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Sökning: WFRF:(Schaedel Christina)

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  • Abbott, Benjamin W., et al. (författare)
  • Biomass offsets little or none of permafrost carbon release from soils, streams, and wildfire : an expert assessment
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Environmental Research Letters. - : IOP Publishing: Open Access Journals / IOP Publishing. - 1748-9326 .- 1748-9326. ; 11:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • As the permafrost region warms, its large organic carbon pool will be increasingly vulnerable to decomposition, combustion, and hydrologic export. Models predict that some portion of this release will be offset by increased production of Arctic and boreal biomass; however, the lack of robust estimates of net carbon balance increases the risk of further overshooting international emissions targets. Precise empirical or model-based assessments of the critical factors driving carbon balance are unlikely in the near future, so to address this gap, we present estimates from 98 permafrost-region experts of the response of biomass, wildfire, and hydrologic carbon flux to climate change. Results suggest that contrary to model projections, total permafrost-region biomass could decrease due to water stress and disturbance, factors that are not adequately incorporated in current models. Assessments indicate that end-of-the-century organic carbon release from Arctic rivers and collapsing coastlines could increase by 75% while carbon loss via burning could increase four-fold. Experts identified water balance, shifts in vegetation community, and permafrost degradation as the key sources of uncertainty in predicting future system response. In combination with previous findings, results suggest the permafrost region will become a carbon source to the atmosphere by 2100 regardless of warming scenario but that 65%-85% of permafrost carbon release can still be avoided if human emissions are actively reduced.
  • Lethagen, Stefan, et al. (författare)
  • Von Willebrand's disease caused by compound heterozygosity for a substitution mutation (T1156M) in the D3 domain of the von Willebrand factor and a stop mutation (Q2470X).
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Thrombosis and Haemostasis. - : F K Schattauer Verlag Gmbh. - 0340-6245. ; 88:3, s. 421-426
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Hereditary defects of the von Willebrand factor (VWF) gene cause von Willebrand's disease (VWD) which shows great variability dependent on the nature and location of the mutation. We here describe the characteristics of a substitution of methionine for threonine 1156 in the D3 domain of the VWF, i.e. the domain involved in the intracellular multimerization of pro-VWF dimers. A VWD patient withsevere symptoms was a compound heterozygote for the T1156M mutation and a null allele (Q2470X) on the other chromosome. This led to marked reduction of plasma VWF concentration to about 0.05 U/ml and an abnormality of VWF multimers as in type 2A VWD. Expression in vitro of the mutation demonstrated that 1156M-VWF is secreted from COS-7 cells in a much reduced amount and lacking large multimers. When co-expressed with normal VWF 1156M-VWF decreased the secretion of normal VWF in a dose-dependent manner, the secreted VWF showing all the multimers. Two relatives of the propositus were single heterozygotes for the T1156M mutation and were either asymptomatic or had the manifestations of mild type 1 VWD. The expression data and studies of platelet VWF indicate that the T1156M mutation results in intracellular retention of VWF rather than impaired synthesis. Three other members of the family were heterozygotes for the Q2470X mutation and demonstrated the variable expressivity of a null allele.
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