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1.
  • Graff, Mariaelisa, et al. (författare)
  • Genome-wide physical activity interactions in adiposity. A meta-analysis of 200,452 adults
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: PLoS Genet. - 1553-7404. ; 13:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Physical activity (PA) may modify the genetic effects that give rise to increased risk of obesity. To identify adiposity loci whose effects are modified by PA, we performed genome-wide interaction meta-analyses of BMI and BMI-adjusted waist circumference and waist-hip ratio from up to 200,452 adults of European (n = 180,423) or other ancestry (n = 20,029). We standardized PA by categorizing it into a dichotomous variable where, on average, 23% of participants were categorized as inactive and 77% as physically active. While we replicate the interaction with PA for the strongest known obesity-risk locus in the FTO gene, of which the effect is attenuated by ~30% in physically active individuals compared to inactive individuals, we do not identify additional loci that are sensitive to PA. In additional genome-wide meta-analyses adjusting for PA and interaction with PA, we identify 11 novel adiposity loci, suggesting that accounting for PA or other environmental factors that contribute to variation in adiposity may facilitate gene discovery.
2.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Measurement of direct CP violation parameters in B-+/- -> J/psi K-+/- and B-+/- -> J/psi pi(+/-) decays with 10.4 fb(-1) of Tevatron data
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 110:24, s. 241801
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We present a measurement of the direct CP-violating charge asymmetry in B-+/- mesons decaying to J/psi K-+/- and J/psi pi(+/-) where J/psi decays to mu(+)mu(-), using the full run II data set of 10.4 fb(-1) of proton-antiproton collisions collected using the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. A difference in the yield of B- and B+ mesons in these decays is found by fitting to the difference between their reconstructed invariant mass distributions resulting in asymmetries of A(J/psi K) = [0.59 +/- 0.37]%, which is the most precise measurement to date, and A(J/psi pi) = [-4.2 +/- 4.5]%. Both measurements are consistent with standard model predictions.</p>
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3.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • B-s(0) lifetime measurement in the CP-odd decay channel B-s(0) -&gt; J/Psi f(0)(980)
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: PHYSICAL REVIEW D. - 2470-0010. ; 94:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The lifetime of the B-s(0) meson is measured in the decay channel B-s(0) -&gt; J/Psi pi(+)pi(-) with 880 &lt;= M pi+pi- &lt;= 1080 MeV/c(2), which is mainly a CP-odd state and dominated by the f(0)(980) resonance. In 10.4 fb(-1) of data collected with the D0 detector in Run II of the Tevatron, the lifetime of the B-s(0) meson is measured to be tau(B-s(0)) = 1.70 +/- 0.14(stat) +/- 0.05(syst) ps. Neglecting CP violation in B-s(0)/(B) over bar (0)(s) mixing, the measurement can be translated into the width of the heavy mass eigenstate of the B-s(0), Gamma(H) = 0.59 +/- 0.05(stat) +/- 0.02(syst) ps(-1).</p>
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4.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Combination of D0 measurements of the top quark mass
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D : covering particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology. - AMER PHYSICAL SOC. - 2470-0010 .- 2470-0029. ; 95:11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We present a combination of measurements of the top quark mass by the D0 experiment in the lepton + jets and dilepton channels. We use all the data collected in Run I (1992-1996) at root s = 1.8 TeV and Run II (2001-2011) at root s = 1.96 TeV of the Tevatron p (p) over bar collider, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 0.1 fb(-1) and 9.7 fb(-1), respectively. The combined result is: m(t) = 174.95 +/- 0.40(stat)+/- 0.64(syst) GeV = 174.95 +/- 0.75 GeV.</p>
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5.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Combined search for the Higgs boson with the D0 experiment
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D. - 1550-7998 .- 1550-2368. ; 88:5, s. 052011
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We perform a combination of searches for standard model Higgs boson production in p (p) over bar collisions recorded by the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider at a center of mass energy of root s = 1.96 TeV. The different production and decay channels have been analyzed separately, with integrated luminosities of up to 9.7 fb(-1) and for Higgs boson masses 90 &lt;= M-H &lt;= 200 GeV. We combine these final states to achieve optimal sensitivity to the production of the Higgs boson. We also interpret the combination in terms of models with a fourth generation of fermions, and models with suppressed Higgs boson couplings to fermions. The result excludes a standard model Higgs boson at 95% C.L. in the ranges 90 &lt; M-H &lt; 101 GeV and 157 &lt; M-H &lt; 178 GeV, with an expected exclusion of 155 &lt; M-H &lt; 175 GeV. In the range 120 &lt; M-H &lt; 145 GeV, the data exhibit an excess over the expected background of up to 2 standard deviations, consistent with the presence of a standard model Higgs boson of mass 125 GeV.</p>
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6.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Constraints on Models for the Higgs Boson with Exotic Spin and Parity in VH -&gt; Vb(b)over-bar Final States
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 113:16, s. 161802
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We present constraints on models containing non-standard-model values for the spin J and parity P of the Higgs boson H in up to 9.7 fb(-1) of p (p) over bar collisions at root s = 1.96 TeV collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. These are the first studies of Higgs boson J(P) with fermions in the final state. In the ZH -&gt; llb (b) over bar, WH -&gt; l nu b (b) over barb, and ZH -&gt; nu nu b (b) over bar final states, we compare the standard model (SM) Higgs boson prediction, J(P) = 0(+), with two alternative hypotheses, J(P) = 0(-) and J(P) = 2(+). We use a likelihood ratio to quantify the degree to which our data are incompatible with non-SM J(P) predictions for a range of possible production rates. Assuming that the production rate in the signal models considered is equal to the SM prediction, we reject the J(P) = 0(-) and J(P) = 2(+) hypotheses at the 97.6% CL and at the 99.0% CL, respectively. The expected exclusion sensitivity for a J(P) = 0(-)(J(P) = 2(+)) state is at the 99.86% (99.94%) CL. Under the hypothesis that our data are the result of a combination of the SM-like Higgs boson and either a J(P) = 0(-) or a J(P) = 2(+) signal, we exclude a J(P) = 0(-) fraction above 0.80 and a JP = 2(+) fraction above 0.67 at the 95% CL. The expected exclusion covers J(P) = 0(-)(J(P) = 2(+)) fractions above 0.54 (0.47).</p>
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7.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Double parton interactions in gamma+3 jet and gamma plus b/c jet+2 jet events in p(p)over-bar collisions at root s=1.96 TeV
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D. - 1550-7998 .- 1550-2368. ; 89:7, s. 072006
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We determine the fraction of events with double parton (DP) Scattering in a single p (p) over bar collisions at root s = 1.96 TeV in gamma + 3 jet and gamma + b/c jet + 2 jet events collected with the D0 detector and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of about 8.7 fb(-1). The DP fractions and effective cross sections (sigma(eff)) are measured for both event samples using the same kinematic selections. The measured DP fractions range from 0.21 to 0.17, with effective cross sections in the gamma + 3 jet and gamma + b/cjet + 2 jet samples of sigma(incl)(eff) = 12.7 +/- 0.2(stat) +/- 1.3(syst) mb and sigma(HF)(eff) = 14.6 +/- 0.6(stat) +/- 3.2(syst) mb, respectively.</p>
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8.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Electron and photon identification in the Do experiment
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A : Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. - 0168-9002 .- 1872-9576. ; 750, s. 78-95
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The electron and photon reconstruction and identification algorithms used by the DO Collaboration at the Fermilab Tevatron collider are described. The determination of the electron energy scale and resolution is presented. Studies of the performance of the electron and photon reconstruction and identification are summarized. The results are based on measurements of Z boson decay events of Z ee and Z gamma ll(i=e mu) collected in pp(over bar) collisions at a center- of- mass energy of 1.96 TeV using an integrated luminosity of up to10 fb(-1.)</p>
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9.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Evidence for a B-s(0)pi(+/-) State
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 117:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We report evidence for a narrow structure, X(5568), in the decay sequence X(5568) -&gt; B-s(0)pi(+/-), B-s(0) -&gt; J/psi phi, J/psi -&gt; mu(+)mu(-), phi -&gt; K+K-. This is evidence for the first instance of a hadronic state with valence quarks of four different flavors. The mass and natural width of this state are measured to be m = 5567.8 +/- 2.9(stat)(-1.9)(+0.9) (syst) MeV/c(2) and Gamma = 21.9 +/- 6.4(stat)(-2.5)(+5.0) (syst) MeV/c(2). If the decay is X(5568) -&gt; B-s*pi(+/-). B-s(0)gamma pi(+/-) with an unseen gamma, m(X(5568)) will be shifted up by m(B-s*) - m(B-s(0)) similar to 49 MeV/c(2). This measurement is based on 10.4 fb(-1) of p (p) over bar collision data at root s = 1.96 TeV collected by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron collider.</p>
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10.
  • Abazov, V. M., et al. (författare)
  • Evidence for s-channel single top quark production in p(p)over-bar collisions at root s=1.96 TeV
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters B. - 0370-2693 .- 1873-2445. ; 726:4-5, s. 656-664
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We present measurements of the cross sections for the two main production modes of single top quarks in p (p) over bar collisions at root s = 1.96 TeV in the Run II data collected with the DO detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 9.7 fb(-1). The s-channel cross section is measured to be sigma(p (p) over bar -&gt; tb + X) = 1.10(-0.31)(+0.33) pb with no assumptions on the value of the t-channel cross section. Similarly, the t-channel cross section is measured to be sigma(p (p) over bar -&gt; tqb + X) = 3.07(-0.49)(+0.54) pb. We also measure the s + t combined cross section as sigma(p (p) over bar -&gt; tb + X, tqb + X) = 4.11(-0.55)(+0.60) ph and set a lower limit on the CKM matrix element vertical bar V-tb vertical bar&gt; 0.92 at 95% C.L., assuming mt = 172.5 GeV. The probability to measure a cross section for the s channel at the observed value or higher in the absence of signal is 1.0 x 10(-4), corresponding to a significance of 3.7 standard deviations. </p>
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