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Sökning: WFRF:(Sörensson Peder)

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1.
  • Rinnström, D., et al. (författare)
  • Hypertension in adults with repaired coarctation of the aorta
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: American Heart Journal. - : MOSBY-ELSEVIER. - 0002-8703 .- 1097-6744. ; 181, s. 10-15
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims In adults with coarctation of the aorta (CoA), hypertension (HTN) is a common long-term complication. We investigated the prevalence of HTN and analyzed factors associated with HTN. Methods and results In the national register for congenital heart disease, 653 adults with repaired CoA were identified (mean age 36.9 ± 14.4 years); 344 (52.7%) of them had HTN, defined as either an existing diagnosis or blood pressure (BP) ≥140/90 mmHg at the clinical visit. In a multivariable model, age (years) (odds ratio [OR] 1.07, CI 1.05-1.10), sex (male) (OR 3.35, CI 1.98-5.68), and body mass index (kilograms per square meter) (OR 1.09, CI 1.03-1.16) were independently associated with having HTN, and so was systolic arm-leg BP gradient where an association with HTN was found at the ranges of (10, 20] and >20 mmHg, in comparison to the interval ≤10 mmHg (OR 3.58, CI 1.70-7.55, and OR 11.38, CI 4.03-32.11). This model remained valid when all patients who had increased BP (≥140/90 mmHg) without having been diagnosed with HTN were excluded from the analyses. Conclusions Hypertension is common in patients with previously repaired CoA and is associated with increasing age, male sex, and elevated body mass index. There is also an association with arm-leg BP gradient, starting at relatively low levels that are usually not considered for intervention. © 2016
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2.
  • Sandtröm, Anette, et al. (författare)
  • Factors associated with health-related quality of life among adults with tetralogy of Fallot
  • Ingår i: Open Heart. - : BMJ Publishing Group. - 2053-3624. ; 6:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Due to improved care, the numbers of patients with tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) are increasing. However, long-term morbidity and need for reinterventions are concerns and also address issues of quality of life (QoL). Methods Patients with ToF and valid EuroQol-5 dimensions questionnaire (EQ-5D) were identified in the national Swedish register on congenital heart disease. EQ-5D index was calculated and dichotomised into best possible health-related QoL (EQ-5D index =1) or differed from 1. Results 288 patients met the criteria and were analysed. Univariate logistic regression showed a positive association between New York Heart Association (NYHA) class I (OR 8.32, 95% CI 3.80 to 18.21), physical activity >3 h/week (OR 3.34, 95% CI 1.67 to 6.66) and a better right ventricular function (OR 2.56, 95% CI 1.09 to 6.02). A negative association between symptoms (OR 0.23, 95% CI 0.13 to 0.42), cardiovascular medication (OR 0.31, 95% CI 0.18 to 0.53), age (OR 0.97, 95% CI 0.96 to 0.99) and EQ-5D index was observed. In multivariate logistic regression, NYHA I (OR 7.28, 95% CI 3.29 to 16.12) and physical activity >3 h/week (OR 2.27, 95% CI 1.07 to 4.84) remained associated with best possible health-related QoL. Replacing NYHA with symptoms in the model yielded similar results. Conclusion In this registry study, self-reported physical activity, staff-reported NYHA class and absence of symptoms were strongly associated with best possible health-related QoL measured by EQ-5D. Physical activity level is a potential target for intervention to improve QoL in this population but randomised trials are needed to test such a hypothesis.
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3.
  • Skoglund, Kristofer, et al. (författare)
  • Effect of medical treatment in patients with systemic right ventricle
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal. - 1401-7431 .- 1651-2006. ; , s. 1-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: Congenitally corrected and surgical atrial redirected transposition of the great arteries (TGA) represents states where the morphological right ventricle serves as a systemic ventricle (S-RV). The S-RV is prone to failure, but data on medical treatment on this problem is limited. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the survival in adults with S-RV, with or without heart failure treatment.Design: The SWEDCON registry was used to collect data. All adults with S-RV and minimum follow-up of 1 year were included retrospectively. Medical treatment was defined as taking beta-blockers and/or ACE inhibitors and/or ARBs for more than 50% of the time.Results: We identified 343 patients with S-RV (median age: 21 years). Surgical atrial redirected TGA was present in 58% and congenitally corrected TGA in 42% of patients. The medically treated group (n = 126) had higher rates of impaired S-RV function, use of diuretics, pacemaker and higher NYHA functional class at baseline compared to controls. The proportion of patients with impaired functional class did not change over time in the medically treated group, but increased in controls (21% vs. 30%, p = .015). In Kaplan–Meier analysis, the mean follow-up was 10.3 years, no difference in survival was seen between the groups.Conclusions: Medical treatment may be beneficial in patients with S-RV and impaired functional class and appears to be safe in the long term. The treatment group had equal survival to controls, despite worse baseline characteristics, which might be a result of slower progression of disease in this group.
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4.
  • Nickander, Jannike, et al. (författare)
  • Stationary tissue background correction increases the precision of clinical evaluation of intra-cardiac shunts by cardiovascular magnetic resonance
  • Ingår i: Scientific Reports. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 2045-2322. ; 10:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We aimed to evaluate the clinical utility of stationary tissue background phase correction for affecting precision in the measurement of Qp/Qs by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). We enrolled consecutive patients (n = 91) referred for CMR at 1.5T without suspicion of cardiac shunt, and patients (n = 10) with verified cardiac shunts in this retrospective study. All patients underwent phase contrast flow quantification in the ascending aorta and pulmonary trunk. Flow was quantified using two semi-automatic software platforms (SyngoVia VA30, Vendor 1; Segment 2.0R4534, Vendor 2). Measurements were performed both uncorrected and corrected for linear (Vendor 1 and Vendor 2) or quadratic (Vendor 2) background phase. The proportion of patients outside the normal range of Qp/Qs was compared using the McNemar's test. Compared to uncorrected measurements, there were fewer patients with a Qp/Qs outside the normal range following linear correction using Vendor 1 (10% vs 18%, p < 0.001), and Vendor 2 (10% vs 18%, p < 0.001), and following quadratic correction using Vendor 2 (7% vs 18%, p < 0.001). No patient with known shunt was reclassified as normal following stationary background correction. Therefore, we conclude that stationary tissue background correction reduces the number of patients with a Qp/Qs ratio outside the normal range in a consecutive clinical population, while simultaneously not reclassifying any patient with known cardiac shunts as having a normal Qp/Qs. Stationary tissue background correction may be used in clinical patients to increase diagnostic precision.
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5.
  • Rinnström, Daniel, et al. (författare)
  • Left ventricular hypertrophy in adults with previous repair of coarctation of the aorta; Association with systolic blood pressure in the high normal range
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cardiology. - : Elsevier. - 0167-5273 .- 1874-1754. ; 218, s. 59-64
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Arterial hypertension is common in adults with repaired coarctation of the aorta (CoA). The associations between the diagnosis of hypertension, actual blood pressure, other factors affecting left ventricular overload, and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) are not yet fully explored in this population. Material and results From the national register for congenital heart disease, 506 adult patients (≥ 18 years old) with previous repair of CoA were identified (37.0% female, mean age 35.7 ± 13.8 years, with an average of 26.8 ± 12.4 years post repair). Echocardiographic data were available for all patients, and showed LVH in 114 (22.5%) of these. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) (mm Hg) (OR 1.02, CI 1.01-1.04), aortic valve disease, (OR 2.17, CI 1.33-3.53), age (years) (OR 1.03, CI 1.01-1.05), diagnosis of arterial hypertension (OR 3.02, CI 1.81-5.02), and sex (female) (OR 0.41, CI 0.24-0.72) were independently associated with LVH. There was an association with LVH at SBP within the upper reference limits [130, 140] mm Hg (OR 2.23, CI 1.05-4.73) that further increased for SBP > 140 mm Hg (OR 8.02, CI 3.76-17.12). Conclusions LVH is common post repair of CoA and is associated with SBP even below the currently recommended target level. Lower target levels may therefore become justified in this population. ORCID Id: 0000-0003-0976-6910.
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6.
  • Rinnström, Daniel, 1982-, et al. (författare)
  • Poor blood pressure control in adults with repaired coarctation of the aorta and hypertension : a register-based study of associated factors
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Cardiology in the Young. - : Cambridge University Press. - 1047-9511 .- 1467-1107. ; 27:9, s. 1708-1715
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Arterial hypertension is common in adults with repaired coarctation of the aorta, and is associated with several severe complications.This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of poorly controlled (⩾140/90 mmHg) blood pressure among patients with diagnosed hypertension and to identify associated factors.In the national register for CHD, adults with repaired coarctation of the aorta and diagnosed hypertension – defined as a registry diagnosis and/or use of anti-hypertensive prescription medication – were identified. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify variables associated with poorly controlled blood pressure.Of the 243 included patients, 27.2% were female, the mean age was 45.4±15.3 years, and 52.3% had poorly controlled blood pressure at the last registration. In a multivariable model, age (years) (OR 1.03, CI 1.01–1.06, p=0.008) was independently associated with poorly controlled blood pressure and so was systolic arm–leg blood pressure gradient in the ranges [10, 20] mmHg (OR 4.92, CI 1.76–13.79, p=0.002) to >20 mmHg (OR 9.93, CI 2.99–33.02, p<0.001), in comparison with the reference interval [0, 10] mmHg. Patients with poorly controlled blood pressure had, on average, more types of anti-hypertensive medication classes prescribed (1.9 versus 1.5, p=0.003).Poorly controlled blood pressure is common among patients with repaired coarctation of the aorta and diagnosed hypertension, despite what seems to be more intensive treatment. A systolic arm–leg blood pressure gradient is associated with poorly controlled blood pressure, even at low levels usually not considered for intervention, and may be an indicator of hypertension that is difficult to treat.
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7.
  • Sandberg, C., et al. (författare)
  • Height, weight and body mass index in adults with congenital heart disease
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cardiology. - : Elsevier. - 0167-5273 .- 1874-1754. ; 187, s. 219-226
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: High BMI is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and, in contrast, low BMI is associated with worse prognosis in heart failure. The knowledge on BMI and the distribution in different BMI-classes in adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) are limited. Methods and results: Data on 2424 adult patients was extracted from the Swedish Registry on Congenital Heart Disease and compared to a reference population (n = 4605). The prevalence of overweight/obesity (BMI >= 25) was lower in men with variants of the Fontan procedure, pulmonary atresia (PA)/double outlet right ventricle (DORV) and aortic valve disease (AVD) (Fontan 22.0% and PA/DORV 15.1% vs. 43.0%, p = 0.048 and p < 0.001) (AVD 37.5% vs. 49.3%, p < 0.001). Overt obesity (BMI >= 30) was only more common in women with AVD (12.8% vs. 9.0%, p = 0.005). Underweight (BMI < 18.5) was generally more common in men with CHD (complex lesions 4.9% vs. 0.9%, p < 0.001 and simple lesions 3.2% vs. 0.6%, <0.001). Men with complex lesions were shorter than controls in contrast to females that in general did not differ from controls. Conclusion: Higher prevalence of underweight in men with CHD combined with a lower prevalence of over-weight/obesity in men with some complex lesions indicates that men with CHD in general has lower BMI compared to controls. In women, only limited differences between those with CHD and the controls were found. The complexity of the CHD had larger impact on height in men. The cause of these gender differences as well as possible significance for prognosis is unknown. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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8.
  • Sandstrom, A., et al. (författare)
  • Implantable cardiac devices in adult patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal. - : Taylor & Francis. - 1401-7431 .- 1651-2006.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives Implantable cardiac devices are common in patients with tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) (18.3-21.3%) according to previous reports from large centres. We conducted this study to investigate the prevalence and incidence of cardiac devices in a less selected population of patients with ToF and assess factors other than arrhythmia associated with having a device.Design:530 adult (>= 18 years) patients with repaired ToF were identified in the national registry of congenital heart disease (SWEDCON) and matched with data from the Swedish pacemaker registry. Patients with implantable cardiac devices were compared with patients without devices.Results: Seventy-five patients (14.2%) had a device; 51 (9.6%) had a pacemaker and 24 (4.5%) had an implantable cardioverter defibrillator. The incidence in adult age (>= 18 years) was 5.9/1000 patient years. Estimated device free survival was 97.5% at twenty, 87.2% at forty and 63.5% at sixty years of age. Compared with previous studies, the prevalence of devices was lower, especially for ICD. In multivariate logistic regression, cardiovascular medication (odds ratio [OR] 3.5, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.8-6.8), impaired left ventricular function, (OR 2.6, 95%CI 1.3-5.0) and age (OR 1.02, 95%CI 1.002-1.05) were associated with having a device.Conclusion: The prevalence of devices in our population, representing a multicenter register cohort, was lower than previously reported, especially regarding ICD. This can be due to differences in treatment traditions with regard to ICD in this population, but it may also be that previous studies have reported selected patients with more severe disease.
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9.
  • Axelsson, Jimmy, et al. (författare)
  • Ejection fraction in left bundle branch block is disproportionately reduced in relation to amount of myocardial scar
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of Electrocardiology. - : Elsevier. - 0022-0736 .- 1532-8430. ; 51:6, s. 1071-1076
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: The relationship between left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) and LV myocardial scar can identify potentially reversible causes of LV dysfunction. Left bundle branch block (LBBB) alters the electrical and mechanical activation of the LV. We hypothesized that the relationship between LVEF and scar extent is different in LBBB compared to controls. Methods: We compared the relationship between LVEF and scar burden between patients with LBBB and scar (n = 83), and patients with chronic ischemic heart disease and scar but no electrocardiographic conduction abnormality (controls, n = 90), who had undergone cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging at one of three centers. LVEF (%) was measured in CMR cine images. Scar burden was quantified by CMR late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) and expressed as % of LV mass (%LVM). Maximum possible LVEF (LVEFmax) was defined as the function describing the hypotenuse in the LVEF versus myocardial scar extent scatter plot. Dysfunction index was defined as LVEFmax derived from the control cohort minus the measured LVEF. Results: Compared to controls with scar, LBBB with scar had a lower LVEF (median [interquartile range] 27 [19–38] vs 36 [25–50] %, p < 0.001), smaller scar (4 [1–9] vs 11 [6–20] %LVM, p < 0.001), and greater dysfunction index (39 [30–52] vs 21 [12–35] % points, p < 0.001). Conclusions: Among LBBB patients referred for CMR, LVEF is disproportionately reduced in relation to the amount of scar. Dyssynchrony in LBBB may thus impair compensation for loss of contractile myocardium.
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10.
  • Berglund, Elisabeth, et al. (författare)
  • High incidence of infective endocarditis in adults with congenital ventricular septal defect
  • Ingår i: Heart. - : BMJ Publishing Group. - 1355-6037 .- 1468-201X. ; 102:22, s. 1835-1839
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective Ventricular septal defects (VSDs), if haemodynamically important, are closed whereas small shunts are left without intervention. The long-term prognosis in congenital VSD is good but patients are still at risk for long-term complications. The aim of this study was to clarify the incidence of infective endocarditis (IE) in adults with VSD. Methods The Swedish registry for congenital heart disease (SWEDCON) was searched for adults with VSD. 779 patients were identified, 531 with small shunts and 248 who had the VSD previously closed. The National Patient Register was then searched for hospitalisations due to IE in adults during a 10-year period. Results Sixteen (2%) patients were treated for IE, 6 men and 10 women, with a mean age of 46.3 ±12.2 years. The incidence of IE was 1.7-2.7/1000 years in patients without previous intervention, 20-30 times the risk in the general population. Thirteen had small shunts without previous intervention. There was no mortality in these 13 cases. Two patients had undergone repair of their VSD and also aortic valve replacement before the episode of endocarditis and a third patient with repaired VSD had a bicuspid aortic valve, all of these three patients needed reoperation because of their IE and one patient died. No patient with isolated and operated VSD was diagnosed with IE. Conclusions A small unoperated VSD in adults carries a substantially increased risk of IE but is associated with a low risk of mortality.
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