SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Pellegrini Vittorio) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Pellegrini Vittorio)

  • Resultat 1-9 av 9
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  • Bellani, Sebastiano, et al. (författare)
  • Graphene-Based Electrodes in a Vanadium Redox Flow Battery Produced by Rapid Low-Pressure Combined Gas Plasma Treatments
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Chemistry of Materials. - : AMER CHEMICAL SOC. - 0897-4756 .- 1520-5002. ; 33:11, s. 4106-4121
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The development of high-power density vanadium redox flow batteries (VRFBs) with high energy efficiencies (EEs) is crucial for the widespread dissemination of this energy storage technology. In this work, we report the production of novel hierarchical carbonaceous nanomaterials for VRFB electrodes with high catalytic activity toward the vanadium redox reactions (VO2+/VO2+ and V2+/V3+). The electrode materials are produced through a rapid (minute timescale) low-pressure combined gas plasma treatment of graphite felts (GFs) in an inductively coupled radio frequency reactor. By systematically studying the effects of either pure gases (O-2 and N-2) or their combination at different gas plasma pressures, the electrodes are optimized to reduce their kinetic polarization for the VRFB redox reactions. To further enhance the catalytic surface area of the electrodes, single-/fewlayer graphene, produced by highly scalable wet-jet milling exfoliation of graphite, is incorporated into the GFs through an infiltration method in the presence of a polymeric binder. Depending on the thickness of the proton-exchange membrane (Nafion 115 or Nafion XL), our optimized VRFB configurations can efficiently operate within a wide range of charge/discharge current densities, exhibiting energy efficiencies up to 93.9%, 90.8%, 88.3%, 85.6%, 77.6%, and 69.5% at 25, 50, 75, 100, 200, and 300 mA cm(-2), respectively. Our technology is cost-competitive when compared to commercial ones (additional electrode costs < 100 (sic) m(-2)) and shows EEs rivalling the record-high values reported for efficient systems to date. Our work remarks on the importance to study modified plasma conditions or plasma methods alternative to those reported previously (e.g., atmospheric plasmas) to improve further the electrode performances of the current VRFB systems.
  •  
2.
  • Beydaghi, Hossein, et al. (författare)
  • Functionalized metallic transition metal dichalcogenide (TaS2) for nanocomposite membranes in direct methanol fuel cells
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Journal of Materials Chemistry A. - : ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY. - 2050-7488 .- 2050-7496. ; 9:10, s. 6368-6381
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this work, we designed a novel nanocomposite proton-exchange membrane (PEM) based on sulfonated poly(ether ether ketone) (SPEEK) and tantalum disulfide functionalized with terminal sulfonate groups (S-TaS2). The PEMs are prepared through a solution-casting method and exploited in direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs). Two-dimensional S-TaS2 nanoflakes were prepared as a functional additive to produce the novel nanocomposite membrane for DMFCs due to their potential as a fuel barrier and an excellent proton conductor. To optimize the degree of sulfonation (DS) of SPEEK and the weight percentage (wt%) of S-TaS2 nanoflakes in PEMs, we used the central composite design of the response surface method. The optimum PEM was obtained for SPEEK DS of 1.9% and a weight fraction (wt%) of S-TaS2 nanoflakes of 70.2%. The optimized membrane shows a water uptake of 45.72%, a membrane swelling of 9.64%, a proton conductivity of 96.24 mS cm(-1), a methanol permeability of 2.66 x 10(-7) cm(2) s(-1), and a selectivity of 36.18 x 10(4) S s cm(-3). Moreover, SPEEK/S-TaS2 membranes show superior thermal and chemical stabilities compared to those of pristine SPEEK. The DMFC fabricated with the SPEEK/S-TaS2 membrane has reached the maximum power densities of 64.55 mW cm(-2) and 161.18 mW cm(-2) at 30 degrees C and 80 degrees C, respectively, which are similar to 78% higher than the values obtained with the pristine SPEEK membrane. Our results demonstrate that SPEEK/S-TaS2 membranes have a great potential for DMFC applications.
  •  
3.
  • Bianca, Gabriele, et al. (författare)
  • Liquid-Phase Exfoliated GeSe Nanoflakes for Photoelectrochemical-Type Photodetectors and Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. - : AMER CHEMICAL SOC. - 1944-8244 .- 1944-8252. ; 12:43, s. 48598-48613
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Photoelectrochemical (PEC) systems represent powerful tools to convert electromagnetic radiation into chemical fuels and electricity. In this context, two-dimensional (2D) materials are attracting enormous interest as potential advanced photo(electro)catalysts and, recently, 2D group-IVA metal monochalcogenides have been theoretically predicted to be water splitting photocatalysts. In this work, we use density functional theory calculations to theoretically investigate the photocatalytic activity of single-/few-layer GeSe nanoflakes for both the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in pH conditions ranging from 0 to 14. Our simulations show that GeSe nanoflakes with different thickness can be mixed in the form of nanoporous films to act as nanoscale tandem systems, in which the flakes, depending on their thickness, can operate as HER- and/or OER photocatalysts. On the basis of theoretical predictions, we report the first experimental characterization of the photo(electro)catalytic activity of single-/few-layer GeSe flakes in different aqueous media, ranging from acidic to alkaline solutions: 0.5 M H2SO4 (pH 0.3), 1 M KCl (pH 6.5), and 1 M KOH (pH 14). The films of the GeSe nanoflakes are fabricated by spray coating GeSe nanoflakes dispersion in 2-propanol obtained through liquid-phase exfoliation of synthesized orthorhombic (Pnma) GeSe bulk crystals. The PEC properties of the GeSe nanoflakes are used to design PEC-type photodetectors, reaching a responsivity of up to 0.32 AW(-1) (external quantum efficiency of 86.3%) under 455 nm excitation wavelength in acidic electrolyte. The obtained performances are superior to those of several self-powered and low-voltage solution-processed photodetectors, approaching that of self-powered commercial UV-Vis photodetectors. The obtained results inspire the use of 2D GeSe in proof-of-concept water photoelectrolysis cells.
  •  
4.
  • Celeste, Arcangelo, et al. (författare)
  • Enhancement of Functional Properties of Liquid Electrolytes for Lithium-Ion Batteries by Addition of Pyrrolidinium-Based Ionic Liquids with Long Alkyl-Chains
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: BATTERIES & SUPERCAPS. - 2566-6223. ; 3:10, s. 1059-1068
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Three ionic liquid belonging to the N-alkyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl) imides (Pyr(1),nTFSI with n=4,5,8) have been added as co-solvent to two commonly used electrolytes for Li-ion cells: (a) 1 M lithium hexafluorophosphate (LiPF6) in a mixture of ethylene carbonate (EC) and linear like dimethyl carbonate (DMC) in 1 : 1 v/v and (b) 1 M lithium bis-(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (LiTFSI) in EC : DMC 1 : 1 v/v. These electrolyte formulations (classified as P and T series containing LiPF6 or LiTFSI salts, respectively) have been analyzed by comparing ionic conductivities, transport numbers, viscosities, electrochemical stability as well as vibrational properties. In the case of the Pyr(1,5)TFSI and Pyr(1,8)TFSI blended formulations, this is the first ever reported detailed study of their functional properties in Li-ion cells electrolytes. Overall, P-electrolytes demonstrate enhanced properties compared to the T-ones. Among the various P electrolytes those containing Pyr(1,4)TFSI and Pyr(1,5)TFSI limit the accumulation of irreversible capacity upon cycling with satisfactory performance in lithium cells.
  •  
5.
  • Kinaret, Jari, 1962, et al. (författare)
  • Il futuro? Una questione di chimica
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Il Sole 24 ore. - 0391-786X. ; 2015:december 6, s. 11-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  •  
6.
  • Palei, Milan, et al. (författare)
  • Photoluminescence enhancement and high accuracy patterning of lead halide perovskite single crystals by MeV ion beam irradiation
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of Materials Chemistry C. - : Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC). - 2050-7526 .- 2050-7534. ; 8:29, s. 9923-9930
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Focused ion beam (FIB) has recently been used to tune the optical properties of lead halide perovskites (LHPs), opening an interesting avenue for applications in optoelectronic devices. However, it has remained an open question to date whether FIB can be used to locally enhance the photoluminescence (PL) of LHPs. In this work we irradiate MAPbBr(3)(MA = methylammonium) single crystals with a high energy micron-sized ion probe of different ionic masses (3 MeV He+, 12.5 MeV Br5+, and 20 MeV I7+) and study the PL as a function of the damage induced by the ion beam. We find that at low damage levels the PL is enhanced about six times with respect to the pristine material, while increasing the damage level produces a progressive PL decrease, and, above a threshold, the PL is finally quenched below the value of the pristine crystal. We attribute this behavior to the interaction of free carriers with irradiation induced surface defects: at low damage levels the migration of carriers toward the bulk is inhibitedviatrapping-detrapping events at surface defects, allowing their radiative recombination near the surface; at higher damage, though, the probability for non-radiative recombination increases and gradually becomes dominant. We thus present a method to locally increase the PL of bulk LHP, which could be applied in a wide range of fields, such as highly sensitive ion beam detection or future optoelectronic device design.
  •  
7.
  • Pellegrini, Vittorio, et al. (författare)
  • Challenges and perspectives for new material solutions in batteries
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Solid State Communications. - : PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD. - 0038-1098 .- 1879-2766. ; 303-304
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • We outline main challenges for future research in batteries, particularly, addressing the urgent needs of developing new environmentally-friendly material solutions to enhance the energy density and safety of these storage devices. This will require embracing a multidisciplinary approach encompassing traditional electro-chemistry and experimental solid-state physics, multiscale computational modelling, materials synthesis, and advanced characterization and testing.
  •  
8.
  • Quesnel, Etienne, et al. (författare)
  • Graphene-based technologies for energy applications, challenges and perspectives
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: 2D Materials. - 2053-1583. ; 2:3, s. 1-16
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Here we report on technology developments implemented into the Graphene Flagship European project for the integration of graphene and graphene-related materials (GRMs) into energy application devices. Many of the technologies investigated so far aim at producing composite materials associating graphene or GRMs with either metal or semiconducting nanocrystals or other carbon nanostructures (e.g., CNT, graphite). These composites can be used favourably as hydrogen storage materials or solar cell absorbers. They can also provide better performing electrodes for fuel cells, batteries, or supercapacitors. For photovoltaic (PV) electrodes, where thin layers and interface engineering are required, surface technologies are preferred. We are using conventional vacuum processes to integrate graphene as well as radically new approaches based on laser irradiation strategies. For each application, the potential of implemented technologies is then presented on the basis of selected experimental and modelling results. It is shown in particular how some of these technologies can maximize the benefit taken from GRM integration. The technical challenges still to be addressed are highlighted and perspectives derived from the running works emphasized.
  •  
9.
  • Zappia, Marilena, I, et al. (författare)
  • Two-Dimensional Gallium Sulfide Nanoflakes for UV-Selective Photoelectrochemical-type Photodetectors
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C. - : AMER CHEMICAL SOC. - 1932-7447 .- 1932-7455. ; 125:22, s. 11857-11866
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Two-dimensional (2D) transition-metal monochalcogenides have been recently predicted to be potential photo(electro)catalysts for water splitting and photoelectrochemical (PEC) reactions. Differently from the most established InSe, GaSe, GeSe, and many other monochalcogenides, bulk GaS has a large band gap of similar to 2.5 eV, which increases up to more than 3.0 eV with decreasing its thickness due to quantum confinement effects. Therefore, 2D GaS fills the void between 2D small-band-gap semiconductors and insulators, resulting of interest for the realization of van der Waals type-I heterojunctions in photocatalysis, as well as the development of UV light-emitting diodes, quantum wells, and other optoelectronic devices. Based on theoretical calculations of the electronic structure of GaS as a function of layer number reported in the literature, we experimentally demonstrate, for the first time, the PEC properties of liquid-phase exfoliated GaS nanoflakes. Our results indicate that solution-processed 2D GaS-based PEC-type photodetectors outperform the corresponding solid-state photodetectors. In fact, the 2D morphology of the GaS flakes intrinsically minimizes the distance between the photogenerated charges and the surface area at which the redox reactions occur, limiting electron-hole recombination losses. The latter are instead deleterious for standard solidstate configurations. Consequently, PEC-type 2D GaS photodetectors display a relevant UV-selective photoresponse. In particular, they attain responsivities of 1.8 mA W-1 in 1 M H2SO4 [at 0.8 V vs reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE)], 4.6 mA W-1 in 1 M Na2SO4 (at 0.9 V vs RHE), and 6.8 mA W--(1) in 1 M KOH (at 1.1. V vs RHE) under 275 nm illumination wavelength with an intensity of 1.3 mW cm(-2). Beyond the photodetector application, 2D GaS-based PEC-type devices may find application in tandem solar PEC cells in combination with other visible-sensitive low-band-gap materials, including transition-metal monochalcogenides recently established for PEC solar energy conversion applications.
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-9 av 9

Kungliga biblioteket hanterar dina personuppgifter i enlighet med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (2018), GDPR. Läs mer om hur det funkar här.
Så här hanterar KB dina uppgifter vid användning av denna tjänst.

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy