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1.
  • Olafsson, Sigurgeir, et al. (författare)
  • Fourteen sequence variants that associate with multiple sclerosis discovered by meta-analysis informed by genetic correlations
  • Ingår i: npj Genomic Medicine. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 2056-7944. ; 2:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A meta-analysis of publicly available summary statistics on multiple sclerosis combined with three Nordic multiple sclerosis cohorts (21,079 cases, 371,198 controls) revealed seven sequence variants associating with multiple sclerosis, not reported previously. Using polygenic risk scores based on public summary statistics of variants outside the major histocompatibility complex region we quantified genetic overlap between common autoimmune diseases in Icelanders and identified disease clusters characterized by autoantibody presence/absence. As multiple sclerosis-polygenic risk scores captures the risk of primary biliary cirrhosis and vice versa (P = 1.6 × 10-7, 4.3 × 10-9) we used primary biliary cirrhosis as a proxy-phenotype for multiple sclerosis, the idea being that variants conferring risk of primary biliary cirrhosis have a prior probability of conferring risk of multiple sclerosis. We tested 255 variants forming the primary biliary cirrhosis-polygenic risk score and found seven multiple sclerosis-associating variants not correlated with any previously established multiple sclerosis variants. Most of the variants discovered are close to or within immune-related genes. One is a low-frequency missense variant in TYK2, another is a missense variant in MTHFR that reduces the function of the encoded enzyme affecting methionine metabolism, reported to be dysregulated in multiple sclerosis brain.
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2.
  • Sveinsson, Olafur A., et al. (författare)
  • Clinical features of microscopic colitis in a nation-wide follow-up study in Iceland
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology. - 0036-5521 .- 1502-7708. ; 43:8, s. 955-960
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: The long-term natural history of collagenous colitis (CC) and lymphocytic colitis (LC) is not well known. The few reports available that address these issues have a limited follow-up. The aims of this study were to evaluate the natural history of microscopic colitis (MC), to describe the treatment medications prescribed and to assess the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in MC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study is based on an earlier epidemiological study conducted in Iceland where 125 patients with MC (71 with CC and 54 with LC) were diagnosed in the period 1995-99. All patients still alive and available were questioned about symptoms, treatment and NSAID use in the 3 months preceding the interview. RESULTS: In a mean follow-up time of 6.4 years from diagnosis, 15% of the patients had diarrhoeal symptoms more than once a week, 30% less than once a week and 55% had no diarrhoea. Abdominal pain was reported in 18% of the patients. There was no statistically significant difference in symptoms of CC and LC patients. Forty-eight patients (50%) were receiving medication for MC, 16% used aminosalicylates and 14% corticosteroids. Patients using medication for MC had significantly more diarrhoeal symptoms compared with those who did not (p = 0.002). Patients using NSAIDs regularly or as required, statistically did not have more symptoms related to MC than non-NSAID users. CONCLUSIONS: Only a minority of patients with MC had diarrhoea more than once a week in a long-term follow-up and the symptom pattern was similar between CC and LC patients. The use of NSAIDs was not associated with more diarrhoeal symptoms.
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