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Sökning: WFRF:(Ragnarsson Oskar 1971 )

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1.
  • Bergthorsdottir, Ragnhildur, 1971-, et al. (författare)
  • Visceral Fat and Novel Biomarkers of Cardiovascular Disease in Patients With Addison's Disease: A Case-Control Study
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. - 0021-972X. ; 102:11, s. 4264-4272
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Context: Patients with Addison's disease (AD) have increased cardiovascular mortality. Objective: To study visceral fat and conventional and exploratory cardiovascular risk factors in patients with AD. Subjects: Patients (n = 76; n = 51 women) with AD and 76 healthy control subjects were matched for sex, age, body mass index (BMI), and smoking habits. Main outcome measures: The primary outcome variable was visceral abdominal adipose tissue (VAT) measured using computed tomography. Secondary outcome variables were prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and 92 biomarkers of cardiovascular disease. Results: The mean 6 standard deviation age of all subjects was 53 6 14 years; mean BMI, 25 6 4 kg/ m2; and mean duration of AD, 17 6 12 years. The median (range) daily hydrocortisone dose was 30 mg (10 to 50 mg). Median (interquartile range) 24-hour urinary free cortisol excretion was increased in patients vs controls [359 nmol (193 to 601 nmol) vs 175 nmol (140 to 244 nmol); P, 0.001]. VAT did not differ between groups. After correction for multiple testing, 17 of the 92 studied biomarkers differed significantly between patients and control subjects. Inflammatory, proinflammatory, and proatherogenic risk biomarkers were increased in patients [fold change (FC),.1] and vasodilatory protective marker was decreased (FC,
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2.
  • Glad, Camilla A M, 1981-, et al. (författare)
  • Reduced DNA methylation and psychopathology following endogenous hypercortisolism- a genome-wide study
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Scientific Reports. - 2045-2322. ; 7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Patients with Cushing's Syndrome (CS) in remission were used as a model to test the hypothesis that long-standing excessive cortisol exposure induces changes in DNA methylation that are associated with persisting neuropsychological consequences. Genome-wide DNA methylation was assessed in 48 women with CS in long-term remission (cases) and 16 controls matched for age, gender and education. The Fatigue impact scale and the comprehensive psychopathological rating scale were used to evaluate fatigue, depression and anxiety. Cases had lower average global DNA methylation than controls (81.2% vs 82.7%; p = 0.002). Four hundred and sixty-one differentially methylated regions, containing 3,246 probes mapping to 337 genes were identified. After adjustment for age and smoking, 731 probes in 236 genes were associated with psychopathology (fatigue, depression and/or anxiety). Twenty-four gene ontology terms were associated with psychopathology; terms related to retinoic acid receptor signalling were the most common (adjusted p = 0.0007). One gene in particular, COL11A2, was associated with fatigue following a false discovery rate correction. Our findings indicate that hypomethylation of FKBP5 and retinoic acid receptor related genes serve a potential mechanistic explanation for long-lasting GC-induced psychopathology.
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3.
  • Höybye, Charlotte, et al. (författare)
  • Clinical features of GH deficiency and effects of 3 years of GH replacement in adults with controlled Cushing's disease.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: European journal of endocrinology / European Federation of Endocrine Societies. - 1479-683X. ; 162:4, s. 677-84
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Patients in remission from Cushing's disease (CD) have many clinical features that are difficult to distinguish from those of concomitant GH deficiency (GHD). In this study, we evaluated the features of GHD in a large cohort of controlled CD patients, and assessed the effect of GH treatment. DESIGN AND METHODS: Data were obtained from KIMS, the Pfizer International Metabolic Database. A retrospective cross-sectional comparison of background characteristics in unmatched cohorts of patients with CD (n=684, 74% women) and nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma (NFPA; n=2990, 39% women) was conducted. In addition, a longitudinal evaluation of 3 years of GH replacement in a subset of patients with controlled CD (n=322) and NFPA (n=748) matched for age and gender was performed. RESULTS: The cross-sectional study showed a significant delay in GHD diagnosis in the CD group, who had a higher prevalence of hypertension, fractures, and diabetes mellitus. In the longitudinal, matched study, the CD group had a better metabolic profile but a poorer quality of life (QoL) at baseline, which was assessed with the disease-specific questionnaire QoL-assessment of GHD in adults. After 3 years of GH treatment (mean dose at 3 years 0.39 mg/day in CD and 0.37 mg/day in NFPA), total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol decreased, while glucose and HbAlc increased. Improvement in QoL was observed, which was greater in the CD group (-6 CD group versus -5 NFPA group, P<0.01). CONCLUSION: In untreated GHD, co-morbidities, including impairment of QoL, were more prevalent in controlled CD. Overall, both the groups responded similarly to GH replacement, suggesting that patients with GHD due to CD benefit from GH to the same extent as those with GHD due to NFPA.
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4.
  • Nilsson, Anna G, 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • Long-term safety of once-daily, dual-release hydrocortisone in patients with adrenal insufficiency: a phase 3b, open-label, extension study.
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: European journal of endocrinology. - 1479-683X. ; 176:6, s. 715-725
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the long-term safety and tolerability of a once-daily, dual-release hydrocortisone (DR-HC) tablet as oral glucocorticoid replacement therapy in patients with primary adrenal insufficiency (AI).DESIGN: Prospective, open-label, multicenter, 5-year extension study of DR-HC conducted at five university clinics in Sweden.METHODS: Seventy-one adult patients diagnosed with primary AI who were receiving stable glucocorticoid replacement therapy were recruited. Safety and tolerability outcomes included adverse events (AEs), intercurrent illness episodes, laboratory parameters and vital signs. Quality of life (QoL) was evaluated using generic questionnaires.RESULTS: Total DR-HC exposure was 328 patient-treatment years. Seventy patients reported 1060 AEs (323 per 100 patient-years); 85% were considered unrelated to DR-HC by the investigator. The most common AEs were nasopharyngitis (70%), fatigue (52%) and gastroenteritis (48%). Of 65 serious AEs reported by 32 patients (20 per 100 patient-years), four were considered to be possibly related to DR-HC: acute AI (n = 2), gastritis (n = 1) and syncope (n = 1). Two deaths were reported (fall from height and subarachnoid hemorrhage), both considered to be unrelated to DR-HC. From baseline to 5 years, intercurrent illness episodes remained relatively stable (mean 2.6-5.4 episodes per patient per year), fasting plasma glucose (0.7 mmol/L; P < 0.0001) and HDL cholesterol (0.2 mmol/L; P < 0.0001) increased and patient-/investigator-assessed tolerability improved. QoL total scores were unchanged but worsening physical functioning was recorded (P = 0.008).CONCLUSIONS: In the first prospective study evaluating the long-term safety of glucocorticoid replacement therapy in patients with primary AI, DR-HC was well tolerated with no safety concerns observed during 5-year treatment.
5.
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6.
  • Ragnarsson, Oskar, 1971-, et al. (författare)
  • Common genetic variants in the glucocorticoid receptor and the 11β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 genes influence long-term cognitive impairments in patients with Cushing's syndrome in remission.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism. - 1945-7197. ; 99:9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Context: Cognitive function is impaired in patients with Cushing's syndrome (CS) in remission. Objective: To study the effects of polymorphisms in genes associated with glucocorticoid (GC) sensitivity on cognitive function in patients with CS in long-term remission. Design: A cross-sectional, case-controlled, single center study. Patients: Fifty-three patients with Cushing's syndrome in remission and 53 controls matched for age, gender and educational level. Main Outcome Measures: Cognitive function, studied using standardized neuropsychological testing, and polymorphisms in the GC receptor (NR3C1; Bcl1 and A3669G), mineralocorticoid receptor (NR3C2; I180V), 11β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11βHSD1; rs11119328) and ATP binding cassette B1 (ABCB1; rs1045642) genes. The association between cognitive function and polymorphisms were analyzed using linear regression with adjustments for age and educational level. Results: The mean age in patients and controls was 53 ± 14 years. The median (interquartile range) duration of remission was 13 (5-18) years. In patients, SNP rs11119328 was associated with impairments in processing speed, auditory attention, auditory working memory and reading speed. This association was not seen in matched controls. The Bcl1 polymorphism was associated with fatigue and worse visual attention and working memory. The remaining SNPs were not associated with cognitive performance. Conclusion: In this study, polymorphisms in the 11βHSD1 and NR3C1 genes were associated with impaired cognitive function, indicating that GC sensitivity and pre-receptor regulation of GC action may play a role in the long-term consequences of CS. The study provides a novel insight into the etiology of cognitive dysfunction in patients with CS in remission.
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7.
  • Ragnarsson, Oskar, 1971-, et al. (författare)
  • Comorbidity and cardiocascular risk factors in adult GH deficiency following treatment for Cushing´s disease or non-functioning pituitary adenomas during childhood.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: European journal of endocrinology. - 0804-4643. ; 166, s. 593-600
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective Cushing's disease (CD) and non-functioning pituitary adenoma (NFPA) are rare in paediatric patients. The aim of this study was to describe long-term consequences in adults with GH deficiency (GHD) treated for CD or NFPA during childhood. Design, patients and methods This was a retrospective analysis of data from KIMS (Pfizer International Metabolic Database). Background characteristics, anthropometry and comorbidity were studied in 47 patients diagnosed with childhood-onset (CO)-CD and 62 patients with CO-NFPA. Data from 100 ACTH-sufficient patients with CO-idiopathic hypopituitarism (CO-Idio) were used for comparison. Cardiovascular risk profile was analysed at baseline and at 1 year on GH treatment in a subgroup of patients (17 CO-CD, 24 CO-NFPA and 55 CO-Idio) not receiving GH treatment at study entry. Results The median age at diagnosis of pituitary tumour was 14.0 years (range 10–17) in patients with CO-CD and 13.7 years (range 8–17) in CO-NFPA. In addition to GHD, 41% of patients with CO-CD had three or four other pituitary hormone deficiencies compared with 78% of patients with CO-NFPA (P<0.001). Eighty-nine per cent of patients with CO-CD had height SDS lower than 0 compared with 61% of patients with CO-NFPA (P=0.002). Hypertension was more common in CO-CD compared with CO-Idio (23 vs 9%, P=0.018). At 1 year on GH treatment, total- and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol decreased significantly in CO-CD but not in CO-NFPA. Conclusion Adult patients with GHD following treatment for paediatric CD and NFPA have long-term adverse consequences. Despite more severe hypopituitarism in CO-NFPA, patients with CO-CD have more frequently compromised final stature.
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8.
  • Ragnarsson, Oskar, 1971-, et al. (författare)
  • Overall and disease-specific mortality in patients with Cushing's disease: a Swedish nationwide study.
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism. - 1945-7197. ; 104:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • It is still a matter of debate whether patients with Cushing's disease (CD) in remission have increased mortality.To study overall and disease-specific mortality, and predictive factors, in an unselected nationwide cohort of patients with CD.A retrospective study on patients diagnosed with CD, identified in the Swedish National Patient Registry between 1987 and 2013. Medical records were systematically reviewed to verify the diagnosis. Standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated and Cox regression models were used to identify predictors of mortality.Five-hundred-and-two patients [387 women (77%)] with CD were identified, of whom 419 (83%) were confirmed to be in remission. Mean age at diagnosis was 43 years (SD 16) and median follow-up time was 13 years (IQR 6-23). The observed number of deaths was 133 versus 54 expected, resulting in an overall SMR of 2.5 (95% CI 2.1-2.9). The commonest cause of death was cardiovascular diseases [SMR 3.3 (95% CI 2.6 -4.3)]. Excess mortality was also found due to infections and suicides. SMR in patients in remission was 1.9 (95% CI 1.5-2.3), where bilateral adrenalectomy and glucocorticoid replacement therapy were independently associated with increased mortality whereas growth hormone replacement was associated with improved outcome.This large nationwide study shows that patients with CD have an excess mortality. The findings illustrate the importance of obtaining remission and continued active surveillance, along with adequate hormone replacement, and evaluation of cardiovascular risk and mental health.
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9.
  • Ragnarsson, Oskar, 1971-, et al. (författare)
  • The incidence of Cushing’s disease : : a nationwide Swedish study
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Pituitary. - Springer. - 1386-341X. ; 22:2, s. 179-186
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Studies on the incidence of Cushing’s disease (CD) are few and usually limited by a small number of patients. The aim of this study was to assess the annual incidence in a nationwide cohort of patients with presumed CD in Sweden. Methods: Patients registered with a diagnostic code for Cushing’s syndrome (CS) or CD, between 1987 and 2013 were identified in the Swedish National Patient Registry. The CD diagnosis was validated by reviewing clinical, biochemical, imaging, and histopathological data. Results: Of 1317 patients identified, 534 (41%) had confirmed CD. One-hundred-and-fifty-six (12%) patients had other forms of CS, 41 (3%) had probable but unconfirmed CD, and 334 (25%) had diagnoses unrelated to CS. The mean (95% confidence interval) annual incidence between 1987 and 2013 of confirmed CD was 1.6 (1.4–1.8) cases per million. 1987–1995, 1996–2004, and 2005–2013, the mean annual incidence was 1.5 (1.1–1.8), 1.4 (1.0–1.7) and 2.0 (1.7–2.3) cases per million, respectively. During the last time period the incidence was higher than during the first and second time periods (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The incidence of CD in Sweden (1.6 cases per million) is in agreement with most previous reports. A higher incidence between 2005 and 2013 compared to 1987–2004 was noticed. Whether this reflects a truly increased incidence of the disease, or simply an increased awareness, earlier recognition, and earlier diagnosis can, however, not be answered. This study also illustrates the importance of validation of the diagnosis of CD in epidemiological research.
10.
  • Schill, Fredrika, et al. (författare)
  • Pituitary Metastases : A Nationwide Study on Current Characteristics with Special Reference to Breast Cancer
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. - Oxford University Press. - 0021-972X. ; 104:8, s. 3379-3388
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective To investigate the contemporary presentation of pituitary metastases. Patients Thirty-eight patients diagnosed with pituitary metastases from 1996 to 2018 in Sweden. Methods Pituitary metastases were confirmed by histopathology (n = 27) or considered highly likely according to radiological findings, including rapid tumor progression (n = 11). Medical records were reviewed and sellar images reexamined centrally. Results Breast and lung cancers were the most common primary tumors, in 45% and 21% of patients, respectively. Sixty-seven percent of breast cancers overexpressed human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2); 53% of pituitary metastases from breast cancers appeared ≥10 years after diagnosis of the primary tumor. At presentation, 71% appeared to have ACTH deficiency, 65% had TSH deficiency, and 26% had diabetes insipidus. Fatigue, nausea/vomiting, loss of appetite, weight loss, myalgia, and/or arthralgia were reported in 47% of patients with morning cortisol <100 nmol/L vs 23% with cortisol ≥200 nmol/L. Sixteen patients had visual field defects, and eight had diplopia. Intrasellar and suprasellar tumor growth was the most frequent finding. Initially, a pituitary adenoma was considered the etiology in 18% of patients. Radiotherapy, pituitary surgery, and chemotherapy were used in 68%, 68%, and 11% of patients, respectively. One and 2 years after diagnosis of pituitary metastases, 50% and 26% of patients were alive. Conclusion Pituitary metastases may be mistaken for pituitary adenomas and can appear late, especially in breast cancer. Breast cancers overexpressing HER2 seem prone to metastasize to the pituitary. Hypocortisolism may be misdiagnosed as cancer-related malaise. An increased awareness of pituitary metastases and undiagnosed pituitary failure can improve management in these patients.
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