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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Schelhaas Helenius J.) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Schelhaas Helenius J.)

  • Resultat 1-7 av 7
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1.
  • van Es, Michael A, et al. (författare)
  • Genome-wide association study identifies 19p13.3 (UNC13A) and 9p21.2 as susceptibility loci for sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Nature genetics. - 1546-1718. ; 41:10, s. 1083-1087
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We conducted a genome-wide association study among 2,323 individuals with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and 9,013 control subjects and evaluated all SNPs with P < 1.0 x 10(-4) in a second, independent cohort of 2,532 affected individuals and 5,940 controls. Analysis of the genome-wide data revealed genome-wide significance for one SNP, rs12608932, with P = 1.30 x 10(-9). This SNP showed robust replication in the second cohort (P = 1.86 x 10(-6)), and a combined analysis over the two stages yielded P = 2.53 x 10(-14). The rs12608932 SNP is located at 19p13.3 and maps to a haplotype block within the boundaries of UNC13A, which regulates the release of neurotransmitters such as glutamate at neuromuscular synapses. Follow-up of additional SNPs showed genome-wide significance for two further SNPs (rs2814707, with P = 7.45 x 10(-9), and rs3849942, with P = 1.01 x 10(-8)) in the combined analysis of both stages. These SNPs are located at chromosome 9p21.2, in a linkage region for familial ALS with frontotemporal dementia found previously in several large pedigrees.
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2.
  • van Es, Michael A, et al. (författare)
  • Angiogenin variants in Parkinson disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Annals of Neurology. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 0364-5134 .- 1531-8249. ; 70:6, s. 964-973
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Several studies have suggested an increased frequency of variants in the gene encoding angiogenin (ANG) in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Interestingly, a few ALS patients carrying ANG variants also showed signs of Parkinson disease (PD). Furthermore, relatives of ALS patients have an increased risk to develop PD, and the prevalence of concomitant motor neuron disease in PD is higher than expected based on chance occurrence. We therefore investigated whether ANG variants could predispose to both ALS and PD.METHODS: We reviewed all previous studies on ANG in ALS and performed sequence experiments on additional samples, which allowed us to analyze data from 6,471 ALS patients and 7,668 controls from 15 centers (13 from Europe and 2 from the USA). We sequenced DNA samples from 3,146 PD patients from 6 centers (5 from Europe and 1 from the USA). Statistical analysis was performed using the variable threshold test, and the Mantel-Haenszel procedure was used to estimate odds ratios.RESULTS: Analysis of sequence data from 17,258 individuals demonstrated a significantly higher frequency of ANG variants in both ALS and PD patients compared to control subjects (p = 9.3 × 10(-6) for ALS and p = 4.3 × 10(-5) for PD). The odds ratio for any ANG variant in patients versus controls was 9.2 for ALS and 6.7 for PD.INTERPRETATION: The data from this multicenter study demonstrate that there is a strong association between PD, ALS, and ANG variants. ANG is a genetic link between ALS and PD.
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3.
  • van Es, Michael A, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic variation in DPP6 is associated with susceptibility to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Nature genetics. - 1546-1718. ; 40:1, s. 29-31
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We identified a SNP in the DPP6 gene that is consistently strongly associated with susceptibility to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in different populations of European ancestry, with an overall P value of 5.04 x 10(-8) in 1,767 cases and 1,916 healthy controls and with an odds ratio of 1.30 (95% confidence interval (CI) of 1.18-1.43). Our finding is the first report of a genome-wide significant association with sporadic ALS and may be a target for future functional studies.
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4.
  • Smith, Bradley N., et al. (författare)
  • The C9ORF72 expansion mutation is a common cause of ALS+/-FTD in Europe and has a single founder
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Human Genetics. - London : Nature Publishing Group. - 1018-4813 .- 1476-5438. ; 21:1, s. 102-108
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A massive hexanucleotide repeat expansion mutation (HREM) in C9ORF72 has recently been linked to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Here we describe the frequency, origin and stability of this mutation in ALS+/-FTD from five European cohorts (total n = 1347). Single-nucleotide polymorphisms defining the risk haplotype in linked kindreds were genotyped in cases (n = 434) and controls (n = 856). Haplotypes were analysed using PLINK and aged using DMLE+. In a London clinic cohort, the HREM was the most common mutation in familial ALS+/-FTD: C9ORF72 29/112 (26%), SOD1 27/112 (24%), TARDBP 1/112 (1%) and FUS 4/112 (4%) and detected in 13/216 (6%) of unselected sporadic ALS cases but was rare in controls (3/856, 0.3%). HREM prevalence was high for familial ALS+/-FTD throughout Europe: Belgium 19/22 (86%), Sweden 30/41 (73%), the Netherlands 10/27 (37%) and Italy 4/20 (20%). The HREM did not affect the age at onset or survival of ALS patients. Haplotype analysis identified a common founder in all 137 HREM carriers that arose around 6300 years ago. The haplotype from which the HREM arose is intrinsically unstable with an increased number of repeats (average 8, compared with 2 for controls, P<10(-8)). We conclude that the HREM has a single founder and is the most common mutation in familial and sporadic ALS in Europe.
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5.
  • Van Es, Michael A, et al. (författare)
  • Analysis of FGGY as a risk factor for sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and other Motor Neuron Disorders. - 1466-0822 .- 1743-4483. ; 10:5-6, s. 441-447
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A genome-wide association study (GWAS) using pooled DNA samples from 386 sporadic ALS patients and 542 controls from the USA, identified genetic variation in FGGY (FLJ10986) as a risk factor, as well as 66 additional candidate SNPs. Considering the large number of hypotheses that are tested in GWAS, independent replication of associations is crucial for identifying true-positive genetic risk factors for disease. The primary aim of this study was to study the association between FGGY and sporadic ALS in large, homogeneous populations from northern Europe. Genotyping experiments were performed using Illumina Beadchips, Sequenom iPLEX assays and Taqman technology on large case-control series from The Netherlands, Belgium, Sweden and Ireland (total: 1883 sporadic ALS patients and 2063 controls). No significant association between sporadic ALS and the six previously reported associated SNPs in FGGY was observed: rs6700125 (p =0.56), rs6690993 (p =0.30), rs10493256 (p =0.68), rs6587852 (p =0.64), rs1470407 (p =0.28) and rs333662 (p =0.44). Screening of the additional candidate loci did not yield significant associations either, with the lowest p-value in joint analysis for rs7772593 (p =0.14). We concluded that common genetic variation in FGGY is not associated with susceptibility to sporadic ALS in genetically homogeneous populations from northern Europe.
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6.
  • Diekstra, Frank P., et al. (författare)
  • UNC13A is a modifier of survival in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Neurobiology of Aging. - : Elsevier. - 0197-4580 .- 1558-1497. ; 33:3, s. 630.e3-630.e8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A large genome-wide screen in patients with sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) showed that the common variant rs12608932 in gene UNC13A was associated with disease susceptibility. UNC13A regulates the release of neurotransmitters, including glutamate. Genetic risk factors that, in addition, modify survival, provide promising therapeutic targets in ALS, a disease whose etiology remains largely elusive. We examined whether UNC13A was associated with survival of ALS patients in a cohort of 450 sporadic ALS patients and 524 unaffected controls from a population-based study of ALS in The Netherlands. Additionally, survival data were collected from individuals of Dutch, Belgian, or Swedish descent (1767 cases, 1817 controls) who had participated in a previously published genome-wide association study of ALS. We related survival to rs12608932 genotype. In both cohorts, the minor allele of rs12608932 in UNC13A was not only associated with susceptibility but also with shorter survival of ALS patients. Our results further corroborate the role of UNC13A in ALS pathogenesis. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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7.
  • van Es, Michael A, et al. (författare)
  • ITPR2 as a susceptibility gene in sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis : a genome-wide association study.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Lancet Neurology. - 1474-4422 .- 1474-4465. ; 6:10, s. 869-77
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating disease characterised by progressive degeneration of motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord. ALS is thought to be multifactorial, with both environmental and genetic causes. Our aim was to identify genetic variants that predispose for sporadic ALS. METHODS: We did a three-stage genome-wide association study in 461 patients with ALS and 450 controls from The Netherlands, using Illumina 300K single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) chips. The SNPs that were most strongly associated with ALS were analysed in a further 876 patients and 906 controls in independent sample series from The Netherlands, Belgium, and Sweden. We also investigated the possible pathological functions of associated genes using expression data from whole blood of patients with sporadic ALS and of control individuals who were included in the genome-wide association study. FINDINGS: A genetic variant in the inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate receptor 2 gene (ITPR2) was associated with ALS (p=0.012 after Bonferroni correction). Combined analysis of all samples (1337 patients and 1356 controls) confirmed this association (p=3.28x10(-6), odds ratio 1.58, 95% CI 1.30-1.91). ITPR2 expression was greater in the peripheral blood of 126 ALS patients than in that of 126 healthy controls (p=0.00016). INTERPRETATION: Genetic variation in ITPR2 is a susceptibility factor for ALS. ITPR2 is a strong candidate susceptibility gene for ALS because it is involved in glutamate-mediated neurotransmission, is one of the main regulators of intracellular calcium concentrations, and has an important role in apoptosis.
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  • Resultat 1-7 av 7

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