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Sökning: WFRF:(Schneede Jörn)

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1.
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2.
  • Boman, Jens, et al. (författare)
  • Genitala klamydiainfektioner : rekommenderad handläggning
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Läkartidningen. - Läkartidningen Förlag AB. - 0023-7205. ; 108:13, s. 730-733
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Klamydia är den vanligaste anmälningspliktiga infektionen i Sverige: 37 791 fall rapporterades till Smittskyddsinstitutet år 2009, och 87 procent av de smittade var i åldern 15–29 år.Klamydiainfektion är klassad som allmänfarlig sjukdom enligt smittskyddslagen, vilket bl a innebär att en läkare som misstänker att en patient bär på smitta är skyldig att se till att patienten lämnar prov, och vid positivt provresultat se till att förhållningsregler ges samt att smittskyddsanmälan och smittspårning görs.Provtagning görs vanligen med urinprov hos män och med självtaget vaginalprov hos kvinnor, eventuellt kombinerat med urinprov.Majoriteten av personer med klamydia har subkliniska infektioner men kan ändå få bestående reproduktiva skador och föra smittan vidare. Ungefär var tionde kvinna med obehandlad klamydiainfektion utvecklar klinisk salpingit inom en tolvmånadersperiod. Klamydiaorsakad salpingit ökar risken för utomkvedshavandeskap och nedsatt fertilitet.Okomplicerad genital klamydiainfektion behandlas i Sverige med doxycyklin, vanligen i lägre dosering än i många andra länder. Det är därför viktigt att se till att hela kuren tas enligt anvisningarna och att patienten informeras om att samtidigt intag av vissa läkemedel, spårämnen och födoämnen liksom alkohol kan resultera i suboptimal antibiotikaeffekt.
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3.
  • Chandyo, Ram K., et al. (författare)
  • Nutritional Intake and Status of Cobalamin and Folate among Non-Pregnant Women of Reproductive Age in Bhaktapur, Nepal
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Nutrients. - 2072-6643. ; 8:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cobalamin and folate are especially important for women of childbearing age due to their ubiquitous role in fetal growth and development. Population-based data on cobalamin and folate status are lacking from Nepal, where diets are mostly vegetarian. The objectives of the study were to investigate cobalamin and folate intake and status, and to explore associations with socio-demographics, anthropometrics, anemia, and dietary habits. Following a random selection of geographical clusters, we collected blood samples from 500 non-pregnant women and 24-h dietary recalls and food frequency questionnaires from a subsample of 379 women. Twenty percent of the women did not consume any food containing cobalamin during the days recalled, and in 72% nutritional cobalamin intake was <1 mu g/day. Eighty-four percent of the women had cobalamin intake lower than the estimated average requirement (EAR) (< 2 mu g/day). In contrast, only 12% of the women had a folate intake less than 100 mu g per day, whereas 62% had intake between 100 and 320 mu g. Low plasma cobalamin (< 150 pmol/L) was found in 42% of the women, most of whom (88%) also had elevated levels of methylmalonic acid. Our results indicated a high prevalence of nutritional cobalamin deficiency, while folate deficiency was uncommon.
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4.
  • de Batlle, J., et al. (författare)
  • Dietary Folate Intake and Breast Cancer Risk: European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. - Oxford University Press. - 1460-2105. ; 107:1, s. 367-367
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • There is limited evidence on the association between dietary folate intake and the risk of breast cancer (BC) by hormone receptor expression in the tumors. We investigated the relationship between dietary folate and BC risk using data from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). A total of 367993 women age 35 to 70 years were recruited in 10 European countries. During a median follow-up of 11.5 years, 11575 women with BC were identified. Dietary folate intake was estimated from country-specific dietary questionnaires. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to quantify the association between dietary variables and BC risk. BC tumors were classified by receptor status. Subgroup analyses were performed by menopausal status and alcohol intake. Intake of other B vitamins was considered. All statistical tests were two-sided. A borderline inverse association was observed between dietary folate and BC risk (hazard ratio comparing top vs bottom quintile [HRQ5-Q1] = 0.92, 95% CI = 0.83 to 1.01, P (trend) = .037). In premenopausal women, we observed a statistically significant trend towards lower risk in estrogen receptor-negative BC (HRQ5-Q1 = 0.66, 95% CI = 0.45 to 0.96, P (trend) = .042) and progesterone receptor-negative BC (HRQ5-Q1 = 0.70, 95% CI = 0.51 to 0.97, P (trend) = .021). No associations were found in postmenopausal women. A 14% reduction in BC risk was observed when comparing the highest with the lowest dietary folate tertiles in women having a high (> 12 alcoholic drinks/week) alcohol intake (HRT3-T1 = 0.86, 95% CI = 0.75 to 0.98, P (interaction) = .035). Higher dietary folate intake may be associated with a lower risk of sex hormone receptor-negative BC in premenopausal women.
5.
  • de Vogel, Stefan, et al. (författare)
  • Biomarkers related to one-carbon metabolism as potential risk factors for distal colorectal adenomas
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention. - American Association for Cancer Research. - 1055-9965. ; 20:8, s. 1726-1735
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Efficient one-carbon metabolism, which requires adequate supply of methyl group donors and B-vitamins, may protect against colorectal carcinogenesis. However, plasma folate and vitamins B2 and B12 have inconsistently been associated with colorectal cancer risk, and there have been no previous studies relating plasma concentrations of methionine, choline, and betaine to this outcome.METHODS: This study comprised 10,601 individuals, 50 to 64 years of age, participating in the Norwegian Colorectal Cancer Prevention (NORCCAP) screening study. Using logistic regression analyses, we crosssectionally investigated associations between distal colorectal adenoma occurrence-potential precursor lesions of colorectal carcinomas-and plasma concentrations of methyl group donors and B-vitamins, and polymorphisms of genes related to one-carbon metabolism.RESULTS: Screening revealed 1,809 subjects (17.1%) with at least one adenoma. The occurrence of high-risk adenomas (observed in 421 subjects) was inversely associated with plasma concentrations of methionine (highest versus lowest quartile: odds ratio (OR) = 0.61; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.45-0.83), betaine: OR = 0.74; 95% CI = 0.54-1.02, the vitamin B2 form flavin-mononucleotide (FMN): OR = 0.65; 95% CI = 0.49-0.88, and the vitamin B6 form pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP): OR = 0.69; 95% CI = 0.51-0.95, but not with folate, choline, vitamin B12 concentrations, or with the studied polymorphisms. High methionine concentration in combination with high vitamin B2 or B6 concentrations was associated with lower occurrence of high-risk adenomas compared with these factors individually.CONCLUSIONS: High plasma concentrations of methionine and betaine, and vitamins B2 and B6 may reduce risk of developing colorectal adenomas.IMPACT: In addition to B-vitamins, methyl group donors such as methionine and betaine may play a role in colorectal carcinogenesis.
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6.
  • Dhonukshe-Rutten, Rosalie A M, et al. (författare)
  • Low bone mineral density and bone mineral content are associated with low cobalamin status in adolescents.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Nutrition. - 1436-6207. ; 44:6, s. 341-347
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Cobalamin deficiency is prevalent in vegetarians and has been associated with increased risk of osteoporosis. AIM OF THE STUDY: To examine the association between cobalamin status and bone mineral density in adolescents formerly fed a macrobiotic diet and in their counterparts. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral content (BMC) were determined by DEXA in 73 adolescents (9-15 y) who were fed a macrobiotic diet up to the age of 6 years followed by a lacto-(-ovo-) vegetarian or omnivorous diet. Data from 94 adolescents having consumed an omnivorous diet throughout their lives were used as controls. Serum concentrations of cobalamin, methylmalonic acid (MMA) and homocysteine were measured and calcium intake was assessed by questionnaire. Analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) was performed to calculate adjusted means for vitamin B12 and MMA for low and normal BMC and BMD groups. RESULTS: Serum cobalamin concentrations were significantly lower (geometric mean (GM) 246 pmol/L vs. 469 pmol/L) and MMA concentrations were significantly higher (GM 0.27 micromol/L vs. 0.16 micromol/L) in the formerly macrobiotic-fed adolescents compared to their counterparts. In the total study population, after adjusting for height, weight, bone area, percent lean body mass, age, puberty and calcium intake, serum MMA was significantly higher in subjects with a low BMD (p = 0.0003) than in subjects with a normal BMD. Vitamin B12 was significantly lower in the group with low BMD (p = 0.0035) or BMC (p = 0.0038) than in the group with normal BMD or BMC. When analyses were restricted to the group of formerly macrobiotic-fed adolescents, MMA concentration remained higher in the low BMD group compared to the normal BMD group. CONCLUSIONS: In adolescents, signs of an impaired cobalamin status, as judged by elevated concentrations of methylmalonic acid, were associated with low BMD. This was especially true in adolescents fed a macrobiotic diet during the first years of life, where cobalamin deficiency was more prominent.
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7.
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8.
  • Eussen, Simone JPM, et al. (författare)
  • North-south gradients in plasma concentrations of B-vitamins and other components of one-carbon metabolism in Western Europe: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) Study
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Nutrition. - Cambridge University Press. - 1475-2662. ; 110:2, s. 363-374
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Different lifestyle patterns across Europe may influence plasma concentrations of B-vitamins and one-carbon metabolites and their relation to chronic disease. Comparison of published data on one-carbon metabolites in Western European regions is difficult due to differences in sampling procedures and analytical methods between studies. The present study aimed, to compare plasma concentrations of one-carbon metabolites in Western European regions with one laboratory performing all biochemical analyses. We performed the present study in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort among 5446 presumptively healthy individuals. Quantile regression was used to compare sex-specific median concentrations between Northern (Denmark and Sweden), Central (France, Germany, The Netherlands and United Kingdom) and Southern (Greece, Spain and Italy) European regions. The lowest folate concentrations were observed in Northern Europe (men, 10.4 nmol/l; women, 10.7 nmol/l) and highest concentrations in Central Europe. Cobalamin concentrations were slightly higher in Northern Europe (men, 330 pmol/l; women, 352 pmol/l) compared with Central and Southern Europe, but did not show a clear north-south gradient. Vitamin B-2 concentrations were highest in Northern Europe (men, 22.2 nmol/l; women, 26.0 nmol/l) and decreased towards Southern Europe (P-trend < 0.001). Vitamin B-6 concentrations were highest in Central Europe in men (77.3 nmol/l) and highest in the North among women (70.4 nmol/l), with decreasing concentrations towards Southern Europe in women (P-trend < 0.001). In men, concentrations of serine, glycine and sarcosine increased from the north to south. In women, sarcosine increased from Northern to Southern Europe. These findings may provide relevant information for the study of regional differences of chronic disease incidence in association with lifestyle.
9.
  • Eussen, S J P M, et al. (författare)
  • Changes in markers of cobalamin status after cessation of oral B-vitamin supplements in elderly people with mild cobalamin deficiency
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. - London : John Libbey. - 0954-3007. ; 62:10, s. 1248-1251
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mildly cobalamin-deficient elderly were supplemented with 1000 microg cobalamin (group C, n=34), 1000 microg cobalamin with 400 microg folic acid (group CF, n=31) or a placebo (n=30) for 6 months. Participants provided one single blood sample 3, 5 or 7 months after cessation of supplementation to monitor early changes in plasma concentrations of cobalamin, holotranscobalamin (holoTC) and methylmalonic acid (MMA). At the end of supplementation (groups C+CF), one participant met our criteria for mild cobalamin deficiency, as did 13, 14 and 43% of the participants assessed at respectively 3, 5 and 7 months post-supplementation. Cobalamin and holoTC declined on average with 47 and 56% relative to concentrations at the end of supplementation for the group assessed at 7 months post-supplementation. Essentially similar declines were observed for those participants assessed at 3 and 5 months post-supplementation. Mean MMA concentrations increased by 15% (P=0.07) in those participants assessed at 3 and 5 months post-supplementation, and increased by 50% (P=0.002) in those participants assessed at 7 months post-supplementation. Considering MMA as a sensitive tissue marker for cobalamin status, oral supplementation may afford adequate cobalamin status for a period of up to 5 months after cessation in the majority of participants.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 58
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