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Sökning: WFRF:(Schaufelberger Maria 1954 )

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  • Schaufelberger, Maria, 1954-, et al. (författare)
  • Validity of heart failure diagnoses made in 2000-2012 in western Sweden.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: ESC heart failure. - 2055-5822. ; 7:1, s. 37-46
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study is to validate a diagnosis of heart failure (HF) according to the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines among patients hospitalized at Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden, between 2000 and 2012.In Sweden, it is mandatory to report all hospital discharge diagnoses to the Swedish national inpatient register. In total, 27 517 patients were diagnosed with HF at the Sahlgrenska University hospital between 2000 and 2012. Altogether, 1100 records with a primary (n = 550) or contributory (n = 550) diagnosis of HF were randomly selected. The diagnosis was validated according to the ESC guidelines from 1995, 2001, 2005, and 2008, and cases were divided into three groups: definite, probable, and miscoded. In total, 965 cases were validated, while 135 records were excluded for various reasons. Of the 965 records, the diagnosis was validated as definite in 601 (62.3%) and as probable in 310 (32.1%); only 54 (5.6%) of cases had been miscoded. Echocardiography, as an objective evidence of cardiac dysfunction, had been performed in 581 (96.7%) of the definite, 106 (34.2%) of the probable, and 31 (57.4%) of the miscoded cases. Among the probable cases, the main reason they had not been classified as a definitive diagnosis of HF was lack of examination by echocardiography (63.8%).The overall validity of HF diagnosis at Sahlgrenska University Hospital is high. This may reflect a high diagnostic validity at the time of diagnosis in the national Swedish patient register, supporting the continued use of this register in epidemiological research.
  • Barasa, Anders, 1973-, et al. (författare)
  • Heart failure in young adults: 20-year trends in hospitalization, aetiology, and case fatality in Sweden
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: European Heart Journal. - 0195-668X. ; 35:1, s. 25-32
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIMS: To describe trends in incidence and case fatality among younger (18-54 years) and older (55-84 years) Swedish patients with heart failure (HF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Through linking the Swedish national hospital discharge and the cause-specific death registries, we identified patients aged 18-84 years that were discharged 1987-2006 with a diagnosis of HF. Age-specific mean incidence rates per 100 000 person-years were calculated in four 5-year periods. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were plotted up to 3 years. From 1987 to 2006, there were 443 995 HF hospitalizations among adults 18-84 years. Of these, 4660 (1.0%) and 13 507 (3.0%) occurred in people aged 18-44 and 45-54 years (31.6% women), respectively. From the first to the last 5-year period, HF incidence increased by 50 and 43%, among people aged 18-34 and 35-44 years, respectively. Among people >/=45 years, incidence peaked in the mid-1990s and then decreased. Heart failure in the presence of cardiomyopathy increased more than two-fold among all age groups. Case fatality decreased for all age groups until 2001, after which no further significant decrease <55 years was observed. CONCLUSION: Increasing HF hospitalization in young adults in Sweden opposes the general trend seen in older patients, a finding which may reflect true epidemiological changes. Cardiomyopathy accounted for a substantial part of this increase. High case fatality and lack of further case fatality reduction after 2001 are causes for concern.
  • Barywani, Salim B., 1968-, et al. (författare)
  • Predictors of long-term outcome of percutaneous coronary intervention in octogenarians with acute coronary syndrome
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: IJC Heart and Vessels. - 2214-7632. ; 4:1, s. 138-144
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The majority of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are elderly. Limited evidence makes decision-making on the use of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) mainly empirical. Old age is one risk factor, but other factors than age may have an impact on mortality as well. Therefore, we investigated predictors of long-term all-cause mortality among octogenarians who have undergone PCI due to ACS. A total of 182 patients ≥. 80 years who underwent PCI during 2006-2007 at Sahlgrenska University Hospital were studied consecutively from recorded clinical data. All-cause five-year mortality of follow-up was 46.2%. Mean age was 83.7. ±. 2.8, 62% were male, 76% were in sinus rhythm, and 42% had left ventricular ejection fraction. < 45%. Indications for PCI were STEMI (52%), NSTEMI (36%) and unstable angina (11%). Multivariate analysis in two steps identified atrial fibrillation, moderate tricuspid valve regurgitation, moderate mitral valve regurgitation, dependency in ADL and eGFR. ≤. 30. ml/min at the first step and moderate mitral valve regurgitation, atrial fibrillation and eGFR. ≤. 30 ml/min at the last step, as independent predictors of all-cause mortality. Kaplan Meier analysis of positive parameters from both steps of multivariate analysis showed high significant difference in survival between patients having these parameters and those who were free from these parameters, with worst prognosis in patients with accumulation of these parameters. Accordingly, we have, in an octogenarian patient cohort who suffered from ACS, undergone PCI in daily clinical practice, identified five prognostic predictors for all-cause death after five years' follow-up.
  • Borland, Maria, 1967-, et al. (författare)
  • Träning vid kronisk hjärtsvikt för att förbättra livskvaliteten
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Läkartidningen. - 0023-7205. ; 112
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Persons with chronic heart failure should be recommended aerobic and resistance exercise to be able to increase maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max), walking distance, and health related quality of life (moderately strong scientific evidence - quality of evidence +++), and to reduce mortality and hospital admissions and increase muscle strength and endurance (low scientific evidence - quality of evidence ++). Prescription of exercise in chronic heart failure should always be preceded of assessments of aerobic and muscular fitness. The aerobic exercise could be conducted as continuous or interval exercise. In connection with ongoing exercise special attention is needed regarding heart rate, diverging blood pressure reactions, contingent occurrence of arrhythmias and the advent of symptoms such as dizziness and severe dyspnea.
  • Dalin, Martin, 1982-, et al. (författare)
  • Massive parallel sequencing questions the pathogenic role of missense variants in dilated cardiomyopathy.
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: International journal of cardiology. - 1874-1754. ; 228, s. 742-748
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Germline genetic variants are an important cause of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). However, recent sequencing studies have revealed rare variants in DCM-associated genes also in individuals without known heart disease. In this study, we investigate variant prevalence and genotype-phenotype correlations in Swedish DCM patients, and compare their genetic variants to those detected in reference cohorts.We sequenced the coding regions of 41 DCM-associated genes in 176 unrelated patients with idiopathic DCM and found 102 protein-altering variants with an allele frequency of <0.04% in reference cohorts; the majority were missense variants not previously described in DCM. Fifty-five (31%) patients had one variant, and 24 (14%) patients had two or more variants in the analysed genes. Detection of genetic variants in any gene, and in LMNA, MYH7 or TTN alone, was associated with early onset disease and reduced transplant-free survival. As expected, nonsense and frameshift variants were more common in DCM patients than in healthy individuals of the reference cohort 1000 Genomes Europeans. Surprisingly however, the prevalence, conservation and pathogenicity scores, and localization of missense variants were similar in DCM patients and healthy reference individuals.To our knowledge, this is the first study to identify correlations between genotype and prognosis when sequencing a large number of genes in unselected DCM patients. The similar distribution of missense variants in DCM patients and healthy reference individuals questions the pathogenic role of many variants, and suggests that results from genetic testing of DCM patients should be interpreted with caution.
  • Fu, Michael, 1963-, et al. (författare)
  • Optimizing the Management of Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction in the Elderly by Targeting Comorbidities (OPTIMIZE-HFPEF).
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of cardiac failure. - 1532-8414. ; 22:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The pathophysiology of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) is not fully understood. A recently proposed mechanism for HFPEF is that it is a systemic pro-inflammatory state induced by comorbidities, leading to microvascular endothelial dysfunction and subsequent cardiac remodelling and dysfunction. We hypothesize that targeting comorbidities will improve outcomes in elderly patients with HFPEF. Thus, the aim of this study is to determine whether the combination of systematic screening of patients with HFPEF and optimal management of comorbidities associated with HFPEF improves outcomes.
  • Gund, Anna, 1980-, et al. (författare)
  • Attitudes among healthcare professionals towards ICT and home follow-up in chronic heart failure care
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making. - 1472-6947. ; 12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: eHealth applications for out-of-hospital monitoring and treatment follow-up have been advocated for many years as a promising tool to improve treatment compliance, promote individualized care and obtain a person-centred care. Despite these benefits and a large number of promising projects, a major breakthrough in everyday care is generally still lacking. Inappropriate organization for eHealth technology, reluctance from users in the introduction of new working methods, and resistance to information and communication technology (ICT) in general could be reasons for this. Another reason may be attitudes towards the potential in out-of-hospital eHealth applications. It is therefore of interest to study the general opinions among healthcare professionals to ICT in healthcare, as well as the attitudes towards using ICT as a tool for patient monitoring and follow-up at home. One specific area of interest is in-home follow-up of elderly patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). The aim of this paper is to investigate the attitudes towards ICT, as well as distance monitoring and follow-up, among healthcare professionals working with this patient group. METHOD: This paper covers an attitude survey study based on responses from 139 healthcare professionals working with CHF care in Swedish hospital departments, i.e. cardiology and medicine departments. Comparisons between physicians and nurses, and in some cases between genders, on attitudes towards ICT tools and follow-up at home were performed. RESULTS: Out of the 425 forms sent out, 139 were collected, and 17 out of 21 counties and regions were covered in the replies. Among the respondents, 66% were nurses, 30% physicians and 4% others. As for gender, 90% of nurses were female and 60% of physicians were male. Internet was used daily by 67% of the respondents. Attitudes towards healthcare ICT were found positive as 74% were positive concerning healthcare ICT today, 96% were positive regarding the future of healthcare ICT, and 54% had high confidence in healthcare ICT. Possibilities for distance monitoring/follow-up are good according to 63% of the respondents, 78% thought that this leads to increased patient involvement, and 80% thought it would improve possibilities to deliver better care. Finally, 72% of the respondents said CHF patients would benefit from home monitoring/follow-up to some extent, and 19% to a large extent. However, the best method of follow-up was considered to be home visits by nurse, or phone contact. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that a majority of the healthcare professionals in this study are positive to both current and future use of ICT tools in healthcare and home follow-up. Consequently other factors have to play an important role in the slow penetration of out-of-hospital eHealth applications in daily healthcare practice.
  • Lindgren, Martin, et al. (författare)
  • Cardiorespiratory fitness and muscle strength in late adolescence and long-term risk of early heart failure in Swedish men.
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: European journal of preventive cardiology. - 2047-4881. ; 24:8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims To investigate the association between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and muscle strength in late adolescence and the long-term risk of heart failure (HF). Methods A cohort was created of Swedish men enrolled in compulsory military service between 1968 and 2005 with measurements for CRF and muscle strength ( n = 1,226,623; mean age 18.3 years). They were followed until 31 December 2014 for HF hospitalization as recorded in the Swedish national inpatient registry. Results During the follow-up period (median (interquartile range) 28.4 (22.0-37.0) years), 7656 cases of first HF hospitalization were observed (mean ± SD age at diagnosis 50.1 ± 7.9 years). CRF and muscle strength were estimated by maximum capacity cycle ergometer testing and strength exercises (knee extension, elbow flexion and hand grip). Inverse dose-response relationships were found between CRF and muscle strength with HF as a primary or contributory diagnosis with an adjusted hazards ratio (95% confidence interval) of 1.60 (1.44-1.77) for low CRF and 1.45 (1.32-1.58) for low muscle strength categories. The associations of incident HF with CRF and muscle strength persisted, regardless of adjustments for the other potential confounders. The highest risk was observed for HF associated with coronary heart disease, diabetes or hypertension. Conclusions In this longitudinal study of young men, we found inverse and mutually independent associations between CRF and muscle strength with risk of hospitalization for HF. If causal, these results may emphasize the importance of the promotion of CRF and muscle strength in younger populations.
  • Lindgren, Martin, et al. (författare)
  • Cognitive performance in late adolescence and long-term risk of early heart failure in Swedish men.
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: European journal of heart failure. - 1879-0844. ; 20:6, s. 989-97
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Heart failure (HF) incidence appears to increase among younger individuals, raising questions of how risk factors affect the younger population. We investigated the association of cognitive performance in late adolescence with long-term risk of early HF.We followed a cohort of Swedish men enrolled in mandatory military conscription in 1968-2005 (n = 1 225 300; mean age 18.3 years) until 2014 for HF hospitalization, using data from the Swedish National Inpatient Registry. Cognitive performance (IQ) was measured through a combination of tests, separately evaluating logical, verbal, visuospatial, and technical abilities. The results were standardized, weighted, and presented as stanines of IQ. The association between IQ and risk of HF was estimated using Cox proportional hazards models. In follow-up, there were 7633 cases of a first HF hospitalization (mean age at diagnosis 50.1 years). We found an inverse relationship between global IQ and risk of HF hospitalization. Using the highest IQ stanine as reference, the adjusted hazard ratio for the lowest IQ with risk of HF was 3.11 (95% confidence interval 2.60-3.71), corresponding to a hazard ratio of 1.32 (95% CI 1.28-1.35) per standard deviation decrease of IQ. This association proved persistent across predefined categories of HF with respect to pre-existing or concomitant co-morbidities; it was less apparent among obese conscripts (P for interaction =0.0004).In this study of young men, IQ was strongly associated with increased risk of early HF. The medical profession needs to be aware of this finding so as to not defer diagnosis.
  • Lindgren, Martin, et al. (författare)
  • Resting heart rate in late adolescence and long term risk of cardiovascular disease in Swedish men
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cardiology. - 0167-5273. ; 259, s. 109-115
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aim: To investigate the association of resting heart rate (RHR) measured in late adolescence with the long term risk of myocardial infarction (MI), ischemic stroke (IS), heart failure (HF), atrial fibrillation (AF), cardiovascular- and all-cause death. Methods and results: We followed a cohort of Swedish men enrolled for conscription in 1968–2005 (n = 1,008,485; mean age = 18.3 years) until December 2014. Outcomes were collected from the national inpatient - (IPR), outpatient - (OPR) and cause of death registries. Cox proportional hazard models were used to analyze the longitudinal association between RHR and outcomes while adjusting for potential confounders. While we found no independent association between RHR and risk of IS or MI when comparing the highest with the lowest quintile of the RHR distribution, but a positive association persisted between RHR and incident HF (Hazard ratio (HR) = 1.39 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.29–1.49]) after adjustment for body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure (BP). In similarly adjusted models, an inverse association was found for AF while there were weaker associations with death from cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all causes (adjusted HR = 1.12 [CI = 1.04–1.21] and 1.20 [CI = 1.17–1.24]). After further adjustment for cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), the associations persisted for HF (HR = 1.26 [1.17–1.35] for any diagnostic position and HR = 1.43 [1.28–1.60] for HF as a main diagnosis) and for all-cause death (HR 1.09 [1.05–1.12]) but not for CVD death. Conclusion: Adolescent RHR is associated with future risk of HF and death, independently of BP, BMI and CRF, but not with CVD death, MI or IS, suggesting a causal pathway between elevated heart rate and myocardial dysfunction. © 2018 The Authors
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