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1.
  • Galli, Stefania, 1989, et al. (författare)
  • Colonialism and rural inequality in Sierra Leone: an egalitarian experiment
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: European Review of Economic History. - 1361-4916 .- 1474-0044. ; 24:3, s. 468-501
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We analyze the level of inequality in rural Sierra Leone in the early colonial period. Previous research has suggested that the colony was established under highly egalitarian ideals. We examine whether these ideals also are reflected in the real distribution of wealth in the colony. We employ a newly assembled dataset extracted from census data in the colony in 1831. The results show that rural Sierra Leone exhibited one of the most equal distributions of wealth so far estimated for any preindustrial rural society
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2.
  • Galli, Stefania, 1989, et al. (författare)
  • Land distribution and Inequality in a Black Settler Colony: The case of Sierra Leone, 1792-1831
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Economic history review. - 0013-0117. ; 74:1, s. 115-137
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Land distribution is considered to be one of the main contributors to inequality in pre-industrial societies. This article contributes to the debate on the origins of economic inequality in pre-industrial African societies by studying land inequality at a particularly early stage of African economic history. The research examines land distribution and inequality in land ownership among settlers in the Colony of Sierra Leone for three benchmark years over the first 40 years of its existence. The findings show that land inequality was low at the founding of the Colony but increased substantially over time.We suggest that this increase was enabled by a shift in the type of egalitarianism pursued by the colonial authorities, which was reflected in a change in the redistributive policy applied, which allowed later settlers to appropriate land more freely than had been previously possible.
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  • Granér, Staffan, 1961, et al. (författare)
  • Economic Growth and Clean Water in the Göta River A Pilot Study of Collective Action and the Environmental Kuznets Curve 1895-2000
  • 2011
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Because of a growing population and industrialization, total pollution levels in many water-courses around the world have increased considerably for hundreds, if not thousands, of years. In the last few decades, however, the trend of increasing water pollution has been turned in many industrialized countries, delinking economic growth from environmental pollution. This is in essence one aspect of what many environmental economists call an ‘environmental Kuznets curve’. The research question of this project is why there is such a pattern to water quality in many countries? Much previous literature on the topic studies only the positive impact of environmental legislation. This study, focusing upon the case of the river Göta in Sweden, undertakes a more thorough analysis, including other crucial factors as well such as industrial transformation and decline, as well as stakeholder associations. The project utilizes a very long series of data on the water quality in the river Göta, covering more than 100 years of data for crucial indicators, in order to establish what factors were contributing to reducing levels of pollution. Analyzing the driving factors of this ‘Environmental Kuznets Curve’ can give us crucial insights into how a sustainable development might be achieved in the future.
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6.
  • Rönnbäck, Klas, 1974, et al. (författare)
  • Aednan och Bolaget: ett kolonialt perspektiv på gruvbrytning i Sápmi vid 1900-talets början : Aednan and the Company: A Colonial Perspective on Mining in Sapmi in the Early Twentieth Century
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Historisk Tidskrift. - 0345-469X. ; 140:3, s. 476-497
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Despite a growing international interest in the colonial history of indigenous people in general, and an emerging field of Sami-related history in Sweden in particular, the impact on the field of Swedish economic history is still very limited. This is somewhat paradoxical, given that the dominating narrative on the modernization of the Swedish economy during the 19th and 20th century still rests heavily on the exploitation of natural resources located in Sápmí. In this article we pose the question: to what extent can a colonial perspective further our understanding of the exploitation of mineral deposits in the northern part of Sweden? To pursue such an analysis, we specifically address the development of the iron ore mine in Kiruna during the late 19th and early 20th century. We use a combination of sources (press, government investigations and literature) to probe into the relationships between on the one hand the Sami people and on the other hand the private and public interests that were formed in the wake of the development of a mine, which in just a few years developed into the largest mine in Sweden and the dominating stock on the Stockholm Stock Exchange. We show that theoretical approaches developed in the tradition of colonial history can offer productive modes of analysis when it comes to further our understanding of the structural discrimination of the Sami people. We argue that these theoretical approaches can open up important new avenues for scholars in economic history to search for new sources or revisit old ones with new questions about the grand narrative of how the modernization of Sweden came about.
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  • Rönnbäck, Klas, 1974, et al. (författare)
  • African agricultural productivity and the transatlantic slave trade: evidence from Senegambia in the nineteenth century
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Economic history review. - 0013-0117. ; 72:1, s. 209-232
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The role of agriculture has been central in Africa’s long-term economic development. Previous research has argued that low productivity of African economies has posed significant challenges in African efforts to produce an agricultural surplus or develop commercial agriculture. Low agricultural productivity has also served as a key explanation for the transatlantic slave trade, on the basis that it was more profitable to export humans overseas than to grow and export produce. The field has however suffered from a lack of comparable empirical evidence. This paper contributes to this field by presenting quantitative data on historical land- and labour productivity in Africa, from a case study of the agricultural productivity in Senegambia in the early nineteenth century. Focusing on five key crops, our results suggest that both land- and labour productivity was lower in Senegambia than it was in all other parts of the world for which we have found comparable data. We thus lend support to claims that stress ecological factors as one of the main determinants of Africa’s historical development.
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  • Rönnbäck, Klas, 1974, et al. (författare)
  • All that glitters is not gold: The return on British investments in South Africa, 1869-1969
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal for Studies in Economics and Econometrics. - 0379-6205. ; 42:2, s. 61-79
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article studies the return on British investments in South Africa during the period 1869 to 1969. The study is based on sample of 453 companies, operating within the region of current-day South Africa, and whose stocks were traded on the London Stock Exchange. Our analysis shows that the return on South African investments was substantially lower than what some previous research in the field has claimed. The results therefore challenge the received wisdom that investments in South Africa were particularly profitable to the investors.
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