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Sökning: WFRF:(Pennazza G.)

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  • Schofield, James P. R., et al. (författare)
  • Stratification of asthma phenotypes by airway proteomic signatures
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. - Elsevier. - 0091-6749 .- 1097-6825. ; 144:1, s. 70-82
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Stratification by eosinophil and neutrophil counts increases our understanding of asthma and helps target therapy, but there is room for improvement in our accuracy in prediction of treatment responses and a need for better understanding of the underlying mechanisms. Objective: We sought to identify molecular subphenotypes of asthma defined by proteomic signatures for improved stratification. Methods: Unbiased label-free quantitative mass spectrometry and topological data analysis were used to analyze the proteomes of sputum supernatants from 246 participants (206 asthmatic patients) as a novel means of asthma stratification. Microarray analysis of sputum cells provided transcriptomics data additionally to inform on underlying mechanisms. Results: Analysis of the sputum proteome resulted in 10 clusters (ie, proteotypes) based on similarity in proteomic features, representing discrete molecular subphenotypes of asthma. Overlaying granulocyte counts onto the 10 clusters as metadata further defined 3 of these as highly eosinophilic, 3 as highly neutrophilic, and 2 as highly atopic with relatively low granulocytic inflammation. For each of these 3 phenotypes, logistic regression analysis identified candidate protein biomarkers, and matched transcriptomic data pointed to differentially activated underlying mechanisms. Conclusion: This study provides further stratification of asthma currently classified based on quantification of granulocytic inflammation and provided additional insight into their underlying mechanisms, which could become targets for novel therapies.
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  • DAmico, A., et al. (författare)
  • Equivalent electric circuits for chemical sensors in the Langmuir regime
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Sensors and actuators. B, Chemical. - ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA. - 0925-4005. ; 238, s. 214-220
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper presents an equivalent electric circuit model that describes adsorption-desorption processes occurring on bio and chemical sensor surfaces under the Langmuir hypothesis and considers the following practical case: the pressure or concentration of the particles in the test chamber is not perturbed by these processes and keeps its initial value, as in the cases of relatively high pressure or concentration values with zero molecular flow, or in the presence of a molecular flow at any pressure or concentration value. It is also pointed out that the equivalent circuit for Langmuir adsorption is similar to the circuit proposed for enzymatic reactions. Even if this work essentially covers theoretic aspects, a way is suggested for the possible experimental determination of both adsorption-desorption parameters and adsorption-desorption site density. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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  • Filippini, Daniel, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • Sorting of apricots with computer screen photoassisted spectral reflectance analysis and electronic nose
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Sensors and actuators. B, Chemical. - 0925-4005. ; 119:1, s. 70-77
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Optical properties and aroma have been indicated as sources of information for the analysis of quality of fruits. Optical properties can be measured with several experimental arrangements and equipments that are often complex with result difficult to interpret. In recent years, a number of suggestions arose in the sensor community proposing the use of conventional computer peripheral devices as analytical instruments. Among them the combination of a computer screen and a webcam was demonstrated to be suitable to measure optical properties of materials. In this paper this arrangement is utilized to characterize the reflectance of apricot fruits that underwent different post-harvest treatment and mechanical damages. Optical measurements were complemented by aroma analysis with an electronic nose. The response of fruits to treatments was also monitored measuring CO2 (indicator of respiration) and ethylene (indicator of ripening), both these parameters are known to be influenced by post-harvest treatment and mechanical damages. Results show that a computer screen-webcam combination and an electronic nose are both sensitive to mechanical damages of fruits devising their use, after due optimization, for routine fruit sorting. © 2005.
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