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Sökning: WFRF:(Pretty Jules)

  • Resultat 1-6 av 6
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  • Pretty, Jules, et al. (författare)
  • Global assessment of agricultural system redesign for sustainable intensification
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Nature Sustainability. - 2398-9629. ; 1:8, s. 441-446
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The sustainable intensification of agricultural systems offers synergistic opportunities for the co-production of agricultural and natural capital outcomes. Efficiency and substitution are steps towards sustainable intensification, but system redesign is essential to deliver optimum outcomes as ecological and economic conditions change. We show global progress towards sustainable intensification by farms and hectares, using seven sustainable intensification sub-types: integrated pest management, conservation agriculture, integrated crop and biodiversity, pasture and forage, trees, irrigation management and small or patch systems. From 47 sustainable intensification initiatives at scale (each > 10(4) farms or hectares), we estimate 163 million farms (29% of all worldwide) have crossed a redesign threshold, practising forms of sustainable intensification on 453 Mha of agricultural land (9% of worldwide total). Key challenges include investment to integrate more forms of sustainable intensification in farming systems, creating agricultural knowledge economies and establishing policy measures to scale sustainable intensification further. We conclude that sustainable intensification may be approaching a tipping point where it could be transformative.
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3.
  • Shanahan, Danielle F., et al. (författare)
  • Nature-Based Interventions for Improving Health and Wellbeing : The Purpose, the People and the Outcomes
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Sports. - 2075-4663. ; 7:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Engagement with nature is an important part of many people's lives, and the health and wellbeing benefits of nature-based activities are becoming increasingly recognised across disciplines from city planning to medicine. Despite this, urbanisation, challenges of modern life and environmental degradation are leading to a reduction in both the quantity and the quality of nature experiences. Nature-based health interventions (NBIs) can facilitate behavioural change through a somewhat structured promotion of nature-based experiences and, in doing so, promote improved physical, mental and social health and wellbeing. We conducted a Delphi expert elicitation process with 19 experts from seven countries (all named authors on this paper) to identify the different forms that such interventions take, the potential health outcomes and the target beneficiaries. In total, 27 NBIs were identified, aiming to prevent illness, promote wellbeing and treat specific physical, mental or social health and wellbeing conditions. These interventions were broadly categorized into those that change the environment in which people live, work, learn, recreate or heal (for example, the provision of gardens in hospitals or parks in cities) and those that change behaviour (for example, engaging people through organized programmes or other activities). We also noted the range of factors (such as socioeconomic variation) that will inevitably influence the extent to which these interventions succeed. We conclude with a call for research to identify the drivers influencing the effectiveness of NBIs in enhancing health and wellbeing.
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4.
  • Sutherland, William J., et al. (författare)
  • A horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2014
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Trends in Ecology & Evolution. - London : Elsevier. - 0169-5347 .- 1872-8383. ; 29:1, s. 15-22
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper presents the output of our fifth annual horizon-scanning exercise, which aims to identify topics that increasingly may affect conservation of biological diversity, but have yet to be widely considered. A team of professional horizon scanners, researchers, practitioners, and a journalist identified 15 topics which were identified via an iterative, Delphi-like process. The 15 topics include a carbon market induced financial crash, rapid geographic expansion of macroalgal cultivation, genetic control of invasive species, probiotic therapy for amphibians, and an emerging snake fungal disease.
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5.
  • Sutherland, William J., et al. (författare)
  • A horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2015
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Trends in Ecology & Evolution. - 0169-5347 .- 1872-8383. ; 30:1, s. 17-24
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper presents the results of our sixth annual horizon scan, which aims to identify phenomena that may have substantial effects on the global environment, but are not widely known or well understood. A group of professional horizon scanners, researchers, practitioners, and a journalist identified 15 topics via an iterative, Delphi-like process. The topics include a novel class of insecticide compounds, legalisation of recreational drugs, and the emergence of a new ecosystem associated with ice retreat in the Antarctic.
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6.
  • Sutherland, William J., et al. (författare)
  • A Horizon Scan of Global Conservation Issues for 2016
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Trends in Ecology & Evolution. - 0169-5347 .- 1872-8383. ; 31:1, s. 44-53
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper presents the results of our seventh annual horizon scan, in which we aimed to identify issues that could have substantial effects on global biological diversity in the future, but are not currently widely well known or understood within the conservation community. Fifteen issues were identified by a team that included researchers, practitioners, professional horizon scanners, and journalists. The topics include use of managed bees as transporters of biological control agents, artificial superintelligence, electric pulse trawling, testosterone in the aquatic environment, building artificial oceanic islands, and the incorporation of ecological civilization principles into government policies in China.
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  • Resultat 1-6 av 6

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