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Sökning: WFRF:(Picetti Edoardo)

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1.
  • Rass, Verena, et al. (författare)
  • The Effect of Temperature Increases on Brain Tissue Oxygen Tension in Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury : A Collaborative European NeuroTrauma Effectiveness Research in Traumatic Brain Injury Substudy
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management. - : Mary Ann Liebert. - 2153-7658 .- 2153-7933. ; 11:2, s. 122-131
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Fever may aggravate secondary brain injury after traumatic brain injury (TBI). The aim of this study was to identify episodes of temperature increases through visual plot analysis and algorithm supported detection, and to describe associated patterns of changes in on brain tissue oxygen tension (PbtO2). Data derive from the high-resolution cohort of the multicenter prospective Collaborative European NeuroTrauma Effectiveness Research in TBI (CENTER-TBI) study. Temperature increases (≥0.5°C) were visually identified in 33 patients within the first 11 days of monitoring. Generalized estimating equations were used to detect significant changes of systemic and neuromonitoring parameters from baseline to the highest temperature. Patients were median 50 (interquartile range [IQR], 35–62) years old, and presented with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) of 8 (IQR, 4–10). In 202 episodes of temperature increases, mean temperature rose by 1.0°C ± 0.5°C within 4 hours. Overall, PbtO2 slightly increased (ΔPbtO2 = 0.9 ± 6.1 mmHg, p = 0.022) during temperature increases. PbtO2 increased in 35% (p < 0.001), was stable in 49% (p = 0.852), and decreased in 16% (p < 0.001) of episodes. During episodes of temperature increases and simultaneous drops in PbtO2, cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) decreased (ΔCPP −6.3 ± 11.5 mmHg; p < 0.001). Brain tissue hypoxia (PbtO2 <20 mmHg) developed during 27/164 (17%) episodes of effervescences, in the remaining 38/202 episodes baseline PbtO2 was already <20 mmHg. Comparable results were found when using algorithm-supported detection of temperature increases. In conclusion, during effervescences, PbtO2 was mostly stable or slightly increased. A decrease of PbtO2 was observed in every sixth episode, where it was associated with a decrease in CPP. Our data highlight the need for special attention to CPP monitoring and maintenance during episodes of fever.
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2.
  • Stocchetti, Nino, et al. (författare)
  • Clinical applications of intracranial pressure monitoring in traumatic brain injury
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Acta Neurochirurgica. - : Springer. - 0001-6268 .- 0942-0940. ; 156:8, s. 1615-1622
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring has been for decades a cornerstone of traumatic brain injury (TBI) management. Nevertheless, in recent years, its usefulness has been questioned in several reports. A group of neurosurgeons and neurointensivists met to openly discuss, and provide consensus on, practical applications of ICP in severe adult TBI. A consensus conference was held in Milan on October 5, 2013, putting together neurosurgeons and intensivists with recognized expertise in treatment of TBI. Four topics have been selected and addressed in pro-con presentations: 1) ICP indications in diffuse brain injury, 2) cerebral contusions, 3) secondary decompressive craniectomy (DC), and 4) after evacuation of intracranial traumatic hematomas. The participants were asked to elaborate on the existing published evidence (without a systematic review) and their personal clinical experience. Based on the presentations and discussions of the conference, some drafts were circulated among the attendants. After remarks and further contributions were collected, a final document was approved by the participants. The group made the following recommendations: 1) in comatose TBI patients, in case of normal computed tomography (CT) scan, there is no indication for ICP monitoring; 2) ICP monitoring is indicated in comatose TBI patients with cerebral contusions in whom the interruption of sedation to check neurological status is dangerous and when the clinical examination is not completely reliable. The probe should be positioned on the side of the larger contusion; 3) ICP monitoring is generally recommended following a secondary DC in order to assess the effectiveness of DC in terms of ICP control and guide further therapy; 4) ICP monitoring after evacuation of an acute supratentorial intracranial hematoma should be considered for salvageable patients at increased risk of intracranial hypertension with particular perioperative features.
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