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1.
  • Nero, Daniella, et al. (författare)
  • Personality Traits in Patients with Myocardial Infarction with Nonobstructive Coronary Arteries.
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: The American journal of medicine. - 1555-7162. ; 132:3, s. 374-381
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of this study was to describe type A behavior pattern and trait anger in patients with myocardial infarction with nonobstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA) and compare them with patients with coronary heart disease and healthy controls. Type A behavior pattern and anger have been linked to coronary heart disease in previous studies. This is the first study to assess type A behavior pattern and trait anger in MINOCA patients.One hundred MINOCA patients, consecutively recruited during 2007-2011 at 5 coronary care units in Stockholm, were matched for sex and age to 100 coronary heart disease patients and 100 healthy controls. All participants completed the Bortner Rating Scale to quantify type A behavior pattern and the Spielberger Trait Anger Scale to quantify anger 3 months after the acute event.MINOCA patients' Bortner Rating Scale score was 70.9 ± 10.8 (mean ± SD) and Spielberger Trait Anger Scale score was 14 (12-17) (median; interquartile range). Coronary heart disease patients' Bortner Rating Scale score was 70.5 ± 10.2 and Spielberger Trait Anger Scale score was 14 (12-17). Healthy controls' Bortner Rating Scale score was 71.9 ± 9.1 and Spielberger Trait Anger Scale score was 13 (11-16).We found no significant differences in Bortner Rating Scale score and Spielberger Trait Anger Scale score among MINOCA, coronary heart disease patients, and healthy controls, regardless of whether total scores, subscales, or cutoffs were used to classify type A behavior pattern and trait anger. However, we cannot exclude the existence of an occasional episode of anger or mental stress in relation to the coronary event. This is the first study to assess type A behavior pattern and trait anger in patients with MINOCA, and future studies need to confirm the current findings before any firm conclusions can be made.
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  • Daniel, M., et al. (författare)
  • Effect of Myocardial Infarction With Nonobstructive Coronary Arteries on Physical Capacity and Quality-of-Life
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: The American Journal of Cardiology. - 0002-9149. ; 120:3, s. 341-346
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Patients with myocardial infarction with nonobstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA), including Takotsubo syndrome (TS), are considered to have a better survival compared with those with coronary heart disease (CHD). Studies of patients with MINOCA measuring physical and mental function including matched control groups are lacking. The aim of this study was to determine the physical capacity and quality of life in patients with MINOCA. One-hundred patients with MINOCA along with TS (25%) were investigated from 2007 to 2011. A bicycle exercise stress test was performed 6 weeks after hospitalization and QoL was investigated by the Short Form Survey 36 at 3 months' follow-up. Both a healthy and a CHD group that were age and gender matched were used as controls. The MINOCA group had a lower physical capacity (139 +/- 42 W) compared with the healthy control group (167 +/- 53 W, p <0.001) but better than the CHD control group (124 +/- 39 W, p = 0.023). Patients with MINOCA had lower physical and mental component summary scores compared with the healthy controls (p <0.001) and lower mental component summary (p = 0.012), mental health (p = 0.016), and vitality (p = 0.008) scores compared with the CHD controls. In conclusion, the findings of this first study on exercise capacity and QoL in patients with MINOCA showed both physical and mental distress from 6 weeks to 3 months after the acute event similar to CHD controls and in some perspectives even lower scores especially in the mental component of QoL.
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  • Daniel, M., et al. (författare)
  • Prevalence of Anxiety and Depression Symptoms in Patients with Myocardial Infarction with Non-Obstructive Coronary Arteries
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Medicine. - 0002-9343 .- 1555-7162. ; 131:9, s. 1118-1124
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background: Myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries is a working diagnosis for several heart disorders. Previous studies on anxiety and depression in patients with myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries are lacking. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence of anxiety and depression among patients with myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries. Methods: We included 99 patients with myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries together with age- and sex-matched control groups who completed the Beck Depression Inventory and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) 3 months after the acute event. Results: Using the Beck Depression Inventory, we found that the prevalence of depression in patients with myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (35%) was higher than in healthy controls (9%; P =.006) and similar to that of patients with coronary heart disease (30%; P =.954). Using the HADS anxiety subscale, we found that the prevalence of anxiety in patients with myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (27%) was higher than in healthy controls (9%; P =.002) and similar to that of patients with coronary heart disease (21%; P =.409). Using the HADS depression subscale, we found that the prevalence of depression in patients with myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (17%) was higher than in healthy controls (4%; P =.003) and similar to that of patients with coronary heart disease (13%; P =.466). Patients with myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries and takotsubo syndrome scored higher on the HADS anxiety subscale than those without (P =.028). Conclusions: This is the first study on the mental health of patients with myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries to show that prevalence rates of anxiety and depression are similar to those in patients with coronary heart disease. </p>
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6.
  • Fridner, A., et al. (författare)
  • Why don't academic physicians seek needed professional help for psychological distress?
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Swiss Medical Weekly. - 1424-7860 .- 1424-3997. ; 142:JULY
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>PURPOSE: Suicidal thoughts, burnout and other signs of psychological distress are prevalent among physicians. There are no studies concerning help-seeking for psychological distress among university hospital physicians, who face a particularly challenging, competitive work environment. We compare psychologically-distressed university hospital physicians who have not sought needed help with those who have sought such help. We thereby aim to identify factors that may hinder help-seeking and factors that may trigger seeking help. METHODS: Analysis was performed among university hospital physicians reporting recent suicidal thoughts and/or showing other indications of current psychological illhealth. These distressed physicians were a subgroup (42.7%) from the cross-sectional phase I HOUPE study (Health and Organization among University Hospital Physicians in Europe): 366 from Sweden and 150 from Italy. Having sought professional help for depression or burnout was the outcome variable. Multiple logistic regression was performed with socio-demographic factors as covariates. RESULTS: Altogether 404 (78.3%) of these distressed physicians had never sought professional help for depression/burnout. Physicians who were currently involved in medical research, taking night call, surgical specialists, male, or Italian were least likely to have sought help. Physicians who faced harassment at work or who self-diagnosed and self-treated were more likely to have sought help. CONCLUSION: Very few of these university hospital physicians with signs of psychological distress sought help from a mental-health professional. This has implications for physicians themselves and for patient care, clinical research, and education of future physicians. More study, preferably of interventional design, is warranted concerning help-seeking among these physicians in need.</p>
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8.
  • Neves-E-Castro, Manuel, et al. (författare)
  • EMAS position statement: The ten point guide to the integral management of menopausal health.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Maturitas. - Elsevier. - 1873-4111. ; 81:1, s. 88-92
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • With increased longevity and more women becoming centenarians, management of the menopause and postreproductive health is of growing importance as it has the potential to help promote health over several decades. Women have individual needs and the approach needs to be personalised. The position statement provides a short integral guide for all those involved in menopausal health. It covers diagnosis, screening for diseases in later life, treatment and follow-up.
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10.
  • Al-Khalili, F, et al. (författare)
  • Clinical importance of risk factors and exercise testing for prediction of significant coronary artery stenosis in women recovering from unstable coronary artery disease : The Stockholm Female Coronary Risk Study
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: American Heart Journal. - Karolinska Hosp & Inst, Dept Cardiol, Stockholm, Sweden. Karolinska Hosp & Inst, Dept Thorac Radiol, Stockholm, Sweden. Karolinska Hosp & Inst, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Div Prevent Med, Stockholm, Sweden. : MOSBY-ELSEVIER. - 0002-8703 .- 1097-6744. ; 139:6, s. 971-978
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background The objectives of this study were to investigate the relation between coronary risk factors, exercise testing parameters, and the presence of angiographically significant coronary artery disease (CAD) (&gt;50% luminal stenosis) in female patients previously hospitalized for an acute CAD event. Methods and Results All women younger than age 66 years in the greater Stockholm area in Sweden who were hospitalized for acute coronary syndromes during a 3-year period were recruited, Besides collection of clinical parameters, coronary angiography and a symptom-limited exercise test were performed in 228 patients 3 to 6 months after the index hospitalization. The mean age was 56 +/- 7 years. Angiographically nonsignificant CAD (stenosis &lt;50%) was verified in 37% of the patients; significant CAD was found in 63%. The clinical parameters that showed the strongest relation with the presence of significant CAD after adjusting for age were history of myocardial infarction (odds ratio [OR] 4.91, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.35 to 7.49), history of diabetes mellitus (OR 3.83, 95% Cl 1.63 to 14.31), serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol &lt;1.4 mmol/L (OR 2.11, 95% Cl 1.20 to 3.72), and waist-to-hip ratio &gt;0.85 (OR 1.78, 95% Cl 1.02 to 3.10). A low exercise capacity and associated low change of rate-pressure product from rest to peak exercise were the only exercise testing parameters that were significantly related to angiographically verified significant CAD (&lt;90% of the predicted maximal work capacity adjusted for age and weight, OR 1.91, 95% CI 1.04 to 3.50). Conclusions In female patients recovering from unstable CAD, exercise capacity was the only exercise testing parameter of value in the prediction of significant CAD. The consideration of certain clinical characteristics and coronary risk factors offer better or complementary information when deciding on further coronary assessment.</p>
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