SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Schaufelberger C.) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Schaufelberger C.)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 14
  • [1]2Nästa
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  • Hibar, D. P., et al. (författare)
  • Cortical abnormalities in bipolar disorder: An MRI analysis of 6503 individuals from the ENIGMA Bipolar Disorder Working Group
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Molecular Psychiatry. - 1359-4184. ; 23:4, s. 932-942
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Despite decades of research, the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder (BD) is still not well understood. Structural brain differences have been associated with BD, but results from neuroimaging studies have been inconsistent. To address this, we performed the largest study to date of cortical gray matter thickness and surface area measures from brain magnetic resonance imaging scans of 6503 individuals including 1837 unrelated adults with BD and 2582 unrelated healthy controls for group differences while also examining the effects of commonly prescribed medications, age of illness onset, history of psychosis, mood state, age and sex differences on cortical regions. In BD, cortical gray matter was thinner in frontal, temporal and parietal regions of both brain hemispheres. BD had the strongest effects on left pars opercularis (Cohen's d='0.293; P=1.71 × 10 '21), left fusiform gyrus (d='0.288; P=8.25 × 10 '21) and left rostral middle frontal cortex (d='0.276; P=2.99 × 10 '19). Longer duration of illness (after accounting for age at the time of scanning) was associated with reduced cortical thickness in frontal, medial parietal and occipital regions. We found that several commonly prescribed medications, including lithium, antiepileptic and antipsychotic treatment showed significant associations with cortical thickness and surface area, even after accounting for patients who received multiple medications. We found evidence of reduced cortical surface area associated with a history of psychosis but no associations with mood state at the time of scanning. Our analysis revealed previously undetected associations and provides an extensive analysis of potential confounding variables in neuroimaging studies of BD. © 2018 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature. All rights reserved.
  •  
2.
  •  
3.
  •  
4.
  •  
5.
  •  
6.
  •  
7.
  • Sliwa, K., et al. (författare)
  • Clinical characteristics of patients from the worldwide registry on peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM): EURObservational Research Programme in conjunction with the Heart Failure Association of the European Society of Cardiology Study Group on PPCM
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: European journal of heart failure. - 1879-0844 (Electronic) 1388-9842 (Linking). ; 19:9, s. 1131-1141
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIMS: The purpose of this study is to describe disease presentation, co-morbidities, diagnosis and initial therapeutic management of patients with peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) living in countries belonging to the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) vs. non-ESC countries. METHODS AND RESULTS: Out of 500 patients with PPCM entered by 31 March 2016, we report on data of the first 411 patients with completed case record forms (from 43 countries) entered into this ongoing registry. There were marked differences in socio-demographic parameters such as Human Development Index, GINI index on inequality, and Health Expenditure in PPCM patients from ESC vs. non-ESC countries (P < 0.001 each). Ethnicity was Caucasian (34%), Black African (25.8%), Asian (21.8%), and Middle Eastern backgrounds (16.4%). Despite the huge disparities in socio-demographic factors and ethnic backgrounds, baseline characteristics are remarkably similar. Drug therapy initiated post-partum included ACE inhibitors/ARBs and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists with identical frequencies in ESC vs. non-ESC countries. However, in non-ESC countries, there was significantly less use of beta-blockers (70.3% vs. 91.9%) and ivabradine (1.4% vs. 17.1%), but more use of diuretics (91.3% vs. 68.8%), digoxin (37.0% vs. 18.0%), and bromocriptine (32.6% vs. 7.1%) (P < 0.001). More patients in non-ESC vs. ESC countries continued to have symptomatic heart failure after 1 month (92.3% vs. 81.3%, P < 0.001). Venous thrombo-embolic events, arterial embolizations, and cerebrovascular accidents were documented in 28 of 411 patients (6.8%). Neonatal death rate was 3.1%. CONCLUSION: PPCM occurs in women from different ethnic backgrounds globally. Despite marked differences in socio-economic background, mode of presentation was largely similar. Embolic events and persistent heart failure were common within 1 month post-diagnosis and required intensive, multidisciplinary management.
  •  
8.
  • Fu, Michael, 1963-, et al. (författare)
  • Optimizing the Management of Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction in the Elderly by Targeting Comorbidities (OPTIMIZE-HFPEF).
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of cardiac failure. - 1532-8414. ; 22:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The pathophysiology of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) is not fully understood. A recently proposed mechanism for HFPEF is that it is a systemic pro-inflammatory state induced by comorbidities, leading to microvascular endothelial dysfunction and subsequent cardiac remodelling and dysfunction. We hypothesize that targeting comorbidities will improve outcomes in elderly patients with HFPEF. Thus, the aim of this study is to determine whether the combination of systematic screening of patients with HFPEF and optimal management of comorbidities associated with HFPEF improves outcomes.
  •  
9.
  • Inglis, S. C., et al. (författare)
  • Intermittent claudication as a predictor of outcome in patients with ischaemic systolic heart failure: analysis of the Controlled Rosuvastatin Multinational Trial in Heart Failure trial (CORONA)
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Heart Failure. - 1388-9842. ; 12:7, s. 698-705
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIMS: To examine the relationship between baseline intermittent claudication and outcomes in patients enrolled in the Controlled Rosuvastatin Multinational Trial in Heart Failure trial (CORONA). Intermittent claudication is an independent predictor of worse outcome in coronary heart disease, but its prognostic importance in heart failure (HF) is unknown. Patients aged >or=60 years with NYHA class II-IV, low ejection fraction HF of ischaemic aetiology were enrolled in CORONA. Rosuvastatin did not reduce the primary outcome or all-cause mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: To determine whether intermittent claudication was an independent predictor of clinical outcomes, a three-step multivariable model was built: (i) demographic/clinical variables, (ii) biochemical measures added, (iii) high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic-peptide added. Of the 5011 patients, 637 (12.7%) had intermittent claudication at baseline. Patients with intermittent claudication were more likely to be male (83 vs. 75%), be a current smoker (19 vs. 9%), and have diabetes mellitus (36 vs. 29%) relative to those without intermittent claudication. Over a median 33-month follow-up, 2168 patients died or were hospitalized for HF. Patients with intermittent claudication had an increased risk of death (any cause) (adjusted hazard ratio 1.36, 95% CI 1.19-1.56, P < 0.0001), death from worsening HF (1.35, 1.03-1.77, P = 0.028), sudden death (1.24, 1.00-1.54, P = 0.05), and risk of non-fatal or fatal myocardial infarction (time to first event 1.67, 1.24-2.27, P < 0.001). In the full multivariable model, intermittent claudication remained an independent predictor of most outcomes evaluated. CONCLUSION: Intermittent claudication is a relatively common symptom in ischaemic HF and an independent predictor of worse outcome. Clinical Trial Registration Information: NCT00206310-http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00206310?term=corona&ran k=2.
  •  
10.
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-10 av 14
  • [1]2Nästa
 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy