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Sökning: WFRF:(Pierard Luc)

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1.
  • Swedberg, Karl, 1944, et al. (författare)
  • Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of chronic heart failure: executive summary (update 2005): The Task Force for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Heart Failure of the European Society of Cardiology
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: European heart journal. - 0195-668X .- 1522-9645. ; 26:11, s. 1115-40
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Preamble Guidelines and Expert Consensus Documents aim to present all the relevant evidence on a particular issue in order to help physicians to weigh the benefits and risks of a particular diagnostic or therapeutic procedure. They should be helpful in everyday clinical decision-making. A great number of Guidelines and Expert Consensus Documents have been issued in recent years by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and by different organizations and other related societies. This profusion can put at stake the authority and validity of guidelines, which can only be guaranteed if they have been developed by an unquestionable decision-making process. This is one of the reasons why the ESC and others have issued recommendations for formulating and issuing Guidelines and Expert Consensus Documents. In spite of the fact that standards for issuing good quality Guidelines and Expert Consensus Documents are well defined, recent surveys of Guidelines and Expert Consensus Documents published in peer-reviewed journals between 1985 and 1998 have shown that methodological standards were not complied with in the vast majority of cases. It is therefore of great importance that guidelines and recommendations are presented in formats that are easily interpreted. Subsequently, their implementation programmes must also be well conducted. Attempts have been made to determine whether guidelines improve the quality of clinical practice and the utilization of health resources. The ESC Committee for Practice Guidelines (CPG) supervises and coordinates the preparation of new Guidelines and Expert Consensus Documents produced by Task Forces, expert groups, or consensus panels. The chosen experts in these writing panels are asked to provide disclosure statements of all relationships they may have which might be perceived as real or potential conflicts of interest. These disclosure forms are kept on file at the European Heart House, headquarters of the ESC. The Committee is also responsible for the endorsement of these Guidelines and Expert Consensus Documents or statements. The Task Force has classified and ranked the usefulness or efficacy of the recommended procedure and/or treatments and the Level of Evidence as indicated in the tables on page 3.
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2.
  • Mancusi, Costantino, et al. (författare)
  • Management of patients with combined arterial hypertension and aortic valve stenosis : a consensus document from the Council on Hypertension and Council on Valvular Heart Disease of the European Society of Cardiology, the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI), the European Association of Percutaneous Cardiovascular Interventions (EAPCI).
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy. - 2055-6837 .- 2055-6845.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aortic valve stenosis (AS) is the third most common cardiovascular disease. The prevalence of both AS and arterial hypertension increases with age, and the conditions therefore often co-exist. Co-existence of AS and arterial hypertension is associated with higher global left ventricular (LV) pressure overload, more abnormal LV geometry and function, and more adverse cardiovascular outcome. Arterial hypertension may also influence grading of AS, leading to underestimation of the true AS severity. Current guidelines suggest re-assessing patients once arterial hypertension is controlled. Management of arterial hypertension in AS has historically been associated with prudence and concerns, mainly related to potential adverse consequences of drug-induced peripheral vasodilatation combined with reduced stroke volume due to the fixed LV outflow obstruction. Current evidence suggests that patients should be treated with antihypertensive drugs blocking the renin-angiotensin aldosterone system, adding further drug classes when required, to achieve similar target blood pressure values as in hypertensive patients without AS. The introduction of trans-catheter aortic valve implantation has revolutionized the management of patients with AS, but requires proper blood pressure management during and following valve replacement. The purpose of this document is to review the recent evidence and provide practical expert advice on management of hypertension in patients with AS.
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3.
  • Alfonso, Fernando, et al. (författare)
  • Authorship : From credit to accountability - Reflections from the Editors' network.
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Archivos de cardiologia de Mexico. - 1665-1731. ; 108:7, s. 723-729
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Editors' Network of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) provides a dynamic forum for editorial discussions and endorses the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) to improve the scientific quality of biomedical journals. Authorship confers credit and important academic rewards. Recently, however, the ICMJE emphasized that authorship also requires responsibility and accountability. These issues are now covered by the new -(fourth) criterion for authorship. Authors should agree to be accountable and ensure that questions regarding the accuracy and integrity of the entire work will be appropriately addressed. This review discusses the implications of this paradigm shift on authorship requirements with the aim of increasing awareness on good scientific and editorial practices.
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4.
  • Komajda, Michel, et al. (författare)
  • Relations between professional medical associations and the health-care industry, concerning scientific communication and continuing medical education: a Policy Statement from the European Society of Cardiology.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: European Heart Journal. - : Oxford University Press. - 0195-668X .- 1522-9645. ; 67:3, s. 379-390
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Physicians have an ethical duty to keep up-to-date with current knowledge. Professional medical associations such as the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) support these obligations. In Europe, the costs of continuing medical education (CME) are insufficiently supported from governments and employers; however, medical associations have been criticized for accepting alternative financial support from industry. Medical education and training in research include learning how to assess the quality and reliability of any information. There is some risk of bias in any form of scientific communication including intellectual, professional, and financial and it is essential that in particular, the latter must be acknowledged by full disclosure. It is essential that there is strong collaboration between basic and clinical researchers from academic institutions on the one hand, with engineers and scientists from the research divisions of device and pharmaceutical companies on the other. This is vital so that new diagnostic methods and treatments are developed. Promotion of advances by industry may accelerate their implementation into clinical practice. Universities now frequently exhort their academic staff to protect their intellectual property or commercialize their research. Thus, it is not commercial activity or links per se that have become the target for criticism but the perceived influence of commercial enterprises on clinical decision-making or on messages conveyed by professional medical organizations. This document offers the perspective of the ESC on the current debate, and it recommends how to minimize bias in scientific communications and CME and how to ensure proper ethical standards and transparency in relations between the medical profession and industry.
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