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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Ottenvall Hammar Isabelle 1984 ) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Ottenvall Hammar Isabelle 1984 )

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1.
  • Hammar, Isabelle Ottenvall, et al. (författare)
  • Shifting between self-governing and being governed: a qualitative study of older persons’ self-determination
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: BMC Geriatrics. - 1471-2318. ; 14
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Older persons' right to exercise self-determination in daily life is supported by several laws. Research shows that older persons' self-determination is not fully respected within the healthcare sector. In order to enable and enhance older persons' self-determination, extensive knowledge of older persons' self-determination is needed. The aim of this study was to explore experiences of self-determination when developing dependence in daily activities among community-dwelling persons 80 years and older. Methods: Qualitative interviews were performed in accordance with a grounded theory method, with 11 persons aged 84-95 years who were beginning to develop dependence in daily activities. Results: The data analysis revealed the core category, "Self-determination - shifting between self-governing and being governed". The core category comprised three categories: "Struggling against the aging body", "Decision-making is relational", and "Guarding one's own independence". Self-determination in daily activities was related to a shifting, which was two-fold, and varied between self-governing and being governed by the aging body, or by others. Conclusions: The findings imply a need to adopt a person-centered approach where the older persons' own preferences and needs are in focus, in order to enhance their possibilities to exercise self-determination.
2.
  • Westgård, Theresa, et al. (författare)
  • Comprehensive geriatric assessment pilot of a randomized control study in a Swedish acute hospital: a feasibility study.
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Pilot and feasibility studies. - 2055-5784. ; 4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) represent an important component of geriatric acute hospital care for frail older people, secured by a multidisciplinary team who addresses the multiple needs of physical health, functional ability, psychological state, cognition and social status. The primary objective of the pilot study was to determine feasibility for recruitment and retention rates. Secondary objectives were to establish proof of principle that CGA has the potential to increase patient safety. Methods: The CGA pilot took place at a University hospital in Western Sweden, from March to November 2016, with data analyses in March 2017. Participants were frail people aged 75 and older, who required an acute admission to hospital. Participants were recruited and randomized in the emergency room. The intervention group received CGA, a person-centered multidisciplinary team addressing health, participation, and safety. The control group received usual care. The main objective measured the recruitment procedure and retention rates. Secondary objectives were also collected regarding services received on the ward including discharge plan, care plan meeting and hospital risk assessments including risk for falls, nutrition, decubitus ulcers, and activities of daily living status. Result: Participants were recruited from the emergency department, over 32 weeks. Thirty participants were approached and 100% (30/30) were included and randomized, and 100% (30/30) met the inclusion criteria. Sixteen participants were included in the intervention and 14 participants were included in the control. At baseline, 100% (16/16) intervention and 100% (14/14) control completed the data collection. A positive propensity towards the secondary objectives for the intervention was also evidenced, as this group received more care assessments. There was an average difference between the intervention and control in occupational therapy assessment - 0.80 [95% CI 1.06, - 0.57], occupational therapy assistive devices - 0.73 [95% CI 1.00, - 0.47], discharge planning -0.21 [95% CI 0.43, 0.00] and care planning meeting 0.36 [95% CI-1.70, -0.02]. Controlling for documented risk assessments, the intervention had for falls - 0.94 [95% CI 1.08, - 0.08], nutrition - 0.87 [95% CI 1.06, - 0.67], decubitus ulcers - 0.94 [95% CI 1.08, - 0.80], and ADL status - 0.80 [95% CI 1.04, - 0.57]. Conclusion: The CGA pilot was feasible and proof that the intervention increased safety justifies carrying forward to a large-scale study.
3.
  • Berglund, Helene, 1957-, et al. (författare)
  • Effect of a care process program on frail older people’s life satisfaction
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Nursing Open. - 2054-1058. ; 6:3, s. 1097-1104
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aim The aim of this study was to analyse the effects of a full‐scale implementation of a care process programme on life satisfaction among frail older people, as compared with those receiving usual care. Design The study includes participants from a full‐scale care process programme (N = 77) and participants from a historical control group (N = 66). The care process programme establishes a comprehensive continuum of care through components including case management, interprofessional teamwork and care‐planning meetings in the older people's own homes. Methods Questionnaires were used and data were collected at baseline, with follow‐ups at three, six and 12 months. Results The implementation of the full‐scale care process programme had a positive effect on life satisfaction among frail older people. From 6‐month–12‐month follow‐ups, a higher proportion of participants in the care process programme had positive life satisfaction outcomes, as compared with the historical control group.
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5.
  • Gustafsson, Susanne, 1963-, et al. (författare)
  • A Cross-Cultural Adaptation of the ICECAP-O: Reliability and Validity in Swedish 70-Year-Old Persons
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: 21st International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics (IAGG) World Congress, July 23-27, 2017 San Francisco, California. Innovation in Aging, 1 (S1), s. 752. - 2399-5300.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Few Quality of Life (QoL) measures tap into the concept of capability, i.e. genuine opportunities to 'do' and 'be' the things that a person deems important in life. The ICECAP-O is one such instrument. This presentation includes test-retest reliability, item relevance, face- and content validity, and accessibility of the ICECAP-O in a Swedish context. Thirty-nine 70-year-olds who took part in a population-based study completed the Swedish version of the ICECAP-O on two occasions, and another 18 partook in cognitive interviews. Test-retest reliability was analyzed for the index and separate items, and participants rated item relevance on a Visual Analogue Scale. A standardized classification scheme was used to quantify any identified response problems, and a thematic analysis was applied to capture participants’ experiences of completing the measure and perceptions of included attributes. Test-retest showed that the index score had good stability, ICC of 0.80 (95 % CI 0.62-0.90). However, Kappa was low for each separate item, and ranged from 0.18 (Control) to 0.41 (Role). Participants gave their highest relevance rating to Attachment and the lowest to Enjoyment. In the cognitive interviews, three participants (18%) had problems completing ICECAP-O, and out of 80 question segments, judged problems occurred for five (6%). Most participants perceived the attributes as understandable even though the meaning of Control brought some uncertainty. ICECAP-O has potential for becoming a valuable addition to the supply of QoL measures in research and health and social care in Sweden. However, we recommend further research on more diverse groups of older person.
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6.
  • Gustafsson, Susanne, 1963-, et al. (författare)
  • Face and content validity and acceptability of the Swedish ICECAP-O capability measure: Cognitive interviews with 70-year-old persons
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Health Psychology Research. - 2420-8124. ; 6:1, s. 1-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study is part of a project that aims to culturally adapt the Investigating Choice Experiments for the Preferences of Older People-CAPability Index (ICECAP-O) for use in research and health and social care in Sweden. The objective was to evaluate face and content validity and acceptability. Eighteen 70-year-old community-dwelling persons participated in cognitive interviews. A standardized classification scheme was used to quantify any identified response problems, and a thematic analysis was applied to capture participants' perceptions of included attributes and experiences of completing the measure. The results show that three participants (18%) had problems completing ICECAP-O, and that judged problems occurred for five (6%) of participants responses in the standardized classification scheme. Most participants perceived the attributes as understandable even though the meaning of Control brought some uncertainty. ICECAP-O seems to measure what it is supposed to measure, quality of life (QoL) with a capability approach, and acceptability is satisfactory. ICECAP-O has potential for becoming a valuable addition to the supply of QoL measures in research and health and social care in Sweden. However, we recommend further research on more diverse groups of older persons.
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8.
  • Ottenvall Hammar, Isabelle, 1984-, et al. (författare)
  • Erfarenheter av självbestämmande hos personer som nyligen utvecklat ett beroende i dagliga aktiviteter
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: AT-Forum (Arbetsterapeuternas nationella konferens). Stockholm, 24-25 april 2013 (Muntlig presentation).
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Bakgrund: Övergången från att vara oberoende till att utveckla sårbarhet och beroende av annan person i dagliga aktiviteter kan vara fylld med utmaningar. I takt med att en person utvecklar ett beroende, kan möjligheten till självbestämmande i dagliga aktiviteter försämras vilket kan upplevas stressande för den äldre personen. Äldre som är beroende uttrycker ett behov att kunna fortsätta vara delaktiga i beslutsfattande som rör dagliga aktiviteter. För att äldre ska kunna bibehålla god hälsa och välbefinnande är det viktigt att de involveras och tillåts att ta beslut som rör deras dagliga aktiviteter. Hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal är medvetna om vikten av äldres rätt till självbestämmande, dock påvisar studier att professionella efterfrågar mera kunskap om äldres erfarenheter för att kunna stödja de äldre till ökat självbestämmande. Syfte: Att undersöka erfarenheter av självbestämmande vid övergången från oberoende till beroende av annan person i daglig aktivitet hos personer 80 år och äldre. Tillvägagångssätt och analys: En explorativ design baserad på Grounded Theory beskriven av Charmaz används i studien. Semistrukturerade intevjuer kommer att genomföras på ca 15 personer i åldern 80 år och äldre som börjat uppleva svårigheter i dagliga aktiviteter eller som utvecklat ett beroende i minst en Instrumentell Daglig Aktivitet (I-ADL) och/eller minst en Personlig Daglig Aktivitet (P-ADL) enligt ADL-trappan. Insamlad data kommer att analyseras med Grounded Theory. Både intervjuer och analys av data har påbörjats. Resultat/förväntat resultat: Studien förväntas ge en förståelse för hur personer vilka är 80 år och äldre erfar sitt självbestämmande vid övergången från oberoende till beroende av annan person i daglig aktivitet. Slutsatser: Förväntat resultat kommer att leda till ökad kunskap om hur personal inom hälso- och sjukvården kan stödja äldre personer som är i övergången till att utveckla ett beroende i dagliga aktiviteter till ökat självbestämmande.
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9.
  • Ottenvall Hammar, Isabelle, 1984-, et al. (författare)
  • From Intervention Trial to Full-scale Implementation Research: Positive Tendencies for Frailty and Self-rated Health in Frail Older People.
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Geriatrics and Gerontology. - 2577-0748. ; 2018:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A continuum of care for frail older people was created to link the chain between the hospital, and discharge to the person’s home. Despite earlier positive findings, it remains unclear if the benefits are sustainable in a real-life context. The present longitudinal study aimed at evaluate the effects of the implementation of a full-scale process program for frail older people in a real-life context regarding levels of frailty, self-rated health and activities of daily living up to one year later. The sample consisted of a total of 143 frail people aged 75 years and older, divided in the two groups: 77 participants from the full-scale process program and 66 historical controls. The findings showed that at the six months follow-up, the participants partaking in the full-scale process program had a significantly higher odds of displaying decreased frailty (p=0.015), and at twelve months, this sample had a significant lower likelihood of reporting decreased self-rated health (p=0.023). Thus, the findings showed positive results on frailty level and self-rated health when implementing the intervention in real life, indicating that a person-centred, multi-professional team with a case manager is beneficial for frail older people.
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10.
  • Ottenvall Hammar, Isabelle, 1984-, et al. (författare)
  • Governing or being governed: Older persons' experiences of self-determination
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Age Well - 22nd Nordic Congress of Gerontology, 25-28 maj, Göteborg, Sverige.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Introduction: In Sweden it is a legal right for older persons to exercise self-determination. Exercising self-determination is also important for older persons’ health and well-being. Health professionals are in general aware of the importance, but research shows that older persons’ self-determination is not fully respected within the health care sector. Research on self-determination from the perspective of older persons who are in the beginning to develop dependence in daily activities is limited. In order to deepen the knowledge of older persons own experiences in this process, further studies are needed. Aim: The aim of this study was to explore experiences of self-determination when developing dependence in daily activities among community-dwelling persons 80 years and older. Method: Qualitative interviews with 11 persons aged 84-95 years who were in the beginning to experience difficulties in daily activities were performed in accordance with the constructivist grounded theory method. Results: The core category, shifting between governing oneself or being governed by others, illustrates the complexity and the shifting of the experiences during the development of dependence. The categories struggling against the aging body, guarding one’s own independence and transferring the performance highlights different ways of governing in one’s life, whereas exercising self-determination is in the hands of others is a result of the increasing dependence. Conclusions: For community-dwelling older persons, the social context and the ageing body may influence the possibilities to exercise self-determination in daily life. Professionals and health care providers should enable and encourage older persons to exercise self-determination related their own healthcare.
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