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Sökning: WFRF:(Redfors Petra)

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  • Lilja, L., et al. (författare)
  • The capacity of neurological pupil index to predict absence of somatosensory evoked potentials after cardiac arrest—A study protocol
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica. - : John Wiley & Sons. - 0001-5172 .- 1399-6576. ; 65:6, s. 852-858
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Anoxic-ischemic brain injury is the most common cause of death after cardiac arrest (CA). Robust methods to detect severe injury with a low false positive rate (FPR) for poor neurological outcome include the pupillary light reflex (PLR) and somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEP). The PLR can be assessed manually or with automated pupillometry which provides the neurological pupil index (NPi). We aim to describe the interrelation between NPi values and the absence of SSEP cortical response and to evaluate the capacity of NPi to predict the absence of cortical SSEP response in comatose patients after CA.Methods: A total of 50 patients will be included in an explorative, prospective, observational study of adult (>18 years) comatose survivors of CA admitted to intensive care in a university hospital. NPi assessed with a hand-held pupillometer will be compared to SSEP signals recorded >48 hours after CA. Primary outcomes are sensitivity, specificity, and odds ratio for NPi to predict bilateral absence of the SSEP N20 signal, with NPi values corresponding to <5% FPRs of SSEP absence. Secondary outcomes are the PLR and SSEP sensitivity, specificity, and odds ratio for poor neurological outcome at hospital discharge and death at 30 days.Discussion: The PLR and SSEP may have a systematic interrelation, and a certain NPi threshold could potentially predict the absence of cortical SSEP response. If this can be concluded from the present study, SSEP testing could be excluded in certain patients to save resources in the multimodal prognostication after CA.Editorial comment The interrelation between loss of the pupillary light reflex (PLR) and the loss of cortical response to a somatosensory evoked potential (SSEP) in comatose cardiac arrest patients is not known. This exploratory prospective study is designed to evaluate whether a specific degree of attenuated PLR, as measured by semiautomated pupillometry, can predict the bilateral loss of cortical SSEP response in severe anoxic/ischemic brain injury. Such an interrelation between the two methods would enable the use of pupillometry rather than the more resource demanding SSEP for neurologic prognostication in post cardiac arrest patients.Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04720482, Registered 21 January 2021, retrospectively registered. 
  • McArdle, Patrick F., et al. (författare)
  • Agreement between TOAST and CCS ischemic stroke classification The NINDS SiGN Study
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Neurology. - : American Academy of Neurology. - 1526-632X. ; 83:18, s. 1653-1660
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the level of agreement between stroke subtype classifications made using the Trial of Org 10172 Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST) and Causative Classification of Stroke (CCS) systems. Methods: Study subjects included 13,596 adult men and women accrued from 20 US and European genetic research centers participating in the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) Stroke Genetics Network (SiGN). All cases had independently classified TOAST and CCS stroke subtypes. Kappa statistics were calculated for the 5 major ischemic stroke subtypes common to both systems. Results: The overall agreement between TOAST and CCS was moderate (agreement rate, 70%; kappa = 0.59, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.58-0.60). Agreement varied widely across study sites, ranging from 28% to 90%. Agreement on specific subtypes was highest for large-artery atherosclerosis (kappa = 0.71, 95% CI 0.69-0.73) and lowest for small-artery occlusion (kappa = 0.56, 95% CI 0.54-0.58). Conclusion: Agreement between TOAST and CCS diagnoses was moderate. Caution is warranted when comparing or combining results based on the 2 systems. Replication of study results, for example, genome-wide association studies, should utilize phenotypes determined by the same classification system, ideally applied in the same manner.
  • Abzhandadze, Tamar, 1980, et al. (författare)
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine. - 1650-1977. ; 49:7, s. 550-557
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To investigate life satisfaction in spouses of middle-aged stroke survivors from the long-term perspective and to identify factors that explain their life satisfaction. Subjects: Cohabitant spouses of survivors of ischaemic stroke aged < 70 years at stroke onset (n = 248) and spouses of controls (n = 246). Methods: Assessments were made 7 years after inclusion to the study. Spouses' life satisfaction was assessed with the Fugl-Meyer's Life Satisfaction Check-List (LiSAT 11). Stroke-related factors were examined with the National Institutes of Health stroke scale, Mini-Mental State Examination, Barthel Index and modified Rankin Scale. Results: Spouses of stroke survivors had significantly lower satisfaction with general life, leisure, sexual life, partner relationship, family life, and poorer somatic and psychological health than spouses of controls. Caregiving spouses had significantly lower scores on all life domains except vocation and own activities of daily living than non-caregiving spouses. Spouses' satisfaction on different life domains was explained mainly by their age, sex, support given to the partner, and the survivor's level of global disability, to which both physical and cognitive impairments contributed. Conclusion: Seven years after stroke, spouses of stroke survivors reported lower life satisfaction compared with spouses of controls. Life satisfaction in stroke survivors' spouses was associated with spouses' age, sex, giving support, and the stroke survivors' level of global disability.
  • Blomgren, Charlotte, et al. (författare)
  • Long-term performance of instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) in young and middle-aged stroke survivors: Results from SAHLSIS outcome
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy. - 1103-8128 .- 1651-2014. ; 25:2, s. 119-126
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Although stroke prevalence is increasing and large proportions of stroke survivors are expected to live many years after stroke onset, research on the long-term consequences of stroke for instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) is limited. Aim: To explore performance of IADL seven years post-stroke onset and identify predictors of long-term IADL performance based on commonly employed acute measures and demographic characteristics in young and middle-aged stroke survivors. Methods: Data on stroke survivors were collected from SAHLSIS. IADL performance was assessed at 7 years using the Frenchay Activities Index (FAI). Demographic data and baseline measures were assessed as predictors of FAI outcome, using logistic regression. Results: 237 stroke survivors with a median age of 63 at follow-up were included. Participants had predominantly suffered a mild stroke and > 90% lived at home with no community services. Mean FAI was 25.7(score range 0-45), indicating reduced levels of participation in IADL. Frequency of performance of IADL was lowest for work/leisure activities. Gender, cohabitation status, initial stroke severity and baseline score on mRS were independently associated with IADL outcome. Conclusions: Reduced levels of participation in IADL persist many years after stroke onset and indicate a need to adapt a long-term perspective on stroke rehabilitation.
  • Fitzgerald, Seán, et al. (författare)
  • Large Artery Atherosclerotic Clots are Larger than Clots of other Stroke Etiologies and have Poorer Recanalization rates.
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association. - 1532-8511. ; 30:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • There is a paucity of knowledge in the literature relating to the extent of clot burden and stroke etiology. In this study, we measured the Extracted Clot Area (ECA) retrieved during endovascular treatment (EVT) and investigated relationships with suspected etiology, administration of intravenous thrombolysis and recanalization.As part of the multi-institutional RESTORE registry, the ECA retrieved during mechanical thrombectomy was quantified using ImageJ. The effect of stroke etiology (Large-artery atherosclerosis (LAA), Cardioembolism, Cryptogenic and other) and recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) on ECA and recanalization outcome (mTICI) was assessed. Successful recanalization was described as mTICI 2c-3.A total of 550 patients who underwent EVT with any clot retrieved were included in the study. The ECA was significantly larger in the LAA group compared to all other etiologies. The average ECA size of each etiology was; LAA=109 mm2, Cardioembolic=52 mm2, Cryptogenic=47 mm2 and Other=52 mm2 (p=0.014*). LAA patients also had a significantly poorer rate of successful recanalization (mTICI 2c-3) compared to all other etiologies (p=0.003*). The administration of tPA was associated with a smaller ECA in both LAA (p=0.007*) and cardioembolic (p=0.035*) groups.The ECA of LAA clots was double the size of all other etiologies and this is associated with a lower rate of successful recanalization in LAA stroke subtype. rtPA administration prior to thrombectomy was associated with reduced ECA in LAA and CE clots.
  • Fitzgerald, Seán, et al. (författare)
  • Per-pass analysis of acute ischemic stroke clots: impact of stroke etiology on extracted clot area and histological composition.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of neurointerventional surgery. - 1759-8486.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Initial studies investigating correlations between stroke etiology and clot composition are conflicting and do not account for clot size as determined by area. Radiological studies have shown that cardioembolic strokes are associated with shorter clot lengths and lower clot burden than non-cardioembolic clots.To report the relationship between stroke etiology, extracted clot area, and histological composition at each procedural pass.As part of the multi-institutional RESTORE Registry, the Martius Scarlett Blue stained histological composition and extracted clot area of 612 per-pass clots retrieved from 441 patients during mechanical thrombectomy procedures were quantified. Correlations with clinical and procedural details were investigated.Clot composition varied significantly with procedural passes; clots retrieved in earlier passes had higher red blood cell content (H4=11.644, p=0.020) and larger extracted clot area (H4=10.730, p=0.030). Later passes were associated with significantly higher fibrin (H4=12.935, p=0.012) and platelets/other (H4=15.977, p=0.003) content and smaller extracted clot area. Large artery atherosclerotic (LAA) clots were significantly larger in the extracted clot area and more red blood cell-rich than other etiologies in passes 1-3. Cardioembolic and cryptogenic clots had similar histological composition and extracted clot area across all procedural passes.LAA clots are larger and associated with a large red blood cell-rich extracted clot area, suggesting soft thrombus material. Cardioembolic clots are smaller in the extracted clot area, consistent in composition and area across passes, and have higher fibrin and platelets/other content than LAA clots, making them stiffer clots. The per-pass histological composition and extracted clot area of cryptogenic clots are similar to those of cardioembolic clots, suggesting similar formation mechanisms.
  • Holmegaard, Lukas, et al. (författare)
  • Long-term progression of white matter hyperintensities in ischemic stroke
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica. - 0001-6314. ; 138:6, s. 548-556
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives Studies on long-term progression of white matter hyperintensities (WMH) after ischemic stroke are scarce. Here, we sought to investigate this progression and its predictors in a cohort presenting with ischemic stroke before 70 years of age. Materials and methods Participants in the Sahlgrenska Academy Study on Ischemic Stroke who underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain at index stroke were examined by MRI again after 7 years (n = 188, mean age 53 years at index stroke, 35% females). WMH at index stroke and progression were assessed according to Fazekas' grades and the WMH change scale. Stroke subtype was classified according to TOAST. Results Marked WMH at index stroke were present in 20% of the participants and were significantly associated with age, hypertension, and subtype. Progression of WMH after 7 years was observed in 63% and 35% of the participants for subcortical and periventricular locations, respectively. Significant independent predictors of progression were age and marked WMH at baseline for both locations, whereas no significant associations were detected for vascular risk factors or subtype in multivariable analyses. In participants with no or only mild WMH at baseline, 20% showed marked WMH at follow-up. Age and hypertension, but not subtype, were independently associated with this acquisition of marked WMH. Conclusions Age and marked WMH at index stroke, but not stroke subtype, predicted long-term WMH progression after ischemic stroke before 70 years of age, whereas age and hypertension predicted acquisition of marked WMH in those with no or only mild WMH at baseline.
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