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Sökning: WFRF:(Scoazec Jean Yves)

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1.
  • Ali, Abir Salwa, et al. (författare)
  • Expression of p53 protein in high-grade gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine carcinoma
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: PLOS ONE. - 1932-6203. ; 12:11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine carcinomas (GEP-NECs) are aggressive, rapidly proliferating tumors. Therapeutic response to current chemotherapy regimens is usually short lasting. The aim of this study was to examine the expression and potential clinical importance of immunoreactive p53 protein in GEP-NEC. Materials and methods Tumor tissues from 124 GEP-NEC patients with locally advanced or metastatic disease treated with platinum-based chemotherapy were collected from Nordic centers and clinical data were obtained from the Nordic NEC register. Tumor proliferation rate and differentiation were re-evaluated. All specimens were immunostained for p53 protein using a commercially available monoclonal antibody. Kaplan-Meier curves and cox regression analyses were used to assess progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Results All tumor tissues were immunoreactive for either one or both neuroendocrine biomarkers (chromogranin A and synaptophysin) and Ki67 index was >20% in all cases. p53 immunoreactivity was only shown in 39% of the cases and was not found to be a prognostic marker for the whole cohort. However, p53 immunoreactivity was correlated with shorter PFS in patients with colorectal tumors (HR = 2.1, p = 0.03) in a univariate analysis as well as to poorer PFS (HR = 2.6, p = 0.03) and OS (HR = 3.4, p = 0.02) in patients with colorectal tumors with distant metastases, a correlation which remained significant in the multivariate analyses. Conclusion In this cohort of GEP-NEC patients, p53 expression could not be correlated with clinical outcome. However, in patients with colorectal NECs, p53 expression was correlated with shorter PFS and OS. Further studies are needed to establish the role of immunoreactive p53 as a prognostic marker for GEP-NEC patients.
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2.
  • Balassiano, Karen, et al. (författare)
  • Aberrant DNA methylation of cancer-associated genes in gastric cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-EURGAST)
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Cancer Letters. - Amsterdam : Elsevier. - 1872-7980 .- 0304-3835. ; 311:1, s. 85-95
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Epigenetic events have emerged as key mechanisms in the regulation of critical biological processes and in the development of a wide variety of human malignancies, including gastric cancer (GC), however precise gene targets of aberrant DNA methylation in GC remain largely unknown. Here, we have combined pyrosequencing-based quantitative analysis of DNA methylation in 98 GC cases and 64 controls nested within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort and in cancer tissue and non-tumorigenic adjacent tissue of an independent series of GC samples. A panel of 10 cancer-associated genes (CHRNA3, DOK1, MGMT, RASSF1A, p14ARF, CDH1, MLH1, ALDH2, GNMT and MTHFR) and LINE-1 repetitive elements were included in the analysis and their association with clinicopathological characteristics (sex, age at diagnosis, anatomical sub-site, histological sub-type) was examined. Three out of the 10 genes analyzed exhibited a marked hypermethylation, whereas two genes (ALDH2 and MTHFR) showed significant hypomethylation, in gastric tumors. Among differentially methylated genes, we identified new genes (CHRNA3 and DOK1) as targets of aberrant hypermethylation in GC, suggesting that epigenetic deregulation of these genes and their corresponding cellular pathways may promote the development and progression of GC. We also found that global demethylation of tumor cell genomes occurs in GC, consistent with the notion that abnormal hypermethylation of specific genes occurs concomitantly with genome-wide hypomethylation. Age and gender had no significant influence on methylation states, but an association was observed between LINE-1 and MLH1 methylation levels with histological subtype and anatomical sub-site. This study identifies aberrant methylation patters in specific genes in GC thus providing information that could be exploited as novel biomarkers in clinics and molecular epidemiology of GC. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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3.
  • Baudin, Eric, et al. (författare)
  • Unmet Medical Needs in Pulmonary Neuroendocrine (Carcinoid) Neoplasms
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Neuroendocrinology. - 0028-3835 .- 1423-0194. ; 108:1, s. 7-17
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Pulmonary carcinoids (PCs) display the common features of all well-differentiated neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN) and are classified as low- and intermediate-grade malignant tumours (i.e., typical and atypical carcinoid, respectively). There is a paucity of randomised studies dedicated to advanced PCs and management principles are drawn from the larger gastroenteropancreatic NEN experience. There is growing evidence that NEN anatomic subgroups have different biology and different responses to treatment and, therefore, should be investigated as separate entities in clinical trials. In this review, we discuss the existing evidence and limitations of tumour classification, diagnostics and staging, prognostication, and treatment in the setting of PC, with focus on unmet medical needs and directions for the future.
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  • Perren, Aurel, et al. (författare)
  • ENETS Consensus Guidelines for the Standards of Care in Neuroendocrine Tumors : Pathology-Diagnosis and Prognostic Stratification
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Neuroendocrinology. - 0028-3835 .- 1423-0194. ; 105:3, s. 196-200
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society (ENETS) proposed standard of care guidelines for pathology in 2009. Since then, profound changes in the classification have been made, dividing neuroendocrine neoplasia (NEN) into well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors (NET) and poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas (NEC) in the 2010 WHO classification. The 7th edition of the TNM classification (2009) included NEN for the first time, widely adapting ENETS proposals but with some differences for NEC and for NET of the pancreas and the appendix. Therapy guidelines for gastroenteropancreatic NET were updated in 2016. The need for an update of the standards of care prompted the ENETS to organize a consensus conference which was held in Antibes in 2015; a working group was designated to propose pathological standards of care.
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9.
  • Toumpanakis, Christos, et al. (författare)
  • Unmet Needs in Appendiceal Neuroendocrine Neoplasms
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Neuroendocrinology. - 0028-3835 .- 1423-0194. ; 108:1, s. 37-44
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Appendiceal neuroendocrine neoplasms (ANEN) are mostly discovered coincidentally during appendicectomy and usually have a benign clinical course; thus, appendicectomy alone is considered curative. However, in some cases, a malignant potential is suspected, and therefore additional operations such as completion right hemicolectomy are considered. The existing European Neuroendocrine Tumour Society (ENETS) guidelines provide useful data about epidemiology and prognosis, as well as practical recommendations with regards to the risk factors for a more aggressive disease course and the indications for a secondary operation. However, these guidelines are based on heterogeneous and retrospective studies. Therefore, the evidence does not seem to be robust, and there are still unmet needs in terms of accurate epidemiology and overall prognosis, optimal diagnostic and follow-up strategy, as well as identified risk factors that would indicate a more aggressive surgical approach at the beginning and a more intense follow-up. In this review, we are adopting a critical approach of the ENETS guidelines and published series for ANEN, focusing on the above-noted "grey areas".
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10.
  • Öberg, Kjell, 1946-, et al. (författare)
  • ENETS Consensus Guidelines for the Standards of Care in Neuroendocrine Tumors : Biochemical Markers
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Neuroendocrinology. - 0028-3835 .- 1423-0194. ; 105:3, s. 201-211
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Biomarkers have been the mainstay in the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) over the last few decades. In the beginning, secretory products from a variety of subtypes of NETs were regarded as biomarkers to follow during diagnosis and treatment: serotonin for small intestinal (SI) NETs, and gastrin and insulin for pancreatic NETs. However, it became evident that a large number of NETs were so-called nonfunctioning tumors without secreting substances that caused hormone-related symptoms. Therefore, it was necessary to develop so-called "general tumor markers." The most important ones so far have been chromogranin A and neuron-specific enolase (NSE). Chromogranin A is the most important general biomarker for most NETs with a sensitivity and specificity somewhere between 60 and 90%. NSE has been a relevant biomarker for patients with high-grade tumors, particularly lung and gastrointestinal tract tumors. Serotonin and the breakdown product urinary 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (U-5-HIAA) is still an important marker for diagnosing and follow-up of SI NETs. Recently, 5-HIAA in plasma has been analyzed by highperformance liquid chromatography and fluorometric detection and has shown good agreement with U-5-HIAA anal ysis. In the future, we will see new tests including circulating tumor cells, circulating DNA and mRNA. Recently, a NET test has been developed analyzing gene transcripts in circulating blood. Preliminary data indicate high sensitivity and specificity for NETs. However, its precise role has to be validated in prospective randomized controlled trials which are ongoing right now.
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