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Sökning: WFRF:(Shakhnovich Eugene)

  • Resultat 1-4 av 4
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  • Hubner, Isaac A., et al. (författare)
  • Common motifs and topological effects in the protein folding transition state.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Journal of Molecular Biology. - 0022-2836 .- 1089-8638. ; 359:4, s. 1075-1085
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Through extensive experiment, simulation, and analysis of protein S6 (IRIS), we find that variations in nucleation and folding pathway between circular permutations are determined principally by the restraints of topology and specific nucleation, and affected by changes in chain entropy. Simulations also relate topological features to experimentally measured stabilities. Despite many sizable changes in Φ values and the structure of the transition state ensemble that result from permutation, we observe a common theme: the critical nucleus in each of the mutants share a subset of residues that can be mapped to the critical nucleus residues of the wild-type. Circular permutations create new N and C termini, which are the location of the largest disruption of the folding nucleus, leading to a decrease in both Φ values and the role in nucleation. Mutant nuclei are built around the wild-type nucleus but are biased towards different parts of the S6 structure depending on the topological and entropic changes induced by the location of the new N and C termini.
  • Hubner, Isaac A, et al. (författare)
  • Simulation, experiment, and evolution: Understanding nucleation in protein S6 folding
  • 2004
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this study, we explore nucleation and the transition state ensemble of the ribosomal protein S6 using a Monte Carlo (MC) Go model in conjunction with restraints from experiment. The results are analyzed in the context of extensive experimental and evolutionary data. The roles of individual residues in the folding nucleus are identified, and the order of events in the S6 folding mechanism is explored in detail. Interpretation of our results agrees with, and extends the utility of, experiments that shift -values by modulating denaturant concentration and presents strong evidence for the realism of the mechanistic details in our MC Go model and the structural interpretation of experimental -values. We also observe plasticity in the contacts of the hydrophobic core that support the specific nucleus. For S6, which binds to RNA and protein after folding, this plasticity may result from the conformational flexibility required to achieve biological function. These results present a theoretical and conceptual picture that is relevant in understanding the mechanism of nucleation in protein folding.
  • Liberles, David A., et al. (författare)
  • The interface of protein structure, protein biophysics, and molecular evolution
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Protein Science. - 0961-8368 .- 1469-896X. ; 21:6, s. 769-785
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The interface of protein structural biology, protein biophysics, molecular evolution, and molecular population genetics forms the foundations for a mechanistic understanding of many aspects of protein biochemistry. Current efforts in interdisciplinary protein modeling are in their infancy and the state-of-the art of such models is described. Beyond the relationship between amino acid substitution and static protein structure, protein function, and corresponding organismal fitness, other considerations are also discussed. More complex mutational processes such as insertion and deletion and domain rearrangements and even circular permutations should be evaluated. The role of intrinsically disordered proteins is still controversial, but may be increasingly important to consider. Protein geometry and protein dynamics as a deviation from static considerations of protein structure are also important. Protein expression level is known to be a major determinant of evolutionary rate and several considerations including selection at the mRNA level and the role of interaction specificity are discussed. Lastly, the relationship between modeling and needed high-throughput experimental data as well as experimental examination of protein evolution using ancestral sequence resurrection and in vitro biochemistry are presented, towards an aim of ultimately generating better models for biological inference and prediction.
  • Lindberg, Magns O., et al. (författare)
  • Identification of the minimal protein-folding nucleus through loop-entropy perturbations.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. - 0027-8424 .- 1091-6490. ; 103:11, s. 4083-4088
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To explore the plasticity and structural constraints of the protein-folding nucleus we have constructed through circular permutation four topological variants of the ribosomal protein S6. In effect, these topological variants represent entropy mutants with maintained spatial contacts. The proteins were characterized at two complementary levels of detail: by φ-value analysis estimating the extent of contact formation in the transition-state ensemble and by Hammond analysis measuring the site-specific growth of the folding nucleus. The results show that, although the loop-entropy alterations markedly influence the appearance and structural location of the folding nucleus, it retains a common motif of one helix docking against two strands. This nucleation motif is built around a shared subset of side chains in the center of the hydrophobic core but extends in different directions of the S6 structure following the permutant-specific differences in local loop entropies. The adjustment of the critical folding nucleus to alterations in loop entropies is reflected by a direct correlation between the φ-value change and the accompanying change in local sequence separation.
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  • Resultat 1-4 av 4

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