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Sökning: WFRF:(Papakokkinou E)

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1.
  • Ragnarsson, Oskar, 1971-, et al. (författare)
  • Overall and disease-specific mortality in patients with Cushing's disease: a Swedish nationwide study.
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism. - 1945-7197. ; 104:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • It is still a matter of debate whether patients with Cushing's disease (CD) in remission have increased mortality.To study overall and disease-specific mortality, and predictive factors, in an unselected nationwide cohort of patients with CD.A retrospective study on patients diagnosed with CD, identified in the Swedish National Patient Registry between 1987 and 2013. Medical records were systematically reviewed to verify the diagnosis. Standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated and Cox regression models were used to identify predictors of mortality.Five-hundred-and-two patients [387 women (77%)] with CD were identified, of whom 419 (83%) were confirmed to be in remission. Mean age at diagnosis was 43 years (SD 16) and median follow-up time was 13 years (IQR 6-23). The observed number of deaths was 133 versus 54 expected, resulting in an overall SMR of 2.5 (95% CI 2.1-2.9). The commonest cause of death was cardiovascular diseases [SMR 3.3 (95% CI 2.6 -4.3)]. Excess mortality was also found due to infections and suicides. SMR in patients in remission was 1.9 (95% CI 1.5-2.3), where bilateral adrenalectomy and glucocorticoid replacement therapy were independently associated with increased mortality whereas growth hormone replacement was associated with improved outcome.This large nationwide study shows that patients with CD have an excess mortality. The findings illustrate the importance of obtaining remission and continued active surveillance, along with adequate hormone replacement, and evaluation of cardiovascular risk and mental health.
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2.
  • Ragnarsson, Oskar, 1971-, et al. (författare)
  • The incidence of Cushing’s disease : : a nationwide Swedish study
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Pituitary. - Springer. - 1386-341X. ; 22:2, s. 179-186
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Studies on the incidence of Cushing’s disease (CD) are few and usually limited by a small number of patients. The aim of this study was to assess the annual incidence in a nationwide cohort of patients with presumed CD in Sweden. Methods: Patients registered with a diagnostic code for Cushing’s syndrome (CS) or CD, between 1987 and 2013 were identified in the Swedish National Patient Registry. The CD diagnosis was validated by reviewing clinical, biochemical, imaging, and histopathological data. Results: Of 1317 patients identified, 534 (41%) had confirmed CD. One-hundred-and-fifty-six (12%) patients had other forms of CS, 41 (3%) had probable but unconfirmed CD, and 334 (25%) had diagnoses unrelated to CS. The mean (95% confidence interval) annual incidence between 1987 and 2013 of confirmed CD was 1.6 (1.4–1.8) cases per million. 1987–1995, 1996–2004, and 2005–2013, the mean annual incidence was 1.5 (1.1–1.8), 1.4 (1.0–1.7) and 2.0 (1.7–2.3) cases per million, respectively. During the last time period the incidence was higher than during the first and second time periods (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The incidence of CD in Sweden (1.6 cases per million) is in agreement with most previous reports. A higher incidence between 2005 and 2013 compared to 1987–2004 was noticed. Whether this reflects a truly increased incidence of the disease, or simply an increased awareness, earlier recognition, and earlier diagnosis can, however, not be answered. This study also illustrates the importance of validation of the diagnosis of CD in epidemiological research.
3.
  • Piasecka, Marta, et al. (författare)
  • Psychiatric and neurocognitive consequences of endogenous hypercortisolism
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of Internal Medicine. - 0954-6820. ; 15
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Psychiatric and neurocognitive symptoms due to hypercortisolism were already described by Harvey Cushing in his original paper on patients with Cushing's syndrome (CS). Nowadays, it is well known that psychiatric and cognitive complaints are two of the most common, and most distressing, symptoms in patients with CS. Psychiatric symptoms are indeed a major clinical manifestation of CS. The most commonly observed psychiatric conditions are depression and anxiety, whilst mania and psychosis are less common. Several domains of cognitive function are impaired at diagnosis, including episodic and working memory, executive function and attention. Following treatment, one-fourth of the patients still experience depressed mood, and the cognitive impairments are only partially restored. Consequently, quality of life in patients with CS is severely and persistently affected. Neuroimaging studies have also illustrated the deleterious effects of hypercortisolism on the brain by demonstrating reduced grey matter volumes and cortical thickness, altered resting-state functional responses and during cognitive tasks, as well as widespread reduced white matter integrity, especially in structures important for cognitive function and emotional processing, both before and after successful abrogation of hypercortisolism. In this paper, we summarize the current knowledge on the psychiatric and neurocognitive consequences of hypercortisolism in patients with CS, both before, and after successful treatment. In addition, we review the structural and functional brain abnormalities associated with hypercortisolism and discuss the influence of these factors on quality of life.
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4.
  • Ragnarsson, Oskar, et al. (författare)
  • The incidence of Cushing's disease a nationwide Swedish study
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Pituitary. - SPRINGER. - 1386-341X .- 1573-7403. ; 22:2, s. 179-186
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background: Studies on the incidence of Cushing's disease (CD) are few and usually limited by a small number of patients. The aim of this study was to assess the annual incidence in a nationwide cohort of patients with presumed CD in Sweden.</p><p>Methods: Patients registered with a diagnostic code for Cushing's syndrome (CS) or CD, between 1987 and 2013 were identified in the Swedish National Patient Registry. The CD diagnosis was validated by reviewing clinical, biochemical, imaging, and histopathological data.</p><p>Results: Of 1317 patients identified, 534 (41%) had confirmed CD. One-hundred-and-fifty-six (12%) patients had other forms of CS, 41 (3%) had probable but unconfirmed CD, and 334 (25%) had diagnoses unrelated to CS. The mean (95% confidence interval) annual incidence between 1987 and 2013 of confirmed CD was 1.6 (1.4-1.8) cases per million. 1987-1995, 1996-2004, and 2005-2013, the mean annual incidence was 1.5 (1.1-1.8), 1.4 (1.0-1.7) and 2.0 (1.7-2.3) cases per million, respectively. During the last time period the incidence was higher than during the first and second time periods (P&lt;0.05).</p><p>Conclusion: The incidence of CD in Sweden (1.6 cases per million) is in agreement with most previous reports. A higher incidence between 2005 and 2013 compared to 1987-2004 was noticed. Whether this reflects a truly increased incidence of the disease, or simply an increased awareness, earlier recognition, and earlier diagnosis can, however, not be answered. This study also illustrates the importance of validation of the diagnosis of CD in epidemiological research.</p>
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5.
  • Valassi, E., et al. (författare)
  • Worse Health-Related Quality of Life at long-term follow-up in patients with Cushing's disease than patients with cortisol producing adenoma. Data from the ERCUSYN
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Clinical Endocrinology. - 0300-0664. ; 88:6, s. 787-798
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • ObjectiveHypercortisolism in Cushing's syndrome (CS) is associated with impaired health-related quality of life (HRQoL), which may persist despite remission. We used the data entered into the European Registry on Cushing's syndrome (ERCUSYN) to evaluate if patients with CS of pituitary origin (PIT-CS) have worse HRQoL, both before and after treatment than patients with adrenal causes (ADR-CS). MethodsData from 595 patients (492 women; 83%) who completed the CushingQoL and/or EQ-5D questionnaires at baseline and/or following treatment were analysed. ResultsAt baseline, HRQoL did not differ between PIT-CS (n=293) and ADR-CS (n=120) on both EuroQoL and CushingQoL. Total CushingQoL score in PIT-CS and ADR-CS was 4118 and 44 +/- 20, respectively (P=.7). At long-time follow-up (>1year after treatment) total CushingQoL score was however lower in PIT-CS than ADR-CS (56 +/- 20 vs 62 +/- 23; P=.045). In a regression analysis, after adjustment for baseline age, gender, remission status, duration of active CS, glucocorticoid dependency and follow-up time, no association was observed between aetiology and HRQoL. Remission was associated with better total CushingQoL score (P<.001), and older age at diagnosis with worse total score (P=.01). Depression at diagnosis was associated with worse total CushingQoL score at the last follow-up (P<.001). ConclusionPIT-CS patients had poorer HRQoL than ADR-CS at long-term follow-up, despite similar baseline scoring. After adjusting for remission status, no interaetiology differences in HRQoL scoring were found. Age and presence of depression at diagnosis of CS may be potential predictors of worse HRQoL regardless of CS aetiology.
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