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Sökning: WFRF:(Renné Thomas)

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  • Butler, L. M., et al. (författare)
  • Analysis of Body-wide Unfractionated Tissue Data to Identify a Core Human Endothelial Transcriptome
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Cell Systems. - : Cell Press. - 2405-4712. ; 3:3, s. 287-301.e3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Endothelial cells line blood vessels and regulate hemostasis, inflammation, and blood pressure. Proteins critical for these specialized functions tend to be predominantly expressed in endothelial cells across vascular beds. Here, we present a systems approach to identify a panel of human endothelial-enriched genes using global, body-wide transcriptomics data from 124 tissue samples from 32 organs. We identified known and unknown endothelial-enriched gene transcripts and used antibody-based profiling to confirm expression across vascular beds. The majority of identified transcripts could be detected in cultured endothelial cells from various vascular beds, and we observed maintenance of relative expression in early passage cells. In summary, we describe a widely applicable method to determine cell-type-specific transcriptome profiles in a whole-organism context, based on differential abundance across tissues. We identify potential vascular drug targets or endothelial biomarkers and highlight candidates for functional studies to increase understanding of the endothelium in health and disease.
  • Dusart, Philip, et al. (författare)
  • A Systems-Based Map of Human Brain Cell-Type Enriched Genes and Malignancy-Associated Endothelial Changes
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Cell reports. - : CELL PRESS. - 2211-1247 .- 2211-1247. ; 29:6, s. 1690-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Changes in the endothelium of the cerebral vasculature can contribute to inflammatory, thrombotic, and malignant disorders. The importance of defining cell-type-specific genes and their modification in disease is increasingly recognized. Here, we develop a bioinformatics-based approach to identify normal brain cell-enriched genes, using bulk RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) data from 238 normal human cortex samples from 2 independent cohorts. We compare endothelial cell-enriched gene profiles with astrocyte, oligodendrocyte, neuron, and microglial cell profiles. Endothelial changes in malignant disease are explored using RNA-seq data from 516 lower-grade gliomas and 401 glioblastomas. Lower-grade gliomas appear to be an "endothelial intermediate'' between normal brain and glioblastoma. We apply our method for the prediction of glioblastoma-specific endothelial biomarkers, providing potential diagnostic or therapeutic targets. In summary, we provide a roadmap of endothelial cell identity in normal and malignant brain, using a method developed to resolve bulk RNA-seq into constituent cell-type-enriched profiles.
  • Kenne, Ellinor, et al. (författare)
  • Neutrophils engage the kallikrein-kinin system to open up the endothelial barrier in acute inflammation
  • Ingår i: FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. - : The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. - 1530-6860. ; 33:2, s. 2599-2609
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neutrophil recruitment and plasma exudation are key elements in the immune response to injury or infection. Activated neutrophils stimulate opening of the endothelial barrier; however, the underlying mechanisms have remained largely unknown. In this study, we identified a pivotal role of the proinflammatory kallikrein-kinin system and consequent formation of bradykinin in neutrophil-evoked vascular leak. In mouse and hamster models of acute inflammation, inhibitors of bradykinin generation, and signaling markedly reduced plasma exudation in response to chemoattractant activation of neutrophils. The neutrophil-driven leak was likewise suppressed in mice deficient in either the bradykinin B2 receptor or factor XII (initiator of the kallikrein-kinin system). In human endothelial cell monolayers, material secreted from activated neutrophils induced cytoskeletal rearrangement, leading to paracellular gap formation in a bradykinin-dependent manner. As a mechanistic basis, we found that a neutrophil-derived heparin-binding protein (HBP/azurocidin) displaced the bradykinin precursor high-molecular-weight kininogen from endothelial cells, thereby enabling proteolytic processing of kininogen into bradykinin by neutrophil and plasma proteases. These data provide novel insight into the signaling pathway by which neutrophils open up the endothelial barrier and identify the kallikrein-kinin system as a target for therapeutic interventions in acute inflammatory reactions.-Kenne, E., Rasmuson, J., Renné, T., Vieira, M. L., Müller-Esterl, W., Herwald, H., Lindbom, L. Neutrophils engage the kallikrein-kinin system to open up the endothelial barrier in acute inflammation.
  • Kilinç, E, et al. (författare)
  • Factor XII activation is essential to sustain the procoagulant effects of particulate matter
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis. - 1538-7933 .- 1538-7836. ; 9:7, s. 1359-1367
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Particulate matter (PM) is a key component of ambient air pollution and has been associated with an increased risk of thrombotic events and mortality. The underlying mechanisms remain unclear. OBJECTIVES:  To study the mechanisms of PM-driven procoagulant activity in human plasma and to investigate mainly, the coagulation driven by ultrafine particles (UFPs; < 0.1 μm) in genetically modified mice. METHODS: Thrombin generation in response to PM of different sizes was assessed in normal human platelet-poor plasma, as well as in plasmas deficient in the intrinsic pathway proteases factors XII (FXII) or XI (FXI). In addition, UFPs were intratracheally instilled in wild-type (WT) and FXII-deficient (FXII(-/-) ) mice and plasma thrombin generation was analyzed in plasma from treated mice at 4 and 20 h post-exposure. RESULTS: In normal human plasma, thrombin generation was enhanced in the presence of PM, whereas PM-driven thrombin formation was completely abolished in FXII- and FXI-deficient plasma. UFPs induced a transient increase in tissue factor (TF)-driven thrombin formation at 4 h post-instillation in WT mice compared with saline instillation. Intratracheal instillation of UFPs resulted in a procoagulant response in WT mice plasma at 20 h, whereas it was entirely suppressed in FXII(-/-) mice. CONCLUSIONS:  Overall, the data suggest that PM promotes its early procoagulant actions mostly through the TF-driven extrinsic pathway of coagulation, whereas PM-driven long lasting thrombogenic effects are predominantly mediated via formation of activated FXII. Hence, FXII-driven thrombin formation may be relevant to an enhanced thrombotic susceptibility upon chronic exposure to PM in humans.
  • Nickel, Katrin F., et al. (författare)
  • The polyphosphate-factor XII pathway drives coagulation in prostate cancer-associated thrombosis
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Blood. - 0006-4971 .- 1528-0020. ; 126:11, s. 1379-1389
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cancer is a leading cause of thrombosis. We identify a new procoagulant mechanism that contributes to thromboembolism in prostate cancer and allows for safe anticoagulation therapy development. Prostate cancer-mediated procoagulant activity was reduced in plasma in the absence of factor XII or its substrate of the intrinsic coagulation pathway factor XI. Prostate cancer cells and secreted prostasomes expose long chain polyphosphate on their surface that colocalized with active factor XII and initiated coagulation in a factor XII-dependent manner. Polyphosphate content correlated with the procoagulant activity of prostasomes. Inherited deficiency in factor XI or XII or high-molecular-weight kininogen, but not plasma kallikrein, protected mice from prostasome-induced lethal pulmonary embolism. Targeting polyphosphate or factor XII conferred resistance to prostate cancer-driven thrombosis in mice, without increasing bleeding. Inhibition of factor XII with recombinant 3F7 antibody reduced the increased prostasome-mediated procoagulant activity in patient plasma. The data illustrate a critical role for polyphosphate/factor XII-triggered coagulation in prostate cancer-associated thrombosis with implications for anticoagulation without therapy-associated bleeding in malignancies.
  • Ben Nasr, Abdelhakim, et al. (författare)
  • Absorption of kininogen from human plasma by Streptococcus pyogenes is followed by the release of bradykinin
  • Ingår i: Biochemical Journal. - : Portland Press. - 0264-6021. ; 326:3, s. 657-660
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • H-kininogen (high-molecular-mass kininogen, HK) is the precursor of the vasoactive peptide hormone bradykinin (BK). Previous work has demonstrated that HK binds to Streptococcus pyogenes through M-proteins, fibrous surface proteins and important virulence factors of these bacteria. Here we find that M-protein-expressing bacteria absorb HK from human plasma. The HK bound to the bacteria was found to be cleaved, and analysis of the degradation pattern suggested that the cleavage of HK at the bacterial surface is associated with the release of BK. Moreover, addition of activated plasma prekallikrein to bacteria preincubated with human plasma, resulted in BK release. This mechanism, by which a potent vasoactive and proinflammatory peptide is generated at the site of infection, should influence the host-parasite relationship during S. pyogenes infections.
  • Herwald, Heiko, et al. (författare)
  • Mapping of the discontinuous kininogen binding site of prekallikrein : A distal binding segment is located in the heavy chain domain A4
  • Ingår i: Journal of Biological Chemistry. - : ASBMB. - 0021-9258. ; 271:22, s. 13061-13067
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Prekallikrein, the precursor to the serine proteinase kailikrein, circulates in plasma in an equimolar complex with H-kininogen. The binding to H-kininogen is mediated by the kallikrein heavy chain consisting of four "apple" domains, A1-A4, which attaches to H-kininogen with high specificity and affinity (KD = 83 UM). At least two distinct portions of the kallikrein heavy chain form this H-kininogen binding site: a proximal segment located in the NH2-terminal fragment of the heavy chain encompassing A1, and distal segment(s) located in COOH-terminal fragment spanning domains A2-A4. The proximal binding segment has been located to amino acid positions 56-86 of A1. To precisely map the distal binding segment, we have identified monoclonal antibodies directed to the COOH-terminal fragment which interfere with the H-kininogen-prekallikrein complex formation. Monoclonal antibody 13G11 binds to recombinant apple domain A4 but not to domain A3 of the prekallikrein heavy chain. Deletion mutagenesis of domain A4 narrowed down the target epitope of 13G11 to the center portion of domain A4, positions 284-331. Direct binding studies of H-kininogen to various domain A4 constructs revealed that the distal H-kininogen binding portion is located on a segment of 48 residues, which overlaps the 13G11 epitope. Hence the tight interaction of H-kininogen and prekallikrein is mediated by at least two separate sequence segments located in domains A1 and A4, respectively, of the prekallikrein heavy chain. The isolated distal binding segment significantly prolongs the partial thromboplastin time of reconstituted Williams plasma thus stressing the critical role of the prekallikrein-H-kininogen complex formation in the initiation of the endogenous blood coagulation cascade.
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