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1.
  • Atwood, W. B., et al. (författare)
  • THE LARGE AREA TELESCOPE ON THE FERMI GAMMA-RAY SPACE TELESCOPE MISSION
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Astrophysical Journal. - 0004-637X .- 1538-4357. ; 697:2, s. 1071-1102
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The Large Area Telescope (Fermi/LAT, hereafter LAT), the primary instrument on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi) mission, is an imaging, wide field-of-view (FoV), high-energy gamma-ray telescope, covering the energy range from below 20 MeV to more than 300 GeV. The LAT was built by an international collaboration with contributions from space agencies, high-energy particle physics institutes, and universities in France, Italy, Japan, Sweden, and the United States. This paper describes the LAT, its preflight expected performance, and summarizes the key science objectives that will be addressed. On-orbit performance will be presented in detail in a subsequent paper. The LAT is a pair-conversion telescope with a precision tracker and calorimeter, each consisting of a 4 x 4 array of 16 modules, a segmented anticoincidence detector that covers the tracker array, and a programmable trigger and data acquisition system. Each tracker module has a vertical stack of 18 (x, y) tracking planes, including two layers (x and y) of single-sided silicon strip detectors and high-Z converter material (tungsten) per tray. Every calorimeter module has 96 CsI(Tl) crystals, arranged in an eight-layer hodoscopic configuration with a total depth of 8.6 radiation lengths, giving both longitudinal and transverse information about the energy deposition pattern. The calorimeter's depth and segmentation enable the high-energy reach of the LAT and contribute significantly to background rejection. The aspect ratio of the tracker (height/width) is 0.4, allowing a large FoV (2.4 sr) and ensuring that most pair-conversion showers initiated in the tracker will pass into the calorimeter for energy measurement. Data obtained with the LAT are intended to (1) permit rapid notification of high-energy gamma-ray bursts and transients and facilitate monitoring of variable sources, (2) yield an extensive catalog of several thousand high-energy sources obtained from an all-sky survey, (3) measure spectra from 20 MeV to more than 50 GeV for several hundred sources, (4) localize point sources to 0.3-2 arcmin, (5) map and obtain spectra of extended sources such as SNRs, molecular clouds, and nearby galaxies, (6) measure the diffuse isotropic gamma-ray background up to TeV energies, and (7) explore the discovery space for dark matter.</p>
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2.
  • Abdallah, J., et al. (författare)
  • Study of double-tagged gamma gamma events at LEPII
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. Particles and Fields. - Springer. - 1434-6044. ; 46:3, s. 559-568
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Double-tagged interactions of photons with virtualities Q(2) between 10 GeV2 and 200 GeV2 are studied with the data collected by DELPHI at LEPII from 1998 to 2000, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 550 pb(-1). The gamma*gamma* -> mu(+)mu(-) data agree with QED predictions. The cross-section of the reaction gamma*gamma* -> hadrons is measured and compared to the LO and NLO BFKL calculations.
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3.
  • Abdallah, J., et al. (författare)
  • A measurement of the tau hadronic branching ratios
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. Particles and Fields. - Springer. - 1434-6044. ; 46:1, s. 1-26
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The exclusive and semi-exclusive branching ratios of the tau lepton hadronic decay modes (h(-)upsilon(tau), h(-)pi(0)upsilon(tau), h(-)pi(0)pi(0)upsilon(tau), h(-) >= 2 pi(0)nu(tau), 2h(-)h(+)upsilon(tau), 2h(-)h(+)>= 2 pi(0)upsilon(tau), 3h(-)2h(+)upsilon(tau) and 3h(-)2h(+) >= 1 pi(0)upsilon(tau)) were measured with data from the DELPHI detector at LEP.
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4.
  • Abdallah, J., et al. (författare)
  • A measurement of the tau hadronic branching ratios
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. - 1434-6044 .- 1434-6052. ; 46:1, s. 1-26
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The exclusive and semi-exclusive branching ratios of the tau lepton hadronic decay modes (h(-)upsilon(tau), h(-)pi(0)upsilon(tau), h(-)pi(0)pi(0)upsilon(tau), h(-) &gt;= 2 pi(0)nu(tau), 2h(-)h(+)upsilon(tau), 2h(-)h(+)&gt;= 2 pi(0)upsilon(tau), 3h(-)2h(+)upsilon(tau) and 3h(-)2h(+) &gt;= 1 pi(0)upsilon(tau)) were measured with data from the DELPHI detector at LEP.</p>
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5.
  • Abdallah, J, et al. (författare)
  • A precise measurement of the B+, B-0 and mean b-hadron lifetime with the DELPHI detector at LEP I
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. Particles and Fields. - Springer. - 1434-6044. ; 33:3, s. 307-324
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Final results from the DELPHI Collaboration on the lifetime of B+ and B-0 mesons and the mean b-hadron lifetime, are presented using the data collected at the Z(0) peak in 1994 and 1995. Elaborate, inclusive, secondary vertexing methods have been employed to ensure a b-hadron reconstruction with good efficiency. To separate samples of B+ and B-0 mesons, high performance neural network techniques are used that achieve very high purity signals. The results obtained are: tau(B+) = 1.624+/-0.014 (stat)+/-0.018 (syst) ps tau(B)0 = 1.531+/-0.021 (stat)+/-0.031 (syst) ps tau(B+)/tau(B)0 = 1.060+/-0.021 (stat)+/-0.024 (syst) and for the average b-hadron lifetime: taub/tau(B)0 = 1.570+/-0.005 (stat)+/-0.008 (syst) ps.
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6.
  • Abdallah, J, et al. (författare)
  • Bose-Einstein correlations in W+W- events at LEP2
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. Particles and Fields. - Springer. - 1434-6044. ; 44:2, s. 161-174
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Bose-Einstein correlations (BEC) between final state particles in the reaction e(+)e(-) -> W+ W- -> q(1)(q(2)) over barq(3)(q(4)over bar>) over bar) have been studied. Data corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of 550 pb(-1), recorded by the DELPHI detector at centre-of-mass energies ranging from 189 to 209 GeV, were analysed. An indication for inter-W BEC between like-sign particles has been found at the level of 2.4 standard deviations of the combined statistical and systematic uncertainties.
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7.
  • Abdallah, J, et al. (författare)
  • Determination of the e(+)e(-)-&gt;gamma gamma(gamma) cross-section at LEP 2
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. Particles and Fields. - Springer. - 1434-6044. ; 37:4, s. 405-419
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A test of the benchmark QED process e(+) e(-) -->gammagamma(gamma) is reported, using the data collected with the DELPHI detector at LEP 2. The data analysed were recorded at centre-of-mass energies ranging from 161 GeV to 208 GeV and correspond to a total integrated luminosity of 656.4 pb(-1). The Born cross-section for the process e(+) e(-)-->gammagamma(gamma) was determined, confirming the validity of QED at the highest energies ever attained in electron-positron collisions. Lower limits on the parameters of a number of possible deviations from QED, predicted within theoretical frameworks expressing physics beyond the Standard Model, were derived.
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8.
  • Abdallah, J, et al. (författare)
  • Measurement of the energy dependence of hadronic jet rates and the strong coupling alpha(s) from the four-jet rate with the DELPHI detector at LEP
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. Particles and Fields. - Springer. - 1434-6044. ; 38:4, s. 413-426
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Hadronic events from the data collected with the DELPHI detector at LEP within the energy range from 89 GeV to 209 GeV are selected, their jet rates are determined and compared to predictions of four different event generators. One of them is the recently developed APACIC++ generator which performs a massive matrix element calculation matched to a parton shower followed by string fragmentation. The four-jet rate is used to measure alpha(s) in the next-to-leading-order approximation yielding alpha(s)(M-Z(2)) = 0.1175 +/- 0.0030. The running of alpha(s) determined by using four-jet events has been tested. The logarithmic energy slope is measured to be dalpha(s)(-1)/d log E-cm = 1.14 +/- 0.36. Since the analysis is based on four-jet final states it represents an alternative approach to previous DELPHI alpha(s) measurements using event shape distributions.
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9.
  • Abdallah, J, et al. (författare)
  • Measurement of the forward-backward asymmetries of e(+)e(-)-&gt; Z -&gt; b(b)over-bar and e(+)e(-)-&gt; Z -&gt; c(c)over-bar using prompt leptons
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. Particles and Fields. - Springer. - 1434-6044. ; 34:2, s. 109-125
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The forward-backward asymmetries of the processes e(+) e(-) --> Z --> b (b) over bar and e(+)e(-) --> Z --> c (c) over bar were measured from a sample of hadronic Z decays collected by the DELPHI experiment between 1993 and 1995. Enriched samples of b (b) over bar and c (c) over bar events were obtained using lifetime information. The tagging of b and c quarks in these samples was based on the semileptonic decay channels b/c --> X + mu and b/c --> X + e combined with charge flow information from the hemisphere opposite to the lepton. Combining the A(FB)(b (b) over bar) and A(FB)(c (c) over bar) measurements presented in this paper with published results based on 1991 and 1992 DELPHI data samples, the following pole asymmetries were obtained: A(FB)(0,b) = 0.1021 +/- 0.0052 (stat) +/- 0.0024 (syst) A(FB)(0,c) = 0.0728 +/- 0.0086 (stat) +/- 0.0063 (syst) The effective value of the weak mixing angle derived from these measurements is sin(2) theta(W,eff)(lept) = 0.23170 +/- 0.00097.
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10.
  • Abdallah, J, et al. (författare)
  • Measurement of the W-pair production cross-section and W branching ratios in e(+)e(-) collisions at root s=161-209 GeV
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. Particles and Fields. - Springer. - 1434-6044. ; 34:2, s. 127-144
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • These final results on e(+) e(-) W+ W- production cross-section measurements at LEP2 use data collected by the DELPHI detector at centre-of-mass energies up to 209 GeV. Measurements of total cross-sections, W angular differential distributions and decay branching fractions, and the value of the CKM element |V-cs| are compared to the expectations of the Standard Model. These results supersede all values previously published by DELPHI.
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