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Sökning: WFRF:(Paulsson Karlsson Ylva)

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1.
  • Norberg, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Novel variants in Nordic patients referred for genetic testing of telomere-related disorders
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Human Genetics. - NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP. - 1018-4813 .- 1476-5438. ; 26:6, s. 858-867
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Telomere-related disorders are a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by premature telomere shortening and proliferative failure of a variety of tissues. This study reports the spectrum of telomere-related gene variants and telomere length in Nordic patients referred for genetic testing due to suspected telomere-related disorder. We performed Sanger sequencing of the genes TERT, TERC, DKC1, and TINF2 on 135 unrelated index patients and measured telomere length by qPCR on DNA from peripheral blood leukocytes. We identified pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants in 10 index patients, all of which had short telomeres compared to age-matched healthy controls. Six of the 10 variants were novel; three in TERC (n.69_74dupAGGCGC, n.122_125delGCGG, and n.407_408delinsAA) and three in TERT (p.(D684G), p.(R774*), and p.(*1133Wext*39)). The high proportion of novel variants identified in our study highlights the need for solid interpretation of new variants that may be detected. Measurement of telomere length is a useful approach for evaluating pathogenicity of genetic variants associated with telomere-related disorders.
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  • Wu, Xuping, et al. (författare)
  • Telomerase antagonist imetelstat inhibits esophageal cancer cell growth and increases radiation-induced DNA breaks
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. Molecular Cell Research. - 0167-4889 .- 1879-2596. ; 1823:12, s. 2130-2135
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Telomerase is mainly active in human tumor cells, which provides an opportunity for a therapeutic window on telomerase targeting. We sought to evaluate the potential of the thio-phosphoramidate oligonucleotide inhibitor of telomerase, imetelstat, as a drug candidate for treatment of esophageal cancer. Our results showed that imetelstat inhibited telomerase activity in a dose-dependent manner in esophageal cancer cells. After only 1. week of imetelstat treatment, a reduction of colony formation ability of esophageal cancer cells was observed. Furthermore, long-term treatment with imetelstat decreased cell growth of esophageal cancer cells with different kinetics regarding telomere lengths. Short-term imetelstat treatment also increased γ-H2AX and 53BP1 foci staining in the esophageal cancer cell lines indicating a possible induction of DNA double strand breaks (DSBs). We also found that pre-treatment with imetelstat led to increased number and size of 53BP1 foci after ionizing radiation. The increase of 53BP1 foci number was especially pronounced during the first 1 h of repair whereas the increase of foci size was prominent later on. This study supports the potential of imetelstat as a therapeutic agent for the treatment of esophageal cancer.
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4.
  • wu, xuping, et al. (författare)
  • The effect of the telomerase antagonist Imetelstat in esophageal carcinoma
  • ????
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Telomerase is mainly active in human tumor cells, which provides an opportunity for a therapeutic window on telomerase targeting. We sought to evaluate the potential of the thio-phosphoramidate oligonucleotide inhibitor of telomerase, Imetelstat, as a drug candidate for treatment of esophageal cancer. Our results showed that Imetelstat inhibited telomerase activity in a dose-dependent manner in esophageal cancer cells. After only one week of Imetelstat treatment, a reduction of colony formation ability of esophageal cancer cells was observed. Furthermore, long-term treatment with Imetelstat decreased cell growth of esophageal cancer cells with different kinetics regarding telomere lengths. Cell cycle analysis demonstrated that short-term treatment with Imetelstat resulted in increased percentage of cells in G1 phase. Short-term Imetelstat treatment also increased γ-H2AX and 53BP1 foci staining in the esophageal cancer cell lines indicating a possible induction of DNA double strand breaks (DSBs). We also found that pre-treatment with Imetelstat led to increased number and size of 53BP1 foci after ionizing radiation. The increase of 53BP1 foci number was especially pronounced during the first 1 h of repair whereas the increase of foci size was prominent later on. This study supports the potential of Imetelstat as a therapeutic agent for the treatment of esophageal cancer.
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5.
  • Dreilich, Martin, et al. (författare)
  • Telomerase activity is not a key determinant of sensitivity to standard cytotoxic drugs in human esophageal carcinoma cell lines
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Anti-Cancer Drugs. - 0959-4973 .- 1473-5741. ; 17:5, s. 503-509
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of the present study was to investigate if basal telomerase activity levels may predict sensitivity to cytotoxic drugs in a panel of human esophageal carcinoma cell lines. The TRAPeze telomerase detection assay was used to investigate telomerase activity in the cell lines. Cytotoxic drug sensitivity for 20 standard cytotoxic agents was assessed using the fluorometric microculture cytotoxicity assay (FMCA). Telomerase activity was detected in all cell lines with a broad range of activity levels. Drug sensitivity also varied considerably between the cell lines. Except for a P value towards a correlation between mitoxantrone and telomerase activity (P=0.054), no statistically significant correlation was found between telomerase activity levels and sensitivity to investigated drugs, including key drugs such as cisplatin (P=0.9), 5-fluorouracil (P=0.8) and doxorubicin (P=0.54). We therefore conclude that basal telomerase activity level is not a key determinant of sensitivity to standard cytotoxic drugs in esophageal carcinoma cell lines.
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  • Lindkvist, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Differential effects of TGF-beta1 on telomerase activity in thyroid carcinoma cells
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications - BBRC. - 0006-291X .- 1090-2104. ; 338:3, s. 1625-1633
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) on telomerase activity in a panel of human anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) cell lines. Addition of TGF-beta1 decreased the telomerase activity in HTh 74 and KTC-1 cells, while in C 643 and HTh 7 an increased activity was observed. The decreased telomerase activity appeared to be due to transcriptional repression of the hTERT promoter. Addition of a PI-3 kinase inhibitor (LY294002) abrogated the stimulatory effect of TGF-beta1 on the telomerase activity, indicating the possible involvement of hTERT activation via phosphorylation. Furthermore, the MEK-inhibitor U0126 had similar effects suggesting dual regulatory mechanisms. Interestingly, the cell lines differed genetically in that ATC cell lines responding with increased telomerase activity harbored a p53 mutation. In conclusion, TGF-beta1 exerts opposing effects on telomerase activity in ATC cell lines, possibly reflecting deregulation of TGF-beta1 signaling in a more malignant genotype.
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  • Milne, Roger L, et al. (författare)
  • Identification of ten variants associated with risk of estrogen-receptor-negative breast cancer.
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 49:12, s. 1767-1778
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Most common breast cancer susceptibility variants have been identified through genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of predominantly estrogen receptor (ER)-positive disease. We conducted a GWAS using 21,468 ER-negative cases and 100,594 controls combined with 18,908 BRCA1 mutation carriers (9,414 with breast cancer), all of European origin. We identified independent associations at P < 5 × 10-8 with ten variants at nine new loci. At P < 0.05, we replicated associations with 10 of 11 variants previously reported in ER-negative disease or BRCA1 mutation carrier GWAS and observed consistent associations with ER-negative disease for 105 susceptibility variants identified by other studies. These 125 variants explain approximately 16% of the familial risk of this breast cancer subtype. There was high genetic correlation (0.72) between risk of ER-negative breast cancer and breast cancer risk for BRCA1 mutation carriers. These findings may lead to improved risk prediction and inform further fine-mapping and functional work to better understand the biological basis of ER-negative breast cancer.
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10.
  • Moghadasi, Setareh, et al. (författare)
  • The BRCA1 c. 5096G>A p.Arg1699Gln (R1699Q) intermediate risk variant : Breast and ovarian cancer risk estimation and recommendations for clinical management from the ENIGMA consortium
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of Medical Genetics. - BMJ Publishing Group. - 0022-2593. ; 55:1, s. 15-20
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background We previously showed that the BRCA1 variant c.5096G>A p.Arg1699Gln (R1699Q) was associated with an intermediate risk of breast cancer (BC) and ovarian cancer (OC). This study aimed to assess these cancer risks for R1699Q carriers in a larger cohort, including follow-up of previously studied families, to further define cancer risks and to propose adjusted clinical management of female BRCA1*R1699Q carriers. Methods Data were collected from 129 BRCA1*R1699Q families ascertained internationally by ENIGMA (Evidence-based Network for the Interpretation of Germline Mutant Alleles) consortium members. A modified segregation analysis was used to calculate BC and OC risks. Relative risks were calculated under both monogenic model and major gene plus polygenic model assumptions. Results In this cohort the cumulative risk of BC and OC by age 70 years was 20% and 6%, respectively. The relative risk for developing cancer was higher when using a model that included the effects of both the R1699Q variant and a residual polygenic component compared with monogenic model (for BC 3.67 vs 2.83, and for OC 6.41 vs 5.83). Conclusion Our results confirm that BRCA1*R1699Q confers an intermediate risk for BC and OC. Breast surveillance for female carriers based on mammogram annually from age 40 is advised. Bilateral salpingooophorectomy should be considered based on family history.
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