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Sökning: WFRF:(Relander Thomas)

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1.
  • Cederleuf, Henrik, et al. (författare)
  • Outcome of peripheral T-cell lymphoma in first complete remission : a Danish-Swedish population-based study
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Leukemia and Lymphoma. - Taylor & Francis. - 1042-8194. ; 58:12, s. 2815-2823
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In the present study, we investigate the outcome of 109 Danish and 123 Swedish patients with nodal PTCL in first complete remission (CR), and examine the impact of imaging-based follow-up (FU) strategies. The patients were selected by the following criteria: (a) newly diagnosed nodal PTCL from 2007 to 2012, (b) age ≥18 years, and (c) CR after CHOP or CHOEP therapy. FU guidelines in Sweden included symptom assessment, clinical examinations and blood tests at 3–4-month intervals for 2 years. FU strategies in Denmark was similar but included routine imaging, usually every 6 months for 2 years. Patients had fully comparable characteristics. Overall survival (OS) estimates for patients in CR were similar for all patients (p =.6) and in PTCL subtypes. In multivariate analysis, country of follow-up had no impact on OS. However, despite continuous CR for ≥2 years, the OS of PTCL remained inferior to a matched general population.
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3.
  • Petersson-Ahrholt, Magnus, et al. (författare)
  • Development and Implementation of Survivorship Tools to Enable Medical Follow-Up After Childhood Cancer Treatment in Southern Sweden
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: JCO clinical cancer informatics. - American Society of Clinical Oncology. - 2473-4276. ; 3, s. 1-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: Survival rates after childhood cancer have increased from 20% to 80% since the 1970s. The increased number of survivors emphasizes the importance of late effects and their monitoring. Late effects may have a strong impact on quality of life in survivors. The purpose of this study was to make key data in a quality registry available for direct clinical use, enabling health care professionals to perform efficient and appropriate long-term medical follow-up after childhood cancer treatment.METHODS: The population-based quality registry upon which this study is centered contains data on all individuals diagnosed with childhood cancer (diagnosed at 18 years of age or younger) in southern Sweden since January 1, 1970, and treatment data on 5-year survivors. Web tools, which were developed and implemented in a health care setting, generate a personalized treatment summary for each patient and enable risk group stratification of survivors.RESULTS: Generation of a personalized treatment summary and risk group stratification of survivors led to identification of women at risk for developing breast cancer as a consequence of childhood cancer treatment. Three novel cases of previously undiagnosed breast cancer were identified.CONCLUSION: The registry, together with the developed tools, enabled health care professionals to perform medical follow-up in this at-risk patient population.
4.
  • Romerius, Patrik, et al. (författare)
  • Estrogen receptor alpha single nucleotide polymorphism modifies the risk of azoospermia in childhood cancer survivors
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Pharmacogenetics & Genomics. - Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1744-6872. ; 21:5, s. 263-269
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Cancer treatment in childhood leads to permanent azoospermia in a significant number of boys and those who are diagnosed with cancer before puberty do not have the option of pretreatment cryopreservation of spermatozoa. However, there is an interindividual variation in the sensitivity to gonadotoxic effects of cancer therapy, which probably is due to genetic factors. Identification of genetic markers for the risk of azoospermia in childhood cancer survivors may help in identifying boys to whom testicular cryopreservation should be offered. METHODS: Fifty-one single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) being markers of 12 different haplotype blocks in the androgen receptor, estrogen receptor (ER) α and ER β genes were examined in 127 adult childhood cancer survivors. RESULTS: In ERα, markers of one specific haplotype block (rs2207396, rs9340958, rs9340978) were associated with an increased risk of azoospermia. Compared with those with the GG genotype, patients being heterozygous for the A allele in rs2207396 had a significantly increased risk of azoospermia [odds ratio (OR): 3.8; 95% confidence interval: 1.5-9.5; P=0.008], this OR being even higher in the subgroup treated with alkylating drugs (OR: 8.8; 95% confidence interval: 2.1-36; P=0.004). In this subgroup, 48% of the patients carried the A allele of rs2207396, this proportion being 70% among the azoospermic patients. CONCLUSION: Use of genetic markers of high risk of posttreatment azoospermia may, in the future, prove an important clinical tool in selection of boys to whom preservation of testicular tissue before cancer therapy should be offered.
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5.
  • Romerius, Patrik, et al. (författare)
  • High risk of azoospermia in men treated for childhood cancer.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Andrology. - Wiley-Blackwell. - 1365-2605. ; 34, s. 69-76
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Summary Childhood cancer survivors (CCS) have an increased risk of impaired spermatogenesis, but data regarding the disease- and treatment-related risk factors of azoospermia are scarce. Such information is crucial both for counselling CCS and for selecting patients for testicular tissue cryopreservation. The proportion of azoospermic men in CCS was 18% [95% confidence interval (CI): 12-26], specifically for leukaemias (19%; 95% CI: 5.5-42), Hodgkin's disease (53%; 95% CI: 29-76), non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (11%; 95% CI: 0.28-48) and testicular cancer (11%; 95% CI: 0.28-48). In CCS treated with high doses of alkylating agents, the proportion of azoospermic men was 80% (95% CI: 28-99) and if radiotherapy was used additionally, the proportion was 64% (95% CI: 35-87). In CCS with subnormal Inhibin B levels, the proportion of azoospermic men was 66% (95% CI: 47-81) and for those with elevated follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) levels, the proportion was 50% (95% CI: 35-67). Among CCS with subnormal testicular volume (</=24 mL), azoospermia was found in 61% (95% CI: 39-80) of the cases. Most childhood cancer diagnoses are associated with an increased risk of azoospermia, especially in CCS receiving testicular irradiation, high doses of alkylating drugs and other types of cytotoxic treatment, if combined with irradiation. Inhibin B, FSH and testicular volume can be used as predictors for the risk of azoospermia.
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6.
  • Romerius, Patrik, et al. (författare)
  • Hypogonadism Risk in Men Treated for Childhood Cancer.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism. - The Endocrine Society. - 1945-7197. ; 94, s. 4180-4186
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Context: Pediatric cancer treatment may imply an increased risk of hypogonadism, leading to metabolic disorders and osteoporosis. Such complications are potentially preventable. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess diagnosis- and treatment-dependent risk of hypogonadism in male childhood cancer survivors (CCS). Design: Male CCS who were treated during the period 1970-2002 and who in 2004 were 18-45 yr of age were eligible. Setting: The study was conducted in a university hospital clinic. Patients: A consecutive group of CCS treated at Lund University Hospital was selected for the study, of whom 151 (38%) agreed to participate. Furthermore, 141 healthy fertile men served as controls. Interventions: We measured serum levels of free and total testosterone, SHBG, and LH. Main Outcome Measures: Odds ratios (OR) for biochemical hypogonadism, defined as total testosterone less than 10 nmol/liter and/or LH above 10 IU/liter, were calculated and related to type of cancer, treatment received, as well as testicular volume. Results: Hypogonadism was more commonly detected in CCS than in controls (OR, 6.7; 95% CI, 2.7, 17). The increased presence of hypogonadism was noted in the following treatment groups: brain surgery, chemotherapy (with and without radiotherapy), and testicular irradiation. Low total testicular volume (</=24 ml) was associated with a high risk of hypogonadism (OR, 31; 95% CI, 11, 92). Conclusion: Adult male survivors of childhood cancer are at risk of hypogonadism, which should be acknowledged in the long-term follow-up of these men.
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7.
  • Romerius, Patrik, et al. (författare)
  • Sperm DNA Integrity in Men Treated for Childhood Cancer.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Clinical Cancer Research. - American Association for Cancer Research. - 1078-0432. ; Jul 1, s. 3843-3850
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: It is unknown whether childhood cancer and its treatment are associated with sperm DNA damage, which subsequently affects fertility and might be transmitted to the offspring. The aim of this study was to assess DNA fragmentation index (DFI) as an indicator of sperm DNA integrity in childhood cancer survivors (CCS), treatment regimen taken into account.EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: In 99 CCS and 193 age-matched healthy controls, the DFI was assessed by the use of Sperm Chromatin Structure Assay.RESULTS: In the whole group of CCS DFI was increased as compared to the controls with borderline statistical significance (mean difference=0.94%; 95%CI: -0.0088; 3.7%). Those treated with radiotherapy only (mean difference=6.0%; 95%CI: 1.6; 10%) or surgery only (mean difference=2.9%; 95%CI: 0.083; 3.7%) had statistically significantly higher DFI than the controls. The odds ratio (OR) for having DFI >20%, which is associated with reduced fertility, was significantly increased in CCS as compared to the control group (OR=2.2, 95%CI: 1.1; 4.4). For the radiotherapy only group the OR was even higher (OR=4.9, 95%CI 1.3; 18). The DFI was not associated to the dose of scattered testicular irradiation or the type of chemotherapy given.CONCLUSIONS: The DFI is increased in CCS, those treated with chemotherapy being the only exception. This sperm DNA impairment may be associated with the disease per se rather than due to the treatment and may have negative consequences in terms of fertility and risk of transmission to the offspring.
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8.
  • Ageberg, Malin, et al. (författare)
  • The histone deacetylase inhibitor valproic acid sensitizes diffuse large B-cell lymphoma cell lines to CHOP-induced cell death.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Translational Research. - E-Century Publishing Corp. - 1943-8141. ; 5:2, s. 170-183
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Epigenetic code modifications by histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACis) have recently been proposed as potential new therapies for hematological malignancies. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common form of aggressive lymphoma. At present, standard first line treatment for DLBCL patients is the antracycline-based chemotherapy regimen CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone) combined with the monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody rituximab (R-CHOP). Since only 50-60% of patients reach a long-time cure by this treatment, there is an urgent need for novel treatment strategies to increase the response and long-term remission to initial R-CHOP therapy. In this study, we investigated the effect of the HDAC inhibitor valproic acid (VPA) on DLBCL cell lines. To elucidate the effects of VPA on chemo-sensitivity, we used a cell-line based model of CHOP-refractory DLBCL. All five DLBCL cell lines treated with VPA alone or in combination with CHOP showed decreased viability and proliferation. The VPA-induced sensitization of DLBCL cells to cytotoxic treatment resulted in increased number of apoptotic cell as judged by annexin V-positivity and the presence of cleaved caspase-3. In addition, pretreatment with VPA resulted in a significantly increased DNA-damage as compared to CHOP alone. In summary, HDAC inhibitors such as VPA, are promising therapeutic agents in combination with R-CHOP for patients with DLBCL.
9.
  • Cederleuf, Henrik, et al. (författare)
  • The addition of etoposide to CHOP is associated with improved outcome in ALK+ adult anaplastic large cell lymphoma : A Nordic Lymphoma Group study
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Haematology. - Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and Blackwell Publishing Ltd. - 0007-1048. ; 178:5, s. 739-746
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Anaplastic large cell lymphomas (ALCLs) are rare CD30+ peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCLs) classified according to the expression of the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK+) protein or not (ALK-). We have analysed the outcome and risk factors for survival in a population-based bi-national cohort of patients with systemic ALK+ ALCL. A total of 122 adult (≥18 years) patients diagnosed with ALK+ ALCL between 2000 and 2010 were identified from the Danish and Swedish lymphoma registries, representing 0·4% of all lymphomas. The median age of the cohort was 40 years (range 18-85). The 5-year overall survival and progression-free survival (PFS) was 78% and 64%, respectively. Age was strongly associated with outcome, and only bone marrow (BM) involvement was independently associated with poorer PFS in multivariate analysis (Hazard Ratio [HR] = 8·57, P < 0·001). Age stratification of the patients demonstrated an association between treatment with CHOEP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, etoposide, prednisolone) and improved overall survival for patients aged 41-65 years, even when adjusted for risk factors (HR = 0·38, P = 0·047). Our results suggest that the addition of etoposide to CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisolone) in the treatment for ALK+ ALCL seems reasonable in this age group.
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