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Sökning: WFRF:(Pålsson Eva)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 37
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  • Planck, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • Cytogenetic aberrations and heterogeneity of mutations in repeat-containing genes in a colon carcinoma from a patient with hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics. - Elsevier. - 0165-4608. ; 134:1, s. 46-54
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The majority of tumors from patients affected by hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) exhibit a mutator phenotype characterized by widespread microsatellite instability (MSI) and somatic mutations in repeated sequences in several cancer-associated genes. An inverse relationship between MSI and chromosomal instability (CIN) has been demonstrated and HNPCC-associated tumors are generally characterized by diploid or near-diploid cells with few or no chromosomal rearrangements. We have studied MSI, somatic mutations in repeat-containing genes, DNA-ploidy, and cytogenetic aberrations in a colon carcinoma from a patient with a germline MLH1 mutation. Mutations in coding repeats were assessed in 10 macroscopically separate areas of the primary tumor and in two lymph nodes. Some of the genes studied (E2F4, MSH3, MSH6, TCF4, and TGFBRII) showed a consistent lack of mutations, whereas others (BAX, Caspase-5 and IGFIIR) displayed alterations in some tumor regions but not in others. The tumor had DNA-index 1.1-1.2 and a stable, aberrant karyotype with extra copies of chromosomes 7 and 12 and the structural aberrations i(1q), der(20)t(8;20), and der(22)t(1;22). The finding of CIN, MSI, and somatic mutations in coding repeats in this tumor suggests that these phenomena may act together in HNPCC tumorigenesis. Furthermore, the observed intratumoral heterogeneity of mutations in coding repeats implies these changes occur late in tumorigenesis and, thus, probably play a role in tumor progression rather than initiation.
  • Ezzat, Kariem, et al. (författare)
  • The viral protein corona directs viral pathogenesis and amyloid aggregation
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Nature Communications. - 2041-1723 .- 2041-1723. ; 10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Artificial nanoparticles accumulate a protein corona layer in biological fluids, which significantly influences their bioactivity. As nanosized obligate intracellular parasites, viruses share many biophysical properties with artificial nanoparticles in extracellular environments and here we show that respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) accumulate a rich and distinctive protein corona in different biological fluids. Moreover, we show that corona pre-coating differentially affects viral infectivity and immune cell activation. In addition, we demonstrate that viruses bind amyloidogenic peptides in their corona and catalyze amyloid formation via surface-assisted heterogeneous nucleation. Importantly, we show that HSV-1 catalyzes the aggregation of the amyloid beta-peptide (A beta(42)), a major constituent of amyloid plaques in Alzheimer's disease, in vitro and in animal models. Our results highlight the viral protein corona as an acquired structural layer that is critical for viral-host interactions and illustrate a mechanistic convergence between viral and amyloid pathologies.</p>
  • Gisselsson Nord, David, et al. (författare)
  • Differentially amplified chromosome 12 sequences in low- and high-grade osteosarcoma.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Genes, Chromosomes and Cancer. - John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 1045-2257. ; 33:2, s. 133-140
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Most osteosarcomas are highly aggressive malignancies characterized by a complex pattern of chromosome abnormalities. However, a subgroup of low-grade, parosteal tumors exhibits a relatively simple aberration pattern dominated by ring chromosomes carrying amplified material from chromosome 12. To assess whether sequences from this chromosome were differentially amplified in low- and high-grade osteosarcomas, copy numbers of the CCND2, ETV6, KRAS2, and D12S85 regions in 12p and the MDM2 region in 12q were evaluated by interphase or metaphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in 24 osteosarcomas. Amplification of MDM2 was detected in all five low-grade and four high-grade osteosarcomas, all of which showed ring chromosomes. An overrepresentation of 12p sequences was found in 1/5 low-grade and in 9/19 high-grade tumors. Multicolor single-copy FISH analysis of metaphase cells from six high-grade tumors showed that extra 12p material either occurred together with MDM2 in ring chromosomes or was scattered over the genome as a result of complex structural rearrangements. Most tumors (8/10) not containing amplification of the assessed chromosome 12 loci exhibited a nondiploid pattern at evaluation with probes for centromeric alpha satellite sequences. These findings indicate that gain of sequences from the short arm of chromosome 12 could be a possible genetic pathway in the development of aggressive osteosarcoma.
  • Gisselsson Nord, David, et al. (författare)
  • Interphase chromosomal abnormalities and mitotic missegregation of hypomethylated sequences in ICF syndrome cells
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Chromosoma. - Springer. - 0009-5915. ; 114:2, s. 118-126
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The immunodeficiency, centromeric region instability, facial anomalies (ICF) syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disease. Usually, it is caused by mutations in the DNA methyltransferase 3B gene, which result in decreased methylation of satellite DNA in the juxtacentromeric heterochromatin at 1qh, 16qh, and 9qh. Satellite II-rich 1qh and 16qh display high frequencies of abnormalities in mitogen-stimulated ICF lymphocytes without these cells being prone to aneuploidy. Here we show that in lymphoblastoid cell lines from four ICF patients, there was increased colocalization of the hypomethylated 1qh and 16qh sequences in interphase, abnormal looping of pericentromeric DNA sequences at metaphase, formation of bridges at anaphase, chromosome 1 and 16 fragmentation at the telophase-interphase transition, and, in apoptotic cells, micronuclei with overrepresentation of chromosome 1 and 16 material. Another source of anaphase bridging in the ICF cells was random telomeric associations between chromosomes. Our results elucidate the mechanism of formation of ICF chromosome anomalies and suggest that 1qh-16qh associations in interphase can lead to disturbances of mitotic segregation, resulting in micronucleus formation and sometimes apoptosis. This can help explain why specific types of 1qh and 16qh rearrangements are not present at high frequencies in ICF lymphoid cells despite diverse 1qh and 16qh aberrations continuously being generated.
  • Gisselsson Nord, David, et al. (författare)
  • Locus-specific multifluor FISH analysis allows physical characterization of complex chromosome abnormalities in neoplasia
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Genes, Chromosomes and Cancer. - John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 1045-2257. ; 28:3, s. 347-352
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Novel techniques in molecular cytogenetics have radically improved the ability to characterize genetic changes in neoplastic cells. In parallel, a rapid development in high-throughput genomics has resulted in detailed physical maps of the human genome. Combining these two fields, we have developed a method for the simultaneous visualization of several physically defined segments along a chromosome. Seven YAC clones and one subtelomeric cosmid clone from chromosome 12 were labeled with unique combinations of four fluors and hybridized to metaphase chromosomes from neoplastic cells. In a uterine leiomyoma and a myxoid liposarcoma with translocations 12;14 and 12;16, the breakpoints in chromosome 12 could be localized to the HMGIC and CHOP regions, respectively. In the other tumors, more complex aberrations were visualized, including two inversions in 12q with a common breakpoint between MDM2 and D12S332 in a pleomorphic adenoma, amplification of MDM2 and CDK4 in ring chromosomes from a malignant fibrous histiocytoma, and amplification of KRAS2 together with other unbalanced rearrangements in two pancreatic adenocarcinomas. Combinatorially labeled single-copy probes may thus simultaneously provide physical localization of breakpoints and an overview of complex structural rearrangements.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 37
  • [1]234Nästa
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