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Sökning: WFRF:(Pandis Nikos)

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  • Pikridas, Michael, et al. (författare)
  • New particle formation at a remote site in the eastern Mediterranean
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of Geophysical Research. - 0148-0227 .- 2156-2202. ; 117, s. D12205
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>A year (6-April-2008 to 14-April-2009) of particulate monitoring was conducted at a remote coastal station on the island of Crete, Greece in the eastern Mediterranean. Fifty-eight regional new particle formation events were observed with an Air Ion Spectrometer (AIS), half of which occurred during the coldest months of the year (December-March). Particle formation was favored by air masses arriving from the west that crossed Crete or southern Greece prior to reaching the site and also by lower-than-average condensational sinks (CS). Aerosol composition data, which were acquired during month-long campaigns in the summer and winter, suggest that nucleation events occurred only when particles were neutral. This is consistent with the hypothesis that a lack of NH3, during periods when particles are acidic, may limit nucleation in sulfate-rich environments. Nucleation was not limited by the availability of SO2 alone, as nucleation events often did not take place during periods with high SO2 or H2SO4 concentrations. The above results support the hypothesis that an additional reactant (other than H2SO4) plays an important role in the formation and/or growth of new particles. Our results are consistent with NH3 being this missing reactant.</p>
  • Adeyinka, Adewale, et al. (författare)
  • Comparative cytogenetic and DNA flow cytometric analysis of 242 primary breast carcinomas
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics. - Elsevier. - 0165-4608. ; 147:1, s. 62-67
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The cytogenetic and DNA flow cytometric findings in 242 breast carcinomas were compared. The combined use of both techniques improved the detection of abnormal cell populations from 65% by cytogenetic analysis alone and 59% by DNA flow cytometric analysis alone to 84%. Informative and comparable cytogenetic and flow cytometric data were obtained for 155 tumors. Among these 155 tumors, there was good concordance (64%) between the estimates of genomic changes by the two methods. Most discrepancies were among the DNA-diploid cases, where cytogenetic analysis detected small genomic changes. There were, however, also some exceptions in which large genomic changes detected by one method were missed by the other. Of the specific breast cancer-associated cytogenetic aberrations subjected to separate correlation analysis, polysomy for chromosome 20 was significantly associated with a high S-phase fraction, whereas loss of the long arm of chromosome 16 and/or the presence of a der(1;16) were significantly associated with a low S-phase fraction. Our data show that cytogenetic and DNA flow cytometric analyses of breast carcinomas give largely comparable results, and that combining data from both methods significantly improves the information obtained by either technique used alone on the genetic abnormalities in these tumors.
  • Gisselsson Nord, David, et al. (författare)
  • Differentially amplified chromosome 12 sequences in low- and high-grade osteosarcoma.
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Genes, Chromosomes and Cancer. - John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 1045-2257. ; 33:2, s. 133-140
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Most osteosarcomas are highly aggressive malignancies characterized by a complex pattern of chromosome abnormalities. However, a subgroup of low-grade, parosteal tumors exhibits a relatively simple aberration pattern dominated by ring chromosomes carrying amplified material from chromosome 12. To assess whether sequences from this chromosome were differentially amplified in low- and high-grade osteosarcomas, copy numbers of the CCND2, ETV6, KRAS2, and D12S85 regions in 12p and the MDM2 region in 12q were evaluated by interphase or metaphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in 24 osteosarcomas. Amplification of MDM2 was detected in all five low-grade and four high-grade osteosarcomas, all of which showed ring chromosomes. An overrepresentation of 12p sequences was found in 1/5 low-grade and in 9/19 high-grade tumors. Multicolor single-copy FISH analysis of metaphase cells from six high-grade tumors showed that extra 12p material either occurred together with MDM2 in ring chromosomes or was scattered over the genome as a result of complex structural rearrangements. Most tumors (8/10) not containing amplification of the assessed chromosome 12 loci exhibited a nondiploid pattern at evaluation with probes for centromeric alpha satellite sequences. These findings indicate that gain of sequences from the short arm of chromosome 12 could be a possible genetic pathway in the development of aggressive osteosarcoma.
  • Panoutsakopoulos, Giorgos, et al. (författare)
  • Recurrent t(16;17)(q22;p13) in aneurysmal bone cysts
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: Genes Chromosomes and Cancer. - John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 1045-2257. ; 26:3, s. 265-266
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) is a benign bone lesion for which no previous cytogenetic data exist. We describe the finding of clonal chromosome aberrations in three tumors; two had a t(16;17)(q22;p13) as the sole anomaly, and the third had a del(16)(q22) as the only change. These findings show that somatic mutations contribute to the development of ABC and furthermore indicate that bands 16q22 and 17p13 may harbor genes of importance in this process.
  • Persson, Karin, et al. (författare)
  • Chromosomal aberrations in breast cancer: a comparison between cytogenetics and comparative genomic hybridization
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: Genes, Chromosomes and Cancer. - John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 1045-2257. ; 25:2, s. 115-122
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The analysis of chromosomal imbalances in solid tumors using comparative genetic hybridization (CGH) has gained much attention. A survey of the literature suggests that CGH is more sensitive in detecting copy number aberrations than is karyotyping, although careful comparisons between CGH and cytogenetics have not been performed. Here, we compared cytogenetics and CGH in 29 invasive breast cancers after converting the karyotypes into net copy number gains and losses. We found 15 tumors (56%) with a significant agreement between the two methods and 12 tumors (44%) where the methods were in disagreement (two cases failed CGH analysis). Interestingly, in 13 of the 15 tumors where the two methods were concordant, there was also a strong correlation between chromosome index and DNA index by flow cytometry. In the opposite situation, i.e., when chromosome and DNA indices were not matching, there was disagreement between cytogenetics and CGH in 10 of the 12 tumors. Of the discordant cases, all except one had a "simple" abnormal karyotype. Unresolved chromosomal aberrations (marker chromosomes, homogeneously staining regions, double minutes) could not completely explain the differences between CGH and karyotyping. A likely explanation for the discrepancies is that the methods analyzed different cell populations. Gains and losses found by CGH represented the predominant (often aneuploid) clone, whereas the abnormal, near-diploid karyotypes represented minor cell clone(s), which, for unknown reasons, had a growth advantage in vitro.
  • Shaw, Dominick E., et al. (författare)
  • Clinical and inflammatory characteristics of the European U-BIOPRED adult severe asthma cohort
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: European Respiratory Journal. - The European Respiratory Society. - 0903-1936 .- 1399-3003. ; 46:5, s. 1308-1321
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>U-BIOPRED is a European Union consortium of 20 academic institutions, 11 pharmaceutical companies and six patient organisations with the objective of improving the understanding of asthma disease mechanisms using a systems biology approach. This cross-sectional assessment of adults with severe asthma, mild/moderate asthma and healthy controls from 11 European countries consisted of analyses of patient-reported outcomes, lung function, blood and airway inflammatory measurements. Patients with severe asthma (nonsmokers, n=311; smokers/ex-smokers, n=110) had more symptoms and exacerbations compared to patients with mild/moderate disease (n=88) (2.5 exacerbations versus 0.4 in the preceding 12 months; p&lt;0.001), with worse quality of life, and higher levels of anxiety and depression. They also had a higher incidence of nasal polyps and gastro-oesophageal reflux with lower lung function. Sputum eosinophil count was higher in severe asthma compared to mild/moderate asthma (median count 2.99% versus 1.05%; p=0.004) despite treatment with higher doses of inhaled and/or oral corticosteroids. Consistent with other severe asthma cohorts, U-BIOPRED is characterised by poor symptom control, increased comorbidity and airway inflammation, despite high levels of treatment. It is well suited to identify asthma phenotypes using the array of "omic" datasets that are at the core of this systems medicine approach.</p>
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