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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Sinnett Daniel) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Sinnett Daniel)

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1.
  • Sherborne, Amy L., et al. (författare)
  • Variation in CDKN2A at 9p21.3 influences childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia risk
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - Nature Publishing Group. - 1546-1718. ; 42:6, s. 4-492
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Using data from a genome-wide association study of 907 individuals with childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (cases) and 2,398 controls and with validation in samples totaling 2,386 cases and 2,419 controls, we have shown that common variation at 9p21.3 (rs3731217, intron 1 of CDKN2A) influences acute lymphoblastic leukemia risk (odds ratio = 0.71, P = 3.01 x 10(-11)), irrespective of cell lineage.
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2.
  • Cox, DavidG, et al. (författare)
  • Common variants of the BRCA1 wild-type allele modify the risk of breast cancer in BRCA1 mutation carriers
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Human Molecular Genetics. - Oxford University Press (OUP) / Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy B. - 0964-6906. ; 20:23, s. 4732-4747
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mutations in the BRCA1 gene substantially increase a womans lifetime risk of breast cancer. However, there is great variation in this increase in risk with several genetic and non-genetic modifiers identified. The BRCA1 protein plays a central role in DNA repair, a mechanism that is particularly instrumental in safeguarding cells against tumorigenesis. We hypothesized that polymorphisms that alter the expression and/or function of BRCA1 carried on the wild-type (non-mutated) copy of the BRCA1 gene would modify the risk of breast cancer in carriers of BRCA1 mutations. A total of 9874 BRCA1 mutation carriers were available in the Consortium of Investigators of Modifiers of BRCA1/2 (CIMBA) for haplotype analyses of BRCA1. Women carrying the rare allele of single nucleotide polymorphism rs16942 on the wild-type copy of BRCA1 were at decreased risk of breast cancer (hazard ratio 0.86, 95% confidence interval 0.77-0.95, P = 0.003). Promoter in vitro assays of the major BRCA1 haplotypes showed that common polymorphisms in the regulatory region alter its activity and that this effect may be attributed to the differential binding affinity of nuclear proteins. In conclusion, variants on the wild-type copy of BRCA1 modify risk of breast cancer among carriers of BRCA1 mutations, possibly by altering the efficiency of BRCA1 transcription.
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3.
  • Grundberg, Elin, et al. (författare)
  • Population genomics in a disease targeted primary cell model
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Genome Research. - 1088-9051 .- 1549-5469. ; 19:11, s. 1942-1952
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The common genetic variants associated with complex traits typically lie in noncoding DNA and may alter gene regulation in a cell type-specific manner. Consequently, the choice of tissue or cell model in the dissection of disease associations is important. We carried out an expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) study of primary human osteoblasts (HOb) derived from 95 unrelated donors of Swedish origin, each represented by two independently derived primary lines to provide biological replication. We combined our data with publicly available information from a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of bone mineral density (BMD). The top 2000 BMD-associated SNPs (P < approximately 10(-3)) were tested for cis-association of gene expression in HObs and in lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) using publicly available data and showed that HObs have a significantly greater enrichment (threefold) of converging cis-eQTLs as compared to LCLs. The top 10 BMD loci with SNPs showing strong cis-effects on gene expression in HObs (P = 6 x 10(-10) - 7 x 10(-16)) were selected for further validation using a staged design in two cohorts of Caucasian male subjects. All 10 variants were tested in the Swedish MrOS Cohort (n = 3014), providing evidence for two novel BMD loci (SRR and MSH3). These variants were then tested in the Rotterdam Study (n = 2090), yielding converging evidence for BMD association at the 17p13.3 SRR locus (P(combined) = 5.6 x 10(-5)). The cis-regulatory effect was further fine-mapped to the proximal promoter of the SRR gene (rs3744270, r(2) = 0.5, P = 2.6 x 10(-15)). Our results suggest that primary cells relevant to disease phenotypes complement traditional approaches for prioritization and validation of GWAS hits for follow-up studies.
4.
  • Hussin, Julie, et al. (författare)
  • Rare allelic forms of PRDM9 associated with childhood leukemogenesis
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Genome Research. - Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. - 1549-5469. ; 23:3, s. 30-419
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • One of the most rapidly evolving genes in humans, PRDM9, is a key determinant of the distribution of meiotic recombination events. Mutations in this meiotic-specific gene have previously been associated with male infertility in humans and recent studies suggest that PRDM9 may be involved in pathological genomic rearrangements. In studying genomes from families with children affected by B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL), we characterized meiotic recombination patterns within a family with two siblings having hyperdiploid childhood B-ALL and observed unusual localization of maternal recombination events. The mother of the family carries a rare PRDM9 allele, potentially explaining the unusual patterns found. From exomes sequenced in 44 additional parents of children affected with B-ALL, we discovered a substantial and significant excess of rare allelic forms of PRDM9. The rare PRDM9 alleles are transmitted to the affected children in half the cases; nonetheless there remains a significant excess of rare alleles among patients relative to controls. We successfully replicated this latter observation in an independent cohort of 50 children with B-ALL, where we found an excess of rare PRDM9 alleles in aneuploid and infant B-ALL patients. PRDM9 variability in humans is thought to influence genomic instability, and these data support a potential role for PRDM9 variation in risk of acquiring aneuploidies or genomic rearrangements associated with childhood leukemogenesis.
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6.
  • Nordlund, Jessica, et al. (författare)
  • Genome-wide signatures of differential DNA methylation in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Genome Biology. - 1465-6906 .- 1474-760X. ; 14:9, s. r105
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND:Although aberrant DNA methylation has been observed previously in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the patterns of differential methylation have not been comprehensively determined in all subtypes of ALL on a genome-wide scale. The relationship between DNA methylation, cytogenetic background, drug resistance and relapse in ALL is poorly understood.RESULTS:We surveyed the DNA methylation levels of 435,941 CpG sites in samples from 764 children at diagnosis of ALL and from 27 children at relapse. This survey uncovered four characteristic methylation signatures. First, compared with control blood cells, the methylomes of ALL cells shared 9,406 predominantly hypermethylated CpG sites, independent of cytogenetic background. Second, each cytogenetic subtype of ALL displayed a unique set of hyper- and hypomethylated CpG sites. The CpG sites that constituted these two signatures differed in their functional genomic enrichment to regions with marks of active or repressed chromatin. Third, we identified subtype-specific differential methylation in promoter and enhancer regions that were strongly correlated with gene expression. Fourth, a set of 6,612 CpG sites was predominantly hypermethylated in ALL cells at relapse, compared with matched samples at diagnosis. Analysis of relapse-free survival identified CpG sites with subtype-specific differential methylation that divided the patients into different risk groups, depending on their methylation status.CONCLUSIONS:Our results suggest an important biological role for DNA methylation in the differences between ALL subtypes and in their clinical outcome after treatment.
7.
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8.
  • Teppo, Susanna, et al. (författare)
  • Genome-wide repression of eRNA and target gene loci by the ETV6-RUNX1 fusion in acute leukemia
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Genome Research. - 1088-9051 .- 1549-5469. ; 26:11, s. 1468-1477
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Approximately 20%-25% of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemias carry the ETV6-RUNX1 (E/R) fusion gene, a fusion of two central hematopoietic transcription factors, ETV6 (TEL) and RUNX1 (AML1). Despite its prevalence, the exact genomic targets of E/R have remained elusive. We evaluated gene loci and enhancers targeted by E/R genome-wide in precursor B acute leukemia cells using global run-on sequencing (GRO-seq). We show that expression of the E/R fusion leads to widespread repression of RUNX1 motif-containing enhancers at its target gene loci. Moreover, multiple super-enhancers from the CD19(+)/CD20(+)-lineage were repressed, implicating a role in impediment of lineage commitment. In effect, the expression of several genes involved in B cell signaling and adhesion was down-regulated, and the repression depended on the wild-type DNA-binding Runt domain of RUNX1. We also identified a number of E/R-regulated annotated and de novo noncoding genes. The results provide a comprehensive genome-wide mapping between E/R-regulated key regulatory elements and genes in precursor B cell leukemia that disrupt normal B lymphopoiesis.
9.
  • Wahlberg, Per, et al. (författare)
  • DNA methylome analysis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells reveals stochastic de novo DNA methylation in CpG islands
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Epigenomics. - 1750-1911. ; 8:10, s. 1367-1387
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aim: To identify regions of aberrant DNA methylation in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cells of different subtypes on a genome-wide scale. Materials & methods: Whole-genome bisulfite sequencing (WGBS) was used to determine the DNA methylation levels in cells from four pediatric ALL patients of different subtypes. The findings were confirmed by 450k DNA methylation arrays in a large patient set. Results: Compared with mature B or T cells WGBS detected on average 82,000 differentially methylated regions per patient. Differentially methylated regions are enriched to CpG poor regions, active enhancers and transcriptional start sites. We also identified approximately 8000 CpG islands with variable intermediate DNA methylation that seems to occur as a result of stochastic de novo methylation. Conclusion: WGBS provides an unbiased view and novel insights into the DNA methylome of ALL cells.
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