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Sökning: WFRF:(Sjöberg Klas)

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  • [1]234567...9Nästa
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  • Bengtsson, Mariette, et al. (författare)
  • Anxiety in close relationship is higher and self-esteem lower in patients with irritable bowel syndrome compared to patients with inflammatory bowel disease
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: European journal of internal medicine. - Elsevier. - 0953-6205 .- 1879-0828. ; 24:3, s. 266-272
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background Previous research has suggested an interaction between personality factors and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) as well as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We therefore aimed to elucidate differences in psychological and coping functioning between patients with IBD and IBS, and to assess the relationship of disease activity with these functions. Methods Seventy-four patients with IBD (mean age 43 ± 17 years, range 18–82 years) and 81 patients with IBS (mean age 37 ± 12 years, range 21–66 years) completed the questionnaires; Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Toronto Alexithymia, Experiences in Close Relationships, and Sense of Coherence. Disease activity was evaluated either by the Harvey-Bradshaw index, the Simple Clinical Colitis Activity Index, or the Visual Analogue Scale for Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Results The study revealed that patients with IBS had higher degree of anxiety in close relationships than patients with IBD (p = 0.003), and lower self-esteem (p = 0.001). No other statistical differences between the whole groups IBS and IBD or between subgroups were seen. Conclusions The fact that patients with IBS seem to have higher levels of anxiety in relationships and lower self-esteem could influence the way the patient deal with the disease and how the communication with health care professionals works out. A higher awareness of the importance of past negative life events should be taken into consideration. Whether the disease or the personal traits are the primary event should be addressed in future research.</p>
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3.
  • Bengtsson, Mariette, et al. (författare)
  • Anxiety in close relationships is higher and self-esteem lower in patients with irritable bowel syndrome compared to patients with inflammatory bowel disease.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Internal Medicine. - Elsevier. - 1879-0828. ; 24:3, s. 266-272
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Previous research has suggested an interaction between personality factors and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) as well as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We therefore aimed to elucidate differences in psychological and coping functioning between patients with IBD and IBS, and to assess the relationship of disease activity with these functions. METHODS: Seventy-four patients with IBD (mean age 43±17years, range 18-82years) and 81 patients with IBS (mean age 37±12years, range 21-66years) completed the questionnaires; Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Toronto Alexithymia, Experiences in Close Relationships, and Sense of Coherence. Disease activity was evaluated either by the Harvey-Bradshaw index, the Simple Clinical Colitis Activity Index, or the Visual Analogue Scale for Irritable Bowel Syndrome. RESULTS: The study revealed that patients with IBS had higher degree of anxiety in close relationships than patients with IBD (p=0.003), and lower self-esteem (p=0.001). No other statistical differences between the whole groups IBS and IBD or between subgroups were seen. CONCLUSIONS: The fact that patients with IBS seem to have higher levels of anxiety in relationships and lower self-esteem could influence the way the patient deal with the disease and how the communication with health care professionals works out. A higher awareness of the importance of past negative life events should be taken into consideration. Whether the disease or the personal traits are the primary event should be addressed in future research.
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7.
  • Carlsson, Annelie, et al. (författare)
  • Prevalence of IgA-antiendomysium and IgA-antigliadin autoantibodies at diagnosis of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in Swedish children and adolescents
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: Pediatrics. - American Academy of Pediatrics. - 1098-4275. ; 103:6 I, s. 1248-1252
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective. This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of celiac disease (CD) in children and adolescents at diagnosis of insulin- dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) before insulin treatment was started. Material and Methods. At diagnosis of IDDM, and before treatment was started, 115 children and adolescents were screened for IgA-antiendomysium (EMA) and IgA-antigliadin antibodies (AGA). Those found to be EMA-positive and/or AGA- positive were investigated further with intestinal biopsy. Results. Of the 115 patients, 2 had known CD at diagnosis of IDDM; of the remainder of patients, 6% (7/113) were found to be EMA-positive and 9% (10/113) were found to have AGA levels above normal. Of the 6 patients who underwent biopsy, 5 manifested villous atrophy. In addition, 2 patients with high EMA and AGA antibody titers refused biopsy, and 4 patients with low EMA and/or AGA titers were found to have normal titers at control before biopsy decision. Conclusion. Because the prevalence of CD at diagnosis of IDDM would seem to be 6% to 8%, screening for CD seems to be justified among patients with newly diagnosed IDDM.
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8.
  • Carlsson, Annelie, et al. (författare)
  • Prevalence of IgA-antigliadin antibodies and IgA-antiendomysium antibodies related to celiac disease in children with Down syndrome
  • 1998
  • Ingår i: Pediatrics. - American Academy of Pediatrics. - 1098-4275. ; 101:2, s. 5-272
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to investigate the prevalence of celiac disease in children and adolescents with Down syndrome.MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-three children and adolescents with Down syndrome were screened for IgA-antigliadin antibodies (AGA) and IgA-antiendomysium antibodies (EMA). Patients found to be either AGA- or EMA-positive were investigated further with intestinal biopsy.RESULTS: None of the 43 patients had known celiac disease at entry into the study; 37% (16/43) were found to have AGA levels above normal, and 16% (7/43) to be EMA-positive. Of the 15 patients who underwent biopsy, 8 manifested villous atrophy. Villous atrophy was present in all 7 of the EMA-positive patients, whereas the villi were normal in 7 of the 13 AGA-positive patients who underwent biopsy.CONCLUSIONS: EMA is a good immunologic marker for use in screening for celiac disease, and screening is justified in patients with Down syndrome.
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9.
  • Davidson, Sanna, et al. (författare)
  • Microscopic colitis in Denmark and Sweden : incidence, putative risk factors, histological assessment and endoscopic activity
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology. - Taylor & Francis. - 0036-5521. ; 53:7, s. 818-824
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: The significantly higher incidence rates of microscopic colitis (MC) in Denmark compared to Sweden remains unexplained. Methods: Consecutive patients with newly diagnosed MC in the neighbouring regions of Skåne in 2011–2015 and Zealand in 2010–2016 were prospectively identified. Data on large bowel endoscopies and biopsies rates were retrieved. Information on putative factors were obtained from registers and literature. Interobserver agreement between pathologists from both regions on 40 blinded hematoxylin and eosin (H&E)-stained colon biopsies (collagenous colitis (CC), lymphocytic colitis (LC), non-specific inflammation and normal) was evaluated using kappa statistics. Results: The mean annual incidence per 105 inhabitants in Skåne and Zealand 2010–2015 was 5.9 (95% CI 4.6–7.3) versus 16.4 (95% confidence intervals (95% CI) 13.6–19.2) for CC and 2.7 (95% CI 1.0–4.3) versus 11.1 (95% CI 8.8–13.4) for LC, respectively. Number of endoscopies with biopsy per 1000 and the rate of MC per endoscopy with biopsy was higher in Zealand (34–52/1000) than in Skåne (12–21/1000). The kappa value for overall agreement between pathologists was good (0.72; 95% CI 0.64–0.79). Prescription of proton pump inhibitors and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors was higher in Skåne in the relevant age groups and prescription of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and smoking rate higher in Zealand. Alcohol consumption was higher in Denmark than in Sweden. Conclusion: The incidence of MC and number of cases per colonic biopsy was higher in Zealand and could not be readily explained by endoscopy or biopsy rates, differences in histological assessment or putative risk factors.
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10.
  • Duarte-Salles, Talita, et al. (författare)
  • Circulating Osteopontin and Prediction of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Development in a Large European Population
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Cancer Prevention Research. - American Association for Cancer Research. - 1940-6207. ; 9:9, s. 758-765
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We previously identified osteopontin (OPN) as a promising marker for the early detection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we investigated the association between prediagnostic circulating OPN levels and HCC incidence in a large population-based cohort. A nested case-control study was conducted within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort. During a mean follow-up of 4.8 years, 100 HCC cases were identified. Each case was matched to two controls and OPN levels were measured in baseline plasma samples. Viral hepatitis, liver function, and a-fetoprotein (AFP) tests were also conducted. Conditional logistic regression models were used to calculate multivariable odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for OPN levels in relation to HCC. Receiver operating characteristics curves were constructed to determine the discriminatory accuracy of OPN alone or in combination with other liver biomarkers in the prediction of HCC. OPN levels were positively associated with HCC risk (per 10% increment, ORmultivariable = 1.30; 95% CI, 1.14-1.48). The association was stronger among cases diagnosed within 2 years of follow-up. Adding liver function tests to OPN improved the discriminatory performance for subjects who developed HCC (AUC = 0.86). For cases diagnosed within 2 years, the combination of OPN and AFP was best able to predict HCC risk (AUC = 0.88). The best predictive model for HCC in this low-risk population is OPN in combination with liver function tests. Within 2 years of diagnosis, the combination of OPN and AFP best predicted HCC development, suggesting that measuring OPN and AFP could identify high-risk groups independently of a liver disease diagnosis.
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