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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Rolstad Sindre 1976 ) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Rolstad Sindre 1976 )

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  • Abé, C, et al. (författare)
  • Bipolar disorder type I and II show distinct relationships between cortical thickness and executive function.
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica. - 1600-0447. ; 138:4, s. 325-335
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Frontal cortical abnormalities and executive function impairment co-occur in bipolar disorder. Recent studies have shown that bipolar subtypes differ in the degree of structural and functional impairments. The relationships between cognitive performance and cortical integrity have not been clarified and might differ across patients with bipolar disorder type I, II, and healthy subjects.Using a vertex-wise whole-brain analysis, we investigated how cortical integrity, as measured by cortical thickness, correlates with executive performance in patients with bipolar disorder type I, II, and controls (N = 160).We found focal associations between executive function and cortical thickness in the medial prefrontal cortex in bipolar II patients and controls, but not in bipolar I disorder. In bipolar II patients, we observed additional correlations in lateral prefrontal and occipital regions.Our findings suggest that bipolar disorder patients show altered structure-function relationships, and importantly that those relationships may differ between bipolar subtypes. The findings are line with studies suggesting subtype-specific neurobiological and cognitive profiles. This study contributes to a better understanding of brain structure-function relationships in bipolar disorder and gives important insights into the neuropathophysiology of diagnostic subtypes.
  • Balogh, Nora, et al. (författare)
  • The five-items memory screen-extended variant: A tool for assessing memory
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica. - 0001-6314. ; 141:2, s. 162-167
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background and purpose The detection of memory impairment is an important part of dementia screening. However, the scope of memory measures in current screening batteries is limited. There is a need for a short yet sensitive instrument for early detection of memory impairment that could serve as a complement to existing globally oriented screening tests, for example, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). To that end, the current study investigates the sensitivity and psychometric properties of the memory screening instrument The Five-Items Memory Screen -Extended Variant (FIMS-XV). Methods Hundred and forty-five participants included in the Gothenburg Mild Cognitive Impairment Study-27 patients with subjective cognitive impairment (SCI), 73 with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and 45 with mild dementia-underwent cognitive screening including the MMSE and FIMS-XV. Ninety participants also underwent extensive neuropsychological testing. Results The FIMS-XV showed high internal consistency and strong correlations with established neuropsychological memory tests. Both the FIMS-XVdelayed recall score and the FIMS-XV total score differentiated mild dementia patients from patients with SCI and MCI. Conclusions The FIMS-XV shows promise as a sensitive tool for screening for memory impairment in all putative phases of dementia.
  • Bjerke, Maria, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Subcortical vascular dementia biomarker pattern in mild cognitive impairment.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders. - 1421-9824. ; 28:4, s. 348-56
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is an etiologically unclear disorder. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers are potentially useful for the differentiation between various MCI etiologies. AIM: The aim of the study was to assess whether baseline CSF hyperphosphorylated tau (P-tau), total tau (T-tau), amyloid beta 1-42 (Abeta(42)) and neurofilament light (NF-L) in patients with MCI could predict subcortical vascular dementia (SVD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) at follow-up. METHODS: Biomarker levels were assessed by Luminex xMAP technology and ELISA. RESULTS: Increased baseline concentrations of NF-L significantly separated MCI-SVD from stable MCI. The MCI-SVD patients were inseparable from stable MCI but separable from patients developing AD (MCI-AD) on the basis of Abeta(42,) T-tau and P-tau(181) levels. CONCLUSION: A combination of the biomarkers Abeta(42), T-tau, P-tau(181) and NF-L has the potential to improve the clinical separation of MCI-SVD patients from stable MCI and MCI-AD patients.
  • Brys, Miroslaw, et al. (författare)
  • Prediction and longitudinal study of CSF biomarkers in mild cognitive impairment.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Neurobiology of aging. - 1558-1497. ; 30:5, s. 682-90
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: To longitudinally evaluate five cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers in the transition from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: A baseline and 2-year follow-up clinical and CSF study of 86 subjects, including 22 MCI patients that declined to AD (MCI-AD), 43 MCI that did not deteriorate (MCI-MCI) and 21 controls (NL-NL). All subjects were studied for total and phosphorylated tau (T-tau, P-tau(231)), amyloid beta (Abeta) Abeta(42)/Abeta(40) ratio, isoprostane (IP) as well as P-tau(231)/Abeta(42/40) and T-tau/Abeta(42/40) ratios. RESULTS: At baseline and at follow-up MCI-AD showed higher levels P-tau(231), T-tau, IP, P-tau(231)/Abeta(42/40) and T-tau/Abeta(42/40) ratios and lower Abeta(42)/Abeta(40) than MCI-MCI or NL-NL. Baseline P-tau(231) best predicted MCI-AD (80%, p<0.001) followed in accuracy by P-tau(231)/Abeta(42/40) and T-tau/Abeta(42/40) ratios (both 75%, p's<0.001), T-tau (74%, p<0.001), Abeta(42)/Abeta(40) (69%, p<0.01), and IP (68%, p<0.01). Only IP showed longitudinal effects (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: P-tau(231) is the strongest predictor of the decline from MCI to AD. IP levels uniquely show longitudinal progression effects. These results suggest the use of CSF biomarkers in secondary prevention trials.
  • Eckerström, Carl, et al. (författare)
  • Characteristic Biomarker and Cognitive Profile in Incipient Mixed Dementia.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD. - 1875-8908. ; 73:2, s. 597-607
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Research has shown that mixed dementia is more common than previously believed but little is known of its early stages.To examine if incipient mixed dementia can be differentiated from incipient Alzheimer's disease (AD) and subcortical ischemic vascular dementia (SVD) using neuropsychological tests, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) markers, and magnetic resonance imaging markers.We included 493 patients and controls from the Gothenburg MCI study and used the dementia groups for marker selection (CSF total-tau (T-tau), phospho-tau (P-tau), and amyloid-β42 (Aβ42), 11 neuropsychological tests, and 92 regional brain volumes) and to obtain cut-off values which were then applied to the MCI groups.Incipient mixed dementia was best differentiated from incipient AD by the Word fluency F-A-S test and the Trail making test A. CSF T-tau, P-tau, and Aβ42 differentiated incipient mixed dementia from incipient SVD.Incipient mixed dementia is characterized by an AD-like biomarker profile and an SVD-like cognitive profile. Incipient mixed dementia can be separated from incipient AD and incipient SVD using CSF markers and cognitive testing.
  • Eckerström, Carl, et al. (författare)
  • Combination of Hippocampal Volume and Cerebrospinal Fluid Biomarkers Improves Predictive Value in Mild Cognitive Impairment.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders. - 1421-9824. ; 29:4, s. 294-300
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a heterogeneous condition, and the prognosis differs within the group. Recent findings suggest that hippocampal volumetry and CSF biomarkers can be used to predict which MCI patients have an underlying neurodegenerative disorder. Objective: To examine the combined predictive value of hippocampal volume and CSF levels of total tau (T-tau) and beta-amyloid(42) (Abeta(42)) in stable and converting MCI patients. The participants (n = 68) included patients with MCI at baseline and who converted to dementia by the time of the 2-year follow-up (n = 21), stable MCI patients (n = 21) and healthy controls (n = 26). Methods: The Göteborg MCI study is a clinically based longitudinal study with biannual clinical assessments. Hippocampal volumetry was performed manually, based on data from the 0.5-tesla MRI investigations at baseline. Baseline CSF levels of T-tau and Abeta(42) were measured using commercially available, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Results: The converting MCI group had significantly smaller left hippocampi, lower CSF Abeta(42) and higher T-tau compared to both the stable MCI group and the healthy controls. Multivariate analysis revealed that a combination of the variables outperformed the prognostic ability of the separate variables. Conclusions: Hippocampal volumes supplement the prognostic accuracy of CSF Abeta(42) and T-tau in MCI.
  • Eckerström, Carl, et al. (författare)
  • High white matter lesion load is associated with hippocampal atrophy in mild cognitive impairment.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders. - 1421-9824. ; 31:2, s. 132-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a heterogeneous condition suggested as a prodromal state of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and subcortical vascular dementia (SVD). Recent findings suggest that white matter lesions (WML) may be associated with hippocampal atrophy. The objective of the study was to examine hippocampal and WML volumes in MCI patients and to examine if WML were linked to hippocampal atrophy.
  • Eckerström, Carl, et al. (författare)
  • Similar pattern of atrophy in early- and late-onset Alzheimer's disease
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Alzheimer's and Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment and Disease Monitoring. - 2352-8729. ; 10, s. 253-259
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: Previous research on structural changes in early-onset Alzheimer's disease (EOAD) and late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) have reported inconsistent findings. Methods: In the present substudy of the Gothenburg MCI study, 1.5 T scans were used to estimate lobar and hippocampal volumes using FreeSurfer. Study participants (N = 145) included 63 patients with AD, (24 patients with EOAD [aged ≤65 years], 39 patients with LOAD [aged >65 years]), 25 healthy controls aged ≤65 years, and 57 healthy controls aged >65 years. Results: Hippocampal atrophy is the most prominent feature of both EOAD and LOAD compared with controls. Direct comparison between EOAD and LOAD showed that the differences between the groups did not remain after correcting for age. Discussion: Structurally, EOAD and LOAD does not seem to be different nosological entities. The difference in brain volumes between the groups compared with controls is likely due to age-related atrophy. © 2018 The Authors
  • Eckerström, Carl, et al. (författare)
  • The Göteborg MCI study – absolute and normalized hippocampal volumes in the prediction of dementia
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: The Annual General Meeting of the Swedish Society of Medicine, Nov. 28-30, 2007.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a state where the cognitive functions are more impaired than what would be expected from aging alone but not enough to be described as dementia. In our material, there was an overrepresentation of men in the stable MCI group and an overrepre-sentation of women in the two other groups. Normalization of the data removed the gender-related differences in hippocampal volume and allowed for better utilization of the data. Hippocampal volumetry predicts conversion to dementia in MCI patients.
  • Eckerström, Marie, 1981-, et al. (författare)
  • High Prevalence of Stress and Low Prevalence of Alzheimer Disease CSF Biomarkers in a Clinical Sample with Subjective Cognitive Impairment
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders. - 1420-8008 .- 1421-9824. ; 42:1-2, s. 93-105
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background/Aims: Subjective cognitive impairment (SCI) is a trigger for seeking health care in a possible preclinical phase of Alzheimer's disease (AD), although the characteristics of SCI need clarification. We investigated the prevalence of psychosocial stress, depressive symptoms and CSF AD biomarkers in SCI and MCI (mild cognitive impairment). Methods: Memory clinic patients (SCI: n = 90; age: 59.8 ± 7.6 years; MCI: n = 160; age: 63.7 ± 7.0 years) included in the Gothenburg MCI study were examined at baseline. Variables were analyzed using logistic regression with SCI as dependent variable. Results: Stress was more prevalent in SCI (51.1%) than MCI (23.1%); p < 0.0005. SCI patients had more previous depressive symptoms (p = 0.006), but showed no difference compared to MCI patients considering current depressive symptoms. A positive CSF AD profile was present in 14.4% of SCI patients and 35.0% of MCI patients (p = 0.001). Stress (p = 0.002), previous stress/depressive symptoms (p = 0.006) and a negative CSF AD profile (p = 0.036) predicted allocation to the SCI group. Conclusion: Psychosocial stress is more prevalent in SCI than previously acknowledged. The high prevalence and long-term occurrence of stress/depressive symptoms in SCI in combination with a low prevalence of altered CSF AD biomarkers strengthens the notion that AD is not the most likely etiology of SCI.
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