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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Redlich R.) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Redlich R.)

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1.
  • Hibar, D. P., et al. (författare)
  • Cortical abnormalities in bipolar disorder: An MRI analysis of 6503 individuals from the ENIGMA Bipolar Disorder Working Group
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Molecular Psychiatry. - 1359-4184. ; 23:4, s. 932-942
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Despite decades of research, the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder (BD) is still not well understood. Structural brain differences have been associated with BD, but results from neuroimaging studies have been inconsistent. To address this, we performed the largest study to date of cortical gray matter thickness and surface area measures from brain magnetic resonance imaging scans of 6503 individuals including 1837 unrelated adults with BD and 2582 unrelated healthy controls for group differences while also examining the effects of commonly prescribed medications, age of illness onset, history of psychosis, mood state, age and sex differences on cortical regions. In BD, cortical gray matter was thinner in frontal, temporal and parietal regions of both brain hemispheres. BD had the strongest effects on left pars opercularis (Cohen's d='0.293; P=1.71 × 10 '21), left fusiform gyrus (d='0.288; P=8.25 × 10 '21) and left rostral middle frontal cortex (d='0.276; P=2.99 × 10 '19). Longer duration of illness (after accounting for age at the time of scanning) was associated with reduced cortical thickness in frontal, medial parietal and occipital regions. We found that several commonly prescribed medications, including lithium, antiepileptic and antipsychotic treatment showed significant associations with cortical thickness and surface area, even after accounting for patients who received multiple medications. We found evidence of reduced cortical surface area associated with a history of psychosis but no associations with mood state at the time of scanning. Our analysis revealed previously undetected associations and provides an extensive analysis of potential confounding variables in neuroimaging studies of BD. © 2018 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature. All rights reserved.
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2.
  • Armesto, N., et al. (författare)
  • Heavy-ion collisions at the LHC-Last call for predictions
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of Physics G : Nuclear and Particle Physics. - 0954-3899 .- 1361-6471. ; 35:5, s. 054001
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>This writeup is a compilation of the predictions for the forthcoming Heavy Ion Program at the Large Hadron Collider, as presented at the CERN Theory Institute 'Heavy Ion Collisions at the LHC - Last Call for Predictions', held from 14th May to 10th June 2007.</p>
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3.
  • Soda, Takahiro, et al. (författare)
  • International Consortium on the Genetics of Electroconvulsive Therapy and Severe Depressive Disorders (Gen-ECT-ic)
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience. - 0940-1334. ; 12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Recent genome-wide association studies have demonstrated that the genetic burden associated with depression correlates with depression severity. Therefore, conducting genetic studies of patients at the most severe end of the depressive disorder spectrum, those with treatment-resistant depression and who are prescribed electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), could lead to a better understanding of the genetic underpinnings of depression. Despite ECT being one of the most effective forms of treatment for severe depressive disorders, it is usually placed at the end of treatment algorithms of current guidelines. This is perhaps because ECT has controlled risk and logistical demands including use of general anaesthesia and muscle relaxants and side-effects such as short-term memory impairment. Better understanding of the genetics and biology of ECT response and of cognitive side-effects could lead to more personalized treatment decisions. To enhance the understanding of the genomics of severe depression and ECT response, researchers and ECT providers from around the world and from various depression or ECT networks, but not limited to, such as the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium, the Clinical Alliance and Research in ECT, and the National Network of Depression Centers have formed the Genetics of ECT International Consortium (Gen-ECT-ic). Gen-ECT-ic will organize the largest clinical and genetic collection to date to study the genomics of severe depressive disorders and response to ECT, aiming for 30,000 patients worldwide using a GWAS approach. At this stage it will be the largest genomic study on treatment response in depression. Retrospective data abstraction and prospective data collection will be facilitated by a uniform data collection approach that is flexible and will incorporate data from many clinical practices. Gen-ECT-ic invites all ECT providers and researchers to join its efforts.
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4.
  • Blanc, P. D., et al. (författare)
  • The Occupational Burden of Nonmalignant Respiratory Diseases An Official American Thoracic Society and European Respiratory Society Statement
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. - 1073-449X. ; 199:11, s. 1312-1334
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Rationale: Workplace inhalational hazards remain common worldwide, even though they are ameliorable. Previous American Thoracic Society documents have assessed the contribution of workplace exposures to asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on a population level, but not to other chronic respiratory diseases. The goal of this document is to report an in-depth literature review and data synthesis of the occupational contribution to the burden of the major nonmalignant respiratory diseases, including airway diseases; interstitial fibrosis; hypersensitivity pneumonitis; other noninfectious granulomatous lung diseases, including sarcoidosis; and selected respiratory infections. Methods: Relevant literature was identified for each respiratory condition. The occupational population attributable fraction (PAF) was estimated for those conditions for which there were sufficient population-based studies to allow pooled estimates. For the other conditions, the occupational burden of disease was estimated on the basis of attribution in case series, incidence rate ratios, or attributable fraction within an exposed group. Results: Workplace exposures contribute substantially to the burden of multiple chronic respiratory diseases, including asthma (PAF, 16%); chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (PAF, 14%); chronic bronchitis (PAF, 13%); idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (PAF, 26%); hypersensitivity pneumonitis (occupational burden, 19%); other granulomatous diseases, including sarcoidosis (occupational burden, 30%); pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (occupational burden, 29%); tuberculosis (occupational burden, 2.3% in silica-exposed workers and 1% in healthcare workers); and community-acquired pneumonia in working-age adults (PAF, 10%). Conclusions: Workplace exposures contribute to the burden of disease across a range of nonmalignant lung conditions in adults (in addition to the 100% burden for the classic occupational pneumoconioses). This burden has important clinical, research, and policy implications. There is a pressing need to improve clinical recognition and public health awareness of the contribution of occupational factors across a range of nonmalignant respiratory diseases. RAHAM J L, 1986, Applied Pathology, V4, P138
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5.
  • Drexler, C., et al. (författare)
  • Reststrahlen Band assisted photocurrents in graphene
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: 2013 38th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, IRMMW-THz 2013; Mainz; Germany; 1 September 2013 through 6 September 2013. - 2162-2035. - 978-1-4673-4717-4
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report on the experimental and theoretical study of the Reststrahlen Band assisted photocurrents in epitaxial grown graphene on SiC. We show that excitation of graphene with infrared radiation results in a dc current. We demonstrate that photocurrent in response to linearly polarized radiation exhibit a resonance enhancement in the frequency range of the Reststrahlen Band of the SiC substrate. By contrast the photocurrent excited by circularly polarized radiation is suppressed in the same spectral range. The developed theory is in agreement with the data and reveals a strong influence of the Reststrahl Band on the high frequency transport in graphene.
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6.
  • Olbrich, P., et al. (författare)
  • Reststrahl band-assisted photocurrents in epitaxial graphene layers
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. - 1098-0121. ; 88:24, s. 7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report on the observation of the reststrahl band-assisted photocurrents in epitaxial graphene on SiC excited by infrared radiation. The peculiar spectral dependence for frequencies lying within the reststrahl band of the SiC substrate provides a direct and noninvasive way to probe the electric field magnitude at atomic distances from the material's surface. Furthermore our results reveal that nonlinear optical and optoelectronic phenomena in two-dimensional crystals and other atomic scale structures can be giantly enhanced by their deposition on a substrate with negative dielectric constant.
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7.
  • Bennaceur, A., et al. (författare)
  • Mechanisms for leveraging models at runtime in self-adaptive software
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Lecture Notes in Computer Science: Dagstuhl Seminar 11481 on Models@run.time; ; 27 November 2011 through 2 December 2011. - Springer. - 9783319089140
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Modern software systems are often required to adapt their behavior at runtime in order to maintain or enhance their utility in dynamic environments. Models at runtime research aims to provide suitable abstractions, techniques, and tools to manage the complexity of adapting software systems at runtime. In this chapter, we discuss challenges associated with developing mechanisms that leverage models at runtime to support runtime software adaptation. Specifically, we discuss challenges associated with developing effective mechanisms for supervising running systems, reasoning about and planning adaptations, maintaining consistency among multiple runtime models, and maintaining fidelity of runtime models with respect to the running system and its environment. We discuss related problems and state-of-the-art mechanisms, and identify open research challenges.
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8.
  • Mulders, Peter C.R., et al. (författare)
  • Structural changes induced by electroconvulsive therapy are associated with clinical outcome
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Brain Stimulation. - Elsevier Inc.. - 1935-861X. ; 13:3, s. 696-704
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is the most effective treatment option for major depressive disorder, so understanding whether its clinical effect relates to structural brain changes is vital for current and future antidepressant research. Objective: To determine whether clinical response to ECT is related to structural volumetric changes in the brain as measured by structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and, if so, which regions are related to this clinical effect. We also determine whether a similar model can be used to identify regions associated with electrode placement (unilateral versus bilateral ECT). Methods: Longitudinal MRI and clinical data (Hamilton Depression Rating Scale) was collected from 10 sites as part of the Global ECT-MRI research collaboration (GEMRIC). From 192 subjects, relative changes in 80 (sub)cortical areas were used as potential features for classifying treatment response. We used recursive feature elimination to extract relevant features, which were subsequently used to train a linear classifier. As a validation, the same was done for electrode placement. We report accuracy as well as the structural coefficients of regions included in the discriminative spatial patterns obtained. Results: A pattern of structural changes in cortical midline, striatal and lateral prefrontal areas discriminates responders from non-responders (75% accuracy, p < 0.001) while left-sided mediotemporal changes discriminate unilateral from bilateral electrode placement (81% accuracy, p < 0.001). Conclusions: The identification of a multivariate discriminative pattern shows that structural change is relevant for clinical response to ECT, but this pattern does not include mediotemporal regions that have been the focus of electroconvulsive therapy research so far.
9.
  • Olbrich, P., et al. (författare)
  • Reststrahl band-assisted photocurrents in epitaxial graphene layers
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. - American Physical Society. - 1098-0121 .- 1550-235X. ; 88:24, s. 245425
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We report on the observation of the reststrahl band-assisted photocurrents in epitaxial graphene on SiC excited by infrared radiation. The peculiar spectral dependence for frequencies lying within the reststrahl band of the SiC substrate provides a direct and noninvasive way to probe the electric field magnitude at atomic distances from the materials surface. Furthermore our results reveal that nonlinear optical and optoelectronic phenomena in two-dimensional crystals and other atomic scale structures can be giantly enhanced by their deposition on a substrate with negative dielectric constant.</p>
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