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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Persson AS) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Persson AS)

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  • Araujo, C. M., et al. (författare)
  • Electrical resistivity, MNM transition and band-gap narrowing of cubic GaN : Si
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Microelectronics Journal. - 0026-2692. ; 33:4, s. 365-369
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The electrical resistivity of the Si-donor cubic GaN is investigated theoretically at low temperature. The critical impurity concentration, N-c, for the metal-nonmetal transition is estimated in three different ways: from using the generalized Drude approach (GDA) for the resistivity; from the vanishing of the chemical potential calculated using the dielectric function model with a Lorentz-Lorenz correction; from finding the crossing point between the energy in the insulating and metallic states. The bandgap narrowing (BGN) has been determined theoretically and experimentally above the MNM transition, The experimental data have been obtained with photoluminescence measurements. Theoretical and experimental results are in rough agreement in the range of impurity concentration of interest.
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  • Dalmar, Abdirisak Ahmed, et al. (författare)
  • Rebuilding research capacity in fragile states : the case of a Somali-Swedish global health initiative
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Global Health Action. - Abingdon : Taylor & Francis. - 1654-9716 .- 1654-9880. ; 10:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper presents an initiative to revive the previous Somali-Swedish Research Cooperation, which started in 1981 and was cut short by the civil war in Somalia. A programme focusing on research capacity building in the health sector is currently underway through the work of an alliance of three partner groups: six new Somali universities, five Swedish universities, and Somali diaspora professionals. Somali ownership is key to the sustainability of the programme, as is close collaboration with Somali health ministries. The programme aims to develop a model for working collaboratively across regions and cultural barriers within fragile states, with the goal of creating hope and energy. It is based on the conviction that health research has a key role in rebuilding national health services and trusted institutions.
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5.
  • Fernandez, J. R. L., et al. (författare)
  • Electrical resistivity and band-gap shift of Si-doped GaN and metal-nonmetal transition in cubic GaN, InN and AlN systems
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Journal of Crystal Growth. - 0022-0248 .- 1873-5002. ; 231:3, s. 420-427
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The critical impurity concentration N-c of the metal-nonmetal (MNM) transition for the cubic GaN, InN and AIN systems. is calculated using the following two different criteria: vanishing of the donor binding energy and the crossing point between the energies in the metallic and insulating phases. A dielectric function model with a Lorentz-Lorenz correction is used for the insulating phase. The InN presents an order of magnitude increase in N-c as compared to the other two systems. The electrical resistivity of the Si-donor system GaN is investigated theoretically and experimentally from room temperature down to 10K. It presents a metallic character above a certain high impurity concentration identified as N-c. The samples were grown by plasma assisted molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) on GaAs (0 0 1) substrate. The model calculation is carried out from a recently proposed generalized Drude approach (GDA) presenting a very good estimation for the metallic region. The band-gap shift (BGS) of Si-doped GaN has also been investigated above the MNM transition where this shift is observed. Theoretical and experimental results have a rough agreement in a range of impurity concentration of interest.
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6.
  • Ivarsson, Anneli, et al. (författare)
  • Healing the health system after civil unrest
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Global Health Action. - : Co-Action Publishing. - 1654-9716 .- 1654-9880. ; 8, s. 1-4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
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7.
  • Vouzouneraki, K., et al. (författare)
  • Temporal relationship of sleep apnea and acromegaly: a nationwide study
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Endocrine. - : Springer. - 1355-008X .- 1559-0100. ; 62:2, s. 456-463
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PurposePatients with acromegaly have an increased risk of sleep apnea, but reported prevalence rates vary largely. Here we aimed to evaluate the sleep apnea prevalence in a large national cohort of patients with acromegaly, to examine possible risk factors, and to assess the proportion of patients diagnosed with sleep apnea prior to acromegaly diagnosis.MethodsCross-sectional multicenter study of 259 Swedish patients with acromegaly. At patients' follow-up visits at the endocrine outpatient clinics of all seven university hospitals in Sweden, questionnaires were completed to assess previous sleep apnea diagnosis and treatment, cardiovascular diseases, smoking habits, anthropometric data, and S-IGF-1 levels. Daytime sleepiness was evaluated using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale. Patients suspected to have undiagnosed sleep apnea were referred for sleep apnea investigations.ResultsOf the 259 participants, 75 (29%) were diagnosed with sleep apnea before the study start. In 43 (57%) of these patients, sleep apnea had been diagnosed before the diagnosis of acromegaly. After clinical assessment and sleep studies, sleep apnea was diagnosed in an additional 20 patients, yielding a total sleep apnea prevalence of 37%. Higher sleep apnea risk was associated with higher BMI, waist circumference, and index finger circumference. Sleep apnea was more frequent among patients with S-IGF-1 levels in the highest quartile.ConclusionSleep apnea is common among patients with acromegaly, and is often diagnosed prior to their acromegaly diagnosis. These results support early screening for sleep apnea in patients with acromegaly and awareness for acromegaly in patients with sleep apnea.
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8.
  • Björkman, Ann-Sofi, 1983-, et al. (författare)
  • Diagnostic accuracy of dual-energy CT for detection of bone marrow lesions in the subacutely injured knee with MRI as reference method
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Acta Radiologica. - : SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD. - 0284-1851 .- 1600-0455. ; 61:6, s. 749-759
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Dual-energy computer tomography (DECT) can detect post-traumatic bone marrow lesions. Prospective studies of the knee with large numbers of participants and intra-observer agreement assessment are limited. Purpose To investigate the diagnostic accuracy of DECT in detecting bone marrow lesions as well as estimating the bone marrow lesion volume in patients with suspected anterior cruciate ligament trauma with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as reference standard. Material and Methods Forty-eight consecutive patients with suspected anterior cruciate ligament injury were imaged bilaterally with DECT within a mean of 25 days (range 4-55 days) following injury and MRI within seven days of DECT. Two readers analyzed DECT virtual non-calcium-blinded images. Consensus MRI was reference standard. Intra- and inter-observer agreement were determined using weighted kappa statistics. Sensitivity, specificity, and negative and positive predictive values were calculated. Bone marrow lesion volumes were measured; for comparison, intra-class correlation coefficient was used. Results The 48 patients (26 men, 22 women; mean age 23 years, age range 15-37 years) were imaged bilaterally yielding 52 knees with bone marrow lesions, of which 44 were in the femur and 41 were in the tibia. Intra- and inter-observer agreement to detect bone marrow lesions was moderate and fair to moderate (kappa 0.54-0.66, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.39-0.80 and 0.37-0.41, 95% CI 0.20-0.57) and overall sensitivity and specificity were 70.1% and 69.1%, respectively. Positive and negative predictive values were 72.9% and 66.1%, respectively. Bone marrow lesion volumes showed excellent intra- and inter-observer agreement (0.83-0.91, 95% CI 0.74-0.94 and 0.76-0.78, 95% CI 0.57-0.87). Conclusion The diagnostic performance of DECT to detect bone marrow lesions in the subacutely injured knee was moderate with intra- and inter-observer agreement ranging from moderate to substantial and fair to moderate. Bone marrow lesion volume correlation was excellent.
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9.
  • Derwinger, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Remembering Numbers in Old Age : Mnemonic Training Versus Self-Generated Strategy Training
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition. - : Routledge. - 1382-5585 .- 1744-4128. ; 10:3, s. 202-214
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The effectiveness of two memory training programs designed to enhance four-digit number recall was examined in 90 healthy older adults. One group received instruction and training in the number-consonant mnemonic, whereas another group was instructed to adopt their own encoding and retrieval strategies to enhance number recall. Also, a control group receiving no training between testing occasions was included. The criterion task was administered according to the Buschke selective reminding procedure. Posttest performance was evaluated with and without cognitive support for remembering (i.e., verbal cues). Under unsupported conditions, the mnemonic group improved number recall following training and the selfgenerated strategy group showed a tendency in the same direction. When support was provided, group differences in favor of the two training groups increased. In addition, no training-related gains were observed in two verbal transfer tasks. The relatively similar patterns of gains in the two intervention groups were discussed in terms of advantages and disadvantages in the two training regimens balancing each other.
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10.
  • Jung, Christian, et al. (författare)
  • A comparison of very old patients admitted to intensive care unit after acute versus elective surgery or intervention
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of critical care. - : W B SAUNDERS CO-ELSEVIER INC. - 0883-9441 .- 1557-8615. ; 52, s. 141-148
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: We aimed to evaluate differences in outcome between patients admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) after elective versus acute surgery in a multinational cohort of very old patients (80 years; VIP). Predictors of mortality, with special emphasis on frailty, were assessed.Methods: In total, 5063 VIPs were induded in this analysis, 922 were admitted after elective surgery or intervention, 4141 acutely, with 402 after acute surgery. Differences were calculated using Mann-Whitney-U test and Wilcoxon test. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression were used to assess associations with mortality.Results: Compared patients admitted after acute surgery, patients admitted after elective surgery suffered less often from frailty as defined as CFS (28% vs 46%; p < 0.001), evidenced lower SOFA scores (4 +/- 5 vs 7 +/- 7; p < 0.001). Presence of frailty (CFS >4) was associated with significantly increased mortality both in elective surgery patients (7% vs 12%; p = 0.01), in acute surgery (7% vs 12%; p = 0.02).Conclusions: VIPs admitted to ICU after elective surgery evidenced favorable outcome over patients after acute surgery even after correction for relevant confounders. Frailty might be used to guide clinicians in risk stratification in both patients admitted after elective and acute surgery. 
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