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Sökning: WFRF:(Pignata Sandro)

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1.
  • Friedlander, Michael, et al. (författare)
  • Clinical trials in recurrent ovarian cancer.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer. - : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1048-891X .- 1525-1438. ; 21:4, s. 771-775
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The 4th Ovarian Cancer Consensus Conference of the Gynecologic Cancer InterGroup was held in Vancouver, Canada, in June 2010. Representatives of 23 cooperative research groups studying gynecologic cancers gathered to establish international consensus on issues critical to the conduct of large randomized trials. Group C, 1 of the 3 discussion groups, examined recurrent ovarian cancer, and we report the consensus reached regarding 4 questions. These included the following: (1) What is the role of cytoreductive surgery for recurrent ovarian cancer? (2) How do we define distinct patient populations in need of specific therapeutic approaches? (3) Should end points for trials with recurrent disease vary from those of first-line trials? (4) Is CA-125 progression alone sufficient for entry/eligibility into clinical trials?
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  • Pujade-Lauraine, Eric, et al. (författare)
  • Pegylated liposomal Doxorubicin and Carboplatin compared with Paclitaxel and Carboplatin for patients with platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer in late relapse.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Oncology. - : American Society of Clinical Oncology. - 0732-183X .- 1527-7755. ; 28:20, s. 3323-3329
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: This randomized, multicenter, phase III noninferiority trial was designed to test the efficacy and safety of the combination of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) with carboplatin (CD) compared with standard carboplatin and paclitaxel (CP) in patients with platinum-sensitive relapsed/recurrent ovarian cancer (ROC).PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with histologically proven ovarian cancer with recurrence more than 6 months after first- or second-line platinum and taxane-based therapies were randomly assigned by stratified blocks to CD (carboplatin area under the curve [AUC] 5 plus PLD 30 mg/m(2)) every 4 weeks or CP (carboplatin AUC 5 plus paclitaxel 175 mg/m(2)) every 3 weeks for at least 6 cycles. Primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS); secondary end points were toxicity, quality of life, and overall survival.RESULTS: Overall 976 patients were recruited. With median follow-up of 22 months, PFS for the CD arm was statistically superior to the CP arm (hazard ratio, 0.821; 95% CI, 0.72 to 0.94; P = .005); median PFS was 11.3 versus 9.4 months, respectively. Although overall survival data are immature for final analysis, we report here a total of 334 deaths. Overall severe nonhematologic toxicity (36.8% v 28.4%; P < .01) leading to early discontinuation (15% v 6%; P < .001) occurred more frequently in the CP arm. More frequent grade 2 or greater alopecia (83.6% v 7%), hypersensitivity reactions (18.8% v 5.6%), and sensory neuropathy (26.9% v 4.9%) were observed in the CP arm; more hand-foot syndrome (grade 2 to 3, 12.0% v 2.2%), nausea (35.2% v 24.2%), and mucositis (grade 2-3, 13.9% v 7%) in the CD arm.CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this trial is the largest in recurrent ovarian cancer and has demonstrated superiority in PFS and better therapeutic index of CD over standard CP.
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6.
  • Cibula, David, et al. (författare)
  • The European Society of Gynaecological Oncology/European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology/European Society of Pathology Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Cervical Cancer
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer. - : LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS. - 1048-891X .- 1525-1438. ; 472:6, s. 919-936
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Despite significant advances in the screening, detection, and treatment of preinvasive cervical lesions, invasive cervical cancer is the fifth most common cancer in European women. There are large disparities in Europe and worldwide in the incidence, management, and mortality of cervical cancer. Objective The European Society of Gynaecological Oncology (ESGO), the European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology (ESTRO), and the European Society of Pathology (ESP) jointly develop clinically relevant and evidence-based guidelines in order to improve the quality of care for women with cervical cancer across Europe and worldwide. Methods The ESGO/ESTRO/ESP nominated an international multidisciplinary development group consisting of practicing clinicians and researchers who have demonstrated leadership and expertise in the care and research of cervical cancer (23 experts across Europe). To ensure that the guidelines are evidence based, the current literature identified from a systematic search was reviewed and critically appraised. In the absence of any clear scientific evidence, judgment was based on the professional experience and consensus of the development group. The guidelines are thus based on the best available evidence and expert agreement. Prior to publication, the guidelines were reviewed by 159 international reviewers, selected through ESGO/ESTRO/ESP and including patient representatives. Results The guidelines cover comprehensively staging, management, and follow-up for patients with cervical cancer. Management includes fertility sparing treatment; stage T1a, T1b1/T2a1, clinically occult cervical cancer diagnosed after simple hysterectomy; early and locally advanced cervical cancer; primary distant metastatic disease; cervical cancer in pregnancy; and recurrent disease. Principles of radiotherapy and pathological evaluation are defined.
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7.
  • Gargiulo, Piera, et al. (författare)
  • Predicting mortality and adverse events in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer treated with palliative gemcitabine-based chemotherapy in a multicentre phase III randomized clinical trial : the APC-SAKK risk scores
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: THERAPEUTIC ADVANCES IN MEDICAL ONCOLOGY. - : SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD. - 1758-8340 .- 1758-8359. ; 11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The prognosis of advanced pancreatic cancer (APC) is poor and differs considerably among patients. Therefore, it is clinically relevant to identify patients with APC who are more likely to benefit from palliative chemotherapy with reduced risk of toxicity. To date, there is no prognostic score universally recommended to help clinicians in planning the therapeutic management. Methods: Using individual patient data from 319 cases of APC treated with gemcitabine-based chemotherapy and enrolled in the SAKK 44/00-CECOG/PAN.1.3.001 randomized trial, several baseline variables, including inflammatory markers, were analysed post hoc as predictors of mortality and/or grade 3 or 4 chemotherapy-related toxicity and separate risk scores were developed. Results: Median survival of the study patients was 7.9 months (interquartile range 3.7-13.3 months). Independent predictors of mortality included increased Aspartate transaminase (ASAT), low performance status, increased derived neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio, increased Carbohydrate Antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9), low haemoglobin, presence of pain, presence of metastasis and increased alkaline phosphatase (ALP). During the study, 117 patients experienced at least one grade 3 or 4 adverse event. Independent predictors of toxicity included white blood cells, ALP, renal function and bilirubin levels at baseline. Both models displayed moderate levels of discrimination (C-statistic 0.68 and 0.64 for mortality and toxicity, respectively) and adequate calibration. Conclusions: We developed simple-to-use prognostic scores for mortality and severe toxicity for patients with APC. These scores can be useful in daily practice to identify patients with increased risk of death or toxicity and to plan the most appropriate therapeutic strategy to improve survival and quality of life. Further prospective studies to validate such scores are needed.
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8.
  • Gonzalez-Martin, Antonio, et al. (författare)
  • Efficacy and safety results from OCTAVIA, a single-arm phase II study evaluating front-line bevacizumab, carboplatin and weekly paclitaxel for ovarian cancer
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cancer. - 0959-8049 .- 1879-0852. ; 49:18, s. 3831-3838
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: The single-arm OCTAVIA study evaluated front-line bevacizumab plus weekly paclitaxel and q3w carboplatin. Patients and methods: Patients with newly diagnosed ovarian cancer (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics [FIGO] stage IIb-IV or grade 3/clear-cell stage I/IIA) received bevacizumab (7.5 mg/kg, day 1), weekly paclitaxel (80 mg/m(2) days 1, 8, 15) and carboplatin (area under the curve 6 [AUC6], day 1) intravenously q3w for 6-8 cycles, followed by single-agent bevacizumab (total 1 year). The primary objective was to demonstrate median progression-free survival (PFS) > 18 months according to the lower 90% confidence limit. Secondary end-points included objective response rate, overall survival, safety and tolerability. Results: Most (74%) of the 189 treated patients had stage IIIC/IV disease, similar to the ICON7 population. Patients received a median of six chemotherapy and 17 bevacizumab cycles. At the predefined cutoff 24 months after last patient enrolment, 99 patients (52%) had progressed and 19 (10%) had died, all from ovarian cancer. Median PFS was 23.7 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 19.8-26.4 months), 1-year PFS rate was 85.6%, Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) response rate was 84.6% and median response duration was 14.7 months. Most patients (>= 90%) completed at least six chemotherapy cycles. Grade >= 3 peripheral sensory neuropathy occurred in 5% and febrile neutropenia in 0.5%. Grade >= 3 adverse events typical of bevacizumab were no more common than in phase III bevacizumab ovarian cancer trials. There was one case of gastrointestinal perforation (0.5%) and no treatment-related deaths. \Conclusion: OCTAVIA met its primary objective, demonstrating median PFS of approximately 2 years. This bevacizumab-containing regimen is active and tolerable.
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10.
  • Roncolato, Felicia T., et al. (författare)
  • Reducing Uncertainty: Predictors of Stopping Chemotherapy Early and Shortened Survival Time in Platinum Resistant/Refractory Ovarian Cancer-The GCIG Symptom Benefit Study
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: The Oncologist. - : WILEY. - 1083-7159 .- 1549-490X. ; 22:9, s. 1117-1124
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background. Clinicians and patients often overestimate the benefits of chemotherapy, and overall survival (OS), in platinum resistant/refractory ovarian cancer (PRROC). This study sought to determine aspects of health-related quality of life and clinicopathological characteristics before starting chemotherapy that were associated with stopping chemotherapy early, shortened survival, and death within 30 days of chemotherapy. Materials and Methods. This study enrolled women with PRROC before starting palliative chemotherapy. Health-related quality of life was measured with EORTC QLQ-C30/QLQ-OV28. Chemotherapy stopped within 8 weeks of starting was defined as stopping early. Logistic regression was used to assess univariable and multivariable associations with stopping chemotherapy early and death within 30 days of chemotherapy; Cox proportional hazards regression was used to assess associations with progression-free and OS. Results. Low baseline global health status (GHS), role function (RF), physical function (PF), and high abdominal/gastrointestinal symptom (AGIS) were associated with stopping chemotherapy early (all pamp;lt;.007); low PF and RF remained significant after adjusting for clinicopathological factors (both pamp;lt;.0401). Most who stopped chemotherapy early had Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Score 0-1 at baseline (79%); PF, RF, and GHS remained independently significant predictors of stopping chemotherapy early in this subgroup. Death within 30 days of chemotherapy occurred in 14%. Low-GHS, RF, and PF remained significantly associated with death within 30 days of chemotherapy after adjusting for clinicopathological factors (all pamp;lt;.012). Conclusion. Women with low GHS, RF, or PF before starting chemotherapy were more likely to stop chemotherapy early, with short OS. Self-ratings of GHS, RF, and PF could improve patient-clinician communication regarding prognosis and help decision-making in women considering chemotherapy for PRROC.
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