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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Serra Nicola) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Serra Nicola)

  • Resultat 1-7 av 7
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1.
  • Athron, Peter, et al. (författare)
  • A global fit of the MSSM with GAMBIT
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. - 1434-6044. ; 77:12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We study the seven-dimensional Minimal Super-symmetric Standard Model (MSSM7) with the new GAMBIT software framework, with all parameters defined at the weak scale. Our analysis significantly extends previous weak-scale, phenomenological MSSM fits, by adding more and newer experimental analyses, improving the accuracy and detail of theoretical predictions, including dominant uncertainties from the Standard Model, the Galactic dark matter halo and the quark content of the nucleon, and employing novel and highly-efficient statistical sampling methods to scan the parameter space. We find regions of the MSSM7 that exhibit co-annihilation of neutralinos with charginos, stops and sbottoms, as well as models that undergo resonant annihilation via both light and heavy Higgs funnels. We find high-likelihood models with light charginos, stops and sbottoms that have the potential to be within the future reach of the LHC. Large parts of our preferred parameter regions will also be accessible to the next generation of direct and indirect dark matter searches, making prospects for discovery in the near future rather good.
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2.
  • Athron, Peter, et al. (författare)
  • GAMBIT : the global and modular beyond-the-standard-model inference tool
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. - 1434-6044. ; 77:11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We describe the open-source global fitting package GAMBIT: the Global And Modular Beyond-the-Standard-Model Inference Tool. GAMBIT combines extensive calculations of observables and likelihoods in particle and astroparticle physics with a hierarchical model database, advanced tools for automatically building analyses of essentially any model, a flexible and powerful system for interfacing to external codes, a suite of different statistical methods and parameter scanning algorithms, and a host of other utilities designed to make scans faster, safer and more easily-extendible than in the past. Here we give a detailed description of the framework, its design and motivation, and the current models and other specific components presently implemented in GAMBIT. Accompanying papers deal with individual modules and present flrst GAMBIT results. GAMBIT can be downloaded from gambit.hepforge.org.
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3.
  • Athron, Peter, et al. (författare)
  • Global fits of GUT-scale SUSY models with GAMBIT
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. - 1434-6044. ; 77:12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present the most comprehensive global fits to date of three supersymmetric models motivated by grand unification: the Constrained Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (CMSSM), and its Non-Universal Higgs Mass generalisations NUHM1 and NUHM2. We include likelihoods from a number of direct and indirect dark matter searches, a large collection of electroweak precision and flavour observables, direct searches for supersymmetry at LEP and Runs I and II of the LHC, and constraints from Higgs observables. Our analysis improves on existing results not only in terms of the number of included observables, but also in the level of detail with which we treat them, our sampling techniques for scanning the parameter space, and our treatment of nuisance parameters. We show that stau co-annihilation is now ruled out in the CMSSM at more than 95% confidence. Stop co-annihilation turns out to be one of the most promising mechanisms for achieving an appropriate relic density of darkmatter in all threemodels, whilst avoiding all other constraints. We find high-likelihood regions of parameter space featuring light stops and charginos, making them potentially detectable in the near future at the LHC. We also show that tonne-scale direct detection will play a largely complementary role, probing large parts of the remaining viable parameter space, including essentially all models with multi-TeV neutralinos.
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4.
  • Athron, Peter, et al. (författare)
  • Status of the scalar singlet dark matter model
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. - 1434-6044. ; 77:8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • One of the simplest viable models for dark matter is an additional neutral scalar, stabilised by a symmetry. Using the GAMBIT package and combining results from four independent samplers, we present Bayesian and frequentist global fits of this model. We vary the singlet mass and coupling along with 13 nuisance parameters, including nuclear uncertainties relevant for direct detection, the local dark matter density, and selected quark masses and couplings. We include the dark matter relic density measured by Planck, direct searches with LUX, PandaX, SuperCDMS and XENON100, limits on invisible Higgs decays from the Large Hadron Collider, searches for high-energy neutrinos from dark matter annihilation in the Sun with IceCube, and searches for gamma rays from annihilation in dwarf galaxies with the Fermi-LAT. Viable solutions remain at couplings of order unity, for singlet masses between the Higgs mass and about 300 GeV, and at masses above 1 TeV. Only in the latter case can the scalar singlet constitute all of dark matter. Frequentist analysis shows that the low-mass resonance region, where the singlet is about half the mass of the Higgs, can also account for all of dark matter, and remains viable. However, Bayesian considerations show this region to be rather fine-tuned.
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5.
  • Bernlochner, Florian U., et al. (författare)
  • FlavBit : a GAMBIT module for computing flavour observables and likelihoods
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. - 1434-6044. ; 77:11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Flavour physics observables are excellent probes of new physics up to very high energy scales. Here we present FlavBit, the dedicated flavour physics module of the global-fitting package GAMBIT. FlavBit includes custom implementations of various likelihood routines for a wide range of flavour observables, including detailed uncertainties and correlations associated with LHCb measurements of rare, leptonic and semileptonic decays of B and D mesons, kaons and pions. It provides a generalised interface to external theory codes such as Superlso, allowing users to calculate flavour observables in and beyond the Standard Model, and then test them in detail against all relevant experimental data. We describe FlavBit and its constituent physics in some detail, then give examples from supersymmetry and effective field theory illustrating how it can be used both as a standalone library for flavour physics, and within GAMBIT.
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6.
  • Costa, Vital P, et al. (författare)
  • The effects of antiglaucoma and systemic medications on ocular blood flow
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Progress in Retinal and Eye Research. - Elsevier. - 1873-1635. ; 22:6, s. 769-805
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Based on the body of evidence implicating ocular blood flow disturbances in the pathogenesis of glaucoma, there is great interest in the investigation of the effects of antiglaucoma drugs and systemic medications on the various ocular vascular beds. The primary aim of this article was to review the current data available on the effects of antiglaucoma drugs and systemic medications on ocular blood flow. We performed a literature search in November 2002, which consisted of a textword search in MEDLINE for the years 1968-2002. The results of this review suggest that there is a severe lack of well-designed long-term studies investigating the effects of antiglaucoma and systemic medications on ocular blood flow in glaucomatous patients. However, among the 136 articles dealing with the effect of antiglaucoma drugs on ocular blood flow, only 36 (26.5%) investigated the effects of medications on glaucoma patients. Among these 36 articles, only 3 (8.3%) were long-term studies, and only 16 (44.4%) were double-masked, randomized, prospective trials. Among the 33 articles describing the effects of systemic medications on ocular blood flow, only 11 (33.3%) investigated glaucoma patients, of which only one (9.1%) was a double-masked, randomized, prospective trial. Based on this preliminary data, we would intimate that few antiglaucoma medications have the potential to directly improve ocular blood flow. Unoprostone appears to have a reproducible antiendothelin-1 effect, betaxolol may exert a calcium-channel blocker action, apraclonidine consistently leads to anterior segment vasoconstriction, and carbonic anhydrase inhibitors seem to accelerate the retinal circulation. Longitudinal, prospective, randomized trials are needed to investigate the effects of vasoactive substances with no hypotensive effect on the progression of glaucoma.
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7.
  • Ferrara, Francesco, et al. (författare)
  • The Right Heart International Network (RIGHT-NET) : Rationale, Objectives, Methodology, and Clinical Implications
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Heart Failure Clinics. - Elsevier Inc.. - 1551-7136. ; 14:3, s. 443-465
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Right Heart International Network is a multicenter international study aiming to prospectively collect exercise Doppler echocardiography tests of the right heart pulmonary circulation unit (RHPCU) in large cohorts of healthy subjects, elite athletes, and individuals at risk of or with overt pulmonary hypertension. It is going to provide standardization of exercise stress echocardiography of RHPCU and explore the full physiopathologic response.
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  • Resultat 1-7 av 7
 
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