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Sökning: WFRF:(Ounap Katrin)

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1.
  • Anderson, Beverley H., et al. (författare)
  • Mutations in CTC1, encoding conserved telomere maintenance component 1, cause Coats plus
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 44:3, s. 338-342
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Coats plus is a highly pleiotropic disorder particularly affecting the eye, brain, bone and gastrointestinal tract. Here, we show that Coats plus results from mutations in CTC1, encoding conserved telomere maintenance component 1, a member of the mammalian homolog of the yeast heterotrimeric CST telomeric capping complex. Consistent with the observation of shortened telomeres in an Arabidopsis CTC1 mutant and the phenotypic overlap of Coats plus with the telomeric maintenance disorders comprising dyskeratosis congenita, we observed shortened telomeres in three individuals with Coats plus and an increase in spontaneous gamma H2AX-positive cells in cell lines derived from two affected individuals. CTC1 is also a subunit of the alpha-accessory factor (AAF) complex, stimulating the activity of DNA polymerase-alpha primase, the only enzyme known to initiate DNA replication in eukaryotic cells. Thus, CTC1 may have a function in DNA metabolism that is necessary for but not specific to telomeric integrity.
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2.
  • Livingston, John H, et al. (författare)
  • Leukoencephalopathy with Calcifications and Cysts : A Purely Neurological Disorder Distinct from Coats Plus
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Neuropediatrics. - 0174-304X .- 1439-1899. ; 45:3, s. 175-182
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective With the identification of mutations in the conserved telomere maintenance component 1 (CTC1) gene as the cause of Coats plus (CP) disease, it has become evident that leukoencephalopathy with calcifications and cysts (LCC) is a distinct genetic entity. Patients and Methods A total of 15 patients with LCC were identified from our database of patients with intracranial calcification. The clinical and radiological features are described. Results The median age (range) at presentation was 10 months (range, 2 days-54 years). Of the 15 patients, 9 presented with epileptic seizures, 5 with motor abnormalities, and 1 with developmental delay. Motor abnormalities developed in 14 patients and cognitive problems in 13 patients. Dense calcification occurred in the basal ganglia, thalami, dentate nucleus, brain stem, deep gyri, deep white matter, and in a pericystic distribution. Diffuse leukoencephalopathy was present in all patients, and it was usually symmetrical involving periventricular, deep, and sometimes subcortical, regions. Cysts developed in the basal ganglia, thalamus, deep white matter, cerebellum, or brain stem. In unaffected areas, normal myelination was present. No patient demonstrated cerebral atrophy. Conclusion LCC shares the neuroradiological features of CP. However, LCC is a purely neurological disorder distinguished genetically by the absence of mutations in CTC1. The molecular cause(s) of LCC has (have) not yet been determined.
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3.
  • Puusepp, Sanna, et al. (författare)
  • Atypical presentation of Arts syndrome due to a novel hemizygous loss-of-function variant in the PRPS1 gene
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Molecular Based Mathematical Biology. - : ELSEVIER. - 2214-4269 .- 1755-8166. ; 25
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The PRPS1 gene, located on Xq22.3, encodes phosphoribosyl-pyrophosphate synthetase (PRPS), a key enzyme in de novo purine synthesis. Three clinical phenotypes are associated with loss-of-function PRPS1 variants and decreased PRPS activity: Arts syndrome (OMIM: 301835), Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 5 (CMTX5, OMIM: 311070), and nonsyndromic X-linked deafness (DFN2, OMIM: 304500). Hearing loss is present in all cases. CMTX5 patients also show peripheral neuropathy and optic atrophy. Arts syndrome includes developmental delay, intellectual disability, ataxia, and susceptibility to infections, in addition to the above three features. Gainof-function PRPS1 variants result in PRPS superactivity (OMIM: 300661) with hyperuricemia and gout. We report a 6-year-old boy who presented with marked generalized muscular hypotonia, global developmental delay, lack of speech, trunk instability, exercise intolerance, hypomimic face with open mouth, oropharyngeal dysphagia, dysarthria, and frequent upper respiratory tract infections. However, his nerve conduction velocity, audiologic, and funduscopic investigations were normal. A novel hemizygous variant, c.130A > G p.(Ile44Val), was found in the PRPS1 gene by panel sequencing. PRPS activity in erythrocytes was markedly reduced, confirming the pathogenicity of the variant. Serum uric acid and urinary purine and pyrimidine metabolite levels were normal. In conclusion, we present a novel PRPS1 loss-of-function variant in a patient with some clinical features of Arts syndrome, but lacking a major attribute, hearing loss, which is congenital/early-onset in all other reported Arts syndrome patients. In addition, it is important to acknowledge that normal levels of serum and urinary purine and pyrimidine metabolites do not exclude PRPS1-related disorders.
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4.
  • Suomalainen, Anu, et al. (författare)
  • FGF-21 as a biomarker for muscle-manifesting mitochondrial respiratory chain deficiencies: a diagnostic study.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Lancet neurology. - 1474-4465. ; 10:9, s. 806-818
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Muscle biopsy is the gold standard for diagnosis of mitochondrial disorders because of the lack of sensitive biomarkers in serum. Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF-21) is a growth factor with regulatory roles in lipid metabolism and the starvation response, and concentrations are raised in skeletal muscle and serum in mice with mitochondrial respiratory chain deficiencies. We investigated in a retrospective diagnostic study whether FGF-21 could be a biomarker for human mitochondrial disorders. METHODS: We assessed samples from adults and children with mitochondrial disorders or non-mitochondrial neurological disorders (disease controls) from seven study centres in Europe and the USA, and recruited healthy volunteers (healthy controls), matched for age where possible, from the same centres. We used ELISA to measure FGF-21 concentrations in serum or plasma samples (abnormal values were defined as >200 pg/mL). We compared these concentrations with values for lactate, pyruvate, lactate-to-pyruvate ratio, and creatine kinase in serum or plasma and calculated sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values for all biomarkers. FINDINGS: We analysed serum or plasma from 67 patients (41 adults and 26 children) with mitochondrial disorders, 34 disease controls (22 adults and 12 children), and 74 healthy controls. Mean FGF-21 concentrations in serum were 820 (SD 1151) pg/mL in adult and 1983 (1550) pg/mL in child patients with respiratory chain deficiencies and 76 (58) pg/mL in healthy controls. FGF-21 concentrations were high in patients with mitochondrial disorders affecting skeletal muscle but not in disease controls, including those with dystrophies. In patients with abnormal FGF-21 concentrations in serum, the odds ratio of having a muscle-manifesting mitochondrial disease was 132·0 (95% CI 38·7-450·3). For the identification of muscle-manifesting mitochondrial disease, the sensitivity was 92·3% (95% CI 81·5-97·9%) and specificity was 91·7% (84·8-96·1%). The positive and negative predictive values for FGF-21 were 84·2% (95% CI 72·1-92·5%) and 96·1 (90·4-98·9%). The accuracy of FGF-21 to correctly identify muscle-manifesting respiratory chain disorders was better than that for all conventional biomarkers. The area under the receiver-operating-characteristic curve for FGF-21 was 0·95; by comparison, the values for other biomarkers were 0·83 lactate (p=0·037, 0·83 for pyruvate (p=0·015), 0·72 for the lactate-to-pyruvate ratio (p=0·0002), and 0·77 for creatine kinase (p=0·013). INTERPRETATION: Measurement of FGF-21 concentrations in serum identified primary muscle-manifesting respiratory chain deficiencies in adults and children and might be feasible as a first-line diagnostic test for these disorders to reduce the need for muscle biopsy. FUNDING: Sigrid Jusélius Foundation, Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation, Molecular Medicine Institute of Finland, University of Helsinki, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Academy of Finland, Novo Nordisk, Arvo and Lea Ylppö Foundation.
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