) and up to 10 matched controls (n = 107,864). We used conditional logistic regression to estimate odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for pregnancy-related factors and ovarian cancer risk by histological subtype. Preterm delivery was associated with an increased risk [pregnancy length (last pregnancy) 30 vs. 39-41 weeks, OR 1.33 (95% CI 1.06-1.67), adjusted for number of births]; the OR increased as pregnancy length decreased (p for trend &lt; 0.001). Older age at first and last birth was associated with a decreased risk [first birth: 30-39 vs. &lt;25 years: adjusted OR 0.76 (95% CI 0.70-0.83); last birth 30-39 vs. &lt;25 years: adjusted OR 0.76 (95% CI 0.71-0.82)]. Increasing number of births was protective [&gt;= 4 births vs. 1; OR 0.63 (95% CI 0.59-0.68)] for all subtypes, most pronounced for clear-cell tumors [OR 0.30, (95% CI 0.21-0.44), p(heterogeneity)&lt;0.001]. No associations were observed for multiple pregnancies, preeclampsia or offspring size. In conclusion, in addition to high parity, full-term pregnancies and pregnancies at older ages were associated with decreased risk of ovarian cancer. Our findings favor the cell clearance hypothesis, i.e. a recent pregnancy provides protection by clearing of precancerous cells from the epithelium of the ovary/fallopian tubes, mediated by placental or ovarian hormones.</p>
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7.
  • Troisi, Rebecca, et al. (författare)
  • Pregnancy complications and subsequent breast cancer risk in the mother : a Nordic population-based case-control study
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - WILEY. - 0020-7136 .- 1097-0215. ; 143:8, s. 1904-1913
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Certain features of pregnancy are important risk factors for breast cancer, such as protection afforded by young age at first birth. Preeclampsia, a pregnancy complication, is associated with reduced maternal breast cancer risk. However, questions remain regarding causality, biological mechanisms and the relation of other hypertensive conditions to risk. We conducted a population-based case-control study of breast cancer cases (n = 116,196) in parous women identified through linkage of birth and cancer registries in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden (1967-2013), including up to 10 matched controls per case (n = 1,147,192) sampled from the birth registries (complete data were not available on all variables). Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were derived from unconditional logistic regression models including matching factors (country, maternal birth year) and parity. Hypertension diagnosed before pregnancy (OR 0.87; 95% CI 0.78-0.97), gestational hypertension (OR 0.90; 95% CI 0.86-0.93) and preeclampsia (OR 0.91; 95% CI 0.88-0.95) were associated with reduced breast cancer risk. Results remained similar after adjustment for smoking and maternal body mass index before first pregnancy, and were generally similar stratified by parity, age at breast cancer diagnosis, time since first and last birth, sex of the offspring and calendar time. Except for retained placenta (OR 1.14; 95% CI 0.98-1.32), no other pregnancy complication appeared associated with breast cancer risk. The mechanisms mediating the modest risk reductions for history of preeclampsia or hypertension preceding or arising during pregnancy, and possible increased risk with history of retained placenta are unknown and warrant further laboratory, clinical and epidemiological investigation.</p>
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