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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Planck M.) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Planck M.)

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  • Karlsson, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • A combined gene expression tool for parallel histological prediction and gene fusion detection in non-small cell lung cancer
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Scientific Reports. - Nature Publishing Group. - 2045-2322. ; 9:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Accurate histological classification and identification of fusion genes represent two cornerstones of clinical diagnostics in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Here, we present a NanoString gene expression platform and a novel platform-independent, single sample predictor (SSP) of NSCLC histology for combined, simultaneous, histological classification and fusion gene detection in minimal formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue. The SSP was developed in 68 NSCLC tumors of adenocarcinoma (AC), squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC) and large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) histology, based on NanoString expression of 11 (CHGA, SYP, CD56, SFTPG, NAPSA, TTF-1, TP73L, KRT6A, KRT5, KRT40, KRT16) relevant genes for IHC-based NSCLC histology classification. The SSP was combined with a gene fusion detection module (analyzing ALK, RET, ROS1, MET, NRG1, and NTRK1) into a multicomponent NanoString assay. The histological SSP was validated in six cohorts varying in size (n = 11–199), tissue origin (early or advanced disease), histological composition (including undifferentiated cancer), and gene expression platform. Fusion gene detection revealed five EML4-ALK fusions, four KIF5B-RET fusions, two CD74-NRG1 fusion and three MET exon 14 skipping events among 131 tested cases. The histological SSP was successfully trained and tested in the development cohort (mean AUC = 0.96 in iterated test sets). The SSP proved successful in predicting histology of NSCLC tumors of well-defined subgroups and difficult undifferentiated morphology irrespective of gene expression data platform. Discrepancies between gene expression prediction and histologic diagnosis included cases with mixed histologies, true large cell carcinomas, or poorly differentiated adenocarcinomas with mucin expression. In summary, we present a proof-of-concept multicomponent assay for parallel histological classification and multiplexed fusion gene detection in archival tissue, including a novel platform-independent histological SSP classifier. The assay and SSP could serve as a promising complement in the routine evaluation of diagnostic lung cancer biopsies.
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  • Ekman, S., et al. (författare)
  • Treatment (Tx) patterns and overall survival (OS) in patients (pts) with NSCLC in Sweden : : A SCAN-LEAF study analysis from the I-O Optimise initiative
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Annals of Oncology. - Oxford University Press. - 0923-7534. ; 30:Suppl 2, s. 17-17
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: As part of I-O Optimise, a multinational research platform providing real-world insights into the management of lung cancers, the SCAN-LEAF study aims to describe the epidemiology, clinical care and outcomes for pts with NSCLC in Scandinavia. We report initial Tx and OS for pts with NSCLC prior to the availability of immunotherapies in Sweden. Methods: The analysis includes all adult pts diagnosed with NSCLC at Uppsala and Karolinska (Stockholm) University Hospitals from 2012 to 2015 (follow-up to Dec 2016). Electronic medical record data were extracted using Pygargus CXP software and linked with national registries. Bespoke rule-based algorithms were applied to describe Tx patterns; Kaplan–Meier methods were used to estimate OS. Results: 2779 pts were diagnosed with incident NSCLC (median age, 70 yrs [range: 22–96; 14.2% ≥80]; male, 48.5%; histology: non-squamous (NSQ), 70.9%, squamous (SQ), 17.7%, other, 11.4%; stage distribution: I, 19.3%; II, 7.7%; IIIA, 12.3%; IIIB, 7.2%; IV, 51.2%). Initial Tx (≤6 months from diagnosis) by stage and yr of diagnosis is shown in the table. Median OS (months) for NSQ and SQ pts: not reached and 52.8 in stage I, 43.2 and 23.6 in stage II, 26.7 and 20.4 in stage IIIA, 12.5 and 12.9 in stage IIIB, and 7.6 and 6.1 in stage IV, respectively. Among stage IIIB–IV pts, 60.7% (NSQ) and 53.5% (SQ) had ≥1 line of systemic anti-cancer therapy (SACT); median OS was 12.2 (NSQ) and 10.4 (SQ) months in pts on SACT, and 3.1 (NSQ) and 3.7 (SQ) months in pts not on SACT. Ongoing analyses will assess factors associated with SACT receipt in stage IIIB–IV pts. Conclusions: Swedish pts with NSCLC had a high burden of disease, with most diagnosed at stage IV and a median OS of 1 yr in late-stage pts receiving SACT. There is also scope for improved prognosis in pts diagnosed at early stages, particularly in SQ pts. Future analyses will assess the potential impact of recent improvements in diagnostics and therapeutics on Tx patterns and OS in Swedish NSCLC pts.
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  • Oskarsdottir, G. N., et al. (författare)
  • Lobectomy for non-small cell lung carcinoma : a nationwide study of short- and long-term survival
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Acta Oncologica. - Taylor & Francis. - 0284-186X. ; 56, s. 936-942
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: Lobectomy is the standard curative treatment for non-small cell carcinoma (NSCLC) of the lung. Most studies on lobectomy have focused on short-term outcome and 30-day mortality. The aim of this study was to determine both short-term and long-term surgical outcome in all patients who underwent lobectomy for NSCLC in Iceland over a 24-year period. Material and methods: The study involved 489 consecutive patients with NSCLC who underwent lobectomy with curative intent in Iceland, 1991–2014. Patient demographics, pTNM stage, rate of perioperative complications, and 30-day mortality were registered. Overall survival was analyzed with the Kaplan?Meier method. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to evaluate factors that were prognostic of overall mortality. To study trends in survival, the study period was divided into six 4-year periods. The median follow-up time was 42 months and no patients were lost to follow-up. Results: The average age of the patients was 67 years and 53.8% were female. The pTNM disease stage was IA in 148 patients (30.0%), IB in 125 patients (25.4%), IIA in 96 patients (19.5%), and IIB in 50 patients (10.1%), but 74 (15.0%) were found to be stage IIIA, most often diagnosed perioperatively. The total rate of major complications was 4.7%. Thirty-day mortality was 0.6% (three patients). One- and 5-year overall survival was 85.0% and 49.2%, respectively, with 3-year survival improving from 48.3% to 72.8% between the periods 1991–1994 and 2011–2014 (p = .0004). Advanced TNM stage and age were independent negative prognostic factors for all-cause mortality, and later calendar year and free surgical margins were independent predictors of improved survival. Conclusions: The short-term outcome of lobectomy for NSCLC in this population-based study was excellent, as reflected in the low 30-day mortality and low rate of major complications. The long-term survival was acceptable and the overall 3-year survival had improved significantly during the study period.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 31
  • [1]234Nästa
 
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