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Sökning: WFRF:(Schilizzi R.)

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  • Marcaide, J. M., et al. (författare)
  • Discovery of shell-like radio-structure in SN1993J
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Nature. - London : Nature Publishing Group. - 0028-0836 .- 1476-4687. ; 373:6509, s. 44-45
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • SUPERNOVA explosions are poorly understood, partly because of difficulties in modelling them theoretically(1), and partly because there have been no supernovae observed in our Galaxy since the invention of the telescope. But the recent discovery(2) of supernova SN1993J in the nearby galaxy M81 offers an opportunity to investigate the evolution of the remnant, and its interaction with the surrounding interstellar medium, at high resolution. Here we present radio observations of SN1993J, made using very-long-baseline interferometry, which show the development of a shell structure. This 8-month-old radio shell is the youngest ever discovered in a supernova. The data suggest that the supernova explosion and the expanding shell of the remnant have nearly spherical symmetry, with small deviations where some parts of the shell are brighter than others. If these deviations arise because of variations in the density of the shell, this may reconcile earlier reports of symmetric radio emission(3) with the observed optical asymmetry(4,5), as the density variations could easily cause the latter. We infer that the radio emission is generated at the interface(6-9), where the surrounding gas is shocked by the ejecta.
  • Penston, M. V., et al. (författare)
  • The extended narrow line region of NGC 4151. I. Emission line ratios and their implications
  • 1990
  • Ingår i: Astronomy and Astrophysics. - 0004-6361 .- 1432-0746. ; 236:1, s. 53-6262
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The paper presents the first results from long-slit spectra of the Seyfert galaxy NGC 4151 which give average diagnostic ratios of weak lines in the extended narrow line region (ENLR) of that galaxy and the first direct density measurement in an ENLR. These data confirm that the ENLR is kinematically undisturbed gas in the disc of the galaxy which is illuminated by an ionizing continuum stronger by a factor of 13 than a power law interpolated between observed ultraviolet and X-ray fluxes. Explanations of this apparent excess include a hot thermal continuum, time variations and an anisotropic radiation field. The authors give reasons for favouring anisotropy which might be caused by shadowing by a thick accretion disc or by relativistic beaming. Shadowing by a molecular torus is unlikely, given the absence of an infrared signal from the reradiated flux absorbed by any torus. Anisotropy would have important implications for the bolometric luminosity and nature of active galactic nuclei
  • Zhang, F.J., et al. (författare)
  • Are there two engines at the center of 3C 286?
  • 1994
  • Ingår i: Astronomy and Astrophysics. - Les Ulis : EDP Sciences. - 0004-6361 .- 1432-0746. ; 287:1, s. 32-37
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper presents images of the compact steep-spectrum quasar 3C 286 obtained with global VLBI arrays at 4.99 and 1.66 GHz. The morphology appears to be intermediate between the core-jet types and grossly distorted objects. The central portion is resolved into two components of almost equal peak brightnesses and spectral indices. On the 1.66 GHz map, the jet extends in position angle approximately -136-degrees, up to a knot (W1) (approximately 75 mas from the component C2) from which it curves rapidly towards the west to form another knot (W2). It is possible that the VLBI jet bends further towards the secondary component separated from the core by approximately 2.6'' in p.a. -115-degrees seen in high dynamic range VLA or Merlin maps. The jet has a sinuous feature shown clearly on the 5 GHz map. There is a low brightness extension at the North (designated N1) shown on both the 1.66 and 5 GHz maps, which is connected to the component C1 and bends towards the east.
  • Bååth, L.B. 1948-, et al. (författare)
  • The Radio Fine Structure of the BL Lacertae Objects AO0235+164, 0735+178, BL Lac, 1749+701, Mk 421 and 3C 66 A at 5 GHz
  • 1981
  • Ingår i: Astronomy and Astrophysics. - Les Ulis : EDP Sciences. - 0004-6361 .- 1432-0746. ; 96:1-2, s. 316-324
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Very long baseline interferometer observations at 4997 MHz (lambda = 6 cm) on European and intercontinental baselines with lengths up to 1.35 108lambda have been used to probe the milliarc s structure of the BL Lacertae objects AO 0235+164, 0735+178, BL Lac, 1749+701, Mk 421, and 3C 66A. Two sets of observations are reported, made in November 1978 and March 1979. AO 0235+164 and 0735+178 both showed structures consisting of a very bright, unresolved core and a jet-like component extending ˜5".4 10-3 along position angle ˜20° and ˜4".2 10-3 along position angle ˜45°, respectively. AO 0235+164 contained more than 98% of the total flux density within a diameter of ≲ 36" 10-3. BL Lac, 1749+701 and Mk 421 all showed evidence for a complex structure of several components, including an unresolved core. 3 C 66A was elongated along position angle ˜ -45°.
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  • Resultat 1-4 av 4

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